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One of the most common complications in stroke patients is cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment affects a large part of the life of stroke patients. However, the relationship between cognitive impairment and fear of falling in stroke patients has not been investigated in any study yet. Various treatment approaches have been developed to improve cognitive function. While some of these approaches focus on improving cognitive function, others aim to reach the maximum functional level with various compensation methods taught to the patient in the current cognitive situation. As a result of cognitive interventions, stroke patients' participation in daily life, adherence to treatment and quality of life increase. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of cognitive interventions on motor performance, balance and fear of falling. This study will contribute to the literature by investigating these effects of cognitive rehabilitation.
The purpose of our study is to evaluate Vibrotactile Coordinated Reset stimulation (vCR) and its effects on motor ability within stroke patients. vCR will be administered with a device called the Vibrotactile (VT) Brain Glove. vCR is expected to provide patients with a non-invasive therapy to aid in recovery in stoke patients This study will include a dedicated sham that will aid in understanding true treatment effects from vCR
The proposed pilot trial aims to evaluate the feasibility of iCBT based EMI, which is a real-time, real-world, personalised and cost-effective approach, for stroke survivors' psychological well-being.
Upper extremity (UE) paresis or weakness is one of the most frequent impairments after stroke. Despite intense rehabilitation, motor and functional recovery of patients with severe hand impairments is poor. Hence, there is a need for more effective treatments to enhance motor function in patients with severe hand impairments after stroke. Adaptive functional electrical stimulation (FES) appears to be a promising treatment and has the potential to facilitate active movement in individuals with severe impairments post-stroke. In addition, transcranial random noise stimulation (trns) is a widely studied, non-invasive and safe method to enhance the corticomotor excitability in individuals with chronic stroke. However, the effect of combining trns and adaptive FES in patients with severe hand impairments has not been investigated. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate whether combining trns with FES will enhance hand function in individuals with chronic stroke than FES alone. The investigators predict that combining trns with FES will significantly enhance hand function than FES alone.
Hypothermia with intrajugular cooling is a neuroprotective strategy that has been proven to minimize brain damage and maximize functional preservation in animal models of stroke. The purpose of this proof-of-concept study is to determine the safety and tolerability of intrajugular cooling in patients with acute ischemic stroke who are treated with mechanical thrombectomy.
The FloTrac/Vigileo is a minimal invasive device assessing flow based hemodynamic parameters by pulse contour analysis based on the radial artery pressure signal. This method gained popularity as it is minimally invasive compared to esophageal Doppler or pulmonary artery catheter insertion and provides continuous beat-to-beat data. The previous study with 110 patients found that that GDHT guided by stroke volume variation (SVV) using the FloTrac/Vigileo device was associated with a reduced length of hospital stay and a lower incidence of POGD in major abdominal oncological surgery. However, no difference was found in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups, lack of statistical power could be a limitation to demonstrate the true association. Therefore, further prospective trials are needed to address this issue. The use of early and efficient therapeutic strategies able to detect and to treat potential triggers of organ failures, such as tissue hypoperfusion, is particularly important. If hypoperfusion is not adequately managed, tissue hypoxia could occur, resulting from an impairment of the adaptive mechanisms of myocardial contractile function, under the influence of inflammatory mediators, and the peripheral tissues will then increase their oxygen extraction (O2ER). AS such, GDHT guided by O2ER may be appropriate to monitor GDHT strategies because it reflects the balance between oxygen delivery and consumption. Therefore, the investigators performed this single-center, randomized, controlled trial to investigate whether GDHT guided by SVV using FloTrac/Vigileo monitor and GDHT guided by O2ER would reduce incidence of postoperative complication and shorten the length of hospital stay, compared with a standard conventional fluid therapy in low-to-moderate risk patients undergoing major laparoscopic gastrointestinal oncological surgery.
Minocycline is the second generation of tetracycline. Because of its lipophilicity, it has high penetrance of blood-brain barrier. Animal model studies have shown that minocycline can reduce cerebral damage after ischemic stroke, and its mechanism involves multiple molecular pathways, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti apoptotic pathways, and protection of blood-brain barrier. Clinical studies have also shown that minocycline can significantly improve 3-month National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) of patients with ischemic stroke, indicating that minocycline is a potential neuroprotective drug. Minocycline is believed to protect the blood-brain barrier, thereby reducing the ischemia-reperfusion injury caused by mechanical thrombectomy. However, whether minocycline can become a synergistic treatment method of mechanical thrombectomy, there is no clinical research in this area at present. Therefore, investigators carry out the study on the effect of minocycline in patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke after mechanical thrombectomy, and plan to enroll 180 patients. To explore the safety and effectiveness of minocycline in patients with acute ischemic stroke after thrombectomy.
This is a two phase prospective observational study that aims to validate the use of a motion capture software (Leap Motion) to measure and quantify functional deficits of the hand in stroke patients using a standard battery of exercises. The objectives of this study are: 1. To compare the differences between results of hand kinematic computational analysis in patients with ischemic stroke and healthy subjects. 2. To analyze the relation between hand kinematic computational analysis and clinical scales usually performed to evalutate neurologic deficits in stroke patients. 3. To analyze the relation between hand kinematic computational analysis and stroke lesion on brain MRI. 4. To analyze changes between results of hand kinematic computational analysis in the acute phase of stroke and at three months, and its relation with evolution of neurological evaluation clinical scales, functional clinical scales and quality of life.
The purpose of this study is to create a virtual stroke community for stroke survivors and informal caregivers of stroke survivors by customizing an existing VE intervention to incorporate real-time, stroke-specific, psychosocial self management education (SME) and social interactions, to test feasibility, acceptability, and usability of the customized intervention for stroke survivors and informal caregivers of stroke survivors and to obtain and explore data to derive evidence-based hypotheses and properly design and conduct a future, larger trial to demonstrate treatment efficacy.
This is an observational, prospective, multicenter, cohort study in patients with cardioembolic stroke and previous oral or parenteral anticoagulant therapy. Patients in which anticoagulante therapy is mantained will be compared to those in which it is interrupted, in terms of stroke or systemic embolism and haemorrhagic transformation.