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The purpose of this study is to evaluate Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) changes in terms of steatosis and elasticity in patients with morbid obesity 1, 3 and 5 years after bariatric surgery. In addition, genomics, microbiome and metabolomics analyses will be carried out.
The overarching goal of our proposal is to reduce disparities in perinatal cardiovascular disease risk factors among Black women utilizing a community-driven, social ecological framework.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of sacubitril/valsartan on cardiac function assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in hypertensive patients stratified by BMI.
The purpose of this study is to establish a prospective cohort. From registration to the 5th year, basic investigation, specific examinations for cardiovascular and metabolic disease, basic blood tests, collection of human material samples, and clinical event follow-up are conducted yearly. The obese group will be examined yearly, and telephone follow-up will be conducted if necessary. The control group will participate in the baseline survey once enrollment and clinical event follow-up by phone will be conducted annually thereafter. From the 6th year, only clinical event follow-up will be conducted.
Adult obesity is due to an excess of body fat. This corresponds to all the fat in the body (or adipose tissue). It is opposed to the lean mass which corresponds to the weight of muscles, organs and viscera. It is defined from the body mass index (or BMI). BMI is calculated by dividing a person's weight by their height squared. According to these criteria, the prevalence of obesity has reached 17% of the entire adult population in mainland France (ESTENBAN 2015 study). The prevalence figures for obesity in the French overseas departments are higher than in mainland France. The latest epidemiological data available in Martinique and Guadeloupe (KANNARI 2015 study) show that approximately 60% of the adult population is overweight and 25% of the adult population is obese. Obesity is considered a chronic disease that increases the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic complications all the more when patients have a BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2, defining severe obesity. When BMI is equal to or exceeds 40 kg/m2, obesity is said to be "morbid" and the risk of cardiovascular complications increases by about 100% to 400% depending on the type of complications. The risk of mortality increases by 50 to 100% compared to the normal weight population. Obesity and inflammation Adipose tissue accumulates around the abdominal viscera after the fat storage capacity of the subcutaneous territories has been reached. The accumulation of visceral fat is accompanied by a low-grade inflammatory response that is responsible for the secretion of lipid derivatives and mediators toxic to the cardiovascular system and insulin sensitivity. The inflammatory response is characterized by the expression of numerous pro-inflammatory molecules synthesized by adipocytes and immunocompetent single-macrophage cells infiltrating the vascular stroma of adipose tissue. In addition, hyperglycemia and excess lipid intermediates cause the assembly of inflammasomes in the cytosol. Among them, the NLRP3 inflammasome involved in multiple human inflammatory pathologies. Inflammation opposes weight loss, hence the need to reduce the inflammatory response to facilitate weight loss in obese people. Pigeon pea, known for its anti-inflammatory properties, is a legume found in Creole gardens and traditionally eaten at Christmas. The OBESICA study aims at studying the interest of consuming pigeon pea associated with regular physical activity on the inflammatory state of the body and weight loss in obese patients.
This study is investigating the effect of a medication called glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) receptor agonists on mental health. GLP1 receptor agonists are a type of medication that are used to treat obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Obesity and T2D are very common health conditions, and research has shown that people living with obesity and T2D are more likely to experience mental health disorders. Some recent research has suggested that GLP1 receptor agonists might help with mental health problems such as depression and binge eating disorder, and the investigators want to expand on this in this study. The investigators will be recruiting patients from community diabetes services, and tier 3 weight management services in South East London. Patients will be eligible if they are starting on GLP1 receptor agonists for the management of either T2D or obesity. The study is a mixed methods, longitudinal observations study with two components - a quantitative and a qualitative aspect. Firstly, the investigators will be interviewing patients before and 12-16 weeks after starting the medication, using short questionnaires which asks participants about different mental health symptoms that they may be experiencing. The investigators will use this information to see if there are any objective changes in mental health after taking GLP1 receptor agonists. Secondly, the investigators will be conducting a longer semi-structured interview after the second set of short questionnaires (at 12-16 weeks after starting GLP1 receptor agonist), asking about patient's experiences of taking the medication and how it has affected their mental health and general wellbeing. The investigators will qualitatively analyse this data to determine the subjective effect of GLP1 receptor agonists on mental health and wellbeing.
The study of the pro-inflammatory activation of circulating monocytes/macrophages in obesity is the main problem of this project. The investigation of pro-inflammatory activation of monocytes and determination of the level of mitochondrial genome mutations, assessment of traditional CVD risk factors and the degree of cardiovascular risk and atherosclerosis indicators and their association will be investigated in dynamics on 12-weeks weight loss.
The aim of this trial is to investigate whether regular endurance exercise during the lactation period will influence breastmilk composition among individuals with overweight/obesity, and secondarily to assess if such changes impact the growth and health of the infants.
Hypertension, diabetes, and obesity are considered major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and premature mortality worldwide. Furthermore, they have severe consequences on quality of life among patients. With increasing challenges facing the healthcare systems, pharmacists are well positioned to take on a greater role in the management of chronic diseases. The present study aims to investigate the impact of pharmacist counselling on the clinical outcomes (weight, mortality, blood pressure, blood glucose) of hypertensive, diabetic, and obese patients.
The purpose of the study is to determine if body composition differs between early time restricted eating (8-hour feeding period from 7 am to 3 pm) with exercise and late time restricted eating (8-hour feeding period from 3 pm to 11 pm) with exercise in overweight adults.