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This study aims to investigate the effect that increasing levels of self-compassion may have on levels of perceived criticism, self-criticism, and mental health of adults with ADHD. A secondary aim of the study is to capture how feasible using an online self-guided self-compassion practice may be with people with ADHD. Research Questions 1. Does a short self-guided self-compassion intervention increase levels of state and/or trait self-compassion in adults with ADHD over time? 2. Are changes in state and/or trait self-compassion associated with changes in levels of self-criticism or perceived criticism? 3. Are changes in state and/or trait self-compassion associated with improvements in mental health? 4. Are changes in mental health mediated by changes in self-criticism or perceived criticism?
The overarching aim of this research is to determine the acute effects of ketamine on brain glutamate, functional connectivity and cerebral blood flow in treatment-resistant depression, explore whether the effects are attenuated by the opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone and relate these findings to antidepressant response.
This is a pilot study using game intervention as an adjuvant treatment, to evaluate the effect of the video game on anhedonia and associated functional change of brain in patients with depression. Participants will be randomized to Experimental group receiving a 8-week treatment of antidepressant drugs and game intervention, or Control group receiving a 8-week treatment of antidepressant drugs. Magnetic resonance imaging scanning and assessment of clinical characteristics and cognitive function were conducted before and after the intervention.
This research is aimed at investigating the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) psychotherapy for treating depression and comorbid anxiety symptoms. EMDR has been scientifically established as an evidenced based level-A treatment for PTSD. However, researchers have started assessing its efficacy for depression and other psychological disorders. Preliminary evidence indicates that EMDR has the potential to treat depression, however, it has not yet been established as an evidence-based intervention. Anxiety most often comorbid with depression. literature suggests that when depression is treated, the comorbid anxiety symptoms are also reduced. Hence, the effect of EMDR therapy on anxiety symptoms, when treating depressive symptoms would also be explored. A sample of 40 volunteers will be sought from community through advertising, and through referrals and will be randomly assigned to experimental and control conditions. Participants of experimental condition will be offered eight phase EMDR therapy in a period of 12-14 weeks. Participants of control group will receive counselling as usual sessions for 12-14 weeks. Measurement of the depression and anxiety symptoms for Experimental group will be recorded at Time 1, (baseline, time frame: 0 week). Time 2 (after history and preparation for EMDR, time frame: 3 weeks). Time 3, (after EMDR treatment, time frame: 12 weeks) and at T4, ( post treatment follow-up, Time frame: 24 weeks. For Control group, measurements will be recorded at T1, T2 and T3. The current study will be the first registered Randomized Control Trial (RCT ) as per investigators knowledge, that will explore the efficacy of EMDR in treating depression and comorbid anxiety. The results of the study will provide the scientific bases to use EMDR as a treatment of choice for depression and anxiety. Many clients do not respond to pharmacological as well other psychological treatments despite bearing huge financial cost. EMDR therapy can be a short-term treatment that may provide relief from symptoms of depression and anxiety, and as a result, the functioning and quality of life of the participants will also improve. This study will also guide further research to explore the effects of EMDR on other trauma-based disorders and comorbid conditions.
The purpose of this study is to determine if Liposom Forte will enhance the response to antidepressant therapy with citalopram in elderly patients suffering from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).
One-third of the patients with major depressive disorder do not respond to conventional antidepressants that act through the mono-aminergic system. The available treatment modalities including SSRIs are slow to act and have a lag time before showing improvement in symptoms of patients. To overcome these treatment hurdles, add-on therapy to standard antidepressant drugs may lead to better therapeutic outcomes. Sarcosine, which is a nutraceutical, modulates glutamate neurotransmission has ameliorative effect on the disease symptoms of depression and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. The only clinical study done on depressive patients by Huang et al. cannot be generalized due to certain inherent limitations. To date, there is no randomized controlled trial with add-on sarcosine to current antidepressant therapy to the best of our knowledge. So, we considered sarcosine can be the candidate drug for add-on therapy due to its multiple mechanisms on the glutaminergic system. Adding sarcosine to ongoing antidepressant therapy may either increase their response rate or decrease ADRs by decreasing the dose requirement or may show a quicker therapeutic effect. Hence, the present randomized controlled trial has been planned to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sarcosine as add-on therapy in major depressive disorder.
Simvastatin is being employed because it is a 'statin'. As a drug class, statins have broad anti-inflammatory properties. Low-level inflammation is thought to be a potentially important mediator of the effects of psychosocial stress (including loneliness) on affect and vulnerability to depression. In this study we are using statins as an experimental tool to investigate this relationship further. Statins are widely prescribed agents that are regarded as very safe and so are suitable tools in this context. We have selected simvastatin because it is one of the most widely used statins and has an excellent safety profile, being also available 'over the counter'.
BIP-COVID is a cross-sectional genetics study about risks & resilience in the COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease) pandemic in bipolar disorder (BD) and healthy controls at the Medical University of Graz. Study participants with BD and controls from the well-established BIPLONG and BIPGEN studies will undergo a special BIP-COVID visit, which will include a COVID-19 specific online Lime survey about the psychological burden in the COVID-19 crisis, a COVID-19 antibody test (IgM and IgG), inflammation markers and isolation of DNA from fasting blood. Genotyping of DNA will be done with the GSA V.3 array. Genetic analyses (Polygenic Risk Scores of I. Stress or Major Depression and II. COVID-19 infection established with the programs PLINK, PRSice and R) will be used to analyze the genetic mechanisms of COVID-19 pandemic associated psychological symptoms and COVID-19 infection risk. Systems biology methods will be used to depict protective pathways against COVID-19 infection (e.g. Lithium pathways) and against COVID-19 associated psychiatric symptoms.
The current clinical trial is focused on evaluating the efficacy of rTMS for treatment of depression in youth and young adults (hereafter called transition aged youth, TAY) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The motivation to undertake the current efficacy study is driven by: (1) the substantial impact of depression on TAY with ASD (based on prevalence and contribution to disability/impairment); (2) lack of evidence-based treatments for depression in autism (there are no current trials rigorously evaluating any treatment for depression, i.e., psychotherapeutic, pharmacotherapeutic, brain stimulation); (3) rTMS has demonstrated efficacy in non-autistic individuals to improve symptoms of depression and may be better tolerated in youth than medication treatment; (4) a prior pilot rTMS study focused on treatment of executive function deficits in autism indicated that high frequency rTMS delivered using a rigorous randomized control trial (RCT) protocol can be feasibly implemented in TAY with autism, is well tolerated (mild to moderate adverse effects and low drop out), and has the potential to improve symptoms of depression.
The TARGET study is an active-controlled evaluation of AXS-05 compared to bupropion in patients with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD) who are adherent to study drug. Subjects are considered to have treatment-resistant MDD if they have had a historical inadequate response to 1 or 2 prior antidepressant treatments (ADTs) and a prospective inadequate response to treatment with bupropion SR, during the current major depressive episode. The TARGET study will first determine treatment adherence based on analysis of drug concentrations of dextromethorphan (in the AXS-05 group) and bupropion (in the bupropion group), and then evaluate the efficacy of AXS-05 in patients determined to be treatment-adherent. Efficacy data for evaluation of treatment effect will be obtained from assessments made during study AXS-05-301.