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Health professionals are extremely exposed to psychosocial risks, as they experience, in general, high levels of stress, anxiety, fatigue and suffering, due to the nature and location of their work. As a result, the health and well being of these professionals can be significantly compromised. In outbreaks of serious infectious diseases and pandemics, these risks become amplified and the health team is at greater risk of falling ill, presenting changes in mental health and psychological trauma, while caring for infected patients and becoming potential contaminants in their family and community. The objective is to study the mental health of professionals who work in Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) in Brazil, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. The primary outcome will be the prevalence of burnout in the team involved with the care of critically ill children. Secondary outcomes such as anxiety, depression, quality of professional life, compassionate fatigue and post-traumatic stress disorder will be measured. Possible associations between demographic, work and coping variables (social support and resilience) with mental and emotional health outcomes will be investigated, in an exploratory character. It is a multicenter, observational, longitudinal study, with a descriptive and exploratory analytical component. Data collection will be carried out through an electronic survey during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.
This study will recruit 30 subjects diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Subjects will be recieve one infusion treatment of citalopram or placebo and 10 treatments of a form of transcranial magnetic stimulation, theta burst stimulation (TBS). Subjects will also undergo brain scans, quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) brain activity recordings, and mood surveys. Study activities will be performed over the course of 4 weeks.
Comparison of efficacy treatment (respond, remission) between the optimized treatment group (dose adjustment or early change other drug based on the change of total score HAM-D 17) and the routine treatment group (start with the lowest effective dose and adjust dose slowly) for depressed patients in Viet Nam
The objective of the study is to compare, in individuals who meet the diagnostic criteria for major depression, the effects of Behavioral Activation (BA) strictly behavioral with a BA protocol that includes mindfulness practices. The secondary objectives are: a) to verify if the changes in the level of depressive symptoms found after the treatment will be kept during the follow-up in both groups; b) evaluate the possible moderating role of baseline depression levels on the effectiveness of interventions; c) evaluate relapse rates after treatment; and d) test a BA protocol as a single treatment. The primary hypothesis is that BA protocol with mindfulness practices is superior to BA without mindfulness practices.
The aim of the study is to test the efficacy of a treatment for depression based on interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). The treatment will be accessed via an internet platform built for this study. A therapist will provide support weekly, as well as on-demand when needed. The treatment lasts for 10 weeks.
The objective of the study is to complete a retrospective chart review of subjects who were treated at the Wound Care Clinic at Methodist Dallas Medical Center, presented for treatment between June 2018 and February 2019, and were administered the PHQ-9. The study aims to measure the prevalence of depression in this sample, feasibility of using PHQ-9 in this patient population, and identifying variables and functional impairment associated with clinically significant depression.
The aim of this randomized, waitlist controlled trial is to examine the efficacy of the Compassion Cultivation Training (CCT©) in reducing psychological distress (i.e., stress, anxiety and depression) and burnout symptoms while improving psychological well-being medical students. The second goal of the study is to examine whether mindfulness and compassion-related variables as well as emotional-cognitive emotional regulation processes mediate the psychological distress and well-being changes. The effects of the CCT© program will be measured by means of self-report questionnaires involving different domains (mindfulness, compassion, distress, and well-being measures) at different time points (pre-intervention, inter-session assessment, post-intervention, 2-month and 6-month follow-up).
The mental health of the French population in response to covid-19 pandemic is of concern. Health professionals are prone to more mental disorders due to their direct exposure to the pandemic consequences. Indeed, compared to general population, health care workers face enormous in the current health situation, especially those who may be in contact with suspected or confirmed cases (risk of infection, inadequate protection, loss of control, lack of experience in managing the diseases, overwork, stigma, lack of support). Thus, it seems interesting to describe the psychological state of hospital interns during this pandemic.
This study examines uptake and attrition for internet based treatments for panic disorder and depression in Israel The primary benefits of this work will be a) in providing better understanding of ICBT for panic disorder and depression outcomes. Both panic and depression are heavy public health burdens, associated with a significant market potential for both therapeutic and diagnostic uses. b) In providing compatible scale to measure the working alliance during internet-based treatment.
Most mental health problems emerge by age 14, often leading to chronic impairments and adverse impacts for individuals, families, and societies. Any action-focused path to reducing the need-to-access gap will require moving beyond the dominant settings, formats, and systems that have constrained intervention delivery to date. In a fully-online trial, youths ages 13-16 will be randomized to 1 of 3 self-administered single-session interventions (SSIs): a behavioral activation SSI, targeting behavioral MD symptoms; an SSI teaching growth mindset, targeting cognitive MD symptoms; or a control SSI. The investigators will test each SSI's relative benefits, versus the control, on depressive symptoms and proximal outcomes such as hopelessness. Results will reveal whether SSIs that were designed to address behavioral versus cognitive symptoms differentially benefit adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms.