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This study is open to adults between 18 and 65 years of age who have depression (major depressive disorder). People with a current depressive episode lasting between 2 months and one and a half years can join the study. This study is for people for whom existing treatments for depression do not work sufficiently. The purpose of this study is to test how well a medicine called BI 1569912 is tolerated and whether it may help people with depression. It is planned to test 4 different dosages of BI 1569912 in this study. Each participant gets either one BI 1569912 dosage or placebo. It is decided randomly, which means by chance, who gets which treatment. Participants take BI 1569912 or placebo as tablets once during the study. Placebo tablets look like BI 1569912 tablets but do not contain any medicine. Participants also continue taking their usual medicine for depression throughout the study. Participants are in the study for about 5 weeks. During this time, they visit the study site 4 times, with a stay at the study site for 9 days. The doctors check the health of the participants and note any health problems that could have been caused by BI 1569912. The participants fill in questionnaires about their depression symptoms.
The birth of a child is a major life event that can be filled with excitement, anticipation and joy. However, the transition and adaptation to new demands, roles, responsibilities, and changes in relationships can be stressful, especially for new mothers. In addition, new mothers typically encounter physiological changes and struggle with concerns about weight gain, body image, sexuality, and other physical difficulties such as fatigue. These problems may generate or exacerbate stress, lead to an actual or perceived crisis and psychological distress. Psychological distress, defined as anxiety, depression, and insomnia, in this study, often increases during the postpartum period and can negatively affect maternal mental health status, maternal and family relationships, and infant-child health. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) on anxiety, insomnia, depression, and maternal functioning in first time new mothers following childbirth.
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a promising, novel, non-invasive therapy for depression. The study is looking at changes in specific electroencephalogram parameters in depressed patients treated with rTMS can serve as predictors of depression treatment response among cancer patents undergoing rTMS treatment of depression.
Inflammation has been consistently associated with psychoneurological symptoms (PNS) among breast cancer survivors (BCS). Evidence supporting interventional strategies promoting symptom-self management in reducing inflammation-induced PNS in BCS is limited. Current guidelines for BCS encourage the consumption of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids. The omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), abundantly available in fish, has a role in inflammatory downregulation. Low dietary DHA has been associated with inflammation and fatigue in BCS. Dietary planning targeting increased fish consumption thereby reducing red and processed meats are components of the major nutritional recommendations for BCS. A critical gap exists in knowledge regarding interventions promoting adherence to dietary guidelines in BCS supporting PNS self-management. This investigation uses personalized meal planning among BCSs (n=150) who are 1-2 years post-treatment for early-stage breast cancer and experiencing PNS (pain, fatigue, depression, sleep disturbance, stress) to evaluate the feasibility of a personalized meal planning approach in supporting adherence to current dietary guidelines for BCS. As a first step in this program of research, we will evaluate the feasibility of an personalized meal planning approach in promoting adherence to dietary guidelines for BCS through evaluating the feasibility of a personalized meal planning approach in a cohort of BCSs with respect to recruitment, group allocation, salivary inflammatory quantification and receptivity to and adherence with dietary interventions. This investigation will also contribute to a preliminarily evaluation of the efficacy of high or low fish diet in reducing inflammation (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-a) and PNS symptoms. Nationally, there is a priority for the development of personalized health strategies supporting self-management of adverse symptoms. This investigation focused on PNS in BCS is an initial step in generating new knowledge in efficacious approaches toward guiding decisions on dietary behavior change strategies that are personalized, cost-effective, and sustainable.
Chronic pain and depression frequently co-exist in late and mid-life and contribute to increased disability, high health care costs, psychiatric comorbidity, and suicide. Older and middle-aged depressed-pain patients: a) are mainly treated in primary care practices; and b) are often prescribed medication, which increases the risk for addiction to opioids and benzodiazepines. Despite the need and desire by the patients and providers for primary care behavioral intervention, behavioral interventions are scarce in primary care. To address this need, Relief-Hybrid was created. Subjects are randomized to either the Relief-Hybrid intervention or to Referral to Mental Health/Usual Care. Subjects in both arms will complete research assessments at 6, 9, and 12 weeks. Subjects in the Relief-Hybrid arm will receive 5 weekly sessions with the study therapist (licensed social workers, LCSWs) and 4 self-administered, mobile technology-assisted sessions.
