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The purpose of this study to understand better how this anti-obesity medication works to assist individuals to lose weight and maintain weight loss. This study may lead to the development of other related medications for assisting people with the disease of obesity.
A prospective, Multicenter open-label post approval trial for adults with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 35.0-40.0 kg/m2 or a BMI of 30.0 to 34.9 kg/m2 with one or more major obesity-related comorbid conditions who have failed to achieve and maintain weight-loss with a supervised weight control program. The study aims to demonstrate that the safety of the device in the post market setting is comparable to what was observed in the US pivotal study.
The subject of the research; Effects of exercise training on cardiometabolic risk factors and functional capacity in individuals undergoing bariatric surgery. Purpose of the research; Cardiometabolic risk factors, body composition, muscle strength and endurance, posture, foot sense, physical exercise capacity, balance, pain, exercise benefits - barriers, exercise self-efficacy, exercise beliefs, to evaluate the effects on body esteem, body image and quality of life. Method of Research: Post-surgical interventions are important in individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery. Intervention programs that include exercise, encourage the change in the lifestyle of individuals, effectively and accurately reduce post-surgical obesity. Functional Exercise Training, which can also be used for obesity treatment, consists of stretching, aerobics, strengthening and balance training. Therefore, it has a positive effect on body systems. In addition, Home Exercise Training can be used within the scope of obesity treatment. Exercise is one of the alternative methods by providing the adaptation of the individual to the exercise. Socio-demographic and physical characteristics of individuals will be recorded. Laboratory tests will be ordered for cardiometabolic risk factors. Body composition will be determined by Tanita brand body analysis monitor (MC-780MA). Posture will be evaluated by photogrammetry technique. Muscle strength assessment will be evaluated by leg, back and hand dynamometer instrument, muscle endurance tests, sensory assessment by foot sense assessment, physical capacity with physical exercise capacity tests, balance static and dynamic balance tests and pain questionnaire. Exercise benefits-barriers will be assessed by Exercise Benefits Barriers Scale, exercise self-efficacy by Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale. Exercise beliefs will also be questioned with a questionnaire. Self-esteem will be evaluated for all groups before and after treatment. The self respect will be evaluated by using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, body image with the Body Image Scale, with the quality of life using the Obesity-Specific Quality of Life Scale.The training will be carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks, approximately 1 hour. Sufficient number of assessments and exercises will be used for individuals to become familiar with the equipment and training protocol.
The Healthy Lifestyle Program involves twelve, 2-hour seminars during which participants will learn how to build healthy behaviors through a combination of individual and group exercises. Participants will use lessons from the seminars to pursue health goals and learn the basics of physical fitness, nutrition, sleep & recovery, stress management, and weight management for optimal health. Throughout the program, participants will be supported by a behavior coach along with dedicated fitness training, dietary strategy, and stress management support. As part of this next installment of the program, we are conducting a study of the Healthy Lifestyle Program to capture outcome data, including weight/BMI, blood pressure, hemoglobin A1c, and lipid profile.
Mechanisms that drive addiction to sugar rich foods are a major driving factor in the pathogenesis of obesity, which has become one of the most significant health care burdens. The molecular underpinnings of these hedonic mechanisms that drive addiction to sugar are poorly understood. The investigators demonstrated that methylglyoxal (MGO) derived Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs) enhance food intake especially under a high sugar diet. The investigators identified a methylglyoxal (MGO) lowering cocktail, Gly-low, a combination of alpha-lipoic acid, nicotinamide, thiamine, pyridoxamine, and piperine that demonstrates a multimodal effect influencing many pathways related to aging including calorie restriction. Glycation lowering (Gly-low) treatment significantly reduces food intake and weight gain in the db/db mice that lack the leptin receptor. The investigators also extended the lifespan of C57BL/6 mice fed with these compounds starting when they were 24 months old. Based on these results, the investigators hypothesized that methylglyoxal (MGO) lowering cocktail of compounds can be given to adults with obesity, specified as body mass index (BMI) >27, to lower serum and urinary markers of insulin resistance, lower boy mass index (BMI), and lower food intake.
This study is for older children, adolescents, and young adults with B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL). Higher amounts of body fat is associated with resistance to chemotherapy in patients with B-ALL. Chemotherapy during the first month causes large gains in body fat in most people, even those who start chemotherapy at a healthy weight. This study is being done to find out if caloric restriction achieved by a personalized nutritional menu and exercise plan during routine chemotherapy can make the patient's ALL more sensitive to chemotherapy and also reduce the amount of body fat gained during treatment. The goals of this study are to help make chemotherapy more effective in treating the patient's leukemia as demonstrated by fewer patients with leukemia minimal residual disease (MRD) while also trying to reduce the amount of body fat that chemotherapy causes the patient to gain in the first month.
Due to reports of a severely reduced insulinotropic effect of the incretin hormone glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) in type 2 diabetes (T2D), GIP has not been considered therapeutically viable in T2D. Recently, however, tirzepatide, a novel dual incretin receptor agonist (activating both the GIP receptor and the glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor) demonstrated massive improvements in glycaemic control and robust body weight losses; greater than observed with the GLP-1 receptor agonist semaglutide. However, the contribution of GIP receptor activation to these effects remains unknown. The present study will evaluate the glucose-lowering effect of GIP in the context of pharmacological GLP-1 receptor activation in patients with T2D.
The study will determine the weight status in primary school children in the Rhein-Neckar Region in Germany and will analyse the development of height and weight in these children during the time of COVID-19 related restrictions by asking parents to provide data from childhood examinations. Additionally, interactions between cognitive abilities and weight-status will be studied.
The objective of this exploratory/developmental study is to investigate the episodic nature of food insecurity as a stressor via responses in body weight and psychological and physiological parameters longitudinally. Sixty African American women with obesity will be enrolled. Pennington Biomedical Research Center will coordinate this longitudinal study and measure 1) daily body weight remotely over 22 weeks and 2) psychological and physiological parameters via clinic assessments at the beginning and end of 22 weeks as well as assess episodes of food insecurity and stress on a weekly basis.
This study is an 8 week weight loss intervention with 3 randomly assigned groups: DIET, cold exposure (CE), and DIET+CE. The study will be a total of 13 weeks. All participants will undergo a screening session, two experimental sessions at baseline and two experimental sessions after the intervention. There will be a control (ambient) experimental session and a cold exposure experimental session These will be done in a randomized order both before and after the intervention. Therefore, a total of 5 lab visits will be required for all participants regardless of group outside of their assigned group intervention. Participants in the CE and DIET+CE groups will report to the laboratory every 2nd day for the 8 week intervention to undergo cold exposure as outlined below. The DIET and DIET+CE groups will have a weekly nutritional consultation at the lab as well as a weekly check-in with the nutritionist via text, phone, or email. Participants will be randomly assigned a group after completing the screening session and prior to the experimental session.