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Stroke and Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) represent a major cause of long-term disability among survivors. Many psychological difficulties can also occur including: depression, anxiety, fatigue, and post-traumatic stress disorder. This has a marked impact on health service usage. Despite certain interventions being offered to support stroke survivors and individuals with brain injury, there is still an outstanding need to increase and improve psychological resources for this population. This research proposes to evaluate the effectiveness of a group therapy intervention, using a model called Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), for stroke survivors and adults with ABI. This ACT group aims to promote positive adjustment and improve wellbeing, whilst also aiming to reduce levels of distress. The research will comprise of two parts (one quantitative and the other qualitative).
This observational, prospective cohort, pilot study aims at investigating usability, operational, and economical factors around 'traditional' and 'technology-supported' approaches to promote a healthy life-style in stroke survivors, after discharge from an in-patient clinic. The investigators primary objective is to evaluate the adherence to prescribed behavioral changes in dieting and exercising up to one year after clinical discharge. This pilot study will follow and document the observations of two groups of patients, one offered a 'traditional' and another one a 'technology-supported' approach by the healthcare provider. The investigators secondary objective is to gain insights on how to efficiently (and securely) facilitate remote counselling once patients get discharged from the clinic.
Subjects will receive non-invasive stimulation of nerves on their arm and intensive motor training of their arm. The timing of the stimulation in relation to the training will vary by group.
Individuals who experienced a stroke over one year ago will be randomly assigned to receive 1 of 4 different conditions of brain stimulation. All individuals will receive therapy of the hand and arm following the stimulation. This study will try to determine which brain stimulation condition leads to the greatest improvement in hand and arm function.
The main objective of this monocentric prospective study is to evaluate the amplitudes and angular velocities of extension of the hand and wrist joints during passive mobilization by a physiotherapist in healthy subjects and stroke patients with spastic hands. Secondary objectives: - To compare amplitude and angular velocity values between the group of stroke patients and the group of healthy volunteers, - To compare amplitude and angular velocity values according to the two types of mobilization (i,e, thumb or fifth finger), - To assess pain due to mobilization in stroke patients.
The primary study objective is to compare post-stroke upper extremity (UE) movement while wearing a brace called the MyoPro 2 Motion G versus UE movement while wearing a resting splint and no device in stroke survivors with moderate UE dysfunction. During the study, subjects will undergo general training in the operation of the EMG-controlled orthosis and the comparison orthosis, and then guided through a series of standard clinical outcome measures. These outcome measures will allow the researchers to directly compare the relative benefit of the MyoPro 2 Motion G with a resting hand splint and no device in reducing UE impairment and increasing UE dexterity and functional task performance.
Ischemic strokes account for more than 80% of strokes. Ischemic strokes are caused by the occlusion of an intracranial artery by a thrombus, responsible for tissue ischemia related to a decrease in local cerebral blood flow (CBS). Thus, the management of patients with Ischemic strokes is based on the preservation of an area that maintains sufficient intracranial hemodynamics (IH) and achieves the fastest possible recanalization. The impact of the patient's position (supine or seated position) on the IH in the event of narrowing or occlusion of an artery is poorly assessed but may be of particular importance. In practice, variations in blood flow according to the positioning of the patient's body can be measured using a transcranial Doppler. It is a simple, non-invasive and painless examination that provides the patient's bed with data on the intracerebral hemodynamic profile of patients. This study was implemented because there are no studies known to us that evaluate the effect of verticalization on intracerebral hemodynamics based on the presence of upstream arterial stenosis or occlusion and other multimodal evaluation data in transcranial Doppler.
The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate safety and effectiveness of the Penumbra System in a population with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) secondary to intracranial large vessel occlusion (LVO).
Chronic stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in the United States. Post-stroke health is negatively impacted by two interrelated factors-a substantial risk of falls and limited walking activity. The risk of falling is a barrier to walking activity, with falls self-efficacy mediating the relationship between impaired physical capacity and limited activity. The ability to recover from a fall (i.e. arrest a fall before impact) is a logical, yet untested rehabilitation target to enable walking activity through sustained benefits to falls self-efficacy. Our aim is to demonstrate that fall-recovery training is feasible in stroke survivors with low falls self-efficacy. Five participants will undergo an adapted version of fall-recovery training. We will gather evidence of the implementation, adaptation, and limited efficacy of this intervention in affecting falls self-efficacy and walking activity.
The ANA catheter system (may also be designated as "ANA system", "ANA 18 -002" or "ANA device") is a distal access catheter designed to assist in neurovascular procedures by facilitating the insertion and guiding of other devices (i.e. retrieval devices and intravascular catheters) and restricting blood flow at the target position. It is a sterile, single-use, disposable intravascular device comprised of two coaxial catheters (delivery catheter and funnel catheter) consisting of sections of variable stiffness. The funnel catheter is comprised of a radiopaque nitinol braid (self-expanding funnel), covered by a continuous silicone coating that, when deployed, provides local and temporary flow restriction. The delivery catheter has a hydrophilic coating to reduce friction during use and a radiopaque marker on the distal end. Both catheters have Luer lock hubs on their proximal end. The proposed study has been designed to collect prospective clinical evidence to compare the Anaconda ANA device to similar devices used for guiding and supporting stent retrievers during neurothrombectomy procedures. The protocol has been designed to replicate the patient population enrolled in prior studies of similar devices. The primary endpoint will be ability of the investigational device to facilitate stentriever deployment and neurothrombectomy in the anterior circulation, with successful reperfusion defined as achieving a modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) score of ≥2b in the target vessel with ≤3 passes of the investigational device without the use of rescue therapy. Follow-up at 24h, Day 5 (+/- 12 h) or discharge, whichever comes first and at 90 days will allow documentation of the clinical outcome of the neurothrombectomy procedure as a whole and detect any device related and other complications, making use of the ANA device for distal access.