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In the proposed study, the investigators assumed that using robot assisted tenodesis-grip training providing high does assisted grip movement may do the effects on motor shaping and greater brain priming for hand paresis of the stroke patients. The specific aim of this study is to examine the difference in the treatment effects between the combination of robot assisted tenodesis-grip training with task-oriented training and combination of traditional occupational therapy with task-oriented training on the motor, sensation, hand performance of the subacute stroke patients. The expected outcomes of this research are to help the clinicians understand the training mechanism and effects of robot assisted tenodesis-grip training on functional performance of upper extremity for unilateral stroke patients in subacute stage.
The PROPhecy study aims to detect the presence of atrial fibrillation/flutter in patients who have suffered an embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) using 30 day cardiac monitoring. We hypothesize that the presence of any of the following features on long-term heart rhythm monitoring (holter monitoring) or heart ultrasound (transthoracic echocardiogram), either individually or in combination, will have additional predictive value for the detection of atrial fibrillation lasting 30 seconds or longer on 30 day holter monitoring: - greater than 100 premature atrial beats in 24 hours - greater than 2 runs of atrial tachycardia (4 or more non-sinus beats) in 24 hours - Left atrial enlargement on transthoracic echocardiogram
Using random number method to categorize the selected first onset patients with stroke who meet the inclusion criteria into 3 groups.The patients were randomly divided into treatment group A(abdominal acupuncture+upper limb rehabilitation training, 22 cases), treatment group B(Sham abdominal acupuncture+upper limb rehabilitation training, 22 cases),and control group(upper limb rehabilitation training, 22 cases). SEMG and fMRI examination and related stroke rehabilitation assessment scales were evaluated before and after treatment.
This study will test the feasibility of a home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPTM) system in patients with minor stroke or TIA in the past year. The telemonitoring system will consist of a blood pressure machine and an online survey to submit blood pressure measurements. The investigators want to test whether patients can persistently use the telemonitoring system with ease and whether telephone instructions for blood pressure medications from the research nurse can be correctly understood. A secondary purpose of this study is to look at the effects of telemonitoring in blood pressure and stroke recurrence.
The CARDIOSTROKE is a randomized trial comparing mobile-device assisted control of hypertension together with screening of occult atrial fibrillation to standard care in patients with recent ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack.
We will investigate the use of TR, based on advanced Information and Communication Technology (ICT) solutions, taking into account that the supervision of rehabilitation at home will be enriched with the counselling and vital parameters monitoring. The aim of the study is to evaluate that TR is at least non-inferior in comparison with the same amount of usual territorial rehabilitative physical treatments (UTRT), taking into account patients' functional recovery, psychological well-being, caregiver burden, and healthcare costs. The enrolled patients will be balanced for pathology and randomized in two groups, performing TR (G1) or standard rehabilitation training (G2), respectively, according to a pc-generated random assignment.TR will be delivered by means of an advanced video-conferencing system, whereas the patient will be provided with low-cost monitoring devices, able to collect data about his/her health status and QoL. In both the groups each treatment (either cognitive or motor, or both as per patient functional status) will last about one hour a day, five days/week, for 12 weeks. Two structured telephone interviews will be administered to the patients (when possible) and/or their caregivers, and to all the healthcare professionals involved in the patient management, one week after the beginning and at the end of the TR.
