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NCT ID: NCT01421797 Recruiting - Clinical trial for Obesity

Evaluation of Adrenal Androgens in Normal and Obese Girls After Suppression and Stimulation

Start date: October 10, 2006
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) often have irregular menstrual periods, too much facial and body hair, and weight gain. Women with PCOS also have a hard time becoming pregnant. Girls with high levels of the male hormone testosterone often develop PCOS as adults. Some girls with high levels of male hormone will develop normal hormone levels as they grow up, but most girls continue to have high levels of male hormone as adults. The purpose of this study is to understand where the male and female hormones come from in girls as they get older. The investigators think the adrenal gland, makes most of the hormones in young girls and that the ovary and the adrenal gland make these hormones in older girls. The investigators would like to find out whether an overactive adrenal gland makes these hormones higher in girls who are overweight, compared to those who are not overweight.

NCT ID: NCT01407263 Recruiting - Clinical trial for Prostate Cancer

Trial of Modifications to Radical Prostatectomy

Start date: July 2011
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study aims to determine how different ways of performing prostate cancer surgery affect patient outcomes, such as recurrence of cancer or regaining control of bladder function (continence) after surgery. Surgery to remove the prostate is known as a "radical prostatectomy". Surgeons know many things about the best way to do a radical prostatectomy. However, there is uncertainty about some methods of surgery.

All of the surgeons who are taking part in this study have used these techniques at different times. However, they are unsure as to what is the best approach. This trial will evaluate whether the following two aspects of surgical technique influence outcome:

Lymph node template. Prostate cancer can sometimes spread to the lymph nodes near the prostate. Surgeons often remove these lymph nodes to make sure that no cancer is left in the body. However, there is uncertainty about which lymph nodes to remove (the "template"). In particular, not all surgeons think that it is important to remove a large number of lymph nodes. Some believe that prostate cancer found in the lymph nodes is not aggressive. As a result, these surgeons feel that removing additional lymph nodes does not improve the chance that a patient will be cured. In the study patients will either have the standard lymph node dissection or a modified approach.

Port site incision. Some surgeries are conducted with the help of what is called a surgical "robot", or using a laparoscopic approach (sometimes known as "keyhole" surgery). The surgeons have to make small cuts ("incisions") in order to insert their surgical instruments. Some surgeons believe that the way in which this cut is made can affect the chance that a patient will develop a hernia in the months after surgery. This is when tissues in the abdomen protrude through the incision, creating a small bulge that has to be surgically corrected. In the study, patients will either have the incision made vertically or horizontally.

Antibiotics. About a week after surgery, you will return to the hospital to have your catheter removed. To guard against the chance of infection, you will be given antibiotics. These do help prevent infection, but are also harmful. Doctors are unsure whether to give a short course of antibiotics or whether patients really need several days of treatment. In the study, patients will receive antibiotics for either one or three days.

NCT ID: NCT01389024 Recruiting - Clinical trial for Stroke

Hydroxyurea to Prevent Brain Injury in Sickle Cell Disease

HUPrevent
Start date: October 2011
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This is a pilot study of hydroxyurea versus placebo to reduce central nervous system complications (abnormally fast blood flow to the brain, silent cerebral infarct or stroke) in young children with sickle cell disease. The investigators plan to identify children 12 to 48 months old without central nervous system complications and randomly assign 20 to treatment with hydroxyurea and 20 to treatment with placebo for 36 months. Neither the study doctors nor the participants will know which treatment they are receiving.