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99 patients age 12 to <18 years old with obesity (BMI >/=95th percentile), will be randomized to one of three treatment interventions: 1. Usual Care 2. Usual Care plus advice to weigh daily on simple scale 3. Usual Care plus advice to weigh-daily on an EHR-connected scale Survey data collected at baseline, 2, 4, 6, and 12-weeks, and qualitative interviews at 12 weeks, will assess acceptability, safety, self-efficacy, and BMI. Recruitment will also be assessed (% eligible patients who consent). In order to understand real-world feasibility of this intervention, the clinic staff will work with patients to connect the scales to Epic.
This pilot study will randomize 34 patients with hypertension and obesity to either time-restricted feeding alone or a commitment device to encourage time-restricted feeding, including a commitment pledge, involvement of a supportive partner, setting of implementation intentions, and multiple daily reminder text messages. The intervention will last 12 weeks, followed by a 6-week follow-up period. The primary outcome is adherence to the IF regimen, captured via daily text message, over 18 weeks
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined as a combination of obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2], chronic daytime hypercapnia (PaCO2 >45 mm Hg), and sleep-apnea in the absence of other known causes of hypercapnia. Respiratory system compliance decreases and resistance increases in OHS. This causes increase in work of breathing and oxygen cost of breathing, which may result in respiratory muscle fatigue. Increase in respiratory workload and increase in resistance to respiration is expected to decrease in respiratory muscle endurance (RME) in subjects with OHS.
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease that seriously harms human health, while abdominal obesity is more closely related to diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and tumors, and has a higher risk. In recent years, traditional Chinese medicine therapy has become the choice of more and more obese patients, and acupuncture therapy is also known as a green therapy for weight loss due to its safety and no side effects. Through the analysis of the TCM physique types of obese people, it is found that Yang-deficiency constitution is one of the TCM constitution types closely related to simple obesity. This topic is based on the constitution theory of traditional Chinese medicine, and on the basis of the earlier research that has clarified the weight loss and lipid-lowering effects of electroacupuncture, it further aims at the type of yang deficiency in obese people, and clarifies the regulation and improvement of umbilical moxibustion on the constitution of obese patients with yang deficiency. In this project, patients with abdominal obesity with yang-deficiency constitution were divided into electro-acupuncture + umbilical moxibustion group and electro-acupuncture group to observe and analyze the advantages and effects of electro-acupuncture combined with umbilical moxibustion on the improvement of obesity symptoms and physical fitness of patients. The ELISA method was used to determine the metabolic indexes related to yang-deficiency constitution, to further clarify the material basis of electroacupuncture combined with umbilical moxibustion to improve the yang-deficiency constitution of patients with abdominal obesity, and to provide scientific and reasonable theoretical guidance for clinical treatment.
Postoperative non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been proposed as an attractive strategy to reduce morbidity and improve postoperative outcomes in obese subjects undergoing general anesthesia. Bariatric patients present a peculiar negative feature; the increased body mass index (BMI) correlates with loss of perioperative functional residual capacity (FRC), expiratory reserve volume (ERV) and total lung capacity (TLC), decreased up to 50% of preoperative values. The aim of the current randomized trial is to evaluate the efficacy of NIV in post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) in reducing post-extubation acute respiratory failure and the consequent admission in intensive care units (ICU) after BIBP in obese adult patients.
To compare the efficacy and effect on glycemic control of Dulaglutide versus Liraglutide in obese Type 2 diabetic adolescents using metformin
Parents of children with obesity report feeling blamed for their children's weight and reluctant to seek pediatric care after stigmatizing experiences. This "weight stigma by association" may have direct consequences for parents, children, and the parent-child relationship. The present study builds on qualitative evidence to experimentally test weight stigma and weight stigma by association in a parent-child relationship using a large, community-based sample. In an experiment conducted via an online survey, participants were randomly assigned to view a picture of a parent-child dyad, for which parent and child's gender (male vs. female) and weight status (with obesity vs. without obesity) were manipulated. Participants read identical general parenting descriptions that adhered to American Academy of Pediatrics parenting recommendations, then rated the parent's effectiveness, helpfulness, and caring.
Background and study aims: Currently, one anastomosis Gastric Bypass/Mini Gastric Bypass (OAGB/MGB) is a common bariatric procedure. Obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease are steadily increasing world weight and antireflux surgery must be performed simultaneously with bariatric surgery in obese patients. In these cases, most often, hiatus cruroraphy is performed, and less often fundoplication using the fundus of the excluded part of the stomach. We hypothesize that total fundoplication can not only treat GERD but also prevent the return of weight like a banded gastric bypass. The aim study is to compare bariatric and antireflux results after OAGB/MGB plus suture cruroplasty (SCP) with and without total fundoplication. Methods: Adult participants (n=100) are randomly allocated to one of two groups: Experimental surgical bariatric procedure in the first (A) group: patients (n=50) undergo the laparoscopic one anastomosis gastric bypass with the total wrapping of the fundus of gastric excluded part and suture cruroplasty (OAGB + SCP + TF group); Active comparator surgical bariatric procedure in the second (B) group: patients (n=50) undergo the laparoscopic one anastomosis gastric bypass with only suture cruroplasty (OAGB + SCP group). All patients are then followed up 12, 24, 36 months after surgery where record the changing body mass index and change of GERD symptoms (GERD-HRQL).
Obesity is associated with poor surgical outcome and complications. The literature does not provide a comprehensive view on the effect of body mass index (BMI) on perioperative outcomes in orthopedic surgeries. Therefore, we aim to determine the effect of BMI on 30-day perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing the first 25 most commonly performed orthopedic surgeries using a retrospective cohort study design. The knowledge of the effect of BMI on orthopedic surgeries will improve the knowledge of surgeons about the expected morbidities.
Background : Obesity prevalence rises among adults and leads to morbidity and mortality due to subsequent inflammation pathway activation. This activation is induced by higher lipid consumption which activates the Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB) pathway and alters the microbiota profile. The Oryza sativa extract contains anthocyanin which possibly affects the microbiota composition and NF-kb pathway which eventually preserves the protective layer and tight junction of the epithelial cells. Therefore it is important to address the impact of this extract on these parameters. Objective : To assess the effect of Oryza sativa extract on microbiota profile (Lactobacillus, Firmicutes, Bacteroides, Bifidobacteria, and Escherichia coli), Lipopolysaccharide/ LPS, and the tight epithelial junction (Zonula Occludens-1) among obese adults. Method: A two-arm Quasi-Experimental will be conducted, followed by two repeated measurements, at the baseline and 3 weeks after intervention Hypothesis: Oryza sativa extract lowers the LPS level, Firmicutes sp, Bacteroides sp, and increases ZO1 protein, Bifidobacteria, and Lactobacillus sp.