Restoration of gait independence in stroke patients is one of the most important goals of rehabilitation therapy, and gait rehabilitation is one of the most important treatments in the treatment of stroke because it is a major factor affecting rehabilitation after stroke. In the rehabilitation of patients with post - stroke walking disorders, previous physical therapy was mainly manual therapy using therapist 's physical effort and walking training with walking aids. In recent years, however, emphasis has been placed on therapies based on motor learning concepts, which allow the patient to intensively train the exercise as closely as possible to the ultimate goal. The robot used for walking rehabilitation includes exoskeleton walking robot such as Lokomat® (Hocoma AG, Switzerland), Walkbot-G® (P & S Mechanics, Korea), MorningWalk® (Curexo, Korea) According to the Systematic Review, which compares two types of robot-assisted gait treatment divided into end-effector type, which is not an exoskeletal type such as System® (Rehatech, Switzerland) It has been reported that the percentage of patients who were able to walk independently when treated with a robot was higher than that of an exoskeleton-type robot. In this regard, in terms of acquisition of independent gait, studies on the therapeutic effect of the exoskeleton-type robot and the end-effector-type robot before and after the gait therapy were continuously performed, but 80% of the patients obtained independent gait, Despite the fact that many of these patients have abnormal walking, research has not yet been conducted. In previous studies, there was a statistically significant improvement in parameters of Gait speed, Cadence, and step length when compared with spatiotemporal parameters in training using exoskeleton robots for stroke patients. In another study, Gait speed and Cadence did not show a statistically significant improvement, and the effect on Gait speed and Cadence is still unknown. However, unlike exoskeletal robots, end-effector robotic gait training has been reported to improve Gait speed in most studies compared to conventional gait training. In addition, Cadence, Temporal symmetry ratio, Single, an improved side stride length, an improvement in the symmetry index of stance phase, and an improvement in Gait endurance. In this way, the end effector type robot walking training is more likely to improve walking quality than the exoskeleton type robot. The end-effector type robot, which is different from the exoskeleton type, reproduces the gait using the ankle joint to induce the movement of the knee joint and the hip joint. Therefore, it is possible to control the ankle joint, which is essential for improving the gait pattern. It is considered that the end effector type robot which can control the ankle joint is more likely to induce the improvement of the gait pattern than the existing exoskeleton type robot because it shows limitations in reproducing the ankle rocker motion.
Stroke affects both the patient's and the caregiver's whole life by creating permanent damages. Patients and their families need further information and support in the transition from hospital to home. For stroke patients and their families after discharge, transition models can be used to provide continuously and rapidly the service by establishing a communication network between the institutions. In this study, the feasibility and impact of a transitional care model from hospital to home for stroke patients and caregivers will be tested. The purpose of the project is to assess the effect of Transitional Care Model (TCM)-based interventions for stroke patients and their caregivers on caregivers' competence, in increasing their readiness to care and electronic health literacy, in reducing their burnout, and on patient results. Types of interventions that are applied to stroke patients and caregivers based on Transitional Care Model are hospital interview, home visit, telephone interview and web-based training. As stated in TCM, the intervention was planned to be performed three months after discharge. Multiple interventions including at least three face-to-face interviews at the hospital, distance education via Web and telephone communication for three months, and one home visit within seven days after discharge will be performed in order to increase health literacy levels and caregiving competence of the caregivers and to reduce burnout. In pre-tests and post-tests to be applied to the caregivers, the effectiveness of the support programs provided will be assessed quantitatively by the electronic health literacy, caregiving competence, and burnout scales. The satisfaction with the intervention will be evaluated qualitatively. Rate of return to the hospital, risk of pressure sore, and time of access to home health services will be assessed in stroke patients. As a result of web-based distance education, home visit, telephone communication service and informing at the hospital, caregivers of stroke patients will begin to receive information about what patients experience during their treatment and about all what patients need after treatment. The website to be prepared for caregivers of stroke patients will be put into service also for the control group upon completion of the data collection of the intervention group and the website will also continue to be used after the project is completed.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of robot gait training with the noninvasive brain stimulation in stroke patients.
The intervention trial will examine the effectiveness and feasibility of integrating stroke survivors into an existing hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation program at Novant Health in Charlotte, NC. Stroke survivors will be recruited through hospital system providers and physical therapists (PTs) for entry into a multidisciplinary, three-month cardiac rehabilitation program. This program consists of three sessions per week of supervised cardiovascular endurance and strength training, stretching, relaxation and education. Participants will be stroke survivors, have completed formal physical and occupational rehabilitation (if applicable), and have treating provider approval.