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Background: Morbid obesity is associated with decreased brain µ-opioid receptor availability, possibly resulting in higher food intake needed to gain pleasure from eating. This decrease seems to normalize already 6 months after bariatric surgery, but the longer-term effects have not been studied. Obesity and insulin resistance result in significantly increased brain insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, whereas in every other tissue glucose uptake is lower. One possible explanation to this could be central inflammation and activation of brain glial cells, which has been shown to occur in animal models of obesity. Obesity has also been shown to associate with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and cognitive decline in several studies. Aims: The first objective of this study is to both study the effects of bariatric surgery as well as compare the effects of gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy on food-associated pleasure, extending the follow-up period to 2 years postoperatively. The second aim is to investigate the effect of morbid obesity and weight loss on brain inflammation and gliosis and its association with increased brain insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. Furthermore, association of obesity, insulin resistance, central inflammation and neurocognitive dysfunction are evaluated.
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of education and counseling given to women according to the Theory of Planned Behavior on weight management. This study will be conducted as a single-blind randomized controlled study consisting of intervention and control groups. A total of 78 overweight and obese women included in the study. The participants assigned to either of the groups by the block randomization method. A training program consisting of a total of five sessions applied to the intervention group, and counseling will be provided for 6 months. The data will be analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 22.0 package program.
Recent data suggest that gut microbiota can function as an environmental factor that modulates the amount of body fat and obese individuals have an altered gut microbiota.The results of previous animal studies have suggest that a probiotic strain Lactobacillus paracasei K56 have reduced high-fat diet induced obesity. In this before-after pilot study, the participants were randomly assigned to 8 groups to compare the fat-reducing effect of the Lactobacillus paracasei K56 by continuously supplementing different product prototypes , and screen the best probiotic K56 prototype with the effect of fat reduction.
Studies of appetitive behavior in humans after RYGB have produced ambiguous results. It therefore remains unclear whether there are fundamental shifts in the palatability of high-fat and sugary foods after RYGB or simply a decrease in the appetitive drive to ingest them. Moreover, learning processes may play a role as changes in diet selection progress with time in rats after RYGB. However, direct measures of an altered food selection in humans after RYGB are rare and both the durability of the phenomenon as well as the role of experience for changes in food selection remain elusive.
The aim of this study is to develop a clinical decision support system (CDSS) that incorporates obesity management guidelines and treatment options for use by physicians and, potentially, patients based on a cardiometabolic disease staging system. This CDSS will be designed using primary care provider input through a qualitative approach to explore physician preferences for the appearance, electronic location, treatment options, referrals, accessibility and other user requirements of the CDSS.
This study is planned to assess the effect of obesity (BMI over 30 kg / m2) on hospital outcomes of isolated coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease.
Momordica charantia has shown to exert anti-obesity effects through numerous mechanisms of action described in preclinical studies. Important reductions in body weight and other anthropometric indicators have been reported in clinical trials. However, these beneficial effects of Momordica charantia on obesity have been observed mainly in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Momordica charantia administration on anthropometric indicators in patients with obesity.
This research aims at describing the relationship between white adipose tissue inflammation and post-operative cognitive dysfunctions.The possible link between inflammatory cytokines secretions of the white adipose tissue of a surgical wound and the arising of patient's cognitive dysfunction in the post-operative course will be investigated. The hypothesis is that obese patient's inflammation of the white adipose tissue leads to cognitive dysfunction.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the Noom Healthy Weight Program, a digital behavior change weight loss intervention, on quality of life as measured both by self-report and objective measures, compared to a waitlist control condition.
Project which objective is a) to test the effectiveness, in preschool children, of an integrated physical activity intervention in the classroom based on intervallic training (MOVI-HIIT) on improving executive function, body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and b) to evaluate teachers' perceptions of barriers and facilitating elements for the implementation and monitoring of MOVI-HIIT interventions in the classroom.