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To test the efficacy of a web-based stepped collaborative care intervention to reduce symptoms of depression, pain, and fatigue and improve health-related quality of life (HRQL) in advanced cancer patients and to reduce stress and depression, and fewer CVD risk factors in caregivers.
The purpose of the pilot study is to assess the effects of an 8-week program on improving mental health in depressed family caregivers of people with dementia. The program will involve 8 weekly coach-guided videoconferencing sessions and the use of a web app based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for 8 weeks. Also, the study aims to understand these caregivers' experiences in the program, including their perspectives on the app features and contents. We aim to recruit 8-10 people for this pilot project. Outcomes regarding caregivers' mental health and ACT processes will be collected at pretest and posttest (after the completion of the 8-week program) and compared over time (i.e., posttest scores compared to pretest). At posttest, acceptability and perceived usability of the app will be evaluated using the 10-item System Usability Scale and 30-40 minute individual interviews.
The current study is the second phase of a two-part study to examine the feasibility and utility of using an mHealth mindfulness intervention to help parents mitigate the stress associated with the impact of sustained community crisis situations, such as COVID-19 and its consequences, on low-income families living in under-resourced settings.
This Nu-V3 clinical study is a randomized, phase II, open-label study evaluating the Nu-V3 cranial nerve stimulation treatment device in patients with chronic pain, anxiety, depression, and/or sleeplessness.
This is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the effectiveness of nonviolent communication (NVC) intervention for reducing parenting stress to parents with children in primary schools and mild to moderate depression. A pilot RCT on 50 participants (25 in NVC vs. 25 in control group, 2 small groups for each arm) will be conducted in late June to September 2022 to test the procedure and preliminary results. A RCT (1:1 allocation ratio) on 200 parents who have children of Grade 1-6 and mild to moderate depressive symptoms assessed by Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. Outcomes will be measured at baseline, immediately after completion of intervention and three months after the intervention. This study will provide evidence on the effectiveness of NVC to reduce parenting stress and enhance parents' mental well-being.
The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of a protocol in which individuals with comorbid depression or anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorder will be randomized to complete Amplification of Positivity for Alcohol Use Disorder (AMP-A)- a psychological treatment focused on increasing positive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors- or a traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention. Assessed outcomes will include participant acceptability and completion rates, participant compliance with the intervention, positive and negative affect, substance use- and depression and anxiety-related symptom severity, and functional disability.
Research suggests older adults report wide-ranging emotional distress (e.g., symptoms of anxiety, depression) that negatively impacts their physical and mental health, and is associated with a reduction in daily activity. The overarching goal of this proposal is to adapt an existing evidence-based intervention, the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP), to increase activity in older adults by reducing emotional distress. The primary aim of the proposed study is to adapt a 5-session version of the UP for use with older adults reporting emotional distress and reduced engagement in daily activities, and to also develop a self-guided version of this intervention. This aim will be accomplished in two phases. In Phase 1, patient will receive the UP as written via telehealth. At the end of treatment they will provide feedback on the treatment, including any suggested changes as well as provide suggestions for changing the treatment that might allow an individual to successfully complete it on their own. This information will be used to iteratively change the treatment and develop a self-guided version of the treatment. In Phase 2, the study team will compare the therapist-delivered and self-guided version of treatment to see if patients find them acceptable. In this phase, patients will be randomized to receive one of these two treatments.
The birth of a child is a major life event that can be filled with excitement, anticipation and joy. However, the transition and adaptation to new demands, roles, responsibilities, and changes in relationships can be stressful, especially for new mothers. In addition, new mothers typically encounter physiological changes and struggle with concerns about weight gain, body image, sexuality, and other physical difficulties such as fatigue. These problems may generate or exacerbate stress, lead to an actual or perceived crisis and psychological distress. Psychological distress, defined as anxiety, depression, and insomnia, in this study, often increases during the postpartum period and can negatively affect maternal mental health status, maternal and family relationships, and infant-child health. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) on anxiety, insomnia, depression, and maternal functioning in first time new mothers following childbirth.
The present study aims to evaluate whether an online, self-administered, single session intervention (SSI) increases children and adolescents' perceptions of control over external threats and their emotional experience and reduces self-reported symptoms of anxiety and low mood. Children and adolescents, identified by their parents as having difficulties with low mood or anxiety, will be randomised to receive either the growth mindset of personality intervention or an active comparison condition. Whether parental low mood and anxiety has a moderating impact on outcomes will also be investigated.
This multi-modal methods study will investigate neurophysiological, endocrinological, cognitive, psycho-social-emotional markers of disease, and targets for integrative health treatments in mood disorders.