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There is currently no prospective study analyzing the effect of tracheostomy with bedside simultaneous gastrostomy versus tracheostomy with delayed gastrostomy placement (TSG versus TDG) on the outcomes of neurocritically-ill patients. The investigators will study TSG via concomitant PDT and PUG procedures, while TDG will occur per usual care. This study is a prospective randomized open-label blinded endpoint study to assess the effect of tracheostomy with bedside simultaneous gastrostomy (TSG) versus the usual care of tracheostomy with delayed gastrostomy (TDG) placement on outcomes of neurocritically-ill patients.
The investigators aim to explore the effect of puzzle mobile or tablet-based games on problem-solving impairment resulting from a first-time stroke. This is a randomized-controlled trial with the intervention arm consisting of puzzle gaming applications and the control arm consisting of stroke-relevant educational videos provided and encouraged throughout the course of participants' acute inpatient rehabilitation stay.
This study will explore the effect of warfarin gene polymorphism on the effectiveness and safety of anticoagulant therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke, and clarify the correlation between genetic testing and compliance rate of INR value. It will illustrate the significance of gene-guided warfarin for administered dose to anticoagulation therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Then it will establish and verify a warfarin stable dose prediction model suitable for such patients, and provide basis for the personalized medication regimen of warfarin in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
The purpose is to investigate the COVID-19 prevalence, associated morbidity and long-term cognitive deficits in consecutive patients presenting with acute neurological symptoms
This phase III trial compares the effect of adding tocilizumab to standard of care versus standard of care alone in treating cytokine release syndrome (CRS) in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. CRS is a potentially serious disorder caused by the release of an excessive amount of substance that is made by cells of the immune system (cytokines) as a response to viral infection. Tocilizumab is used to decrease the body's immune response. Adding tocilizumab to standard of care may work better in treating CRS in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection compared to standard of care alone.
The objectives of this study are to: determine the effects of exoskeleton vs. end effector training systems on upper extremity motor and physiological function, daily functions, quality of life and self-efficacy in patients with chronic stroke.
The goal of this pilot study is to establish more information about hyperbaric oxygen therapy for this group of patients, and give us more information of how to initiate the best possible main study. Can we find any indications that support the use of this therapy for patients suffering from chronic disability after cerebral infarction? Can we improve physical and cognitive function.
Severe strokes, including large artery acute ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage, continue to be the leading cause of death and disability in adults in the U.S. Due to concerns for a poor long-term quality of life, withdrawal of mechanical ventilation and supportive medical care with transition to comfort care is the most common cause of death in severe strokes, but occurs at a highly variable rate. Decision aids (DAs) are shared decision-making tools which have been successfully implemented and validated for many other diseases to assist difficult decision making. The investigators have developed a pilot DA for goals-of-care decisions for surrogates of severe, critically ill stroke patients. This was developed through qualitative research using semi-structured interviews in surrogate decision makers of traumatic brain injury patients and physicians, and adapted to severe strokes. The investigators now propose to pilot-test a DA for surrogates of critically ill severe stroke patients in a feasibility trial.
Researchers at the University of Maryland Rehabilitation and Orthopaedic Institute are looking for individuals who have suffered a stroke and have leg and ankle weakness (foot-drop), to participate in a pilot study to examine the safety and effectiveness of an ankle robot walking program on walking function This is the first in human test of walking training over-ground using a wearable, lightweight, battery operated ankle robot exoskeleton; with assistance by trained research personnel for safety. This exercise device is aimed at assisting the foot during walking to reduce foot drop and improve walking safety in chronic, mild to moderately impaired stroke survivors who have foot drop. Possible risks of participating in this study are described in this document. The greatest risks include the risk of falling, muscle soreness, skin irritation, or cardiovascular complications. Before starting, you will have a medical history and medical assessments performed to determine if this study is safe for you. All sessions will be assisted by trained research personnel under supervision of a physical therapist, with medical personnel locally on call.
This study aims to assess whether the NeuroLutions Upper Extremity Rehabilitation System (known as IpsiHand) will help stroke patients regain strength and functional movements in their arm. The IpsiHand system involves using a hand robotic device that is controlled by brain waves, known as a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI). By using the device, participants will be harnessing brainwaves from the side of their brain not affected by stroke to control the robotic device on the hand that is weaker from the stroke.