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Background/purpose: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been defined as an innovative surgical method for the treatment of obesity and is progressively applied worldwide. However, data on result of sleeve gastrectomy regarding energy-protein status, nutrient deficiencies and body composition are limited. The purpose of this study is to search nutritional status, body composition and biochemical parameters following LSG. Methods: Obese subjects (N:55) scheduled for sleeve gastrectomy were included. Macro-micronutrient intake analysis, biochemical blood parameters, and anthropometric measures were performed before and 1, 3 and 6 months after LSG.
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of green coffee bean extract (GCBE) on the inflammatory biomarkers in obese patients with a metabolic syndrome via analyzing some inflammatory biomarkers as resistin, TNF-α, total sialic acid, homocysteine, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and anti-inflammatory cytokine, adiponectin
Cephalaria Syriaca is a common weed in Anatolia and grows wild in wheat fields, with high fat, protein, and dietary fiber content. This study it is aimed to evaluate the effects of lowering the glycemic index of white bread consumed in large quantities in Turkey by adding Cephalaria Syriaca, on healthy, obese, and diabetic individuals.
Adipose tissue secreting a number of adipokines which regulate insulin sensitivity, energy metabolism and vascular homeostasis, so the dysfunction of adipose tissue is linked with the incidence of obesity accompanied with insulin resistance, hypertension and cardiovascular disease (1). Obesity is known to alters the expression of adipokines due to the adipose tissue hypertrophy (2), including adiponectin, in which able to exert a potent anti-inflammatory and vascular protective effect (2). It has been proposed that adiponectin acts to prevent the vascular dysfunction due to obesity and diabetes by improves insulin sensitivity and metabolic profiles to reduce the risk factors for cardiovascular disease and protects the vasculature through its pleiotropic actions on endothelial cells, endothelial progenitor cells, smooth muscle cells and macrophages (1). The concentrations of adiponectin of 5 to 25 mg/mL had a significant inhibitory effect on the expression of monocyte adhesion and adhesion molecule induced by TNF-α in vitro. Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease in which adhesion molecules on arterial endothelial cells are responsible for the accumulation of monocytes/macrophages and T lymphocytes. While obesity is low-grade inflammation in which make a contribution on endothelial dysfunction by increasing the oxygen-derived free radicals (ROS) due to adipocyte hypertrophy, leads to an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mitochondrial dysfunction (3). Adiponectin is accumulated in the vasculature, and it reduced on obesity due to suppression by TNF-α and lead to adiponectin-deficiency which stimulate the significant increases of Vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM-1) and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1) or known as CD54 in aortic intima (4). Here we investigate the level of adiponectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 with the incidence of MetS in obese adolescents.
Evaluation of upper airway with Magnetic Resonance and polysomnographic at the pre and post operative of 23 women having undergone bariatric surgery (with the Y-Roux technique) for treatment of obesity.
Conservative treatment of patients with morbid obesity is inefficient, which is why surgical treatment is necessary. Although bariatric treatment is associated with the occurrence of complications resulting from the procedure or from nutritional insufficiencies, it leads to significant body mass reduction and metabolic improvement of obese patients. The aim of the study was to determine the clinical condition of obese patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy ( LSG) in terms of nutritional status, metabolic disorders and way of nutrition. The study conduced 4 visits: preliminary visit (1 day before the surgery) and control visits (1, 3 and 6 months after the surgery). Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria the observational study was conducted among 30 participants (15 women and 15 men).
