View clinical trials related to Obesity.Filter by:
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined as a combination of obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2], chronic daytime hypercapnia (PaCO2 >45 mm Hg), and sleep-apnea in the absence of other known causes of hypercapnia. Respiratory system compliance decreases and resistance increases in OHS. This causes increase in work of breathing and oxygen cost of breathing, which may result in respiratory muscle fatigue. Increase in respiratory workload and increase in resistance to respiration is expected to decrease in respiratory muscle endurance (RME) in subjects with OHS.
Postoperative non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been proposed as an attractive strategy to reduce morbidity and improve postoperative outcomes in obese subjects undergoing general anesthesia. Bariatric patients present a peculiar negative feature; the increased body mass index (BMI) correlates with loss of perioperative functional residual capacity (FRC), expiratory reserve volume (ERV) and total lung capacity (TLC), decreased up to 50% of preoperative values. The aim of the current randomized trial is to evaluate the efficacy of NIV in post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) in reducing post-extubation acute respiratory failure and the consequent admission in intensive care units (ICU) after BIBP in obese adult patients.
Parents of children with obesity report feeling blamed for their children's weight and reluctant to seek pediatric care after stigmatizing experiences. This "weight stigma by association" may have direct consequences for parents, children, and the parent-child relationship. The present study builds on qualitative evidence to experimentally test weight stigma and weight stigma by association in a parent-child relationship using a large, community-based sample. In an experiment conducted via an online survey, participants were randomly assigned to view a picture of a parent-child dyad, for which parent and child's gender (male vs. female) and weight status (with obesity vs. without obesity) were manipulated. Participants read identical general parenting descriptions that adhered to American Academy of Pediatrics parenting recommendations, then rated the parent's effectiveness, helpfulness, and caring.
Obesity is associated with poor surgical outcome and complications. The literature does not provide a comprehensive view on the effect of body mass index (BMI) on perioperative outcomes in orthopedic surgeries. Therefore, we aim to determine the effect of BMI on 30-day perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing the first 25 most commonly performed orthopedic surgeries using a retrospective cohort study design. The knowledge of the effect of BMI on orthopedic surgeries will improve the knowledge of surgeons about the expected morbidities.
Worldwide, 13% of the population had obesity in 2016 and overweight and obesity are recognized as the fifth leading risk factor for death (roughly 5 million deaths per year). In the United States alone, a recent study predicts that over half of the population will have obesity in 2030. At the global level, overweight and obesity are also estimated to account for 44% of diabetes, 23% of heart disease and between 7% to 41% of cancer cases, in addition to numerous other pathologies, including neurological disorders. While obesity and overweight are classified as a general disease (i.e. a body mass index (BMI) above 25 kg/m2 or 30 kg/m2, respectively), there are large variabilities between classifications of obesity observed. For example, sub-populations of obesity present either a rapid or delayed onset of other chronic diseases, such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Many studies show that lifestyle interventions are effective in improving overweight and obesity through weight loss, but with very large inter-individual variability, especially in the long-term. These interventions and the respective observed weight loss are also shown to reduce the risk of other cardiovascular or metabolic diseases, demonstrating the importance of weight loss for future quality of life Interestingly, there is a large variation in weight loss when implementing the same dietary or lifestyle changes, even when many factors are accounted for in clinical studies. Similar variable weight loss or metabolic responses are also observed for other obesity treatments, such as pharmaceutical or surgical interventions. Therefore, in order to prevent and treat overweight and obesity, it is critical to progress in the understanding of individual variations in responses (trajectories) to weight loss programs. While biological, environmental, and behavioral factors indeed drive personal responses, recent advances have allowed more insight into how the human body processes these stimuli, namely through microorganisms inhabiting the gastrointestinal tract. Over the last 10 years, the gut microbiota, the 100 billion bacterial cells inhabiting our intestines, has emerged as a recognized factor contributing to our health. Given its access to the food and medicine consumed by an individual, the gut microbiota can be seen as a "super integrator" highly sensitive to our environmental and lifestyle changes. Accumulating evidence has highlighted that the gut microbiota translates these environmental changes by altering its diversity of bacteria or functions and producing molecules that interact with organs and the brain. As part of a weight loss program conducted within the standard of care in a network of clinical centers across France, the investigators set out to establish a cohort to examine the relative contribution of clinical, nutritional, and lifestyle factors related to individual's weight loss success with an emphasis on evaluating the gut microbiome of individuals. Within this context, the investigators are testing whether an individuals' microbiota profile before the real-life dietary intervention influences weight loss responses and changes in metabolic health parameters to a standardized weight loss diet.
Background: One of the major public health problems of the 21st century is obesity. Baropodometry is commonly used to determine specific loads on the plantar surface of the foot and the comportment of the body center of pressure (CoP). To evaluate the redistribution of the baropodometric parameters: static and dynamic plantar pressures and antero - posterior CoP, by decreasing body weight. Methods: A sample of 43 overweight subjects (24 male, 19 female) would be recruited for the study. A hypocaloric diet would be designed with the aim to reduce participants body weight. The baropodometric exam would performed in two occasions: weight 1 - Session 1 and weight 2 - Session 2, when participants lost between 12 and 18 kg. The foot would be divided in 9 areas: heel, midfoot, 5 metatarsal heads (MTHs), Hallux, 2-5 toes. The Footwork® pressure platform would be used to carry out the evaluation.
A retrospective review of body composition outcomes of participants of a comprehensive visceral-fat focused anti-obesity program. Data from approximately 2000-2500 participants are expected to be included in the study.
Patients over 18 years of age who are admitted to the Intermediate Care Unit of the Clinica del Country and the Clinica la Colina, with symptoms suggestive of severe pneumonia secondary to COVID-19 infection and acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. The primary outcome will be to determine the relationship between body mass index and high-flow cannula therapy success defined as: No need for mechanical ventilation.
Obesity is one of the common public problems that its prevalence increase incredibly in the last three decades in KSA. Thirty obese males aged 20 to 39 years will participate in the study. The participants will be evaluated on skinfold thickness, percent of body fat, lipid profile, and exercise capacity. All participants will perform a circuit training of aerobic and resistance exercises and be instructed to follow a low carbohydrate diet for eight weeks.
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of three months' endurance training and three months' endurance-strength training on selected psychological aspects in women with abdominal obesity.