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This is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the effectiveness of nonviolent communication (NVC) intervention for reducing parenting stress to parents with children in primary schools and mild to moderate depression. A pilot RCT on 50 participants (25 in NVC vs. 25 in control group, 2 small groups for each arm) will be conducted in late June to September 2022 to test the procedure and preliminary results. A RCT (1:1 allocation ratio) on 200 parents who have children of Grade 1-6 and mild to moderate depressive symptoms assessed by Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. Outcomes will be measured at baseline, immediately after completion of intervention and three months after the intervention. This study will provide evidence on the effectiveness of NVC to reduce parenting stress and enhance parents' mental well-being.
The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of a protocol in which individuals with comorbid depression or anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorder will be randomized to complete Amplification of Positivity for Alcohol Use Disorder (AMP-A)- a psychological treatment focused on increasing positive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors- or a traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention. Assessed outcomes will include participant acceptability and completion rates, participant compliance with the intervention, positive and negative affect, substance use- and depression and anxiety-related symptom severity, and functional disability.
The birth of a child is a major life event that can be filled with excitement, anticipation and joy. However, the transition and adaptation to new demands, roles, responsibilities, and changes in relationships can be stressful, especially for new mothers. In addition, new mothers typically encounter physiological changes and struggle with concerns about weight gain, body image, sexuality, and other physical difficulties such as fatigue. These problems may generate or exacerbate stress, lead to an actual or perceived crisis and psychological distress. Psychological distress, defined as anxiety, depression, and insomnia, in this study, often increases during the postpartum period and can negatively affect maternal mental health status, maternal and family relationships, and infant-child health. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) on anxiety, insomnia, depression, and maternal functioning in first time new mothers following childbirth.
The present study aims to evaluate whether an online, self-administered, single session intervention (SSI) increases children and adolescents' perceptions of control over external threats and their emotional experience and reduces self-reported symptoms of anxiety and low mood. Children and adolescents, identified by their parents as having difficulties with low mood or anxiety, will be randomised to receive either the growth mindset of personality intervention or an active comparison condition. Whether parental low mood and anxiety has a moderating impact on outcomes will also be investigated.
Growing evidence suggests that dopamine contributes to key cognitive, emotional, and motor functions across the lifespan. In Late-Life Depression (LLD), dysfunction in these areas is common, predicts poor outcomes, and manifests as difficulties in motivation and effort along with cognitive and gait impairment. While studies of dopamine function in early and midlife depression primarily focus on individuals' ability to feel pleasure and respond to rewards, they often exclude the cognitive and physical function domains relevant for older adults despite a recognized decline in dopamine function with normal aging. The objectives of this collaborative R01 proposal between Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute and Vanderbilt University Medical Center are to: 1) characterize dopaminergic dysfunction in LLD across cognitive, emotional, and motor domains at several levels of analysis (cellular Positron Emission Tomography [PET], circuit Magnetic Resonance Imaging [MRI], and behavioral / self-report); and 2) examine the responsivity of dopamine-related circuits and behavior to stimulation with carbidopa/levodopa (L-DOPA).
Fifteen to twenty percent of older Americans (6 to 8 million people) suffer from depression but more than one-half do not receive any services, a burden disproportionately shared by low-income and minority older adults who receive few or no services. The investigators propose to test a community-based peer model of depression care called PEERS (a peer support program) that provides self-care support for minority and low-income older adults.
