Although there are many definitions of clinical trials, they are generally considered to be biomedical or health-related research studies in human beings that follow a pre-defined protocol. We have both interventional & observational types of clinical trials found on this site.
Type 2 diabetes and obesity are both multifactorial diseases resulting from gene-environment
interactions. However, this interaction, as well as the specific effect of each
polymorphism, remains poorly understood.
We now proposed a prospective cohort study to improve our understanding of the influence of phenotypic characteristics on gene expression in tissues involved in glucose and/or lipid metabolism by collecting different biological samples.
Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability and the third leading cause of death in
Canada. Most stroke survivors live with residual impairments that diminish independence and
quality of life. This may include vascular cognitive impairment (loss of ability to plan,
think and reason) which can lead to dementia and loss of mental and functional independence.
The current treatment to reduce stroke induced brain tissue injury is limited to thrombolytics (clot busters), a therapy useful only if given in the first hours following stroke. One major new approach aims to reduce cell death after stroke by targeting the ongoing tissue loss initiated by the stroke. The tissue can be maintained by interfering with later neurochemical processes that are activated by stroke, potentially through activating natural substances in the brain that help survival and growth of nerve cells ("neurotrophic" factors).
The recent recognition of lithium as a neurotrophic agent has generated the first studies of lithium treatment for managing brain diseases. Clinically, lithium has now been shown to increase brain gray matter volume in bipolar patients. This effect is potentially important in stroke because gray matter loss has been implicated in the development of cognitive impairment after stroke, a result of the series of brain processes that are activated by lack of oxygen due to stroke. Our primary objective is to examine the effects of lithium on total brain gray matter volume in the post-stroke population, as measured by volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the hope that lithium may increase gray matter volume in post-stroke patients and lead to greater cognitive and functional rehabilitation. This study will provide valuable information on the tolerability of lithium, and its effects on clinical outcomes relevant to stroke, providing the information needed for designing a large-scale clinical trial.
The 'Meir children's sport and health center' runs a multi-disciplinary intervention program for the treatment of overweight and obese children and adolescents. The program includes physical activity, dietary guidelines, medical supervision and behavioral treatment. The participants are routinely weighed once a week, at the same day and time, in order to supervise their progress. According to our experience, the child can predict his weight change, based on his "behavior" in the previous week. To our knowledge the overweight/obese child's ability to predict his weekly weight change, while participating in a multi-disciplinary intervention program, has never been tested.