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The overall goal of this feasibility study is to establish a standard of care stroke prevention program for children with sickle cell anemia in a community hospital by task shifting stroke detection and transcranial Doppler ultrasound screening to nurses. In Nigeria, approximately 150,000 children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are born annually, accounting for more than half of the total births with SCA worldwide. In comparison, only 1,700 children with SCA are born in the United States annually. An estimated 11% of unscreened and untreated children at increase of strokes with SCA will have at least one stroke by 17 years of age. In high-income countries, evidence-based practices (EBP) for primary stroke prevention in children with SCA involves screening for abnormal transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) velocity (>200cm/s) coupled with regular blood transfusion therapy for at least one year followed by treatment with hydroxyurea is considered standard care. This strategy decreases the risk of stroke by 92%. Due to safety and availability, regular blood transfusion is not a viable option for primary stroke prevention in most low-income settings, including Nigeria, where ~50% of the 300,000 children with SCA are born. Among each birth cohort, 15,000 children will have stroke annually in Nigeria. The American Society of Hematology (ASH) Central Nervous System Guidelines recommends moderate dose hydroxyurea (20mg/kg) to children with SCA with abnormal TCD measurements, living in resource-constrained settings where regular blood transfusions are not readily available. Our team has demonstrated in a previous trial the feasibility of primary stroke prevention with hydroxyurea in Kano, Nigeria. In 2016, as part of capacity building objective of Stroke Prevention Trial in Nigeria (1R01NS094041-SPRING) at Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital in Kaduna, TCD screening was adopted as standard of care. Before the trial, no TCD screening was done at our trial site in Kaduna. Now, as standard care, physicians at the teaching hospital do TCD screening, however, only 5.4% (1,101/20,040) of the eligible children with SCA living in Kaduna, Nigeria were reached. Clearly, for there to be an appreciable impact on decreasing the stroke rates in children with SCA living in Nigeria and elsewhere, applying the ASH guidelines and a better implementation strategy to increase the TCD reach (proportion of children eligible for TCD screening that are screened) is necessary. Therefore, objective of this physician-mentored application is to conduct an Effectiveness-Implementation Feasibility Trial is to test the test the hypothesis that the task-shifted site for primary stroke prevention team in a community hospital will have a non-inferior effectiveness in identifying children with abnormal TCD measurements when compared to primary stroke prevention team in a teaching hospital in Kaduna, Nigeria. the investigators will conduct i) a needs assessment at the community hospital to identify barriers and facilitators to the intervention, ii) Build capacity for stroke detection and TCD screening and iii) Compare the effectiveness of a physician-based stroke prevention program in a teaching hospital to a task-shifted stroke prevention in a community hospital.
The aim of study is to translate and culturally adapt Functional Gait Assessment Scale into Urdu language and to investigate the reliability and validity in Pakistani Stroke patients. Also check its correlation with Berg Balance Scale and Barthel Index
Through this study we compare the the effects of motor relearning program and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on upper limb motor performance and quality of life in sub-acute stroke survivors. This study will be a randomized controlled trial will recruit a sample of 39 participants through non-probability consecutive sampling technique. After satisfying the inclusion criteria, participants will be divided into three groups. The first group will receive motor relearning program for 6 weeks, 3 times per week for 30 minutes, along with the conventional therapy. The second group will receive proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation for 6 weeks, 3 times per week for 30 minutes, along with conventional therapy. The third group will only receive conventional the conventional therapy.
The primary hypothesis being tested in this trial is that ischemic stroke patients in posterior circulation at 4.5 - 24 hours post onset of stroke will have improved clinical outcomes when given intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) compared to standard care.
A Taiwanese study pointed out that stroke patients who have language barriers, dysphagia, and aspiration pneumonia are more likely to suffer from prolonged hospitalization. Improvements in dysphagia and subsequent complications in patients should be effective in reducing hospital stays and improving the quality of long-term care. In view of clinical medical needs and policy trends, this study aims to explore the efficacy of using traditional Chinese medicine to treat cerebral apoplexy sequelae in Taiwan. It is expected that through (1) exploration of real-world data analysis, combined with the advantages of Taiwan's biomedical database, data exploration will be carried out to provide big data (2) Multi-center prospective randomized clinical trials, providing clinical evidence of the highest level of evidence in empirical medicine.
Comparison of aerobic training to exergame training in people with chronic mild/moderate stroke
Background and study aims: Computerised Tomography (CT) head scans are frequently requested by Emergency Department (ED) clinicians as one of the investigations for their patients. This often causes a delay when waiting for specialist radiologists to report the findings of the scan. The purpose of this study is to see if online training can improve the ability of ED clinicians to interpret the scans themselves, to a level sufficient to make clinical decisions based on their findings and to explore what aspects of this process they find most challenging. Participants: Emergency Department clinicians who are working in the Emergency Departments of participating sites between April to September 2022 (inclusive), who request CT Head scans as part of their routine clinical practice. What does the study involve?: 180 ED clinicians will be recruited across 6 hospital sites in the United Kingdom. All will undertake a baseline online assessment to measure their accuracy in interpreting CT head scans. One group will then undertake an online training module, with a subsequent assessment immediately afterwards, then over the following 3 months will record interpretations for 30 CT head scans. Head images encountered in participants' routine clinical practice, and their findings, will be compared with the radiology reports for each scan. Participants will then undertake further online assessments 3 and 6 months after the start of the study. Their overall results will be compared with a control group, who will undergo the same process, but undertake the online training after they have tried to interpret 30 scans in their clinical practice. Participants will continue to base their clinical decisions on radiologist reports, not their own interpretations, so patient care will not be affected by this study.
This study is aimed to investigate the post-stroke motor recovery of patients with ischemic stroke based on their neural features extracted from EEG-fMRI data.
This study will examine the effect of TMS on people with stroke and aphasia as well as healthy individuals.
Low-intensity LASER therapy on the spastic muscle, would result in improving muscle performance and improving the functional capacity of individuals under the exercises imposed by physical therapy. In this study the effect of low level LASER therapy will be evaluated on spastic planter flexor of chronic stroke patients and on their gait parameters. After this study post stroke planter flexor spasticity will be cured by low level LASER which will help to improve their gait mechanics.