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Aim: To explore the effectiveness of psychoeducation and problem-solving (Life-steps) on depression and adherence in HIV-infected adolescents. Methods: Forty-two adolescents were randomized into 21 controls and 21 intervention groups. The intervention group was exposed to 5-week sessions of life steps applied by a lay counselor. The PHQ-9 and visual analog scale (VAS) were used to measure the outcomes: depression and adherence. They were applied at baseline, 5-weeks, and 24 weeks post-intervention.
This observational study observes the routine use of low-dose St John's Wort herbal mother tincture in patients with major depression. It measures intensity of depression at the beginning of St Johns Wort and after 6 weeks and evaluates tolerability and compliance.
This study is concerned with evaluating an innovative care delivery platform that is becoming widely available but has not been adequately evaluated in a clinical trial. Primarily, this study is concerned with whether text based care is clinically effective, and if that effect is a function of (1) intervention intensity, (2) timeliness and match of therapeutic recommendations and (3) more stable mood and function over time. Based on the existing, yet limited data in the field, there is evidence to suggest that more frequent encounters with a psychotherapist results in better treatment adherence and faster and more stable response to treatment.
Two communities in Changsha was selected, where principle investigators' institution located, to recruit 80 participants into intervention group and control group. Resilience therapy group was intervened by a psychotherapy developed by the researchers, which lasts 8 weeks. The themes of each week are start-up, mutual help, trust in yourself, thanksgiving feedback, care for yourself, emotional management, end-up. Measurement was conducted before the intervention, immediately after intervention, 3-month after intervention, and 12-month after intervention. A questionnaire was used during each measurement, including several scales in it, including resilience and depression.The saliva test of Dehydroepiandrosterone was also done in each measurement.
This study will adapt LGBTQ-affirmative cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) - previously only used with adults - for youth aged 12-17 years. This intervention addresses the pathways through which minority stress compromises lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) young peoples' mental health. The purpose of this study is to determine if the intervention is acceptable and feasible for LGBTQ youth.
The purpose of this research is to find effective ways of well-being promotion in higher education settings. A unique mindfulness training was developed that includes cognitive, emotional, social, and spiritual components. The training is being delivered during class-time of the following courses: Personal Development and College Success, Understanding Health Behavior, and Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. The objective of the study is to explore the training in regard to dosage effects and the incremental effect of spirituality. While the proximal targets of the intervention are well-being and stress, the ultimate targets are grades and persistence in college. The hypotheses to be tested are: - Mindfulness training will increase the well-being and decrease the stress, anxiety and depression symptomology of the participants. - Mindfulness training will increase the functioning of the participants measured through GPA and hours spent in community engagement. - The "mindfulness training with spiritual components" will have a greater impact than the "mindfulness only training" on well-being. The study is designed as an experimental longitudinal study using a 2 X 3 factorial repeated measures design. The 2 level factor is mindfulness and mindfulness plus spirituality. The 3 level factor is the dose of the intervention (i.e., control, one class a week, and two classes a week).
This multicentre study will be conduct in several Portuguese institutions, which provide care and supporting services for older adults, with aim to assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the cognitive, emotional and social status of their beneficiaries. Initially, data on global cognitive function, executive function, mood, anxiety, loneliness, and quality of life will be collected. Secondly, a semi-structured interview will be carried out to realize and understand what were the major difficulties experienced by the older adult during the pandemic period.
Although mobile applications ("apps") for mental health are popular and widely available, little is known about how well they actually help people with common mental health symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress. We are partnering with a commercially available app to test how well this app helps people's mental health over 8 weeks. Participants will be randomly assigned (like flipping a coin) to three groups: (a) using the app by itself, (b) using the app plus a program coach to support using the app, or (c) no app until after 8 weeks. We will ask participants to complete online surveys about their mood and well-being so we can better understand the effects of these different treatments.
Objective: To determine the effect of online postpartum follow-up on depression and postpartum adaptation. Design: A parallel-randomized-controlled study Setting: During 2021 in Turkey Participants: 52 women in the postpartum period Measurements: Data were collected through the Personal Information Form, the Follow-up Form, the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), and the Postpartum Self-Assessment Scale (PSAS). The women in the experimental group were administered three follow-ups (education/consultancy) in line with the timing and content in the T.R. Ministry of Health Postpartum Care Management Guide (2014). The follow-ups were performed using the Zoom® program, which enabled video talk. The women in the control group received the routine follow-up and care provided by the hospital.
The goal of this study is to examine the effect of chronic and acute hyperglycemia in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) on brain glutamate levels using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), and associations of brain glutamate with symptoms of depression.