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The aim of this project is to validate a new mindful eating programme adapted to the overweight or obese French population. Recognising the importance of diet in the management of chronic diseases, particularly obesity, and the limitations of traditional weight management approaches, the study focuses on the application of mindful eating. The investigators have adapted a model based on an existing eating disorders programme overseas, taking into account feedback from participants in a qualitative study and the scientific literature. The ultimate aim is to test and validate the effectiveness of this new programme in improving the care of overweight or obese French adults, thereby filling a gap in interventions for this population in France.
The purpose of this pilot trial is to evaluate the feasibility of a lifestyle intervention where participants will all receive online weight loss counseling delivered via a private Facebook group, but be randomized to the Habit app (developed by the investigators) or MyFitnessPal, a commercial calorie tracking app.
The primary aim of this study is to investigate the nasal environment in obese and lean individuals.
Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty and bypass are currently available for weight loss in obese patients who have failed nutritional management. Despite very low risks, these techniques remain invasive. What's more, the French National Authority for Health recommends this procedure for patients with a BMI above 35 kg/m² with associated co-morbidities, or above 40 kg/m². This excludes grade I obese patients (30 < BMI < 35) who have no effective means of losing weight. The hospital's hepato-gastroenterology and nutrition department has therefore implemented endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty to address this problem. As with other surgical techniques, there is heterogeneity heterogeneity in weight loss. We therefore aim to identify factors predictive of the efficacy of this procedure in order to improve patient management of patients.
The role of diet in determining glucose intolerance and its progression towards T2DM has been extensively investigated. A 2017 meta-analysis showed that a vegetarian diet is inversely associated with the risk of developing diabetes. Vegetarians, with the same baseline risk, are half as likely to develop T2DM than those following an omnivorous diet. Therefore, vegetarian nutrition could have important clinical implications in the dietary management of diabetic patients.
This study is a 3-group, parallel design, randomized controlled trial (RCT) in approximately 258 adults with obesity that will investigate whether a 16-week behavioral weight loss treatment and a 52-week stepped-care digital health intervention can improve the maintenance of a ≥ 5% weight loss. 16-week run-in (Phase 1). To qualify for randomization, participants must lose ≥ 5% of initial weight in the 16-week run-in. This loss will be achieved with the provision of weekly-group lifestyle counseling, which includes a partial meal replacement diet. 52-week randomized trial of 3 weight loss maintenance strategies (Phase 2): Participants who have achieved ≥ 5% weight loss during Phase 1 will be randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 1. Participants in the Usual Care group will be emailed monthly educational modules with information on maintaining weight loss. 2. Participants in the SELF group will receive a wireless "smart" body weight scale and a wearable physical activity tracker, and daily text messages with tailored feedback to assist in weight loss maintenance. 3. Participants in the STEP group will be enrolled in an intervention that consists of 4 steps that are progressive and based on response to treatment. After 13 weeks at each step, participants who do not maintain a ≥5% weight loss or regain 2 percentage points of weight from the participants randomization value will move to a higher intensity step. Participants who maintain weight loss will stay at the same step.
This pilot study will compare the effect of combining dietary nitrate and caloric restriction versus dietary nitrate alone. The participant will be contacted, having responded to an advertisement on social media and posters, to attend the screening visit. They will be asked about their health status, suitability for MRI and availability. The investigators will use physical activity and eating attitude questionnaires. The investigators will also measure their height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure (BP) and undertake blood tests. If they are eligible, they will be randomised to one of the two arms. The first group will consume nitrate-rich beetroot juice with a calorie-restricted diet for 28 days. The second group will drink the same juice with a weight-maintenance diet for the same period. The food and drinks will be provided. The outcome measures will be measured twice (at the baseline and end visits) to evaluate the change. The primary outcome is the cognitive function. The secondary outcomes are peripheral vascular health (BP and microvascular perfusion), cerebral vascular health (brain blood flow), anthropometry, body composition, and exhaled NO and nitrate concentrations. Also, the feasibility and accessibility of the study will be assessed.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Saudi Arabia has seen a more astonishing rise in obesity. Young females have a considerable prevalence of unhealthy dietary practices and lack of knowledge about healthy and energy-dense foods. Additionally, in Saudi Arabia, the levels of physical inactivity ranged from about one-third to as high as 70% of the population. The current study aims to determine the effects of combined health education and motivational message intervention on promoting healthy lifestyles and body composition markers for undergraduate female students who suffer from obesity at Northern Border University in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The purpose of this study is to measure side effects of LY3971297 injection administered under the skin in healthy participants and obese participants with high blood pressure (BP). Blood tests will be performed to check how much LY3971297 gets into the bloodstream and how long it takes the body to eliminate it. This is a 5-part study. The study duration will be approximately 60 days for Part A and approximately 90 days for Parts B, C, D, and E.
The trial is conducted in a single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-increasing design. To evaluate the safety, tolerability, PK characteristics, efficacy and immunogenicity of PB-718 injection in Chinese obese subjects.