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The aim of this trial is to assess the effect of Empagliflozin on lipid and glucose metabolism as well as volume homeostasis and renal function in elderly and obese patients with increased risk of developing heart failure. No history of established heart failure or diabetes is allowed. The primary hypotheses are that 6 months treatment with Empagliflozin 10 mg a day will: 1) decrease epicardial adipose tissue volume, and 2) reduce estimated extracellular volume compared with placebo.
This study is a type-1 hybrid effectiveness-implementation RCT comparing a novel family-inclusive childhood obesity treatment program, the "Healthy Living Program" (HeLP), to a protocol that enhances usual primary care to deliver Recommended Treatment of Obesity in Primary Care (RTOP). Children with obesity and their families will be referred to the study by primary care providers and randomized to HeLP or RTOP. The clinical setting is a practice-based research network serving majority Hispanic and Medicaid-insured populations. The intensive phase and booster sessions of HeLP will take place at recreation centers located near the clinics and will be led by health educators employed by the clinics. Visits with primary care providers (PCPs) for HeLP maintenance or RTOP will occur at the clinics.
This study looks at how well a new medicine, called semaglutide, works at helping people with obesity and prediabetes. This study will look at how much weight participants lose, and if participants can go from having blood sugar that is higher than normal (prediabetes) to having normal blood sugar. Semaglutide is compared to a "dummy" medicine. The "dummy" medicine looks like semaglutide but has no effect on the body. In addition to taking the medicine, participants will have talks with study staff about healthy food choices, how to be more physically active and what participants can do to lose weight. Participants will either get semaglutide or "dummy" medicine - which treatment they get is decided by chance. Participants are 2 times as likely to get semaglutide as "dummy" medicine. Participants will need to take 1 injection once a week. The study medicine is injected with a thin needle in a skin fold in the stomach, thigh or upper arm. The study will last for about 19 months. Participants have to take the study medicine every week for the first 12 months. The last 7 months participants will not take any medication. Participants will have 14 clinic visits and 1 phone call with the study staff. At 9 of the clinic visits Participants will have blood samples taken. Women cannot take part if pregnant, breast-feeding or plan to become pregnant during the study period.
This study determines the feasibility of a telephone-based weight lost intervention in reducing cancer risk and health disparities in rural Ohio. Obesity is the leading preventable cause of cancer, and obesity-related inflammation is linked to elevated cancer risk, independent of obesity itself. Rural populations are a vulnerable population in need of increased access to tailored strategies and benefit from weight loss interventions. This study aims to see whether a telephone-based intervention may help obese people in rural area to reduce body weight, so as to prevent obesity-related cancer.
The HOT versus COT trial aims to compare the effectiveness of two different lifestyle interventions for treatment of childhood overweight and obesity with the purpose of informing future clinical practice guidelines within this field. The aim is to conduct this investigation in an optimal trial design with the lowest possible risk of bias.
Project ASSET will explore the preliminary efficacy of interpersonal therapy, when compared with cognitive behavioral therapy, for reducing anxiety symptoms, preventing excess weight gain, and reducing cardio-metabolic risk in adolescent girls with above-average weight and elevated anxiety. As a pilot for a larger multi-site study, this trial will also test multi-site feasibility, acceptability, and intervention fidelity.
Obesity is associated with glomerular hyperfiltration leading to renal impairment and is a risk factor for the progression of kidney disease.Weight loss can reduce proteinuria and improve eGFR.Intermittent fasting is safe and effective, and in addition to improving body shape and weight in obese patients, it can also improve glucolipid metabolism, reduce proteinuria, improve kidney function and delay the progression of kidney disease.
Doses of 150 mg/kg BW (30 mg/200g BW) sea grape extract in a previous pre-clinical trial, showed that it could improve blood glucose, total cholesterol and serum PGC-1 levels in rats fed a diet high in fat and cholesterol. In addition, you also have hepatoprotective activity (aka non-toxic) in diabetic mice. Previous research, is an in vivo (Pre-clinical) study that has not represented the benefits or efficacy of sea grape extract on variables tested in humans. Therefore, this clinical trial was conducted to support the effect of sea grape extract-antioxidant on blood glucose, total cholesterol, and PGC-1 levels in obese men for 4 weeks using a Randomized-Double Blind Controlled Trial.
Obesity disproportionately impacts sexual minority women. Behavioral weight loss programs are the gold standard treatment for mild to moderate obesity. We have developed an online behavioral weight loss program that is effective, low-cost, and highly scalable. However, existing research suggests that tailoring treatment to address 3 well-established weight loss barriers in sexual minority women will be critical for maximizing the relevance and efficacy of behavioral weight loss for this group. The goal of the first phase of this K23 is to develop 3 novel treatment components targeting sexual minority women's weight loss barriers (i.e., minority stress, low social support, and negative body image), to pilot the program in sexual minority women with overweight/obesity, and to conduct individual qualitative interviews to elicit feedback on the intervention's acceptability, cultural relevance, usability, and feasibility that will be used to refine the program. After a pre-piloting phase (consisting of initial content piloting, interviews, and intervention refinement), 8 participants will pilot the full 3-month weight loss program and will be randomized to pilot 0-3 novel tailored components (targeting minority stress, negative body image, and social support) over the 3-month period. Participants will complete quantitative and qualitative assessments of intervention acceptability and appropriateness post-treatment and the intervention will be refined.
We are doing this study to see if semaglutide tablets can be used as a treatment to help people living with overweight or obesity lose weight. This study will look at the change in participants body weight. Participants will either get semaglutide tablets (new medicine) or placebo tablets ('dummy' medicine that looks like semaglutide but has no effect on the body). For a fair comparison, people are divided into two groups at random by a computer. This process is called randomisation. Semaglutide tablets are new medicine being tested to treat overweight and obesity. Doctors in many countries can already prescribe semaglutide tablets at lower doses to treat type 2 diabetes. Participants will get semaglutide or placebo tablets for 68 weeks and will need to take 1 tablet every morning In addition to taking the medicine, participants will have talks with study staff about: - healthy food choices - how to be more physically active - what participants can do to lose weight The study will last for about 1½ year.Participants will have 14 clinic visits and 7 phone calls with the study doctor. Blood samples will be taken at 10 visits. Participants will have a test to check their heart done at 3 visits. Women cannot take part if pregnant, breast-feeding or plan to get pregnant during the study period. If participant is a woman and is able to become pregnant, participant will be checked for pregnancy via urine tests.