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This study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of SAGE-217 compared to placebo in adult subjects with comorbid major depressive disorder and insomnia
The investigators are testing a Smartphone-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD).
Emerging adults (EA; 18 to 29 years old) in Canada are among the age group with highest risk of developing mental health issues. Despite this, they experience especially long wait-times for mental health services. To date, there has been minimal research into developmentally appropriate treatment options for the EA population. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are emerging as a potential treatment to address this need. MBIs are group-based psychological treatments for coping with distress, with the goal of improving mental health. Unfortunately, these 'traditional' MBIs are very demanding in terms of time and homework and are therefore not sufficiently feasible for the demanding schedules of EA university students. Instead, recent studies suggest a role for briefer MBIs in addressing mental health symptom burden, well-being and reducing acute stress symptoms. The brevity of these interventions make them theoretically better suited for EA university populations. High quality research, including controlled clinical trials are needed to demonstrate whether MBIs can provide efficacious treatment to improve the lives of EA university students. The current study will test the efficacy of a five-week MBI baseline within-subject controlled trial.
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) struggle on a daily basis with accompanying, "Invisible" symptoms like primary fatigue, pain and emotional-cognitive disorders. With the disease progression, these symptoms only intensify, and in combination with basic physical symptoms, quality of life (QOL) rapidly decreases. An important goal of researchers and clinicians involves improving the QOL of individuals with MS, and the exercise therapy represents potentially modifiable behavior that positively impacts on pathogenesis of MS and these "Invisible" symptoms, thus improving the QOL. However, the main barrier for its application is low motivational level that MS patients experience due to fatigue with adjacent reduced exercise tolerability and mobility, and muscle weakness. Getting individuals with MS motivated to engage in continuous physical activity may be particularly difficult and challenging, especially those with severe disability or Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS 6-8). Till now, researchers have focused their attention mainly on the moderate or vigorous intensity of exercise and on cardiorespiratory training in MS patients to achieve improvements in daily life quality, less indicating the exercise content, and most importantly, breathing exercises. In addition, it is investigators intention to make exercise for MS patients more applicable and accessible, motivational and easier, but most important, productive. Investigators think that MS patients experience more stress with aerobic exercise or moderate to high intensity program exercise, and can hardly keep continuum including endurance exercise, or treadmill. Hypothesis: Investigators hypothesis is that 8-weeks of continuous low demanding or mild exercise program with the accent on breathing exercise can attenuate primary fatigue, pain, headaches, emotional-cognitive and sleep dysfunctions in MS patients and provide maintenance of exercise motivation. Investigators also propose that important assistant factor for final goal achievement is social and mental support of the exercise group (EDSS from 0-8) led by a physiotherapist. This will help to maintain exercise motivation and finally make better psychophysical functioning, and thus better QOL.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vortioxetine given as a single intravenous dose of 25 mg at initiation of an oral vortioxetine regimen of 10 mg/day for 7 days
The current study proposes an open clinical trial to investigate the effectiveness of a social functioning intervention on bariatric surgery outcomes and depression. The treatment will be administered in a group format over 10 weekly/biweekly sessions and will take place at the University of Washington Weight Loss Management Clinic (WLMC) at the Roosevelt Clinic location. Effects of the intervention will be measured with self-report questionnaires and by self-report of behaviors outside of assessment sessions (via questionnaires and self-report of adherence to treatment). Data collection will occur at specific time points including before treatment, after treatment, and two months after treatment.
Groups (intervention group receives 50000 IU vitamin D and control group receives placebo) through a random allocation. After 8 weeks, blood sample will be collected from each participant. The studied indices (inflammatory (IL-1β, IL-6, hs-CRP), PTH, platelet serotonin, serum oxytocin, serum 25(OH) D, depression status and anthropometry indices) will be evaluated at beginning and end of interventional period.
This pilot study aims to test the safety, feasibility, and initial efficacy of combined 10 week treatment of prolonged exposure (PE) and Pramipexole in patients with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression (MDD). Resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) will be assessed at baseline and en of treatment.
The investigators are doing this research study to find out if suvorexant (Belsomra) can help people with bipolar depression when added to their usual treatment. The investigators also want to find out if suvorexant (Belsomra) is safe to take without causing too many side effects in people with bipolar disorder. Suvorexant (Belsomra) is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat insomnia. It has not yet been studied in people with bipolar disorder who have problems sleeping. This research study will compare suvorexant (Belsomra) to placebo. The placebo looks exactly like suvorexant (Belsomra), but contains no suvorexant (Belsomra). During this study participants may get a placebo instead of suvorexant (Belsomra). Placebos are used in research studies to see if the results are due to the study drug or due to other reasons. This study has two parts, each lasting 6 weeks. During each part, participants may receive either Belsomra or placebo. Some participants will receive suvorexant for both parts, some will receive placebo for both parts, and others will receive suvorexant during one part and placebo during the other part. Placebos are used in research studies to see if the results are due to the study drug or due to other reasons. This study is open to people with bipolar disorder who have trouble sleeping. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs. About 80 subjects will take part in this research study. All subjects will be enrolled at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).
It is recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee on Obstetric Practice that all obstetricians screen each women for postpartum depression and anxiety with a validated instrument. Although much effort is made, the contributing factors still lack in the literature due to its multi-factorial nature and complexity. In addition, the effects of prenatal education classes remain understudied. Therefore, this study aims to demonstrate the prevalence, characteristics and contributing factors of the postpartum depression. In addition, the change in prevalence and characteristics of the postpartum depression among women who had prenatal classes and not will also be assessed.