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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of switching adult participants with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) from a prior antidepressant treatment (to which they have not responded) to flexibly dosed intranasal esketamine (56 milligram [mg] or 84 mg) plus a newly initiated oral antidepressant compared with switching to a newly initiated oral antidepressant (active comparator) plus intranasal placebo, in improving depressive symptoms. Efficacy will be assessed by the change from baseline in the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score from Day 1 (before randomization) to the end of the 4-week double-blind treatment phase.
This study involves the use of an investigational drug called Creatine Monohydrate. This means that the drug has not yet been approved by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of altitude-induced depression. However, the FDA has not objected to its use to study its safety and effectiveness for preventing altitude-induced depression. This study will help find out what effects, good and/or bad, Creatine Monohydrate has on treating symptoms for altitude-induced depression. Creatine Monohydrate is believed to have an effect on improving symptoms of depression. The safety of Creatine Monohydrate in humans has been tested in prior research studies; however, some side effects may not yet be known.
This pilot clinical trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of transcutaneous direct current stimulation (tsDCS) in major depressive disorder.
Given the importance of cognitive function on depressed patients' treatment outcome and return to premorbid functioning, the effect of antidepressant drugs on cognition has become of primary concern. The aim of the present study is to assess the clinical outcome of switching from a selective serotonine reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) to desvenlafaxine on cognitive function in a Spanish sample of adults with moderate to severe major depressive disorder (MDD). This open-label clinical study will include a total of 36 MDD outpatients receiving treatment with desvenlafaxine according to treating psychiatrist clinical judgment. The primary efficacy endpoint will be changes from baseline to week 12 in cognitive function measured by a composite z-score comprising the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) and Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) scores. The secondary efficacy endpoints will involve depression severity, additional measures of subjective and objective cognitive function (including cold and hot cognitive function tasks), and functional status. A matched sample of 36 healthy controls will be assessed in order to obtain reference data for all cognitive function measurements. Patients with MDD and healthy controls will be compared regarding cognitive function both at baseline and after 12 weeks.
More and more people are surviving after receiving life support for respiratory failure in the intensive care unit, but these patients often experience problems with depression and physical functioning that lead to reduced quality of life. There is a lack of treatment for these patients, with past research suggesting that treatment may be more successful if mental and physical health are addressed at the same time. This research evaluates whether a therapy delivered via telephone and home visits, combining treatment for depression and physical rehabilitation, is feasible and might help patients recover.
Late-life depression has been frequently associated with cognitive impairment. Several meta-analyses consistently suggested that a history of depression approximately doubles an individual's risk for developing dementia later in life. Neurodegeneration may play an important component in late-life depression. The pathophysiology behind the link between late-life depression and the subsequent development of dementia largely remains unclear, and should be heterogeneous. This highlights the need to identify specific neurodegenerative pathways involved in late-life depression, which will facilitate research on mechanisms and new treatments in the future. The recently published the National Institute on Aging and the Alzheimer Association (NIA-AA) criteria might provide new insights and frameworks to explore the patterns of neurodegenerative process in elderly depressed patients and to categorize them into different biomarker-based groups. In the present project, the investigators will recruit 40 patients with lifetime major depressive disorder, and 20 non-depressed cognitively normal comparison subjects. Alzheimer's disease pathology (A) was determined by measuring Aβ deposition by F-18 AV-45 PET, and neurodegeneration (N) was established by measuring hippocampal volume using MRI. Individuals were categorised as A-N-, A+N-, A+N+, or suspected non-Alzheimer's disease pathophysiology (A-N+, SNAP). All subjects will further undergo F-18-THK-5351 image study to detect underlying tau pathology. By doing this, the investigators will elucidate the neurodegenerative pathophysiology behind the link between depressive disorder and the subsequent development of dementia.
The aim of the study is to determine whether a neuroscience-inspired cognitive remediation video game (EVO) that targets the cognitive control network (CCN) will improve executive functioning (EF) and resilience to psychiatric symptoms in typically developing 6th grade students, unselected for specific psychiatric symptoms. The primary goals are to 1) determine if EVO will result in improved EF and lower internalizing (e.g., mood, anxiety) and externalizing (e.g., attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, AD/HD) psychiatric symptoms, 2) evaluate whether the benefit experienced by youth changes depending on their level of life stress (e.g., academic or social difficulties), 3) determine if EVO will promote resilience to stress. We will measure EF, symptoms, and stress using self- and parent-report questionnaires. Other secondary outcomes include information on behavior in the classroom and academic performance (i.e., grades) that we will collect via school records. We hypothesize that engagement with EVO 20-minutes per day, 5-days a week across 4-weeks will improve EF, lower psychiatric symptoms, improve academic/behavioral functioning at school, and decrease maladaptive responses to stress.
The purpose of this study is two-fold: 1. To identify the best smartphone data features (based on keyboard, sensor, voice/speech data) that correlate with mood, anxiety, and cognitive assessments in patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Bipolar Depression (BD). 2. To identify the best smartphone data features (based on keyboard, sensor, voice/speech at a) that predict relapse and remission in MDD or BD.
This is a randomised double-blind clinical trial. The aim is to compare the efficacy and mechanisms of action of psilocybin, the primary psychoactive substance in 'magic mushrooms', with the SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) escitalopram for major depressive disorder (MDD).
The purpose of this study is to determine the clinical efficacy of real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback (rtfMRI-nf) training to increase the amygdala's response to positive autobiographical memories in patients with depression who are considered treatment-resistant