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The pilot randomized controlled trial aims to assess effects of a guided online acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) intervention on distressed stroke survivors compared to the care-as-usual control group. A total of 24 stroke survivors who meet the inclusion criteria will be recruited and randomized to either the intervention group or the control group. Exploratory hypotheses are that the ACT group will show improvements in mental health outcomes (e.g., depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress), and ACT processes (e.g., psychological flexibility/acceptance) at posttest and 2-month follow-up, compared to the care-as-usual control group. Also, the project will evaluate the feasibility of recruitment, adherence, and retention of participants and explore participants' experiences in the ACT intervention through semi-structured interviews at posttest.
The objectives of this pilot project are to determine whether pairing rTMS with an evidence-based PST intervention is acceptable to and feasible for individuals with executive function deficits after stroke and whether rTMS enhances executive functioning and uptake of the PST intervention to improve generalization of the PST strategy and support long-term goal attainment. To achieve the objectives, the investigators propose two specific aims: AIM 1: Establish the acceptability and feasibility of delivering up to 6 sessions of PST+ rTMS to individuals with executive function deficits ≥ 6 months post stroke. Hypothesis 1a:80% participants will complete 6 PST sessions. Hypothesis 1b: 1b: Participants who receive rTMS directly prior to the PST intervention will report higher satisfaction with the overall intervention compared to those who receive rTMS simultaneously with PST. AIM 2: Assess the initial efficacy of PST+rTMS for improving patient outcomes in individuals with stroke. Hypothesis 2a Patients will demonstrate a significant increase in executive functioning (ie. attention, immediate memory and cognitive flexibility and reasoning) as measured by the Digit Span Test and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Hypothesis 2b: Patients will achieve 80% of self-set goals. Hypothesis 2c: Patients will demonstrate a significant increase in task-oriented coping skills as measured by the Brief Cope at 1-month post intervention.
To determine if there is any difference in the effectiveness and safety outcomes of patients with NVAF newly treated with apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and vitamin K antagonists
There is currently no prospective study analyzing the effect of tracheostomy with bedside simultaneous gastrostomy versus tracheostomy with delayed gastrostomy placement (TSG versus TDG) on the outcomes of neurocritically-ill patients. The investigators will study TSG via concomitant PDT and PUG procedures, while TDG will occur per usual care. This study is a prospective randomized open-label blinded endpoint study to assess the effect of tracheostomy with bedside simultaneous gastrostomy (TSG) versus the usual care of tracheostomy with delayed gastrostomy (TDG) placement on outcomes of neurocritically-ill patients.
The investigators aim to explore the effect of puzzle mobile or tablet-based games on problem-solving impairment resulting from a first-time stroke. This is a randomized-controlled trial with the intervention arm consisting of puzzle gaming applications and the control arm consisting of stroke-relevant educational videos provided and encouraged throughout the course of participants' acute inpatient rehabilitation stay.
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk factors include hypertension as a key risk factor, as well as hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, obesity, diet, inactivity, family history and age. These are highly prevalent in the US population with risk factor control far from optimal.1-3 Hypertension affects approximately 30% of adults and the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) supports population screening.4 Many individuals have multiple risk factors, with declining rates of control with an increasing numbers of risk factors,5 but greater benefit through the control of multiple risk factors.6 Prior approaches to primary and primordial ASCVD risk mitigation generally fail to target motivated populations for identification and modification of risk factors. Data from the ongoing project C3FIT has shown first-degree relatives of a stroke patient are such a highly motivated population, having seen the end result of failed ASCVD risk control in their relative. Also, family history of stroke or heart disease is an independent risk factor for ASCVD including stroke and heart attack7-11 and there is a family risk-factor clustering putting this group at higher risk.12-14 However, current clinical practice does not seize the opportunity to assess and intervene on the family members of individuals with stroke or CAD despite their being enriched with individuals at elevated risk and high motivation to reduce that risk. The Family at Risk (FAR) Trial targets this high-risk/high-motivation population of the biological offspring and siblings of an index stroke patient. FAR will evaluate two strategies for risk factor control: 1) FAR-Education/Coaching Arm (FAR-EC Arm): providing education from the American Heart/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) and coaching on risk factor control, versus 2) FAR-Enhanced Intervention Arm (FAR-EI Arm): the education and coaching strategy described above plus a combined virtual and in-person m-health management strategy to modify ASCVD risk factors using HealthStream/Harmonize technology. This supplemental management includes a home-based and family-focused participant-centric strategy for identification of ASCVD risk factors, education tailored to participant needs, and implementation of a technology-enabled m-health management strategy. This management strategy, known as "Harmonize" was shown to efficiently manage risk factors in Project Trident (Remote Patient Monitoring Pilot for High Risk Patients, IRB#: 2018-0063-HCP; Nov 2018 - Nov 2020) that aimed to improve control of cardiovascular risk factors in an eldery (mean age = 79 years), racially mixed, primary prevention population (Pulicharam, publication in process). Adoption of research into a clinical environment depends not only on the efficacy of the therapy, but the quality of the evidence supporting its utilization, and the acceptance of the therapy to patients and caregivers. Major national groups have low level evidence supporting real world approaches to management of these risk factors (USPSTF recommendations "Insufficient" or "B" or "C"). While specifically not developing a guideline, FAR seeks to fill that gap with high quality research data that will inform guidelines and health system approaches to primary prevention, and assess the acceptability of approaches to the affected participant population; leading to dissemination of study results to a real-world setting. By incorporating input from patients, physicians (internal medicine, primary care, and neurology), nurses, and the AHA in the design, implementation, and dissemination of study results, study investigators anticipate good acceptance of study results. FAR will inform key stakeholders (stroke patients, their first-degree relatives, and the healthcare system) regarding the prevalence and impact of family history as an ASCVD risk factor, and how best to mitigate that risk. This effort will be conducted in two phases. During the feasibility phase, the relatives of stroke patients will be assessed regarding their current level of recognition of risk, their willingness to engage in risk measurement, the feasibility of remote monitoring, educational and behavioral factors that would lead to behavior change. Simultaneously, primary care physicians (PCPs) will be assessed regarding perceptions of care gaps, feasibility of use of the chronic disease management technology,20 and design features that might present issues; with development and testing of educational and motivational materials and content. The full-study phase will consist of monitoring the longitudinal thread of integration of the feasibility findings into the main project; initiating the final protocol and assess outcomes; and, activating the Engagement Committee for input into identified study issues.
This study will explore the effect of warfarin gene polymorphism on the effectiveness and safety of anticoagulant therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke, and clarify the correlation between genetic testing and compliance rate of INR value. It will illustrate the significance of gene-guided warfarin for administered dose to anticoagulation therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Then it will establish and verify a warfarin stable dose prediction model suitable for such patients, and provide basis for the personalized medication regimen of warfarin in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
The purpose is to investigate the COVID-19 prevalence, associated morbidity and long-term cognitive deficits in consecutive patients presenting with acute neurological symptoms
This phase III trial compares the effect of adding tocilizumab to standard of care versus standard of care alone in treating cytokine release syndrome (CRS) in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. CRS is a potentially serious disorder caused by the release of an excessive amount of substance that is made by cells of the immune system (cytokines) as a response to viral infection. Tocilizumab is used to decrease the body's immune response. Adding tocilizumab to standard of care may work better in treating CRS in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection compared to standard of care alone.
The objectives of this study are to: determine the effects of exoskeleton vs. end effector training systems on upper extremity motor and physiological function, daily functions, quality of life and self-efficacy in patients with chronic stroke.