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Stroke survivors demonstrate high levels of sedentary behavior, placing them at risk for exacerbation of chronic health conditions. This may lead to recurrent stroke. Subtle cognitive impairments are common after stroke and can lead to difficulty self-monitoring and problem solving to overcome barriers to physical activity. Investigators developed the Activating Behavior for Lasting Engagement (ABLE) intervention to promote activity scheduling, self-monitoring, and problem solving activity over the full day. This study examines the effects of the ABLE intervention on sedentary behavior after stroke.
The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of postural stability, activities of daily living function, and motor capacity of persons after stroke who received transcutaneous electrical nerves stimulation (TENS) or functional electrical stimulation (FES), in addition to SR, in the post-stroke acute phase. Such persons were compared with others who received SR alone in order to determine if the addition of TENS or FES resulted in earlier or more effective recovery.
The WAVECREST 2 trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, active controlled, clinical trial to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Coherex WaveCrest Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occlusion System.
In stroke survivors, atrial fibrillation is typically detected with short-term electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring in the stroke unit. Prolonged continuous ECG monitoring is impractical and requires substantial resources while insertable cardiac monitors are invasive and costly. Chest and thumb-ECG could provide an alternative for atrial fibrillation detection post-stroke. The primary objective of our study is to assess the incidence of newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation during 28 days of chest and thumb-ECG monitoring in patients with cryptogenic stroke. Secondary objectives are to assess Health-related Quality of Life using Short Form-36 and the feasibility of the Coala Heart Monitor in patients with stroke.
The aim of this Pilot study is to determine whether robotically targeted lower-limb pedaling therapy can increase the extent of stroke recovery on behavioral measures and induce brain plasticity as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Forty (40) adult stroke patients and 80 healthy controls will be enrolled in this study. Of the 40 patients, half will be randomly assigned to the robotically-targeted training ("robotic") group and will receive training on the targeted training task. The other half of the patients will perform a duration-matched aerobic pedaling exercise ("control" group). All stroke patients will be scanned before and after their training program while performing or imagining simple motor tasks. Behavioral assessments of motor and cognitive capacities will be collected at each timepoint. Healthy control subjects enrolled for device testing (20) will receive up to 5 training sessions in a modified robotic paradigm and 1 fMRI scan, in order to investigate motor learning and brain activity in a novel motor control task. Additional healthy pilot subjects (up to 60) will test training protocols and assessments during preparatory design phases of the project.
The goal of this research study is to increase understanding of error augmentation by applying it to visual feedback during motion tracking with a Leap Motion device - a recently developed optical hand tracking tool - and the LookingGlass - a new, portable virtual reality environment. In conjunction with the Leap, large, three dimensional work spaces can provide an immersive and virtual augmented environment for rehabilitation. Previously, experiments have utilized the Virtual Reality Robotic and Optical Operations Machine (VRROOM) to create such visually immersive environments. The Robotics lab as part of the Arms and Hands Lab on the 22nd floor of the Shirley Ryan Abilitylab has developed a portable version of this system, which is more compact and clinic-compatible. Combining this visual 3D system with the Leap creates a novel, more capable apparatus for studying error augmentation. This research study will have 3 different arms: 1.) a healthy group of individuals (Healthy Arm), 2.) a group of stroke survivors within 8 months of stroke (Acute Arm), and 3.) a group of stroke survivors that had their stroke more than 8 months ago (Chronic Arm). Each Arm will use the Leap motion tracker and the Looking Glass to participate in a reaching intervention. The healthy arm will only participate in 1 visit with an intervention with and without error augmented visual feedback. The Acute Arm and the Chronic Arm will both have 2 groups: 1.) Error Augmented Visual Feedback group and 2.) Non-Augmented or Veridical Visual Feedback group. The Chronic Arm will have a structured intervention and evaluation protocol: Study staff will administer outcome assessments at 3 time points: a.) prior to intervention, b.) post