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In this project, patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) will be characterized by measuring cognitive and motor function and relation to effect of Levodopa. Participants will be patients with Parkinson's Disease and healthy controls. It will be investigated if there is a difference between patients with a good measured Levodopa response and with a poor measured response.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate a pilot peer support intervention, entitled "Kanasina Gulabi" (Translation "My Dream Rose" in Kannada), designed to improve quality of life and diabetes management among young adults living with type 2 diabetes. The intervention, delivered by non-specialist providers - trained young adult peer navigators who are also managing type 2 diabetes - is expected to improve physical and mental health outcomes among participants. The sample includes young adults aged 18-40 with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in Mysore district, South India. Participants were quasi-randomly allocated to the intervention or control group. With the support of their peer navigators, intervention participants will develop action plans to improve their physical and mental health outcomes. This study plans to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of the intervention.
The prospective and two-arm randomized controlled study was conducted on n = 82 (41 = control, 41 = music group) mothers who gave birth at term at Trakya University Health Research and Application Center Maternity Service between May and December 2023. The music group was listened to Turkish music played for 30 minutes every day for 2 postpartum days. Research data were collected through the "Personal Information Form", "Stein Blues Scale (SDS)" and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS). The scales used in the research were evaluated four times: pre-, intermediate, follow-up and post-test. Descriptive statistics, Pearson and Spearman's correlation analyzes will be used in the analysis of research data.
The goal of this pilot Study and Randomized Controlled Trial is to investigate the impact of electroacupuncture on cognitive function, quality of life (QoL), and depression severity in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The main question[s] it aims to answer are: - Primary : electroacupuncture has the potential to treat subjective cognitive complaints and cognitive impairment in MDD outpatients - Secondary : electroacupuncture has the potential to treat depressive in MDD outpatients The 60 participants will randomly be assigned to either the treatment group or the control group in a 1:1 ratio. The treatment group will undergo electroacupuncture (EA), while the control group will receive sham acupuncture within 10 weeks period. Both groups will receive antidepressants with adjunctive medication (i.e., benzodiazepines, tricyclics, or antipsychotics) as the standard treatment. All participants will be assessed for executive functions and memory using specific cognitive tests, including the Trail Making Test B (TMT-B), Stroop Color and Word Test (SCWT), category delayed recall in the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-Cog), and subjective reports of concern regarding concentration, memory, problem-solving, learning, communication, and quality of life (QoL) concerns using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0; sections D1.1-1.6 and H1-3), and depressive symptoms were assessed using the Thai-PHQ-9.
This study will evaluate an intervention's feasibility, acceptability and efficacy potential in a one-arm trial with Romanian transgender and gender diverse (e.g., gender non-binary) (TGD) individuals who report depression or anxiety. The intervention will consist of 16 1-hour sessions delivered by our trained therapists on Zoom. These sessions are based on 6 principles of LGBTQ-affirming CBT, as follows: (1) normalizing mood and anxiety as a common response to LGBTQ related stress; (2) challenging persistent, inflexible LGBQ-related stress-induced cognitions; (3) encouraging assertive behavior and open self-expression to effectively cope with the consequences of LGBTQ-related stress; (4) validating lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBTQ) clients' unique strengths; (5) building authentic relationships as an essential resource for LGBTQ people's mental health; and (6) recognizing intersectional identities as a source of stress and resilience.
The central aim of this pilot study is to compare markers of inflammation and gut microbial diversity with users of the Healthy Minds Program (HMP) app, an intervention designed to promote well-being. The investigators plan to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) involving 300 participants comparing 4-weeks of the HMP app with an active control (Psychoeducation [HMP without meditation practice]), and a waitlist control in a sample of United States adults with elevated depression symptoms.
This SBIR Phase I proposal will develop and test the acceptability and feasibility of a new suite of digital Single-Session Interventions, specifically applying Unified Protocol core principles for emotional disorders, to produce a highly accessible, engaging, and scalable product to help address the clinical needs of youth.
The research will be carried out in a randomized controlled manner to determine the positive benefits of yoga for mothers and babies who have given birth preterm and have been discharged, and to determine its effect on Fragile Baby Perception Syndrome, maternal attachment, depression-anxiety-stress levels.
A non invasive treatment study including participants at risk for suicide attempts and undergoing neurofeedback training. Neurofeedback is controlling your brain activity in real time inside the scanner.
The goal of this clinical trial is to learn about moderate-intensity indoor cycling interventions in women's sport student-athletes transitioning into college and collegiate sport. The main question[s] it aims to answer are: Aim 1: Establish preliminary feasibility for the intervention based on recruitment and retention rates. Aim 2: Assess efficacy through comparison of pre- and post-intervention mental health outcomes scores between experimental and control groups. Exploratory Aim 3: Explore associations between exercise, athletic, and academic identities and mental health issues post-intervention. Participants will complete an online questionnaire. This online questionnaire will be given before the program begins and after the 4 weeks. The questionnaire will ask about the participants' basic information, the participants' experience with exercise, and the participants' transition experience including mental, physical, and social factors. Participants will be asked to attend an in-person 45-minute exercise class once a week at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) Student Recreation Center. Participants enrolled in the program will be asked to complete a self-report form during each weekly practice including heart rate (before and after practice) and ratings of perceived exertion. Heart rate will be measured during practice, smart devices (i.e., Apple Watch, FitBit) are not required.