View clinical trials related to Obesity.Filter by:
This is a prospective, single-center, observational study to explore effects of bariatric surgery on different compositions of trunk fat and mechanisms.
Objectives*: Primary Objective: Aim 1: Examine the acceptability of tailored behavioral weight loss program and a standard program in men working in blue-collar occupations. Aim 2: Compare recruitment approaches that vary on trust-based messaging to recruit men with overweight/obesity who work in blue-collar occupations. Secondary Objectives: Determine the feasibility of retaining participants to a randomized trial over six months.
The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of APHD-012 (distal jejunal-release dextrose [Aphaia technology, AT]) in obese participants.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the combination of two dietary supplements: MUSCLE 5, which contains protein, creatine and vitamin D and TRIM 7, which contains beet extract, caffeine, coenzyme Q10, alpha lipoic acid, forskolin extract, green coffee bean extract, green tea and vitamin E, plus exercise can induce greater 'high-quality' weight loss than exercise alone in overweight and obese men and women. First, the investigators will examine whether the addition of these two supplements to a mixed exercise regime (e.g., aerobic and resistance training) induces greater improvements in typical training adaptations (aerobic capacity, upper & lower body muscle strength, lean mass, ASM, fat mass, % body fat, and lean mass/fat mass). Secondly, the investigators will assess improvements in pro- and anti-inflammatory factors, insulin sensitivity, and blood lipids. Third, the investigators will determine effects on perceived stress, sleep quality and health-related quality of life. Overweight men and women will be randomized to either exercise alone or exercise plus supplement for 12 weeks. Training will include mixed exercise (aerobic and resistance) three days per week and supplements will be taken on a daily basis. Before and after the 12-week training period the investigators will assess A) Body weight, BMI, DXA outcomes (total lean mass, total body fat, % body fat, ASM, and lean mass/fat mass), waist circumference, VO2max, and upper/lower body maximal strength, B) Circulatory inflammatory factors, antioxidants, blood lipids, and oral glucose tolerance/insulin sensitivity (OGTT), C) Perceived stress, sleep quality, and health-related quality of life and D) Overall Health Index. Benefits of the study to participants may include weight loss and improved health (irrespective of weight loss). Benefits of the study to the scientific community include improved understanding of how high quality protein- and antioxidant-containing supplements, combined with mixed exercise, affect weight loss and overall health in men and women. Thus, the investigators will be comparing men and women to determine if the response to supplementation and exercise is similar or different between the sexes.
The Stanford Kids CAMP study aims to evaluate the feasibility of enrolling minority participants in school age children (5-13 years old) in a community summer camp setting along with the efficiency by which each participant's biologic specimens are collected. Using remote monitoring technologies and through partnering with community-based organizations, the investigators hypothesize that an increase in underrepresented minority participation in a clinical trial that is greater than the national average is possible.
The incidence of type 2 diabetes worldwide is growing rapidly, being one of the fastest growing global health emergencies of the 21st century according to the International Diabetes Federation. In MicrobiAr we seek to achieve type 2 diabetes remission through a plant-based diet and lifestyle intervention identifying and characterizing key changes on the gut microbiome during clinical transitions. Specifically, we aim to characterize and follow-up metabolic pathways from gut microbiome and how they evolve as long as health indicators do over the 2 years of this study.
The EXDECHO study is the first randomized study evaluating the effect of four body positions on diaphragmatic excursion in obese patients by ultrasound. The investigators suppose that the course of the right diaphragmatic hemicupola would be increased by an increasingly horizontal position (gradual increase in the diaphragmatic excursion from standing to lying down). If this hypothesis is confirmed, kinesitherapists will have more informed positioning choices to improve the effectiveness of respiratory rehabilitation.
The purpose of this research is to find out if an aggressive intervention to lose weight, will improve symptoms in patients with obesity-related cardiomyopathy, which is also known as the obese phenotype of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).
NNC0487-0111 is a new medicine similar to 2 hormones that are produced in human body: amylin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Both hormones work like body's own hormones and help the body to feel full. This study tests if the study medicine is safe and to find out how the medicine works in humans. This study also look at how the study medicine affects body weight and how to improve the treatment of people with overweight, obesity or related diseases. This study will have 4 parts: Part A, B, C and D. Part A: This is planned to consist of five groups, one additional group may be added. Each group will include 8 participants, with 6 participants being randomised to receive a single dose of NNC0487-0111 A and 2 participants randomised to receive placebo. The dosing within each group will be sequential, i.e., 2 sentinel participants (1 on active and 1 on placebo). Part B: This is planned to consist of three groups, one additional group may be added. Each group will include 12 participants, with 9 participants being randomised to receive NNC0487-0111 A and 3 participants randomised to receive placebo once daily for 10 days. The dosing within each group will be sequential. For the first group, 4 sentinel participants (3 on active and 1 on placebo) will be dosed followed by a safety observation period of 7 days (168 hours), before dosing of the remaining participants in the group will be initiated. For the remaining groups, 4 sentinel participants (3 on active and 1 on placebo) will be dosed followed by a safety observation period of at least 36 hours before dosing of the remaining participants in the group will be initiated. Part C and D are matching regarding planned visits and procedures, but the study interventions in Part D (NNC0487-0111 B) differ from Part A, B and C (NNC0487-0111 A). Each part is planned to consist of one group, although one additional group may be added. Each group will include 20 participants, with 16 participants being randomised to receive active treatment and 4 participants randomised to receive placebo once-daily for 12 weeks. The dosing will be sequential, i.e., 4 sentinel participants (3 on active and 1 on placebo) will be dosed followed by a safety observation period of at least 36 hours before dosing of the remaining participants in the cohort will be initiated. The remaining participants will be dosed in smaller groups of 8 participants separated by a safety observation period of at least 36 hours. A safety evaluation will be made between dosing of participants within a group and before moving on to a higher dose.
Patients with obesity and cirrhosis benefit from weight loss but are prone to sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass, strength, and function). This study proposes to test a specialized weight loss program Alternative-day Modified Fasting (ADMF) designed to promote weight loss and preserve skeletal muscle mass, strength, and function in patients with both Child-Pugh (CP) class A cirrhosis and obesity. This study will compare the effectiveness of the ADMF to Continuous Energy Restriction (CER) for 24-weeks. Both arms will receive a high-protein, high-BCAA diet, a late-night snack, supervised aerobic and resistance exercise, increased physical activity through self-monitoring, and group behavioral counseling. The primary aim of this trial is to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of ADMF and CER for 6 months in patients with cirrhosis and obesity. The secondary aim is to compare changes in body composition in both diets.