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This study aimed to examine the effects of obesity and bariatric surgery on gut microbiota in a Turkish population, and to contribute to the literature by bringing multi-dimensional parameters including dietary intake, metabolic and inflammatory markers. This case-control study was conducted between June 2015 and August 2019. All participants were followed during the six-month period. Face-to-face interviews and physical examinations were held, and blood and fecal samples were collected at the baseline (M0) and at the end of 3 (M3) and 6 months (M6). Dietary intakes of subjects were assessed using 24-h dietary recall method in each interview and a detailed quantitative food frequency questionnaire that involved 85 food items. Subjects were recruited to the study as three groups: 15 patients who had bariatric surgery as study group, 8 morbidly obese participants who did not have bariatric surgery as control group-1 and 11 participants who were non-obese (lean (n=5) and pre-obese (n=6)) as control group-2. All subjects in the study group had sleeve gastrectomy. Subjects in control groups were selected as age and gender matched with the participants in the study group. Individuals were excluded if (a) they were under 19 or above 65 years old, (b) they had an acute or chronic inflammatory disease, (c) they were diagnosed with infectious diseases, cancer or alcohol addiction, (d) they used antibiotics in last 3 months before the screening.
THe aim of this study is to determine the frequency of dissociative tendencies in the obese population treated at the CELIOBE (Liberal Center for Obesity Support) at Hôpital Privé La Louvière among patients consulting for the first time and looking for a medical or surgical course. The DES scale of Carlson and Putman will be used.
The main medical and social purpose of the project "It's trendy to be healthy!" is the promotion of healthy lifestyles and healthy eating among student youth. The relevance of this project is beyond doubt, as the WHO called obesity a non-communicable epidemic, and according to research by the Jane Schiller University of Germany (Germany), as mentioned above, Ukraine topped the list of the countries with high mortality due to malnutrition
The main aim of this project is to determine the implication of autophagy and inflammasome in the pathogenesis of obesity and related comorbidities, and to explore in depth the mechanisms associated with the activation of immune cells leading early stages of the atherosclerotic process and metabolic disease. The hypothesis of the present study is that weight loss mediated by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves the protein expression of markers of autophagy and inflammation within immune cells. Moreover, the investigators will explore the association of these mechanisms with the mitochondrial function and dynamics, Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress an intracellular nutritional status of leukocytes (measured by fluorescence microscopy and western blot). Further, the potential relationship between changes in the mentioned intracellular pathways and systemic pathological mechanisms including oxidative stress, inflammation and glucose and lipid metabolism will be explored. Hence, serum carbonylated proteins, myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels, antioxidant enzymatic activities including SOD (Superoxide dismutase) and catalase, circulating cytokines, and glucose and lipid metabolism parameters will be evaluated in a cohort of obese subjects before and 12 months after RYGB intervention.
The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of exercise-induced lipolysis on vitamin D status in obese children. Two types of exercises that have different effects on lipolysis were used. Lipolysis was assessed via monitoring the level of plasma level of the free fatty acids and glycerol. Vitamin D was assessed through 25 (OH)D plasma levels.
Obesity leads to physiological imbalance resulting in hyperglycemia, dyslipidaemia and inflammation and can generate systematic oxidative stress through multiple biochemical mechanisms. Oxidative stress (OS) can induce DNA damage and inhibit DNA repair mechanisms. Very low calorie diet (VLCD) have rapid positive effect on weight loss, glucose homeostasis, insulin resistance, inflammation and OS. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of a three-week VLCD on anthropometric, biochemical and genomic parameters in individuals with BMI ≥ 35kg/m2.
This study evaluates the impact of changes in eating behavior through nutritional counseling, after nine months of intervention, on body composition and metabolism in adult workers with abdominal obesity
Doses of 150 mg/kg BW (30 mg/200g BW) sea grape extract in a previous pre-clinical trial, showed that it could improve blood glucose, total cholesterol and serum PGC-1 levels in rats fed a diet high in fat and cholesterol. In addition, you also have hepatoprotective activity (aka non-toxic) in diabetic mice. Previous research, is an in vivo (Pre-clinical) study that has not represented the benefits or efficacy of sea grape extract on variables tested in humans. Therefore, this clinical trial was conducted to support the effect of sea grape extract-antioxidant on blood glucose, total cholesterol, and PGC-1 levels in obese men for 4 weeks using a Randomized-Double Blind Controlled Trial.
This study was a quasi-experimental study established to determine the cardio-metabolic, anthropometric, dietary intake and quality of life changes following combined Intermittent Fasting Healthy Plate and Healthy Plate interventions among overweight and obese civil servants.
The purpose of this study is to determine the ability of acute exercise to regulate fat metabolism in muscle of overweight and obese people compared to lean people.