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This study aims to analyze the use of non-invasive brain stimulation (tDCS) is beneficial for the treatment of post-stroke fatigue.
Introduction: Cerebrovascular damage (stroke) can generate motor or cognitive sequelae, making rehabilitation (such as the Pilates method) necessary to improve autonomy and quality of life. However, there are no studies on the efficacy of the method in the recovery of the upper limb and the improvement of autonomy after stroke. Methods: Randomized double-blind clinical trial with patients with stroke in semi-acute period, randomized into experimental group (EG) (conventional rehabilitation and Pilates) or control group (CG) (conventional rehabilitation). After randomization and initial evaluation, the intervention will begin (2 sessions per week, 3 months). After completion, there will be post-intervention assessment, and another one at 1 month. Intervention: The CG will receive 30 minutes of physical therapy and 30 minutes of occupational therapy. The SG will receive 20 minutes of physiotherapy, 20 minutes of occupational therapy and 20 minutes of Pilates. Assessment instruments: Mean Functional Independence; Functional Range Test; Timed 'Up and Go'; Nine Hole Peg Test; Box and Block Test; Arm, Shoulder and Hand Disabilities Questionnaire; Client Satisfaction Questionnaire.
Homonymous visual field defects (HVFDs) following acquired brain lesions affect independent living by hampering several activities of everyday life. Available treatments are intensive and week- or month-long. Transcranial Direct current stimulation (tDCS), a plasticity-modulating non-invasive technique, could be combined with behavioral trainings to boost their efficacy or reduce treatment duration. Some promising attempts have been made pairing occipital tDCS with visual restitution training, however less is knows about which area/network should be best stimulated in association with compensatory approaches, aimed at improving exploratory abilities, such as multisensory trainings. In the present double-blind, sham-controlled study, we assess the efficacy of a multisensory training combined with tDCS. 3 groups of participants with chronic HVFDs underwent a 10-day (1.5 hrs/day) compensatory audio-visual training combined with either real anodal tDCS applied to the ipsilesional occipital tDCS (Group 1), or the ipsilesional posterior parietal cortex (Group 2), or a sham, placebo, tDCS (Group 3). The training require the participants to orient their gaze training spatio-temporally congruent, cross-modal, audio-visual stimuli (starting from a central fixation) and press a button as quick as possible upon the detection of the visual stimulus. All stimuli are presented on 2mx2m panel embedded with 48 LEDs and loudspeakers (Bolognini et al., 2010, Brain Research) All participants underwent a neuropsychological assessment of visuospatial functions prior to the beginning of the training (t0), at the end of the training (t1), and at 1-month (t2) and 4-month follow-up (t3). The assessment includes: a visual detection task, three visual search tasks (EF, Triangles, and Numbers; Bolognini et al., 2005, Brain), and a questionnaire about functional impact of the HVFDs in the activities of daily living.
Stroke is the most common cause of mortality and is one of the most common causes of morbidity in the world. Polyneuropathies and entrapment neuropathies are known as the complications of stroke
In a prospective observational cohort study (n = 100), the investigators aim to assess the correlation between cardiac biomarkers, advanced echocardiography and cystic fibrosis genotype and severity and determine whether these are prognostic markers of heart disease in patients suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF).
The aim of this study is to increase the effectiveness of clinical monitoring of patients with acute cerebral insufficiency by improving the discriminative ability of the FOUR scale. To study the sensitivity and specificity of the FOUR scale as a clinimetric of chronic disorders of consciousness.
In acute ischemic stroke, treatments include intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and mechanical thrombectomy (MT). IVT is viable up to 4.5 hours post-stroke onset, while MT is applicable within 24 hours but primarily for large vessel occlusions. MT is specialized and performed in select stroke centers. Effective early triage improves neurological outcomes. Pre-hospital stroke severity assessment and direct transfers for MT are crucial. Although the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is widely recognized, its practicality is limited in emergency settings due to its complexity. Alternative scoring systems like LAMS, CPSS, and RACE have been introduced but have limitations. Recently developed scores, namely Vision, Aphasia, and Neglect (VAN), Ventura Emergency Large Vessel Occlusion (VES), and Large Artery Intracranial Occlusion Stroke Scale (LARIO), demonstrate promising diagnostic accuracy in pilot studies, suggesting potential benefits for early detection, appropriate triage, and better neurological outcomes
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of premature mortality in people with serious mental illness (such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder) and dementia. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with fivefold increased risk of stroke also contributing to heart failure and death. Electronic clinical decision support systems (eCDSS) are computer based programs that analyse data within electronic health records (EHRs) and provide prompts to assist health care providers in implementing evidencebased clinical guidelines. Adoption of an eCDSS to address the risk of stroke in people with AF and co-morbid mental illness presents a unique opportunity for research but requires evidence of acceptability and feasibility. This study aims to establish the feasibility and acceptability of an eCDSS (Cogstack@Maudsley) for AF-related stroke prevention in Mental Health of Older Adults inpatient wards. First, we will conduct surveys and interviews with clinicians on inpatient wards to scope experiences of managing atrial fibrillation in secondary mental healthcare settings and attitudes towards use of digital technologies to aid in clinical decision making. A feasibility study will then be run to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of implementing eCDSS on inpatient wards. Finally, participating clinicians will be invited to take part in a survey and interview which will explore their experiences and attitudes towards using the eCDSS.
To investigate the impact of physical therapy intervention of dysphagia on preventing pneumonia in acute stroke patients
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the limb functional improvement after contralateral C7 root transfer in stroke patients.