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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, and estimates suggest its prevalence is increasing. Despite the advances in AF ablation strategies, the outcome of ablation procedures in persistent AF is still unsatisfactory. In addition, many patients are not candidates for ablation due to advanced age, comorbidities and previous failed ablation procedures. It is well known that there is no mortality benefit from rhythm versus rate control strategy in AF, therefore the increased number of AV node ablation and pacemaker insertion for patients with symptomatic AF with uncontrolled heart rate. Following AV node ablation, it is understandable that these patients will be paced 100% of the time where the value of physiological pacing will be at its most. The current standard practice is to pace the right ventricle for this cohort of patients unless they have severe LV systolic dysfunction when a biventricular pacing might be recommended. Previous data showed that RV pacing only can lead to deterioration of LV function, worsening of heart failure symptoms and increased mortality. HIS bundle pacing is a novel technique of pacing through placing the pacemaker lead on the junction box between the top and bottom chamber of the heart. This will allow the utilisation of the normal/intrinsic HIS Purkinjie (eclectic cables) to stimulate the ventricles. This can offer a physiological pacing modality and reduce pacing induced cardiomyopathy specially in pacing dependent pacing. The Ablate and Pace HIS Study proposes that the new method of HIS pacing is safe, effective and superior to the existing method of RV pacing in patients with atrial fibrillation who demonstrate signs of heart failure.
ALA is administered orally since it is without difficulty absorbed in the stomach. ALA goes through the blood brain barrier and does not show toxic effects and actions at doses used for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes. This has encouraged us to use an efficient anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, alpha-lipoic acid (biochemical) as a relevant option to prevent POAF.
Description of treatment of cardiovascular diseases in community settings in Russia
Clinical trials have demonstrated that performing catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is a superior alternative to antiarrhythmic drugs for the maintenance of sinus rhythm, reduction of arrhythmia-related symptoms, and improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction, all while having a comparable safety profile. Therefore, catheter ablation has become the mainstream treatment for preventing AF recurrences. Nevertheless, despite its established efficacy, a significant number of AF recurrences following the initial ablation procedure can still occur due to factors such as pulmonary vein reconnections, or incomplete isolation. The success rate of single-procedure atrial arrhythmia-free survival particularly ranged from 40% to 66% in persistent AF ablation. However, The surgical Cox maze III procedure has been established to be an effective curative strategy for AF with an AF-free survival rate of more than 95%. The main reason is the difficulty of creating continuous, transmural, and durable lesions by catheter ablation, especially when the procedure is performed on some complex anatomical structures in which epicardial muscular bundles may serve as components of the reentrant circuits. The durability of the conduction block is a crucial factor for long-term effective AF ablation since previous studies reported that the reconnected Pulmonary veins contributed to the atrial tachycardia recurrence after persistent AF ablation. In addition, it is possible that the inadequate lesions accidentally produce new arrhythmogenic substrates. Therefore, new and better techniques are always chosen to minimize the reconnection of Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and additional ablation. In recent years, to improve the clinical outcomes following the initial ablation procedure, various advancements in techniques and technologies have been introduced. These include the use of contact force-sensing catheters, an ablation index-guided high-power ablation strategy, steerable guiding sheaths, intracardiac echocardiography catheters, and the incorporation of more extensive ablation. However, there is no standardized workflow in place, which can limit the effectiveness of AF ablation when performed by physicians in different medical centers. The investigators meticulously optimized every aspect of the catheter ablation process for AF, striving to enhance catheter operability and stability to generate continuous and transmural lesions akin to surgical intervention. For paroxysmal AF, the ablation strategy of PVI plus superior vena cava isolation is chosen while PVI, superior vena cava isolation, and linear ablation of linear ablations of the mitral isthmus, roofline and posterior wall line of the left atrium, and cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) for persistent AF. Any symptomatic or asymptomatic atrial arrhythmia lasting more than 30 seconds was regarded as an AF recurrence after a 3-month blanking period. The primary outcome was defined as 12-month atrial arrhythmia-free survival. The secondary outcomes include the block rate of PVI, superior vena cava isolation, and all linear ablations.
Investigator-initiated pilot study of single dose oral flecainide versus no flecainide for the early conversion of perioperative atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm after noncardiac surgery.
This study aims to analyze changes in the immune status, metabolic status, and host microbiome community structure in non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients with intracardiac thrombus. Additionally, the study aims to analyze factors that influence the responsiveness and occurrence of adverse events related to anticoagulant therapy.
The goal of this prospective, multicenter, cluster randomized controlled trial is to assess the effectiveness of a shared decision-making tool, "I-Anticoagulation", for anticoagulation management in AF patients. The main questions it aims to answer are: - whether "I-Anticoagulation" could help improve the rational use of anticoagulants in AF patients; - whether "I-Anticoagulation" could help increase the adherence and satisfaction of AF patients receiving anticoagulants. The anticoagulation therapy of AF patients will be determined by clinicians with the use of "I-Anticoagulation", and AF patients will be managed using "I-Anticoagulation" during their anticoagulation therapy. Researchers will compare the outcomes with the control group, in which patients with AF will receive standard care.
Comparison of pulmonary vein and left atrial posterior wall isolation durability and clinical outcome between radiofrequency and pulse field ablation in patients with persistent and longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation.
The EMBOL-AF is a multicenter, international, observational study designed as a retrospective registry that will investigate the characteristics of systemic arterial embolic events after treatment of atrial fibrillation by catheter ablation. Due to the retrospective nature of the study, the registry is specially focused on cerebral embolism (stroke and TIA) because these are not only the most frequent and clinically relevant but also the most susceptible to underreporting. However, all embolism associated to AFAbl will be included. This study will gather all clinically relevant aspects and data of all cases of arterial embolism that have occurred over the last 5 years in the centers that will participate in the registry. Based on these reported cases, the incidence, management and outcomes of embolic events (particularly stroke and TIA) will be studied.
Targeted anticancer drugs have completely changed the prognosis of malignancies during the past decades. Patients suffering from malignancies live longer and this allows adverse events of anticancer drugs to emerge, notably cardiovascular adverse events. It is particularly important because of the great morbimortality of major cardiovascular events like myocardial infarction or stroke and because of their frequency in cancer populations. Indeed, cardiovascular death is the second cause of deaths after malignancy itself in this population. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a non rare cardiovascular adverse events associated with a shorter overall survival in some malignancies localization. The emblematic anticancer drugs promoting AF is ibrutinib belonging to the Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BTKi), which are indicated in hematological malignancies. Incidence of AF with ibrutinib is estimated to 4.92/100 person-years; 95% CI: 2.91-4.81 but is underestimated because of the absence of systematic electrocardiogram recording. The management of AF rests on anticoagulation if indicated by the CHA2DS2-VASc score, and on the choice between a rate or rhythm control strategy. Rate control is the privileged strategy because of the risk of drugs interactions of the anti-arrhythmic drugs in a context of anticancer drugs co-prescriptions. But in case of symptoms with normal heart rate, life expectancy counted in years and preserved condition, catheter ablation has to be discussed. Whereas this interventional procedure has been greatly studied in the general population, no study exists in patients with hematological malignancies. The investigators aim to describe baseline characteristics of a population of BTKi-induced AF undergone AF catheter ablation.