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The EMBOL-AF is a multicenter, international, observational study designed as a retrospective registry that will investigate the characteristics of systemic arterial embolic events after treatment of atrial fibrillation by catheter ablation. Due to the retrospective nature of the study, the registry is specially focused on cerebral embolism (stroke and TIA) because these are not only the most frequent and clinically relevant but also the most susceptible to underreporting. However, all embolism associated to AFAbl will be included. This study will gather all clinically relevant aspects and data of all cases of arterial embolism that have occurred over the last 5 years in the centers that will participate in the registry. Based on these reported cases, the incidence, management and outcomes of embolic events (particularly stroke and TIA) will be studied.
This study aims to observe the safety and effectiveness of intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke in real-world clinical practice.
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is one of the most life-threatening stroke complications. Dysphagic stroke patients are at increased risk of aspiration pneumonia. Pneumonia accounts for at least 10% of post stroke deaths within 30 days of hospitalization after stroke. rTMS is effective in improving post-stroke dysphagia and swallowing coordination after stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere, however it's efficacy on the prevalence of pneumonia has not yet been examined. Purpose of the study: To determine the effect of adding repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to conventional oropharyngeal physical therapy program on the prevalence of aspiration pneumonia in in patients with post stroke dysphagia.
The investigators recently identified Brain-derived tau (BD-tau) as a sensitive blood-based biomarker for brain injury in acute ischemic stroke: in patients with acute ischemic stroke, plasma BD-tau was associated with imaging-based metrics of brain injury upon admission, increased within the first 24 hours in correlation with infarct progression, and at 24 hours was superior to final infarct volume in predicting 90-day functional outcome. While informing on the relation of BD-tau with imaging-based metrics of brain injury, this cross-sectional study was restricted to BD-tau assessments upon admission and at day 2 and could not inform on key characteristics of the evolution of plasma BD-tau, including when exactly it starts to rise, how long it continues to rise, and how it is determined by infarct characteristics as well as comorbidities. Here, the investigators aim to assess plasma BD-tau every hour from admission to 48 hours after onset to evaluate the hypothesis that BD-tau rises immediately after onset and plateaus between three and 48 hours after onset.
The aim of this trial is to investigate whether head elevation position after endovascular treatment can improve the 90-day functional outcome of acute large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation.
The goal of this study is to determine if oral Minocycline's proposed neuroprotective effects further improve the clinical outcomes, including mortality, of acute stroke patients beyond the current standard stroke care in a large scale randomized prospective open label (outcome assessor blinded) clinical trial. Participants will be randomly assigned (1:1) to take Minocycline 200mg orally every 24 hours for five days, starting within 24 hours from stroke symptoms onset, in addition to standard care or standard care alone. NIHSS (The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale) and mRS (Modified Rankin Scale) will be collected at the time of presentation, discharge and again at 30- and 90-days post-discharge. All-cause mortality will also be obtained at 30 days and 90 days.
The present clinical investigation - EarlyExo, is an interventional, international, multicentric, prospective, single-blinded randomized controlled trial. This clinical investigation is designed to test the hypothesis that early and intense introduction of walking sessions assisted by the Atalante exoskeleton, in a sample of hemiparetic patients with still non or poor ambulatory capacities (FAC 0 or 1) between one- and four-months post stroke, would result in a better recovery of functional walking compared to a control group only receiving conventional therapy. Improved recovery will be measured through the proportion of patients reaching a FAC score of 4 or higher at the end of the intervention period. The tested hypothesis is that this proportion will be higher in the Exo group. The duration of the intervention period in both groups is 6 weeks. - For the Exo group: 3 sessions per week (i.e., 18 one-hour sessions) with the Atalante device and 2 sessions per week (i.e., 12 one-hour sessions) of conventional therapy. - For the Control group: 5 sessions per week of conventional therapy (i.e., 30 one-hour sessions). The study will include 66 patients (33 in each arm) and takes place in two French centers, two German centers and one Spanish center.
Objective: To comparing the effects of unilateral and bilateral mirror therapy on upper extremity function of stroke at acute stage. We hypothesize there are different effects between unilateral and bilateral mirror therapy on stroke patients at acute stage. Method: Patients with unilateral stroke and the onset within one month will be recruited and then randomly allocated to one of the three groups (including unilateral mirror therapy, bilateral mirror therapy, and conventional occupational therapy). Patient will receive 20 consecutive sessions of intervention (5 time per week, totally 4 weeks) and assessments before and after the intervention within one week. In each intervention session, patients will receive 30 minutes unilateral or bilateral mirror therapy depending on their allocated groups and then 30 conventional occupational therapy. The patients recruited in the conventional occupational therapy group will receive 60 minute conventional therapy. The outcome measures at pre- and post-treatment will including the Fugl-Meyer Assessment for upper extremity (FMA-UE), the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), the Jamar Hydraulic Hand Dynamometer, the Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI), the Revised Nottingham Sensory Assessment (rNSA), and Functional Independence Measurement (FIM).
Most stroke patients are initially evaluated at the closest hospital but some need to be transferred to a hospital that can provide more advanced care. The "Door-In-Door-Out" (DIDO) process at the first hospital can take time making transferred patients no longer able to get the advanced treatments. This study will help hospitals across the US "stand up" new ways to evaluate stroke patients, decide who needs to be transferred, and transfer them quickly for advanced treatment.
This is a multicenter, open-label, evaluator-blinded, investigator-initiated, randomized clinical trial, to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of LF-rTMS in reducing infarct size, reducing disability rate and improving functional outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke within 48 hours after stroke onset.