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The purpose of this Phase-2 chronic weight management master protocol (CWMM) is to create a framework to evaluate the safety and efficacy of various investigational interventions for chronic weight management with intervention-specific appendices (ISAs). The ISAs may start independently of other ISAs as interventions become available for clinical testing.
This is a pilot randomized controlled trial of 20 physically inactive i-IFG adults aged 35-55 years with overweight or obesity. The investigators will test the effects of HIIT on fasting hyperglycemia, the pathophysiology of i-IFG, and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) metrics compared with the control participants who will receive standard lifestyle recommendations. The research team will also examine the feasibility of conducting the study procedures and assess the acceptability of HIIT intervention.
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome(OHS) is a disease characterized by daytime hypercapnia and sleep-disordered breathing without other causes of hypoventilation in individuals with a body mass index above 30 kg/m2. Sources state that obesity is at the basis of the metabolic changes seen in individuals with OHS. Obesity, together with cardiovascular system complications, lung volumes, work of breathing and sleep quality, creating the basis for respiratory problems. In addition, sedentary lifestyle habits, which are common in obese individuals, cause negative effects on exercise capacity and peripheral muscle strength. It has been shown in the literature that decreased exercise capacity due to obesity strongly interacts with the risk of all-cause mortality. As a result of obesity and all this negative picture, impaired emotional state and decreased quality of life are observed in individuals. Numerous studies have shown that obese individuals generally have a low level of physical activity, there is a decrease in peripheral muscle strength, obese individuals are at risk for sleep-related respiratory problems and health-related quality of life is often negatively affected in obese individuals. With these studies, the effects of obesity on individuals have been evaluated with objective evaluation methods. However, the same cannot be said for OHS. It is not clear how exercise capacity, peripheral muscle strength and quality of life parameters, which are known to be negatively affected by obesity, are affected in individuals with OHS. Based on this point, this study aims to investigate whether OHS has an additional effect on exercise capacity, peripheral muscle strength and quality of life in addition to obesity.
Objective: In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of time-restricted feeding on anthropometric measurements and leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, insulin and cortisol hormone levels in obese women. Material and Methods: This study was carried out with women who voluntarily accepted to participate in the study who applied to the Baskent University Ankara Hospital Endocrinonogy Outpatient Clinic between September 2019 and October 2020. Women between the ages of 20 and 50, with a body mass index of 29-35 kg/m2, without any chronic disease, who did not have a weight loss diet in the last 6 months, and who had regular night sleep were included in the study. This study was planned as a randomized cross-over design for a total of 9 weeks. Two different dietary interventions, "time-restricted feeding" and "extended-time feeding", were applied to 4 weeks for each group and a week for wash-out period. Anthropometric measurements and hormone levels of individuals were evaluated at the beginning and end of the study.
Endoscopic bariatric and metabolic therapies (EBMT) are a non-invasive, safe alternative treatment for patients with obesity. Current FDA- approved devices include intragastric balloons (IGB) and suturing devices for endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG). These gastric interventions work by interfering with how your stomach expands to accept and process a meal, which slows down how fast your stomach empties. ESG, the procedure we are doing in this study,involves endoscopic suturing to reduce the length and width of the stomach so that you feel full faster. Semaglutide is a popular medication for weight loss, and has shown significant weight loss with a good safety profile in clinical trials. In this study, we will compare ESG, Semaglutide only, and an ESG + Semaglutide combination, on weight loss for subjects undergoing the procedure with a history of obesity, liver fibrosis and NAFLD. To better understand how these impact obesity and liver fibrosis, we will track weight loss, laboratory values, liver stiffness, and your overall liver health. The suturing device used in the ESG procedure and the semaglutide are all approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for endoscopic procedures in the upper gastrointestinal tract and medication management of obesity. This is a study that will randomize patients to 1 of 3 different treatment options: ESG only, Semaglutide only or ESG + Semaglutide. We want to see if adding the weight loss medication to the ESG procedure will increase weight loss and how it will impact liver health.
The goal of this study is to determine the initial efficacy of once daily oral cannabis for weight loss in obese individuals.
Rationale: Obesity prevalence in Dutch adults increased to 14.2% in 2020. Obesity is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease, especially heart failure (HF). HF is a serious condition with significant morbidity and mortality. HF in people with obesity often remains undetected for a relatively long time, because symptoms are attributed to the obesity and not to possible HF. As a result, individuals seek help late for already advanced HF. Screening may reveal HF risk factors or a HF diagnosis. Early treatment initiation will improve prognosis, both in terms of quality of life and morbidity and mortality. Objective: To investigate whether active screening for early signs of HF and its risk factors in adults with obesity without known heart disease improves clinical outcome. Study design: Investigator driven, not blinded, randomized controlled superiority trial. Study population: Consecutive individuals with obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) ≥ 45 years, without known cardiac disease, who sign up to participate in a Combined Lifestyle Intervention program, will be recruited. Intervention: Participant randomized to the intervention will undergo an active screening on HF and its risk factors, using anamnesis, physical examination, an electrocardiogram, blood tests and an echocardiogram. Main study parameters/endpoints: The main study endpoint is a combined endpoint of left ventricular dysfunction and/or HF.
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome(OHS) is characterized by daytime hypercapnia and sleep-disordered breathing without other causes of hypoventilation in individuals with a body mass index above 30 kg/m2. It is stated that obesity is at the basis of the metabolic changes seen in individuals diagnosed with OHS. Also sedentary lifestyle habits, which are common in obese individuals, cause the risk of sarcopenia due to loss of muscle strength and mass, accumulation of adipose tissue in the body, and decreased exercise capacity. Reduced exercise capacity due to obesity has been shown in the literature to strongly interact with mortality risk. As a result of obesity and all this negative picture, impaired emotional state and decreased quality of life are observed in individuals. Simultaneously, sleep parameters are also negatively affected. In particular, increased adipose tissue leads to loss of muscle mass and strength, increased risk of sarcopenia and sleep-related problems. The association of obesity and sarcopenia is referred to as 'sarcopenic obesity'. Sarcopenic obesity is defined as the coexistence of sarcopenia and obesity. The concept of sarcopenic obesity has recently taken its place in the literature. In particular, there are very few studies on its relationship with sleep parameters. However, while obesity is the basis of OHS, there are no studies on the presence and effects of sarcopenic obesity in this patient group. Based on this point, we aim to investigate the effects of sarcopenic obesity on sleep parameters, exercise capacity and quality of life in individuals with OHS.
The main objective of the study is to define population pharmacokinetic parameters and variability factors for paracetamol and its metabolites in overweight and obese children compared to children with normal weight for age and sex.
The majority of adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) have either overweight or obesity. As such, dietary management has been recommended as an adjunct to insulin treatment to improve glycemic control and facilitate weight loss in patients with T1DM. Daily calorie restriction (CR) is the main diet prescribed to patients with T1DM for weight loss. However, many patients find it difficult to adhere to CR because calorie intake must be vigilantly monitored every day. In light of these problems with CR, another approach that limits timing of food intake, instead of number of calories consumed, has been developed. This diet is called "time restricted eating" (TRE) and involves confining the period of food intake to 6-8 h per day. TRE allows individuals to self-select foods and eat ad libitum during a large part of the day, which greatly increases compliance to these protocols. The simplicity of TRE, its accommodation of dietary preferences, and associated weight loss may translate to improved glycemic measures in patients with T1DM. The present study will be the first randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of TRE versus CR for weight management and improved glycemic control in adults with obesity and T1DM.