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The Conceptualization of Pain Questionnaire (COPAQ), has been presented to the literature in order to evaluate the concept of pain in children and its psychometric properties. This scale, which was developed by Salvat et al., is stated as a tool that consists of a total of 15 items and is easy to administer and respond to. The total score is calculated with the correct or incorrect answers given by the children to these items, and the higher this score, the better the child's understanding of the concept of pain. Moreover; it has been shown that the scale has good fit and internal consistency. In Turkey, there is no valid and reliable scale to evaluate the concept of pain in a child with chronic pain. The aim of this study is to create the Turkish version of "The Conceptualization of Pain Questionnaire (COPAQ)", which evaluates the concept of pain in children with chronic pain, and to question the Turkish validity and reliability of this scale.
Perception of chronic pain and related disability; occurs through the interaction of physiological and psychological processes. Pain catastrophizing is a cognitive attribution style characterized by a negative mindset and magnification of pain. Catastrophizing in children has been associated with poor functioning and higher levels of pain. Catastrophizing during the transition to adulthood is defined as an important predictor of persistent pain and central sensitivity. The number of scales assessing pain and attitudes related to pain in children is quite low. In recent years, with the adaptation of the assessment scales used for adults to children or the development of new scales, the assessment of pain and pain-related attitudes in children has begun to be provided. Pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), in 1995 Sullivan et al. for the purpose of comprehensive assessment in adults experiencing pain-related disasters. In 2003, Crombez et al. showed the validity and reliability of the scale in school-age children. For predictive validity, the scale was administered to children with chronic pain, and it was reported to predict the severity of pain and pain-related disability. Pain Catastrophizing Scale-Child (PCS-C) scale; It is a self-report measure adapted from the Adult Pain Catastrophizing Scale used to assess negative thinking associated with pain. It contains 13 items rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 = "not at all true" to 4 = "very true". Substances; rumination (4 items, e.g. "When [my child] has pain, I can't get him out of my mind"), magnification (3 items, e.g. the child has pain], thinking about other painful events"), and helplessness (6 items, e.g. "[My child's]] When I have pain, I feel that I cannot continue"). Items are aggregated across subscales to obtain a total score ranging from 0 to 52; higher scores are related to higher catastrophizing attitude. The pain catastrophizing scale was originally developed in German and later validity and reliability studies were conducted in different languages. The aim of this study is to question the Turkish validity and reliability of the "Pain Catastrophizing Scale-Child (PCS-C)" scale.
Through this quantitative, multivariate factorial experimental research of the Parallel Randomized Clinical Trial type, it is intended to analyze the effectiveness in reducing levels of anxiety, stress and pain through pre-anesthetic assessment and pain neuroscience education in patients undergoing elective total abdominal hysterectomy.
Objective: Analgesic Opioids misuse among patients with chronic pain ranges from 0% to 50%. The general practitioner is the first prescriber of opioid analgesics Our objective was to validate in primary care the POMI (Prescription Opioid Misuse Index) to identify the misuse of AOs. Study Setting: Patients with chronic pain, taking AOs for at least 3 months, and followed in general practice. Study design: Psychometric study Data Collection/Extraction methods: Eligible patients followed in general practice responded to the POMI: Test phase. They then responded after 2 weeks: the retest. The gold standard used was the DSM-V.
The aim of study is to find out the effects of muscle energy technique versus aerobic exercises on pain and disability in patients with chronic pelvic pain.
Veterans with comorbid chronic pain and depression are highly prevalent, have poor functional status and low quality of life, are at increased risk of suicide and lack access to effective treatments. To address this problem, the proposed research will examine the feasibility of a novel approach that integrates repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy with the overall goal of maximizing functional improvement in Veterans with chronic pain and depression. This is an important first-step in preparation for a future randomized efficacy trial. The investigators will also include two cognitive control tasks with concurrent electroencephalography to explore as a potential objective indicator of treatment response. This application addresses a critical need within the Veterans Health Administration and is closely aligned with the focus area of developing suicide prevention treatments that influence participation in life roles.
The purpose of the study is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of two music interventions delivered through telehealth for chronic musculoskeletal pain. This pilot study evaluates outcomes (feasibility, acceptability, pain and associated outcomes) in a single-component, minimally interactive music listening (ML) intervention and a multi-component, more interactive music imagery (MI) intervention.
The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of subcutaneous administration of Botulinum toxin A on wound pain, wound healing and safety of treatment.
Lower back pain is a very common complaint in the Chronic Pain Clinic. Its etiology is nonspecific in 85% of the cases. In 1957, Strong and Davila reported that the superior cluneal nerves (SCNs) and middle cluneal nerves (MCNs) can be entrapped around the iliac crest, suggesting a causal relationship between this entrapment (SCN-Entrapment, SCN-E) and low back pain symptom. This is known today as "cluneal syndrome". Cluneal syndrome remains poorly investigated and is currently a diagnostic challenge. Various types of lumbar movements exacerbate its occurence. The most common theory regarding the origin of this pain evokes that is primarily due to a mechanical cause linked to stenosis or adhesions of fibrous tissue around the cluneal nerves causing distress. The hypothesis is that the investigator can reduce the pain related to the syndrome of superior cluneal origin thanks to a "volume effect" which aims to detach adhesions and/or aponeurotic stenoses that cause a distress of cluneal nerves. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of the cluneal nerve block using theThomas Dahl Nielsen ultrasound based technique in patients with chronic low-back pain related to SCN-E. To this end, the investigator will compare physiological serum injection versus local anaesthetic injection, with the aim of reducing short-term pain and improving quality of life.
The goal of this study is to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI), which assesses functional disability in daily life, school, and home activities of children aged 8 to 18, as well as to ensure cultural adaptation of this measurement. Chronic pain is the most frequent type of pain in children and adolescents, affecting one-quarter of the population. Children and adolescents with chronic pain have difficulty completing activities such as walking, jogging, and participating in sports, as well as daily activities. There is no valid and reliable measurement that measures pain-related disability in everyday life, at home, or at school from the perspective of a child in the literature. This study hypothesizes that the Functional Disability Inventory is a valid and reliable measurement for measuring functional disability in the Turkish population of children with chronic pain.