intervention, and c.) 2 months after the conclusion of intervention. Intervention will occur over the span of 6-8 weeks with the goal of 3 1-hour sessions per week. The Acute Arm will have a less structured intervention that will occur while the participant is an inpatient at Shirley Ryan AbilityLab. Study staff will administer outcome assessments at at least 2 time points: a.) prior to intervention, b.) post intervention just prior to discharge from Shirley Ryan AbilityLab. Between initial and post intervention evaluations, midpoint evaluations will take place at a maximum of once per week if the participant's schedule, activity tolerance, and length of stay allows. Intervention will consist of 1-hour sessions occurring according to the availability of the participant at the rate of no more than 2 sessions in a 24 hour period. Investigators hope to investigate these questions: 1. Can the movement of healthy individuals be characterized with error augmented visual feedback and veridical visual feedback? 2. Will error augmented visual feedback or veridical visual feedback result in greater movement ability improvement? Investigators hypothesize that in the Chronic Arm, those what trained with error-augmented visual feedback will have improved movement ability compared to those who trained with veridical visual feedback. 3. Is treatment with the looking glass and leap system feasible with an inpatient population? Investigators hypothesize that this treatment will be feasible for an inpatient population.
We want to determine if treating acute ischemic stroke patients who have evidence of hypoxemia due to sleep apnea with low flow O2 during sleep might help improve clinical and functional outcomes.
Supplementing or augmenting sensory information to those who have lost proprioception after stroke could help improve functional control of the arm. Twenty-eight subjects will be recruited to a single site to evaluate the ability of various forms of vibrotactile stimulation to improve motor function, and to determine which locations of stimulation may optimize function. Participants will be tested in performing reaching movements and stabilization movements as well as more functional tasks such as simulated drinking from a glass
Various molecules (cytokines: interleukins, interferons and neural proteins) found in human and animal blood are reported to be elevated in acute stroke (Ischemic and hemorrhagic). Cytokines can be pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory. There are studies confirming level changes in serum of humans in the setting of several rheumatologic and cardiovascular diseases. As new molecular markers (cytokines and neural tissue markers) are established in scientific literature, stroke scientists are interested to evaluate the role of these in the pathophysiology of stroke. Investigators intend to study the role of these molecules in the development of stroke. Acute stroke treatment has advanced considerably in the last 10 years with the establishment of comprehensive stroke centers and approval of neuro-interventional techniques. However, the molecular advancement in stroke pathogenesis has yet to reach a milestone in the world of stroke treatment. In our opinion, creating a database of acute stroke patients containing all pertinent medical demographics and clinical information along with the laboratory data, molecular levels of pertinent cytokines/neural factors from consenting patients, will help us define and delineate the most relevant molecules that are altered in acute stroke patients and can help us further improve us understanding of the role of these in acute stroke and thereby hopefully help in the improvement of our understanding and management of stroke. Moreover, analyzing the cytokines in stroke and ICH patients would help understand their role in the acute phase, which may become potential therapeutic adjuncts for tPA and endovascular thrombectomy.
The purpose of this research study is to test a new medical device, called SONAS. The SONAS device is a portable, battery-powered ultrasound device to detect strokes in the prehospital environment, such as emergency vehicles (eg. ambulances, helicopters). To demonstrate the safety of the device the goal is test it in a small number of healthy volunteers first. The SONAS device will be used to detect changes in blood flow to the brain through ultrasound, otherwise known as TransCranial Doppler (TCD). To date, the SONAS device has been tested extensively in the laboratory, in animals and in human cadavers. The purpose of the present study is to test the device for safety and efficacy in a small group of healthy volunteers. This study will test the device on 10 healthy volunteers. Each volunteer will have a physical examination, neurological examination, and brain MRI both before and after the TCD test is performed. All of these study procedures will be performed on 1 visit, lasting approximately 5 hours. The brain MRI's will be used to verify the effectiveness of the SONAS device on detecting changes in blood flow to the brain.