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Study will include 2 different groups intervention. First group, chronic stroke patients: Bobath Method 30 minutes, 10 minutes bicycle exercises, NMES- (Neuromuscular electrical stimulation) will be applied to the hemiparetic limb 10 minutes, TechnoBody balance training 15 minutes in the same session. Second group chronic stroke patients: Bobath Method 30 minutes, 10 minutes bicycle exercises Nmes- (Neuromuscular electrical stimulation) will be applied hemiparetic limb 10 minutes and Thera-Trainer balance training 15 minutes in the same session. Study Aim: İnvestigate and compare the effects of "Techno Body" and "Balance Trainer" on the balance, posture and functionality in patients with chronic stroke in order to bring a new perspective conventional physiotherapy and rehabilitation studies. Study will be an important study in terms of the literature ,effects two technology-supported balance systems will be revealed and compared in stroke patients order to improve balance, posture and functionality. Study Hypothesis: 1. - Effects of two different balance systems on balance, posture and functionality are compared in stroke patients; No difference between balance training with TechnoBody device and balance training with Theratrainer device. 2. - Effects of two different balance systems on balance, posture and functionality compared in stroke patients; Difference between balance training with TechnoBody device and balance training with Theratrainer device. Conclusion: Effects of two technology-supported balance systems will be improve balance, posture and functionality in stroke patients and balance sistems advantages will be compared.
Rehabilitation of paretic stroke patients, aimed to improve function of the impaired upper limb, uses a wide range of intervention programs. A new rehabilitative approach, called Action Observation Therapy (AOT), based on the discovery of mirror neurons, has been used to improve motor functions of adult stroke patients and children with cerebral palsy. Recently, Virtual Reality (VR) provided the potential to increase the frequency and the effectiveness of rehabilitation treatment and offered challenging and motivating tasks. The purpose of the present project is to design a randomized, controlled, six-month follow-up trial (RCT) for evaluating whether action observation (AO) added to standard VR (AO+VR) is effective in improving upper limb function in patients with stroke, compared with a control treatment consisting in observation of naturalistic scenes (CO) devoid of action content, followed by VR training (CO+VR). The AO+VR treatment may represent an extension of the current rehabilitative interventions available for recovery after stroke and the outcome of the project could allow to include this treatment within the standard sensorimotor training or in individualized tele-rehabilitation.
The aim of this research was to compare the responsiveness of Barthel Index (BI) and Longshi Scale (LS) for assessing activities of daily living (ADL) in stroke survivors at different stage and we also aimed to observe changes of ADL score in stroke survivors over time.
The purpose of this study is to explore whether an external focus or internal focus of attention leads to improved motor performance and learning with increased use of the affected side during sit to stand in individuals post stroke. Focus of attention refers to what a person is thinking about during a task, with an internal focus being thinking about what one's body is doing and an external focus being thinking about a target or outcome in the environment. A second purpose is to determine whether improved symmetry in sit to stand carries over to gait symmetry in individuals post stroke.
ZeroG is an FDA-listed robotic body weight support system (BWSS). Mounted on an overhead track, patients are fitted in a harness system tethered to said track, and are able to practice gait and balance activities without the risk of falling. This compensates for ineffective postural control permitting intensive therapy sessions earlier in recovery. The purpose of this study is to determine if inducing effective and safe balance perturbations during standing and walking in the BWSS more effectively improve postural control than the BWSS without perturbations. The target population are those patients in the post-acute phase of stroke admitted for inpatient rehabilitation of balance impairments. Site investigators and/or research staff will obtain names of potential subjects from internal reporting identifying inpatients who may qualify for the study based on the inclusion criteria. Trained site investigators will meet with potential subjects to explain the study, complete a screening interview for exclusion and inclusion criteria, answer any questions, obtain informed consent and HIPAA authorization, and schedule the study therapy sessions involving the protocol. Based on the randomization scheme provided by the lead site, consented subjects will be randomized to either the BWSS with perturbations (BWSS-P) or standard BWSS control without perturbations. Subjects will perform 2 to 6 sessions in their designated intervention using a structured protocol for each session. To compare differences between treatment groups, outcome measures will be collected at baseline before any BWSS sessions are performed and within 48 hours after completing the final treatment session.
For patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with anterior circulation proximal large vessel occlusion (LVO), mechanical thrombectomy (MT) reduces disability in patients when it is performed within 6 h of the time the patients with a stroke were last known to be healthy and up to 24 h after stroke onset in patients selected using brain perfusion imaging. For patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with posterior circulation large vessel occlusion, MT could be benefit the patients when performed within 24 hours since onset. This is a multicenter registration study of the AIS-LVO treated with endovascular intervention under the guideline. This study will record the patients' demographic and clinical data, image data, procedure of neurointervention and outcomes in 3 months. Samples of thrombus and serum will be collected and stored for later analysis.
A bulk of observational evidence suggests an association between periodontitis and recurrent vascular events in ischemic stroke survivors. One plausible biological mechanism relies on the systemic inflammatory response posed by periodontitis together with changes in the normal function of the vascular endothelium which might lead to recurrence in these population. A non-pharmacological anti-inflammatory treatment (non-surgical periodontal therapy) has shown to reduce systemic inflammatory markers and improve endothelial function. Therefore, we propose to carry out a 1-year follow-up pilot randomized controlled clinical trial to investigate whether control of local and systemic inflammation as well as improve function of the vascular endothelium can lead to reduce the risk of recurrence in patients diagnosed from ischemic stroke.
The Bioness Integrated Therapy System (BITS) (Bioness Inc. Valencia, CA) Touch Screen is an FDA approved device comprised of an interactive touchscreen and diverse program options to challenge patients through the use of visual motor activities, visual and auditory processing, cognitive skills, and endurance training. The purpose of this study is to enroll a small group of adults currently undergoing inpatient rehabilitation, who were admitted for an acute neurological event and present with an acute neurological visual field impairment. The primary objective is to compare any increase in visual field awareness using a prescribed regimen consisting of conventional vision exercises compared with a regimen using BITS touch screen technology. Participants will be alternately assigned into "A" and "B" groups upon enrollment. The control group "A" will be prescribed conventional (table top, pen and paper) vision interventions provided by an occupational therapist and will receive pre- and post- assessment of visual field awareness. Treatment group "B" will include a prescribed regimen with use of BITS touch screen technology. Group B participants will receive the same pre- and post- assessment of visual field awareness as Group A participants. The hypothesis is that incorporation of the BITS touch screen technology, being more interactive, will result in better outcomes for visual field awareness. This is an unblinded quasi-randomized control trial that will determine best treatment intervention for visual field impairment. Safety will be measured by the number of reported adverse events. The study period will include 6 sessions per participant, conducted at one site, with the objective of enrolling at least 30 participants to have 15 participants in each study group.
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and patent foramen ovale (FOP) are considered as risk factors for stroke. OSAS generates a pressure increase in the right cavity during inspiratory efforts, which increases the number of right-left shunt embolus and therefore the risk of stroke. OSA and FOP are often thought as two separate entities, however, due to their high frequencies, they sometimes coexist and can influence the pathophysiology of each other. More researches are needed in this area to confirm this complex association and its role in triggering stroke.
This qualitative study aims to identify the needs and recommendations of both patients and healthcare professionals in terms of rehabilitation technology, more specific three pre-defined user scenarios. These scenario were developed based on brainstorm sessions with healthcare professionals from the rehabilitation ward of UZ Brussel and AZ Sint-Maria Halle. The purpose of this study is to create an overview of recommendations that will be used to develop the smart devices in a later stage of the SAIRE project.