View clinical trials related to Depression.Filter by:
The purpose of this study to to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction of a telehealth cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) intervention among adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) who exhibit elevated anxiety and/or depression symptoms.
The study will evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of 450 milligrams (mg) and 900 milligrams (mg) of Rapastinel, compared to placebo in participants with major depressive disorder (MDD).
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of JNJ-67953964 compared to placebo when administered as adjunctive treatment in participants with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) partially responsive to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor/ serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SSRI/SNRI) treatment in terms of reduction of symptoms of depression, as assessed by the change from baseline on the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) in non-responders during the placebo lead-in period.
The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the clinical curative effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy(MBCT) for major depressive disorder(MDD). Moreover, we will also explore the relationship between P300 potential and erroneous negative potential (ERN) variation and clinical symptoms in MDD and MBCT. This study is a randomized-control trial with two study arms: half of patient cases will receive usual medication treatment with the serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and half of patient cases will receive MBCT added to the usual medication treatment. This study is also a case-control trial, there will be matched normal controls compared with patient cases through a range of psychological scales and electroencephalogram.
Depression is very common and poses a huge disease burden. About 20% of the US population suffers from depression at lease once in their lifetime. Inflammations that are hidden inside our body as a result of aging, obesity, chronic diseases, or certain treatments (e.g., interferon for hepatitis C) appear to cause depressive symptoms and even clinical depression. Individuals with such inflammations are more likely to suffer from depression and are less likely to respond to currently available antidepressant medications. This study will test leucine, an amino acid, as a new way to mitigate depressive symptoms in response to such inflammations. This study begins with a 90-minute screening session to determine whether participants are eligible to join the main study. Those who meet the eligibility criteria will then join the main study, which will consist of taking leucine or maltodextrin (i.e., oral placebo) for 2 weeks at home and an 8-hour session at the UCLA Medical Center. A brief telephone follow-up every 3 months for 2 years with questions on mood is also planned. Approximately 90 healthy adults will be recruited for participation in the study. During the course of the study, participants will take leucine or maltodextrin for 2 weeks at home and then will be injected either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline (i.e., intravenous placebo) at the UCLA Medical Center. LPS is a bacterial substance that can initiate chemical reactions that are similar to those seen in individuals with mild sickness symptoms, such as a slight increase in body temperature, muscle aches, or tiredness. It is a safe way of investigating the body's response to inflammation and how these changes may alter cognitive, emotional, or neural function. It has been given thousands of times to healthy volunteers - both younger and older adults - without any serious side effects.
PEMF (Pulsed Electro Magnetic Fields) therapy has been used to stimulate bone repair in non-union since the 1970s. This is an accepted use, which has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the US. The mode of action of PEMF is based on creating small electrical fields in tissue and thereby promoting healing. Besides it has been shown that PEMF enhance regeneration of nerve fibers exposed to a lesion For treatment of depression the PEMF equipment, which are provided by the company Re5 A/S, consists of a 220 V impulse generator that creates electrical impulses and an applicator which consists of an electrical cable connected to a helmet on which there are 7 electrical coils on the inside. In comparison with the rTMS (Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) equipment, which uses stimuli approaching neuronal firing level, the PEMF fields in human is very much lower.
Noninvasive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a low-intensity neuromodulation technique of minimal risk that has been used as an experimental procedure for reducing depressive symptoms and symptoms of other brain disorders. Though tDCS applied to prefrontal brain areas is shown to reduce symptoms in some people with major depressive disorder (MDD), the extent of antidepressant response often differs. Methods that map current flow directly in the brain while a person is receiving tDCS and that determine how functional neuroimaging signal changes after a series of tDCS sessions may help us understand how tDCS works, how it can be optimized, and if it can be used as an effective intervention for reducing depressive symptoms. We will investigate these questions in a two-part randomized double blind exploratory clinical trial. The first part of the trial will compare how current flow and functional imaging signal differs in the brain when using tDCS with more focal stimulation, called high definition (HD) tDCS, compared to conventional tDCS (C-tDCS) or sham (non-active) tDCS in patients with MDD. Sixty people with depression (20 in each group) will be randomized to receive either HD-tDCS, C-tDCS or sham-tDCS for a total of 12 sessions each lasting 20 minutes occurring on consecutive weekdays. At the first and last session, subjects will receive 20-30 minutes of active or sham tDCS in the MRI scanner, which will allow us to map tDCS currents, and track changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) pre-to- post treatment using completely non-invasive methods. At the first and last session and mid-way through the trial, participants will also complete a series of clinical ratings and neurocognitive tests
Depression is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Malawi and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Besides its high prevalence, depression likely represents an important barrier to consistent HIV care engagement and long-term viral suppression. However, the potential for depression treatment to improve HIV care outcomes has received little attention in the region, in part because of limited mental health infrastructure. In this study, the investigators will evaluate the impact of a depression treatment program integrated within existing HIV clinics on depression response, retention in HIV care, and viral suppression. It is expected that this evaluation will yield important evidence on the impact of depression treatment integrated with HIV care for improving HIV care and mental health outcomes in Malawi.
Worldwide Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) has significant negative personal, societal and economic consequences. Vortioxetine (Brintellix®) is a new antidepressant authorized since 2013. Despite evidence generated from clinical trials which demonstrate that vortioxetine is an efficacious, well-tolerated antidepressant, there is a need to determine the effectiveness of vortioxetine in real life routine practice. The study aim is to examine the real-life effectiveness of vortioxetine on functioning, depressive symptom relief, cognition and quality of life. This is an observational, multi-national, study in patients with MDD initiating treatment with vortioxetine. Information will be collected by the physician, from the patient and their medical record at three time points - baseline, week 12 and week 24 (end of follow-up). This study will be conducted in six countries. In total 2,100 patients are planned for enrolment.
This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic benefits of pentoxifylline (PTX) in treatment of adult patients with MDD as it has anti-inflammatory and phosphodiastrase inhibition activities.