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The CASES-TCM study is a prospective, multicenter, observational study, which will enroll 20,000 patients with acute stroke (ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage) within 7 days of symptom onset. This study attempts to depict major clinical characteristics of acute stroke in patients with Chinese medicine treatment and to explore any difference compared with other non-Chinese medicine use cohorts and the effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicine.
The overall goal of the DISCOVERY study is to better understand what factors contribute to changes in cognitive (i.e., thinking and memory) abilities in patients who experienced a stroke. The purpose of the study is to help doctors identify patients at risk for dementia (decline in memory, thinking and other mental abilities that significantly affects daily functioning) after their stroke so that future treatments may be developed to improve outcomes in stroke patients. For this study, a "stroke" is defined as either (1) an acute ischemic stroke (AIS, or blood clot in the brain), (2) an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH, or bleeding in the brain), (3) or an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH, or bleeding around the brain caused by an abnormal bulge in a blood vessel that bursts). The investigators hypothesize that: 1. The size, type and location of the stroke play an important role in recovery of thinking and memory abilities after stroke, and pre-existing indicators of brain health further determine the extent of this recovery. 2. Specific stroke events occurring in individuals with underlying genetic or biological risk factors can cause further declines in brain heath, leading to changes in thinking and memory abilities after stroke. 3. Studying thinking and memory alongside brain imaging and blood samples in patients who have had a stroke allows for earlier identification of declining brain health and development of individualized treatment plans to improve patient outcomes in the future.
This study is aiming to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Huatuo Zaizao pill in ischemic stroke patients who diagnosed as the phlegm and blood-stasis blocking collaterals syndrome in TCM. A total of 80 subjects will be randomly assigned to Huatuo Zaizao pill group or the control group.
Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) represents a modern concept of neurorehabilitation in stroke patients. This single-center randomized parallel-group neurorehabilitation trial with blinded primary outcome assessment is aimed at patients after the first-ever ischaemic stroke in the anterior or posterior cerebral circulation.
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive technology that continuously monitors regional tissue oxygenation (tissue saturation with oxygen). NIRS is used to evaluate the oxygen saturation of the brain and other tissues (such as muscle, liver, lung). NIRS is a non-invasive, simple, bedside method that can be used safely in stroke patients, as it is a method that can be performed at the bedside and does not affect the treatment process. The NIRS, which we will use in our study, continuously measures with the help of two electrodes affixed to the forehead area, right and left. There are previously created scales and scales based on neurological examination in the follow-up of patients with acute ischemic stroke. The main ones are the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), which is used without evaluating the patient's consciousness; It is the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), which is used to evaluate the severity of ischemic stroke, its suitability for treatment and treatment response, and the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS), which is used to evaluate the daily activity ability of individuals. However, since these cannot predict the patient's response to treatment and complications that will develop early, and there are no objective parameters, there is a need for methods that require objective monitoring of the patients. Acute ischemic stroke patients who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy with NIRS and / or who underwent endovascular thrombectomy are monitored for 24 hours and the data obtained from this method are compared with the vital findings, GCS, NIHSS, mRS, which are traditionally used in the follow-up of these patients. Thus, it was aimed to evaluate the utility of this method in evaluating the treatment efficacy and prognosis of patients compared to traditional methods in acute ischemic stroke patients.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a non-invasive brain stimulation technique, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), combined with traditional cognitive therapy will improve cognitive function in patients with subacute stroke.
Case-series and cohort studies have shown the feasibility of reperfusion therapies in patients with ischemic stroke and COVID-19, but due to the absence of a contemporary control group of non-COVID-19 patients, small sample size or lack of long-term outcome assessment, concerns regarding safety and efficacy of these treatments remain to be clarified. Taking into account its limitations, some studies documented higher rates of endovascular treatment complications such as clot fragmentation with distal embolization and vessel re-oclusion, to be more difficult to achieve recanalization after endovascular treatment, and higher rates of any intracerebral hemmorhage. The investigators aim is to assess in a large, multicenter and international cohort, the safety and outcomes of acute reperfusion therapies in patients with ischemic stroke and COVID-19, by comparison with a contemporary control group of patients with ischemic stroke and without COVID-19 from the same centers.
In recent years, the positive results of trials for mechanical thrombectomy (MT) have brought a new era for large artery occlusion patients, especially those beyond the time window of intravenous thrombolysis. However, interventional procedures can cause endothelial injuries leading to local activation of platelet aggregation and subsequent thromboembolic complications or early re-occlusion.Tirofiban is a specific antagonist of the platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor, which is considered highly effective against the final common pathway of platelet aggregation and preventing vascular reocclusion. However, there is no consensus on if AIS patients treated with MT also benefit from intravenous tirofiban. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of profiles of tirofiban during MT and provide reliable clinical evidence for the treatment of tirofiban in AIS patients.
This is a single-center prospective cohort study of predictive factors related to prognosis of ischemic stroke due to large-artery atherosclerosis. From March 1, 2021 to December 31, 2026, 1000 patients with ischemic stroke due to large-artery atherosclerosis who are admitted to the Department of Neurology or Neurosurgery, Tongji Hospital are going to be recruited. Detailed clinical data in emergency room and in-hospital will be obtained from the medical record reviews, and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score will be done by certified neurologists to assess the severity of the disease in acute stage and treatment outcome during the follow-up. All cases will undergo routine blood tests, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebral vascular examination, such as TCD, CTA, HRMR or DSA. The investigators will analyze the in-hospital factors that could predict the outcome to provide more evidence-based suggestions in the treatment and prognosis of atherosclerotic ischemic cerebrovascular disease.
Despite a generally favourable 3-month functional outcome and a very low mortality, young ischemic stroke (IS) patients face to reduced quality of life associated with a complexity of problems or "invisible dysfunctions" after IS. Better identification and understanding to these factors may improve stroke rehabilitation and stroke self-management programmes, wich will lead to better stroke recovery. The aim of the study is to assess the predictors of the health-related quality of life in young patients under 50 years after ischemic stroke, and to to evaluate specific changes in different dimensions of health-related quality of life during the first year of post-stroke recovery using a standardized battery of neuropsychological tools and stroke specific health-related quality of life measures. In the first phase of the study, 300 IS patients will be enrolled for the validation of the Czech version of the the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0. In the second phase of study, 200 enrolled IS patients (100 young IS patients < 50 years and 100 IS patients of 50-65 years) will undergo a serial of structured and standardized questionnaires during scheduled outpatients' controls three, six and 12 months after IS. In the third phase of study, twenty young IS patients < 50 years will undergo an in-depth, semi-structured interview with explanatory questions that will allow a detailed understanding of the patient's experience. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) study design will be used.