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The central objective of research is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of an 8-month single-arm behavioral intervention (i.e., EMPOWER) among overweight/obese middle-aged and older adults with moderate-to-high impact low back pain. Intervention content will focus on standard behavioral weight loss treatment and cognitive-behavioral pain coping therapy with a focus on environmental reward and positive affect.
Our primary aim is to investigate the prevalence and severity of Periodonotal Disease (PD) in a population of obese patients. Our secondary objectives are to: Investigate inflammatory biomarkers that have been associated with PD in the saliva of obese patients. Investigate the association of FTO gene (Obesity) polymorphisms with the prevalence of PD in this population. Investigate and describe the subgingival microbial flora in obese patients with PD from subgingival dental plaque samples as well as the salivary samples.
The goals of the proposed study are 1) to provide scientific basis for the relationship between subjective sleep quality, diurnal eating pattern, gut microbiome, and obesity, 2) to develop and test a pragmatic, cost-effective new tool to advance lifestyle changes using E-health approach, and 3) to compare differences in subjective sleep quality, diurnal eating pattern and gut microbiome at baseline 4) to compare changes induced by the E-health intervention among the three study groups and participants with different work schedules.
Childhood obesity is increasing globally. Changes in body composition and physiology in obesity setting modify pharmacokinetic parameters and might increase the risk in case of poisoning. Acetaminophen is a drug often implied in poisoning in children population, especially in adolescent attempting suicide. In practice, clinicians use weight to assess intoxication severity, but depending on the weight chosen (actual weight, lean body weight, ideal weight,..) the severity assessment can change as well as medical care needed. In this context we hypothesize that a PBPK modelling would be helpful to predict toxic dosing in obese population and especially in obese adolescent or children. The primary objective of this study is to collect data related to acetaminophen-poisoned patient with at least one acetaminophen concentration sampling and whose clinical outcome is known in order to refine and validate such a PBPK model.
Backgroup/relevance: Overweight and obesity, defined by a respective body mass index of above 25 and 30 kg/m2, are getting increasingly common in all regions of the world. Obesity is currently estimated to be present in more than 10% of the global population while overweight roughly reached an estimate of 40% in 2016. Overweight dramatically increases the risk for a wide range of disorders such as diabetes mellitus and other metabolic and cardiovascular disorders subsumed under the term metabolic syndrome, increasing the risk for life-threatening cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Similar to other chronic diseases such as mental health disorders, prescribing medication was oftentimes insufficient and should be complemented by patient empowerment to reach sufficient treatment adherence and control of lifestyle factors. Thereby, overweight and obesity can easily be challenged by patients themselves without pharmacological intervention. Overweight may place central in the crossroad between metabolic and mental health for several reasons. Excessive body fat is known to cause subclinical inflammation that was also associated with many psychiatric disorders such as major depression. Similarly, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis relevant for stress response was shown to be dysregulated in both metabolic and mental health disorders. Study design: In this study, non-pharmacological interventions are applied in healthy women with overweight or obesity and self-perceived psychological stress. Women staying at the "la pura" women´s health resort (www.lapura.at/) are invited to partake in the study and receive a short-term intervention of calory restriction. Thereby, either F.X. Mayr or very-low-calory-diet (VLCD) will be applied, reducing calory intake to 700-800 kcal/die. Following random assigment to four treatment arms, half of the women also receive a 7-session clinical-psychological intervention consisting of biofeedback, individualized psycho-education on stress prevention and mindlessness training. Women are assessed at baseline and after two weeks of interventions for metabolic parameters such as insulin functioning, anthropometric parameters such as body weight and body fat, blood parameters such as sex hormones, fat metabolism and liver function, parameters of neuroplasticity such as brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), as well as psychological and biological stress correlates and mental health symptom dimensions.
The overall objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based intervention to prevent weight regain in weight-reduced adults.
The main purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of Tirzepatide (LY3298176) in participants with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and obesity.
Background: physical inactivity is a main cause of childhood obesity. Physical activity on prescription (PAP) is an evidence-based intervention for adults, but has not been evaluated in children with obesity. Aim: to evaluate the feasibility of a PAP intervention for children with obesity by assessing both clinical patient outcomes and implementation outcomes. Method: a single-arm clinical trial in which children with obesity participate in a 4-month PAP intervention. Measurement points are baseline and 4 months, with long-term follow-ups at 8 and 12 months. Population: children with obesity. Intervention: physical activity on prescription (PAP). Patient outcomes: physical activity level/pattern (including sedentary time), BMI, health-related quality of life, self-efficacy for physical activity, motivation for physical activity. Implementation outcomes: coherence, cognitive participation, collective action, and reflexive monitoring in relation to PAP (the four core constructs of the Normalization Process Theory); appropriateness, acceptability and feasibility of PAP; barriers and facilitators for implementing PAP; recruitment and attrition rates, and intervention fidelity and adherence.
The current study is a randomized pilot trial to test the feasibility of a psychoeducational virtual reality experience to increase motivation for behavior change among children with overweight or obesity.
The main purpose of this study is to learn more about tirzepatide in participants with obesity disease. The study will also measure how Tirzepatide affects body weight with a low-calorie diet and increased physical activity. The study will last around 72 Weeks.