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Mood and anxiety disorders are the most common mental health conditions in the United States, and are associated with significant morbidity, mortality and overall impairment in functioning. These conditions often have an onset in adolescence and can be especially problematic during this time-period because it can impede normal development and attainment of important milestones. While there are evidence-based treatments for these disorders, these disorders often go untreated or under-treated with negative outcomes, particularly suicide in the case of mood disorders. Electronic communication via text messages and social media are ubiquitous and are often the predominant form of communication in adolescents and young adults. A growing body of research suggests that - at the individual level - electronic communication, including social media, activity can reflect the underlying course of mood and anxiety disorders and reveal associated risks for worsening course and negative outcomes such as suicide. In this pilot study, the investigators propose to develop and evaluate a dashboard for mental health therapists to augment the care of patients with mood/anxiety disorders.
This is an expanded access program intended to provide access to ZULRESSO™ (brexanolone) injection for the treatment of a limited number of eligible women with postpartum depression during the period prior to commercial availability. Requests for access must be made by a healthcare provider for a specific patient based on a determination with patient that the benefits of treatment outweigh the risks and an assessment of eligibility based on program criteria. Sites with eligible patients must apply and meet requirements for participation in the expanded access program.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of group piano training on psychosocial outcomes in caregivers of adults with Parkinson's disease (PD). As well, the study is investigating the impact of group piano training on psychosocial outcomes in the care-recipient with PD.
The purpose of this study is to pilot a primary-care based mindfulness intervention for chronically traumatized African Americans screening positive for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) in primary care clinics within an urban public hospital. The study will utilize a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design along with a multi-method psychological and physiological assessment approach to establish the feasibility and acceptability of a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention for primary care versus wait-list control in African Americans with chronic trauma exposure and comorbid PTSD and MDD. Preliminary mechanisms of action associated with MBCT including emotion dysregulation and autonomic function will be evaluated. The data collection and 8-session group intervention will take place in primary care clinics within an urban public hospital serving primarily low-income, minority individuals (>80% African American).
This clinical trial will test whether depression symptoms and cognitive functioning are impacted by internet-delivered mindfulness training following the principles of mindfulness meditation. The population is adults ages 65+ experiencing a current major depressive episode. Participants will receive an approximate 10-week instruction in mindfulness meditation, provided remotely through internet. Outcomes are depressive symptoms, assessed via clinical interview and self-report, and cognitive function, assessed via smartphone-delivered cognitive tests and surveys. The total duration of participation is approximately 18 weeks.
The Huizhou mother-infant cohort was set up to investigate the effect of dietary factors and environmental exposures during pregnancy on health consequences of mothers and offsprings in Huizhou, China.
This study seeks to examine if there is any relationship between spironolactone use prescribed for acne vulgaris and depression, anxiety, and/or sexual function.
The study investigates the influence of inflammatory processes on the development and the course of uni- and bipolar depression. It is assumed, that the concentrations of certain inflammatory proteins have an influence on the development of depression, its clinical severity, the response to treatment and the risk of relapse. To verify this hypothesis, a total of 145 patients, which were hospitalized für treatment of a depressive disorder in the study centers in Germany, Italy and France, were screened according to the criteria set out in the study protocol. Finally, 104 patients with moderate to severe depressive symptoms were included in the study. These patients were treated according to the recommendations of the DGPPN treatment guidelines. All patients received a medication with sertraline or venlafaxine during the study, starting at baseline. The patients were examined for the presence and severity of depressive symptoms at the time of study enrollment, as well as after 4 and 8 weeks, using standardized clinical test procedures. In addition blood was taken. In the serum of the patients, the concentrations of specific inflammatory proteins were measured using Cytometric Bead Array and ELISA and then correlated with the clinical data. The investigated proteins include high-sensitivity CRP, Interleukin 4, Interleukin 6, Interleukin 12, TNF-α, Eotaxin, CD54, Interferone-gamma and MCP-1.
Sensory room is a new method in psychiatric inpatient care for management of anxiety. Since this method for anxiety management is being implemented more and more extensively within the psychiatric care system it is important to study its effect and whether there is any difference between physical and virtual sensory. In this study, the effect on mental well-being, pulse and blood pressure will be compared before and after each use of a virtual or physically sensory room. How the different methods affect the total care time, use of anxiety medication and results from self-assessment scales to measure depression and anxiety symptoms will also be looked at. The study will be conducted on two separate wards which primarily care for patients with the primary diagnosis of bipolar disorder.
This project will develop and refine a computer-delivered integrated Personalized Feedback Intervention (PFI) that directly addresses smoking and distress tolerance. The PFI will focus on feedback about smoking behavior, distress tolerance, and adaptive coping strategies.