This study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of exosome deployment with concurrent transcranial ultrasound in patients with refractory, treatment resistant depression, anxiety, and neurodegenerative dementia.
This study will test whether 7-10 day administration of the anti-inflammatory drug, tofacitinib, has positive effects on people experiencing treatment-resistant depression compared to placebo.
The study is designed to examine the efficacy of a mobile application heart rate variability biofeedback exercise on heart rate variability and depression. The main objective of this study is to assess the Breather app manufactured by Happify, Inc., as a tool for improving levels of depression and heart rate variability in college students.Happify™ Breather is a mobile app that provides users with HRV biofeedback aimed at improving mental health and wellness. Breather uses HRV sensors to help users control breathing, leading to calm and relaxation. The more relaxed users are, the more visually reinforcing scene elements will appear in the underwater environment of the game. Breather uses an optical sensor in a smartphone camera. During app use, users are cued by the app to breathe at 6 cycles/minute using a breath pacer. When the smartphone camera flash is illuminated, color signal changes are measured from the fingertip pressed to the camera lens. The study population is college students who score in the clinical range on the PHQ-9. Secondary outcomes include anxiety, somatoform symptoms, and app adherence.
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a generalized, widespread chronic pain disorder and has an estimated prevalence of 2%-4% in the general population. Current pharmacological and psychological interventions frequently produce limited benefits in FM patients. Due to FM's strong association with psychological trauma causing neurobiological alterations in stress response, a trauma-focused psychotherapy is an innovative alternative treatment option. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) has been recognized by the World Health Organization as a first-line therapeutic tool for post-traumatic stress disorder and first evidence suggests that it is also beneficial for patients with FM. Given the complex etiology of FM, a combination of psychotherapy with other treatment options can maximize a potential therapeutic success. A possible candidate herby is Multifocal transcranial Current Stimulation (MtCS), a non-invasive stimulation technique, which can modify neural activities related to pain and which has shown short-term positive effects on chronic pain and quality of life in FM patients. The patient sample will consist of 45 female patients meeting 2016 American College of Rheumatology criteria for FM based on a clinical interview. They will be randomized to 20 sessions of EMDR plus MtCS or EMDR plus sham-MtCS, or Treatment as Usual (TAU). Therapists, raters, and patients will be kept blind to MtCS treatment conditions. Evaluations will be at baseline, post treatment at 6 months, and follow-up at 12 months. Hypotheses are that EMDR improves pain intensity and clinical symptoms at short and long-term, and that MtCS enhances this effect, which will be superior to MtCS-sham.
Specific Aims/Study Objectives: 1. Evaluate acceptability and implementation of the "Oh Happy Day: Still I Rise Class," which comprise a one-time 4-hour class in which participants will learn about depression with the goal of increasing knowledge of depression and self-management of depression with use of a guided class and self-help workbook. Measures of acceptability will include class attendance, completion of workbook activities and satisfaction. Measures of implementation will include satisfaction, class enrollment, fidelity in delivery of class content, and cost analysis. 2) Evaluate participants' knowledge of depression pre-and immediate post-class, and 3-months post class. Measure: depression quiz. The investigators hypothesize participants will show increased knowledge of depression pre -and post-class. 3) Examine effectiveness of the Oh Happy Day Class- Still I Rise (OHDC-SIR) in prevention of depression and 3- months' post- class. Measure, Patient Health Questionnaire - ( PHQ-9) 4) Examine effectiveness of OHDC-SIR in reducing symptoms of depression 3- months' post- class. Measure, PHQ-9. The investigators hypothesize the OHDC-SIR will result in reduction in depressive symptoms 3- months' post-class.