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Obesity is one of the most prevalent medical problems facing children and adolescents today, particularly among African American adolescents where the rate is alarmingly high. This study will test the effectiveness of FIT Families, a multicomponent family-based behavioral intervention that is culturally tailored to meet the unique needs of African American adolescents with obesity and their caregivers, against a credible attention control condition. This study has considerable public health relevance because it is delivered by Community Health Workers, maximizing the potential for the intervention to be sustained, and may reduce obesity-related health problems for a vulnerable population of adolescents.
Objective : Nutrition intervention is one of the approaches to deal with obesity. Natural honey with its polyphenol component has an impact on the intestinal microbiota and lipid profile. Intestinal microbiota such as lactobacillus and bifidobacteria produce exopolysaccharide which plays important roles against obesity. This research aims to assess the effect of Trigona biroi honey on body mass index, lipid profile, and microbiota profile Design A Quasi-experimental study involving two arms (trigona honey) and control will be conducted. The outcome of interests are body mass index, lipid profile, and microbiota profile Hypothesis using superiority trial, trigona honey will 1. improve microbiota (increase lactobacillus and bifidobacteria and reduce clostridium) 2. Improving lipid profile 3. lowering body mass index
Participants are being asked to participate in SELECT-LIFE study because participants take part in the SELECT trial. SELECT-LIFE study is a survey-based study that will start when the SELECT trial ends. SELECT-LIFE looks at the long-term effects of participants taking part in the SELECT trial including the trial medicine participants have been taking. When the SELECT trial ends, participants will no longer get the medicine participants got in the study, even if participants decide to take part in the SELECT-LIFE study. Participants will not get any specific treatment or medicine as part of the SELECT-LIFE study, and participants will be treated as participants normally would by their own doctor. The SELECT-LIFE study will last for up to 10 years after SELECT trial ends, and participants will be asked to fill in a questionnaire about their health every 6 months.
Obese individuals have a higher prevalence of nocturnal hypertension and non-dipping blood pressure (BP) and are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events and death as compared with lean individuals. The Natriuretic Peptides (NPs) are hormones produced by the heart which directly regulate BP by causing dilation of blood vessels and by removing sodium and water from the body. NPs have a 24-hour day-night rhythm and controls the day-night rhythm of BP as well. The NP-BP rhythm relationship is broken down in obese individuals. Lower circulating levels of NPs, elevated renin hormone (a part of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System [RAAS]) at nighttime may also contribute to the high nocturnal blood pressure in obese individuals and put them at a higher risk of developing CV events. This current study seeks to determine the biological implications of chronopharmacology for synchronizing NP-RAAS-based blood pressure therapy with the physiological diurnal rhythms to restore the normal diurnal rhythm of blood pressure in obese individuals.
Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and dental caries. The current study attempts to explore whether an educational, science-based intervention is able to produce a measurable negative change in preferences for sugar-sweetened beverages, as well as initiate plans to reduce future SSB consumption in 12-year old children. In the first condition (SSB Intervention), participants will watch a video showing the decay of an egg in various SSBs (Coca-Cola, Sprite, Gatorade, and apple juice), followed by the evaporation of these beverages over a heat source, revealing their sugar content. In the second condition (Water Intervention), participants will watch a video showing an egg maintaining its shell in water, followed by the evaporation of water. In the third condition (Control), participants will watch a video of an egg maintaining its shell in rubbing alcohol, followed by the evaporation of rubbing alcohol. Before and after watching their assigned video, participants will complete survey questions to assess self-reported: SSB consumption intentions, attitudes toward SSBs, and health perceptions of SSBs. Therefore, the aims of this study are to (1) quantify changes in SSB consumption intentions, attitudes towards SSBs, and health perceptions of SSBs from pre-video to post-video, (2) establish the effectiveness of the SSB Intervention and Water Intervention over the control, (3) establish the effectiveness of the SSB Intervention over the Water Intervention, (4) determine the efficacy of incorporating scientific evidence in a public health intervention, and (5) make recommendations for the future application of the method employed in this intervention to future public health campaigns.
One-size-fits-all approaches have failed to demonstrate sustained effects on childhood obesity, especially among low-income minority families, who experience constantly changing barriers to engaging in health behavior. Addressing obesity in these populations requires intervening in early childhood and situating interventions in the context of families and communities. Developing personalized childhood obesity prevention interventions with sustained effectiveness that support families in health behaviors despite dynamic barriers could address chronic disease risk and health disparities in low-income and minority communities.
The objective of this research is to determine beneficial impact of mango phytochemicals in lean and obese individuals for cognitive function and gut health. Investigate how obesity impacts the efficacy of mango polyphenols on cognitive function and health. Investigate the ability of probiotic bacteria to optimize the absorption and efficacy of mango phytochemicals in lean and obese individuals.
The study is looking at a new medicine to help people lose weight. In this study participants will either get semaglutide and NNC0165-1875 or semaglutide and a "dummy" medicine (placebo). Which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Participants will get 2 injections per week, on the same day. Participants will have to take the study medicine by use of a pre-filled pen. A pen is a medical tool with a needle used for injections under the skin. The study doctor or staff will show participants how. The study will last for about 26 weeks. Participants will have 17 visits at the clinic with the study doctor. At 4 of the clinic visits participants cannot eat and drink (water is allowed until 2 hours prior to the visit) for 8 hours before the visit.Women: Women cannot take part if pregnant, breast-feeding or plan to become pregnant during the study period. Women who are able to become pregnant can participate if they agree to use contraception during the study.
This mixed methods study will involve obtaining user feedback on the first 4 weeks of the Healthy Habits for Cancer (HCC) Program. Short pre and post surveys and in-depth qualitative interviews will be conducted exploring their views on the app (features they liked and didn't like), the extent to which they believe the app would have to be further adapted, how they would feel about such an app being embedded in their cancer care and when in their care pathway they would like to be offered it.
During the study, the resuscitation room, general wards and ICU were installed fixed or mobile acquisition devices in the resuscitation room, the emergency department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, and the collection platform was set up. Patients with acute diseases (infection, diabetes complications, etc.) caused by metabolic syndrome (obesity, diabetes, etc.) were selected after informed consent. All medical intervention behaviors, relevant medical records and medical outcome records within the collection scope of the device platform were collected prospectively . And regular follow-up, guidance of patients with metabolic syndrome control, while collecting all the lifestyle characteristics of patients, some patients with metabolic cabin research, and observe the relevant medical outcomes. After that, all the collected data were coded, and the influence of all lifestyle and medical behavior interventions on patients' medical outcomes was studied by artificial intelligence method.