People who are overweight are getting more and more common in every region of the world. However, despite significant progress being made in the treatment options available for overweight, the worldwide incidence of overweight has not gone down, and the challenge of overweight has become a worrisome phenomenon of our times. Additionally, the process that underlie this illness and the etiological variables are not fully comprehended. As a result, it is absolutely necessary to determine the factors that contribute to obesity and define the responsibilities that each play. Researchers have devoted a significant portion of the better part of the last decade to studying the microbiota of the gut to determine whether or not it may play a factor in the development of obesity. Across spite of this, there is a paucity of accessible epidemiological data in Saudi Arabia. In addition, the relationship between the composition of the "gut microbiota" and obesity indices in youthful women of reproductive age is little understood. In view of this, we decided to conduct a case study utilizing whole-genome shotgun sequencing to compare the gut microbiota of obese women from Saudi Arabia with that of healthy control participants. Our findings shed light on the significance of the gut microbiota in obesity and provide useful insight into the creation of a method for the therapy of obesity by means of microbiota transfer of fecal, antibiotics, probiotics, and prebiotics. In addition, these data reveal prospective targets for guiding the selection of probiotic strains for the needed gut microbiota regulation in the obesity therapy.
Introduction: The consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) has been increasing in recent years, as an alternative to replace sugars and reduce the additional intake of carbohydrates, with the idea of reducing the risk of developing obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. However, recent evidence shows that their chronic intake induces endocrine alterations that may have an important contribution to the increase in body weight. Few studies have explored the acute effects of NNS beverage consumption on endocrine response, and to date, the evidence has been inconsistent regarding post-drinking effects and potential health risks. Objective: To evaluate the effect of 3 different types of cola beverages, compared with carbonated water, on glucose, insulin, glucagon, and appetite-regulating hormones during the first 120 minutes after ingestion. Methods: A triple-blind, randomized crossover controlled trial was carried out in which 20 healthy adult individuals (10 men and 10 women) were included. With a washout period of one week (7 days) and fasting for 8 hours, each participant consumed orally 355 mL of carbonated water (CAR), and the 3 different cola beverages sweetened with sucrose (SUC), aspartame/acesulfame K (ASP), and sucrose/stevia (STE), in its commercial presentation. The serum levels of glucose, insulin, glucagon, GLP-1, GIP, PYY, leptin, pancreatic polypeptide, and ghrelin were determined during the administration of each one of the drinks before the intake of the drink and later at 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes. Statistical analysis: A descriptive analysis of the variables was performed. The global response of glucose, insulin and appetite-regulating hormones was estimated and the Area Under the Curve (AUC) was obtained using a trapezoidal model and analyzed for each outcome by one-factor ANOVA. An ANOVA for repeated measures was performed considering treatment and time as factors, and comparisons were made with the carbonated water as a control using the Bonferroni test. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Ethical considerations: Our institution's Research, Bioethics, and Biosafety committees authorized the project. All the participants were informed about the objective, the procedures, and the possible adverse effects considered within the study, and they signed the informed consent before the start of the interventions.
Visceral obesity is a major risk factor for cardiometabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. In clinical settings and during research, "body mass index (BMI)" is usually used for assessing obesity, and when it is above 30 kg/m2, it is defined as obesity. However, the risk posed by obesity is more related to body fat distribution than total body fat, and BMI only reflects the second. Individuals with a BMI below 30, even 25, may still have visceral adiposity detectable via an abdominal computerized tomography ( CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Therefore new, practical, inexpensive parameters are needed to evaluate visceral adiposity. "Metabolic Score for Visceral Adiposity (METS-VF)", "Body Shape Index (BSI)", "Conicity Index (CI)" and "Body Roundness Index (BRI)" are a few recent indexes developed trying to fulfill these needs. The aim is to investigate the effectivity of METS-VF in comparison with BMI, BSI, CI, and BRI in reflecting visceral adiposity assessed with CT.
Purpose: To test how the presence of characters on breakfast cereals affects parents' perceptions and purchase intentions for their children. Participants: ~1,000 parents of children ages 2-12 Procedures: After completing a screener and reviewing a consent form, participants will complete two unrelated experimental studies. Participants will then move on to this study, where they will be randomized into conditions and view three breakfast cereal box images, with or without characters. They will then be asked a series of questions about their children and their perceptions about the breakfast cereals