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This hybrid effectiveness-implementation project will allow the team to evaluate and refine implementation in preparation for future multisite trials to ultimately move the Evidence-Based Intervention (EBI) to scale among diverse populations. The plan is to enroll 120 at-risk pregnant and postpartum women from rural, urban, and Latino populations. Using a randomized preference design to also evaluate patient and sociocultural factors in participation and symptom trajectory. Using the Implementation Research Logic Model, the team will evaluate the implementation feasibility and acceptability of a remote-access and on-demand MBCT PD prevention intervention that is integrated within maternal clinical care settings using an existing patient portal. Successful achievement of the study aims will result in a refined implementation protocol for future studies that are sufficiently powered to evaluate the effectiveness of an integrated Digital Mental Health Technology and to estimate the cost/benefit ratio
The goal of this open label case series is to learn about the feasibility of conducting a future randomised controlled trial to evaluate how well the Perinatal SMILES intervention works in improving post-cesarean mood in low-income women. The main questions it aims to answer are: 1. Is it feasible to recruit a sufficient number of participants? 2. Is it feasible to administer Perinatal SMILES and 3. Is it feasible to collect participant outcomes? Participants will: 1. Complete five sessions of interpersonal therapy 2. Receive two skin injections of ketamine, approximately 24 hours apart, in the first four postpartum day 3. Receive additional therapy sessions before (to prepare for ketamine) and after (interpersonal therapy) each ketamine injection 4. Undergo assessments of brain electrical activity (at rest and evoked by trans-cranial magnetic stimulation) before and at three timepoints in the 10 hours after each ketamine injection 5. Complete mood assessments over the first 12 postpartum weeks
Many pregnant women face the risk of experiencing depression after giving birth, especially if they've previously dealt with depression. The goal of this study, is to test if our newly developed Prenatal Affective Cognitive Training (PACT) intervention, can decrease the likelihood of post partum depression. In the study, 226 pregnant women, some of whom are considered high risk due to past mental illness or psycho-social risk factors, will participate. The high-risk women will be divided into two groups. One group will undergo the PACT training, which involves computer and virtual reality exercises spanning five weeks, designed to improve mood and emotional regulation. The other group will receive usual care. The main aim is to observe whether the women who undergo PACT intervention are less prone to depression after childbirth compared to those who do not. This study has potential to offer a simple, non-invasive method to bolster mental health in expectant mothers, which could also positively impact their infants.
Experiencing postpartum mood and/or anxiety disorders (like postpartum depression; PMADs) can make parenting challenging, but group therapy may help both these parents and their babies. This study will test whether postpartum parents with PMADs find a 12-session parenting group therapy to be likable, doable, and helpful for mental health, parenting stress, and relationship with their infant. The therapy that is being tested is called the Connecting and Reflecting Experience (CARE) parenting program, which has not yet been used specifically with postpartum parents with PMADs, but has been found to be appealing and helpful among parents/caregivers of older children with mental health conditions. CARE focuses on parents' ability to consider how their own and their children's thoughts, feelings, intentions, and other mental states shape behavior and parent-child relationships. Participants in the study will be asked to fill out surveys before, during, and after participating in the group therapy. Adults may be eligible to participate in the study if they gave birth to an infant who is now 3 to 12 months old, are receiving postpartum medical and/or mental health care at Montefiore Medical Center, and have experienced postpartum depression and/or anxiety.
Although psychological interventions exist for the prevention of PPD, a yoga-based intervention to prevent PPD among at-risk women utilizes a similar theoretical foundation (i.e., mindfulness), may be more acceptable to women of minority status, and may confer additional physical activity benefits. The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the effectiveness of using a virtually delivered prenatal yoga intervention for the prevention of PPD among at-risk women in a diverse health care system and explore preliminary factors which influence implementation of the intervention. This study has 2 phases: Phase 1 will evaluate facilitators and barriers to intervention implementation among patient, clinician, and health system stakeholders, followed by an open trial, and Phase 2 will include conducting an 8-session pilot randomized controlled trial to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the proposed prenatal yoga intervention among women with a history of depression, as well as the onset and course of PPD and mediating factors. The specific aims are to: 1) Optimize delivery of a yoga intervention within a healthcare system to prevent PPD through examining facilitators and barriers of implementation, 2) Examine feasibility, acceptability and satisfaction of the intervention within a health care system, and 3) Evaluate preliminary effectiveness of the intervention on PPD and proposed mechanisms. For Phase 1, separate focus groups with patient stakeholders and clinician and administrative stakeholders will inform intervention implementation, and an open trial to refine and optimize the intervention. For Phase 2, women with a history of depression who are 8-28 weeks pregnant will be randomized to the intervention group (n=24) or treatment-as-usual (n=24) and will complete survey measures at baseline, post-intervention, and 1 and 3 months postpartum. It is hypothesized that the intervention will be feasible and acceptable, engage women of racial/ethnic minority status, and contribute to lower rates of PPD onset. Embodiment and mindfulness are the proposed mediators. Knowledge gained from this study can support prevention efforts for PPD and improve the adverse public health impact of this disorder.