Inflammation has been consistently associated with psychoneurological symptoms (PNS) among breast cancer survivors (BCS). Evidence supporting interventional strategies promoting symptom-self management in reducing inflammation-induced PNS in BCS is limited. Current guidelines for BCS encourage the consumption of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids. The omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), abundantly available in fish, has a role in inflammatory downregulation. Low dietary DHA has been associated with inflammation and fatigue in BCS. Dietary planning targeting increased fish consumption thereby reducing red and processed meats are components of the major nutritional recommendations for BCS. A critical gap exists in knowledge regarding interventions promoting adherence to dietary guidelines in BCS supporting PNS self-management. This investigation uses personalized meal planning among BCSs (n=150) who are 1-2 years post-treatment for early-stage breast cancer and experiencing PNS (pain, fatigue, depression, sleep disturbance, stress) to evaluate the feasibility of a personalized meal planning approach in supporting adherence to current dietary guidelines for BCS. As a first step in this program of research, we will evaluate the feasibility of an personalized meal planning approach in promoting adherence to dietary guidelines for BCS through evaluating the feasibility of a personalized meal planning approach in a cohort of BCSs with respect to recruitment, group allocation, salivary inflammatory quantification and receptivity to and adherence with dietary interventions. This investigation will also contribute to a preliminarily evaluation of the efficacy of high or low fish diet in reducing inflammation (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-a) and PNS symptoms. Nationally, there is a priority for the development of personalized health strategies supporting self-management of adverse symptoms. This investigation focused on PNS in BCS is an initial step in generating new knowledge in efficacious approaches toward guiding decisions on dietary behavior change strategies that are personalized, cost-effective, and sustainable.
This study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of exosome deployment with concurrent transcranial ultrasound in patients with refractory, treatment resistant depression, anxiety, and neurodegenerative dementia.
Informal caregivers of people with dementia are at greater risk of developing physical and mental health problems when compared to the general population and to informal caregivers of people with other chronic diseases. Internet-based interventions have been explored in its potential to minimize the negative effects of caring, accounting for their ubiquitous nature, convenient delivery, potential scalability and presumed (cost)effectiveness. iSupport is a self-help online program developed by the World Health Organization to provide education, skills training and support to informal caregivers of people with dementia. This intervention study aims to determine the effectiveness of a Portuguese culturally adapted version of iSupport to decrease caregiver burden, symptoms of depression and anxiety, and to improve quality of life, positive aspects of caregiving and general self-efficacy. The study has two arms: access to "iSupport" for three months or access to an education-only e-book. iSupport is grounded in problem-solving and cognitive behavioral therapy techniques and it consists of 23 lessons organized around 5 modules: 'Introduction to dementia'; 'Being a carer', 'Caring for me', 'Providing everyday care', and 'Dealing with behaviour changes'. One hundred and eighty four participants will be recruited by referral from national Alzheimer's associations. Participants will be included if they match the following criteria: being 18 years or older and provide e-consent; being a self-reported non-paid caregiver for at least 6 months; caring for a person with a formal diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease; being skilled to use internet; and experience a clinically relevant level of burden or depression or anxiety symptoms. Data is collected online, resorting to self-administered instruments, at baseline, 3 and 6 months after baseline. A two-sided alternative hypothesis was assumed for this study: Mean caregiver burden at 3 months after baseline is different in informal caregivers of people with dementia assigned to the iSupport program as in those assigned to a minimal education-only intervention. Findings from this intervention study will offer evidence to support an informed decision making on scaling up iSupport as a new intervention program with minimal costs aimed at minimizing the psychological distress of informal caregivers of people with dementia in Portugal and elsewhere.
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a generalized, widespread chronic pain disorder and has an estimated prevalence of 2%-4% in the general population. Current pharmacological and psychological interventions frequently produce limited benefits in FM patients. Due to FM's strong association with psychological trauma causing neurobiological alterations in stress response, a trauma-focused psychotherapy is an innovative alternative treatment option. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) has been recognized by the World Health Organization as a first-line therapeutic tool for post-traumatic stress disorder and first evidence suggests that it is also beneficial for patients with FM. Given the complex etiology of FM, a combination of psychotherapy with other treatment options can maximize a potential therapeutic success. A possible candidate herby is Multifocal transcranial Current Stimulation (MtCS), a non-invasive stimulation technique, which can modify neural activities related to pain and which has shown short-term positive effects on chronic pain and quality of life in FM patients. The patient sample will consist of 45 female patients meeting 2016 American College of Rheumatology criteria for FM based on a clinical interview. They will be randomized to 20 sessions of EMDR plus MtCS or EMDR plus sham-MtCS, or Treatment as Usual (TAU). Therapists, raters, and patients will be kept blind to MtCS treatment conditions. Evaluations will be at baseline, post treatment at 6 months, and follow-up at 12 months. Hypotheses are that EMDR improves pain intensity and clinical symptoms at short and long-term, and that MtCS enhances this effect, which will be superior to MtCS-sham.