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The estrogenic deficit characteristic of the climacteric stage is accompanied by a high incidence of health problems, such as the presence of Metabolic Syndrome risk factors that contribute to the increase of cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To determine the effect of a nursing intervention based on self-care aimed at improving the control of two metabolic syndrome risk factors (abdominal obesity and arterial hypertension) and health-related quality of life in climacteric women. Material and methods: Quasi-experimental study, non-equivalent control group design with women between 40 and 59 years old who present two risk factors of the Metabolic Syndrome (abdominal obesity and arterial hypertension) from two type C Health Centers of District 17D03 of Quito, Ecuador. Among one of the conceptual hypotheses, the researchers have Conceptual hypothesis 1: Climacteric women of the experimental group after the intervention of Nursing based on self-care improve two risk factors of MS with respect to those of the comparison group. A sample of 40 women was selected for experimental group and 40 for comparison group. Instruments and measurements: Abdominal Circumference, Blood Pressure, Menopause Rating Scale, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Women in both groups received the usual care and those in the experimental group received a Nursing Intervention with technological support that included individual face-to-face nursing counseling, group education and physical activity sessions through a virtual platform for 12 weeks. Ethical requirements were considered. Expected results: It is expected that after the Nursing Intervention based on self-care the women of the experimental group will decrease the parameters of abdominal circumference, blood pressure and improve health-related quality of life.
The objective of this study is to implement and test the efficacy of the "Summer Harvest Adventure," a comprehensive garden-based behavioral, social, and environmental intervention for children (ages 8-11 years) residing in low-resource communities.
This study aimed to examine the effects of using probiotic yogurt on body components (body weight, height, etc.) and digestive system (distention, gas, etc.) in obesity (obese women), which is an important public health problem all over the world.
This study aimed to analyze spatio-temporal characteristics of gait, physical activity level and changes in quality of life in patients by measuring conditions before bariatric surgery and third-month after the surgery.
A routine physiotherapy program has been shown to be effective in the prevention and treatment of cardiopulmonary diseases. It also significantly increases functional capacity following coronary artery bypass grafting. However, the effect of a structured physiotherapy program in obese and non-obese patients has not been well explored. As such, the objective of this study is to determine the effect of a standardized physiotherapy program on pulmonary function and walking capacity in obese and non-obese patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. A prospective study was conducted on 50 obese and non-obese individuals who were schedule for coronary artery bypass grafting. Their body mass index was used to separate them into two groups. Both groups followed a structured physiotherapy program from day 1 to day 7 post cardiac surgery. Both groups underwent spirometry and a six-minute walk test at baseline (preoperatively) and after day 4 and day 7 postoperatively. The effect of physiotherapy program on pulmonary function and 6-MWT was assessed using an independent t-test. To estimate the percentage increase or decrease of pulmonary function and distance during 6-MWT for obese and non-obese groups, the percent difference between baseline and posttest data was calculated and compared using an independent t-test. When the normality test failed, the Mann Whitney U test and analysis of variance on rank were used. Chi-square test was used for gender distribution. The results were considered statistically significant if p ≤ 0.05.
Our laboratory is investigating the physiological outcomes and health benefits of the consumption of high-quality carbohydrates. One important aspect of the high-quality carbohydrate characteristics is a slow and sustained digestion and glucose release to the blood. In the proposed study, the investigators will evaluate the consumption of different types of slowly digestible carbohydrates (SDCs) and their beneficial effects including moderation of the glycemic response profile (postprandial glycemic response, PPGR) and stimulation of the gut-brain axis, which controls appetite and food intake. This stimulation will be evaluated in terms of second-meal food intake and the circulatory level of appetite-suppressing gut hormones (such as glucagon-like peptide-1).
Childhood obesity has been associated with increased risk of both continued excess body weight, development of non-communicable lifestyle diseases and impaired mental health. Approximately 800 children with obesity were treated with a municipality based family-centered lifestyle intervention in the time period 2010-2020. In the same time period, approximately 2000 children with obesity who did not receive any treatment have been identified. Our aim is to investigate the efficiency of the two interventions and compare those to children not receiving any treatment. We will use data from both the clinical visits at the municipality health care workers and data from Statistics Denmark.
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19), is a communicable pandemic disease as stated by the world health organization (WHO), which has been affecting the world since December 2019. COVID-19 infected children develop the signs and symptoms of the disease, which can be exaggerated or life-threatening when associated with comorbidities like; obesity, sickle cell anemia, immune disorders, chromosomal abnormalities, chronic respiratory or cardiac problems, and congenital malformations.3 It is observed that children affected with COVID-19 who are physically inactive or in a sedentary lifestyle may induce and develop obesity. It is a major health concern in this pandemic situation, which can be addressed and treated with the use of appropriate physical training and proper dietary habits.
The prevention of overweight and obesity in adolescents is a public health priority given the impact of obesity on both short- and long-term health. Scientific evidence has shown that interventions in diet and physical exercise can reduce the risk of obesity in children and young people since adolescence is an ideal stage for educating on a healthy lifestyle and correcting the habits that may have been acquired in childhood. Smartphone applications (apps) can provide a useful alternative to overweight and obesity prevention measures. The objective of this study was to evaluate, through a randomized controlled clinical trial, the effect of an intervention based on a mobile health application (m-Health) on improving the degree of sport and nutrition knowledge, eating habits, and level of physical activity of adolescents. The sample consists of 305 adolescents, 154 in the intervention group and 151 in the control group that are evaluated at the beginning and 6 months later regarding sociodemographic, eating habits, food knowledge, level of physical activity, body mass index, and waist circumference. The educational intervention was carried out using an m-Health tool, a mobile phone application. The outcomes were changes in the mentioned variables to a six-month follow-up between the two groups.
The Snackability was a two-arm, 12-week randomized control trial among 272 overweight college students. Participants were equally randomized to the intervention group (access to the app) or control group (no access to the app). Diet and weight were assessed at baseline, at 4 weeks, at 8 weeks, and at 12 weeks.