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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is an emerging treatment for medically refractory major depressive disorder (MDD), and involves direct stimulation of cortical neurons using externally applied, powerful, focused magnetic field pulses. rTMS consistently achieves response rates of 50-55% and remission rates of 30-35% in medically refractory MDD patients. However, the vast majority of studies have focused its use in outpatient samples. This study will address whether accelerated rTMS (intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation (iTBS)) can speed up the response rate and shorten length of stay in hospital for inpatients, and which biological traits may predict response.
The Antidepressant Advisor Study is a feasibility study to develop and probe the feasibility of a computerised decision support tool for GPs to prescribe antidepressant treatments. The study will use an algorithm to support GPs in their prescribing decisions for patients who have previously not responded to first-line antidepressants. Another group of GPs will prescribe as usual without the algorithm so that the effectiveness of the tool can be assessed, in terms of patient recovery. The aim of the study is to design a support tool which can aid GPs to prescribe the most effective treatment option for the patient so that they have increased likelihood of improvement in depression. A further aim of the study is to assess GP adherence and satisfaction with the tool so that modifications can be made that would improve the usability of the tool in future trials.
This study investigates the brain-based biomarkers of treatment response to accelerated theta burst stimulation (aTBS) in patients with Major Depressive Disorder resistant to pharmacological treatment(MDD) in an open label design.
This study will monitor the symptoms of patients who have received an intervention on the psychiatric inpatient unit at Stanford hospital up to 6 months after they have received the intervention. Additionally, the acceptability and feasibility of interventions will be assessed using clinician and patient questionnaires.
The purpose of this investigation is to test the efficacy of "iDOVE2" (a brief emergency department introductory session and longitudinal automated text-message depression prevention program for high-risk teens), and to determine the most potent and parsimonious combination of intervention components for preventing peer violence and depressive symptoms among at-risk youth.
This is a prospective, single-blinded, randomized, multicenter study to evaluate the utility, safety, and efficacy of using PEER Interactive - an EEG-based technology - to inform the prescription of medications to participants with a primary diagnosis of a depressive disorder, with or without comorbidity of non-psychotic behavioral disorders, versus treatment as usual.
The study examines associations between competence in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and adherence to evidence-based generic CBT in therapists and treatment outcome in patients with depression or an anxiety disorder in psychiatric outpatient care.
The objective of this study is to assess the changes in symptoms and cognition that occur after a 28-day abstinence period in patients with comorbid Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) and Major Depression (MDD). This study employs a 28-day abstinence paradigm a total of 8 visits to the CAMH Russell site (screening, training, baseline, week 1, week 2, week 3, week 4, follow-up). Participants should be between the ages of 18-55, meet criteria for moderate depression and CUD, be non-treatment seeking, and be on a stable dose of antidepressant medication. The study visits will take up a total of approximately 22.5 hours with compensation for time provided. These visits will involve multiple clinical, substance use, and cognitive assessments. Abstinence will be maintained by weekly behavioural coaching sessions and contingency reinforcement.
Available pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments are not effective for the treatment of cognitive symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD). More recent studies have described that functional disability and the indirect costs of MDD (e.g., sick leaves at work, decreased productivity, ...) are related to persistent cognitive deficits. Some programs of cognitive rehabilitation and cognitive training (developed for other pathologies) have been tested, but the results are inconsistent. There is an imperative need to develop a specific comprehensive rehabilitation program for MDD that includes the benefits of traditional functional remediation (FR) and computerized cognitive training (CCT) programs adjusted for each patient's cognitive deficit.
The main objective of this research project is to implement and evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a Blended Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (bCBT) in routine practice, comparing it with Treatment as Usual (TAU). This research project includes a pilot study and a randomized clinical trial (RCT). The pilot study main objective is to adapt the bCBT based on Moodbuster, an internet-based treatment platform developed by the ICT4Depression Consortium (INESC-TEC, Vrije Universiteit and University of Limerick), to the Portuguese population. More specifically, this pilot study intends: (1) to detect problems and refine procedures, establishing a definitive Portuguese version of the blended treatment; (2) to assess clinical effectiveness (non-controlled), estimating effect sizes at the end of the treatment and follow-up; (3) to assess patients' satisfaction and personal views concerning their process of change; (4) to develop dynamic models of the individual trajectories during treatment based on Ecological Momentary Assessments. The pilot study will involve the participation of psychologists trained in bCBT and 20 participants diagnosed with Major Depression and willing to use the Moodbuster system. The RCT is composed by two arms (an experimental condition and a control condition) and it will be implemented in routine practice. In the experimental condition, the patients diagnosed with Major Depression will receive a treatment that integrates face-to-face cognitive-behavioral sessions with online sessions available through Moodbuster system (bCBT). In the control condition, patients diagnosed with Major Depression will receive TAU that consists in routine care that patients receive in primary care. The RCT will involve the participation of family doctors and psychologists working in routine practice. One-hundred patients will be recruited and randomized in the two conditions: 50 patients for bCBT condition and 50 patients for TAU condition. The main objectives are: (1) to assess the clinical effectiveness of bCBT and compare it with TAU in routine practice; (2) to estimate and compare cost-effectiveness of both treatments; (3) to assess patients' and clinicians' satisfaction with the bCBT and TAU; (4) to refine the previous models of individual trajectories and to assess differential effects on different patient clusters; (5) to establish guidelines for using bCBT within Portuguese routine practice services.