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The prevalence of mental disorders and developmental behavioral disorders (such as depressive disorders,anxiety disorders, autism spectrum disorders,attention deficit disorder,ect.)among children and adolescents in China is increasing,leading to difficulty in early identification of children and poor diagnosis and treatment effects,which brings significant financial burden to the families and the country.We will carry out a multi-center epidemiological survey on common mental disorders above among children and adolescents in Sichuan-Chongqing region and clarify the prevalence,geographical distribution and demographic characteristics.A total of more than 12,000 children and adolescents under 18 years old with a diagnosis of depression/anxiety disorders/ASD/ADHD based on DSM-5 criteria is included to build a research platform and database,so that we will formulate intelligence diagnosis and treatment standards.This study will establish the "Children and Adolescents Mental and Developmental Disabilities Innovation Alliance" in Sichuan and Chongqing areas and finally build intelligent early warning,diagnosis and intervention systems for disease in hope that technology transformation to be promoted and applied.
The goal of this clinical trial is to develop a hybrid E-zine health education intervention integrated within a mental Health package for adolescent perinatal depression. The main objective is to: - Develop a hybrid Health Educational Intervention offering health promotion and disease prevention services on climate change to perinatal adolescents and their caregivers. - Study the feasibility, acceptability, and usability of E-zineMH in a pilot trial among perinatal adolescents and their caregivers in comparison to a control arm that delivers face-to-face health education in routine antenatal clinics. Participants will be expected to attend routine antenatal appointments for the duration of the study. In addition to the face-to-face health education delivered to both groups, the intervention group will be exposed to e-magazines on climate change.
Students within post-secondary education settings are experiencing increasing stress, distress, and mental health difficulties. Many post-secondary education settings have identified student mental health and wellbeing as a priority and yet are struggling to adequately meet the needs of students. This has led to exploring whether technology can be used to help promote mental health and wellbeing among students. The JoyPop app is one mobile mental health app with a growing evidence base. It was developed to support improved emotion regulation - a key challenge among students struggling with distress and mental health difficulties. Using a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, the primary objective of this research is to determine the effectiveness of the JoyPop app in improving emotion regulation among post-secondary students when compared to no intervention. The secondary objectives are to: (1) Assess change in mental health, wellbeing, and resilience between students in each condition to better understand the app's broader impact; (2) Conduct an economic analysis to determine whether receiving the app reduces other health service use and associated costs; (4) Assess students' perspective on the quality of the JoyPop app.
This pilot study aims to explore and refine the trial procedures that will be implemented in a larger-scale clinical trial scheduled to commence in March 2024 (NCT05944926). As part of this study, 60 patients with moderate to severe depression will be randomized to either psychotherapy based on behavioral activation called the Healthy Activity Program (HAP) or antidepressant medication. The pilot study has two primary objectives: 1. Evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the study 2. Collect essential outcome data in preparation for the larger trial
The purpose of this research is to determine the effect that repeated, personalized virtual reality experiences have on symptom severity, comparing self-reported symptom severity both pre and post each session, and overtime across sessions. We will also determine if this intervention results in a high rating of presence in VR, and if presence is related to the magnitude of the change in symptoms.
This clinical trial aims to evaluate whether positive psychology interventions via a hybrid approach will enhance well-being and resilience amongst anaesthesiologists in Hong Kong. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Is app-based positive psychology intervention effective in improving well-being of physicians? - Is app-based positive psychology intervention feasible amongst busy healthcare professionals? Participants will be randomized to one of the two groups: - Four-week web-based interventions - Control group Researchers will compare the intervention and control groups to see if the participants' benefit from the positive psychology intervention compared with not receiving it.
The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of mindfulness and fantasizing in reducing perseverative cognition underlying vulnerability for depression.
The goal of this study is to evaluate the use of ecological-momentary-assessment (EMA) as a method for scheduling maintenance treatments for patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) who responded to an initial acute course of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). To assess symptom re-emergence and severity over time, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) will be administered weekly via a prompt with a link send to a participants' smart phones. Adaptive algorithm software will monitor each participant's PHQ-9 scores over time and determine when a threshold increase in symptoms has occured and maintenance TMS sessions should be offered. Participants in this study will be randomized to either receive weekly EMA (monitoring only) or weekly EMA with maintenance TMS sessions (scheduled as indicated by the EMA algorithm). Participation for each subject will last for one year, with maintenance TMS offered as an adjunct to ongoing treatment as usual (TAU) for depression, i.e., ongoing pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy.
The purpose of this pilot is to develop a mobile application that detects physiological measures of individuals with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias and triggers auto-play of personalized songs in a wearable device. The investigators will test the feasibility and acceptability of the app. This app may be an important tool to include in daily caregiving in a home setting by extending established benefits of music therapy for people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias.
Currently, domestic and international research on dexmedetomidine as well as anxiety and depression is more focused on basic research. In terms of clinical research, dexmedetomidine is more often used in pediatrics, short surgeries, intensive care units, etc., for sedation and analgesia; while less research has been done for the relief of anxiety and depression. At present, on the one hand, the number of oncology patients is on the rise both at home and abroad, and on the other hand, anxiety and depression account for an increasing proportion of healthcare in the world. Tumor patients, as a high prevalence group of anxiety and depression, their prognosis and regression are also more complicated. Therefore, exploring the role of intranasal administration of dexmedetomidine in relieving perioperative anxiety and depression in oncology patients has a very strong practical basis and clinical significance.