The goal of this cross-sectional study is to assess the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale as screening tool for Postpartum Depression among women delivering at Egyptian tertiary health care system, University Hospital, regarding Prevalence and risk factors. participants of this study with fill the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and their socio-demographic, obstetric and psychological data will be collected and analysed. prevalence of postpartum depression in Egyptian women will be assessed as well as the associated risk factors
Primary Objective: Evaluate the clinical effectiveness of the MamaLift Plus app compared to control (digital sham plus treatment as usual) for the management of PPD in the observed population for a period of 9 calendar weeks. It is hypothesized that women who use the MamaLift Plus APP will experience less severe symptoms of depression in post-partum period than comparable women who do not and receive their usual care from health providers.
The goal of this clinical trial is to test (1) a novel maternal ready-to-use supplementary food and (2) a novel cognitive behavioral therapy intervention in undernourished Sierra Leonean women. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Will the addition of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), as well as choline, to a maternal ready-to-use supplementary food (M-RUSF+) prolong gestation when compared with a similar supplementary food except that it lacks DHA, EPA, and choline (M-RUSF)? - Will M-RUSF+ improve infant cognitive development at 9 months of age when compared with M-RUSF? - Will the novel CBT program improve ante- and post-partum depression?
The primary purpose of this study is to determine if treatment with HS-10353 reduces depressive symptoms in participants with postpartum depression (PPD) compared to placebo as assessed by the change from baseline in the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D17) total score at Day 15. And the secondary purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of HS-10353 compared to placebo as assessed by the incidence of adverse events, clinical laboratory evaluations, electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters, the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), and the 20-item Physician Withdrawal Checklist (PWC-20).
Postpartum depression (PPD) affects 10-20% of women, with immigrant Latinas disproportionately affected. PPD prevention and treatment is limited among immigrant Latinas due to an array of structural and cultural factors, suggesting the need to deliver interventions outside of traditional healthcare settings. Virtual interventions have the potential to reduce barriers to mental health services for immigrant Latinas, but there is little research on the effectiveness of virtual interventions to reduce PPD symptoms. Mothers and Babies is an evidence-based group intervention based on principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy and attachment theory aimed at PPD prevention. Mothers and Babies was adapted for delivery via a virtual group format (Mothers and Babies Virtual Group; MB-VG), with a pilot study suggesting good feasibility and acceptability as well as improved mental health outcomes for immigrant Latinas. The proposed project is a Type 1 Effectiveness-Implementation randomized controlled trial among pregnant individuals and new mothers at risk for PPD based on elevated depressive symptoms and/or other established risk factors who are enrolled in early childhood programs across Maryland. A total of 300 women will be enrolled; 150 will receive MB-VG while 150 will receive usual family support services. The project aims to evaluate: 1) the effectiveness of MB-VG to reduce depressive symptoms, prevent onset of PPD, and improve parenting self-efficacy and responsiveness; 2) implementation of MB-VG; and 3) contextual factors influencing MB-VG effectiveness and implementation. Trained early childhood center staff will deliver MB-VG sessions, with intervention participants receiving virtual group sessions via Zoom using any electronic device (smartphone, tablet, laptop). Maternal self-report surveys are conducted at baseline, 1 week, 3 months, and 6 months post-intervention, with structured clinical interviews also conducted at 3- and 6-months post-intervention. Our study is the first to deliver a virtual PPD preventive intervention to immigrant Latinas and to evaluate its impact. Given its virtual delivery modality, MB-VG can be easily replicated and scaled to other family support programs and settings serving immigrant Latinas. If effective and implemented broadly, more immigrant Latinas will receive mental health services and fewer will suffer the negative consequences associated with PPD.