View clinical trials related to Obesity.Filter by:
Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty and bypass are currently available for weight loss in obese patients who have failed nutritional management. Despite very low risks, these techniques remain invasive. What's more, the French National Authority for Health recommends this procedure for patients with a BMI above 35 kg/m² with associated co-morbidities, or above 40 kg/m². This excludes grade I obese patients (30 < BMI < 35) who have no effective means of losing weight. The hospital's hepato-gastroenterology and nutrition department has therefore implemented endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty to address this problem. As with other surgical techniques, there is heterogeneity heterogeneity in weight loss. We therefore aim to identify factors predictive of the efficacy of this procedure in order to improve patient management of patients.
This study is a 3-group, parallel design, randomized controlled trial (RCT) in approximately 258 adults with obesity that will investigate whether a 16-week behavioral weight loss treatment and a 52-week stepped-care digital health intervention can improve the maintenance of a ≥ 5% weight loss. 16-week run-in (Phase 1). To qualify for randomization, participants must lose ≥ 5% of initial weight in the 16-week run-in. This loss will be achieved with the provision of weekly-group lifestyle counseling, which includes a partial meal replacement diet. 52-week randomized trial of 3 weight loss maintenance strategies (Phase 2): Participants who have achieved ≥ 5% weight loss during Phase 1 will be randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 1. Participants in the Usual Care group will be emailed monthly educational modules with information on maintaining weight loss. 2. Participants in the SELF group will receive a wireless "smart" body weight scale and a wearable physical activity tracker, and daily text messages with tailored feedback to assist in weight loss maintenance. 3. Participants in the STEP group will be enrolled in an intervention that consists of 4 steps that are progressive and based on response to treatment. After 13 weeks at each step, participants who do not maintain a ≥5% weight loss or regain 2 percentage points of weight from the participants randomization value will move to a higher intensity step. Participants who maintain weight loss will stay at the same step.
This pilot study will compare the effect of combining dietary nitrate and caloric restriction versus dietary nitrate alone. The participant will be contacted, having responded to an advertisement on social media and posters, to attend the screening visit. They will be asked about their health status, suitability for MRI and availability. The investigators will use physical activity and eating attitude questionnaires. The investigators will also measure their height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure (BP) and undertake blood tests. If they are eligible, they will be randomised to one of the two arms. The first group will consume nitrate-rich beetroot juice with a calorie-restricted diet for 28 days. The second group will drink the same juice with a weight-maintenance diet for the same period. The food and drinks will be provided. The outcome measures will be measured twice (at the baseline and end visits) to evaluate the change. The primary outcome is the cognitive function. The secondary outcomes are peripheral vascular health (BP and microvascular perfusion), cerebral vascular health (brain blood flow), anthropometry, body composition, and exhaled NO and nitrate concentrations. Also, the feasibility and accessibility of the study will be assessed.
The purpose of this study is to measure side effects of LY3971297 injection administered under the skin in healthy participants and obese participants with high blood pressure (BP). Blood tests will be performed to check how much LY3971297 gets into the bloodstream and how long it takes the body to eliminate it. This is a 5-part study. The study duration will be approximately 60 days for Part A and approximately 90 days for Parts B, C, D, and E.
The purpose of this Phase-2 chronic weight management master protocol (CWMM) is to create a framework to evaluate the safety and efficacy of various investigational interventions for chronic weight management with intervention-specific appendices (ISAs). The ISAs may start independently of other ISAs as interventions become available for clinical testing.
This is a pilot randomized controlled trial of 20 physically inactive i-IFG adults aged 35-55 years with overweight or obesity. The investigators will test the effects of HIIT on fasting hyperglycemia, the pathophysiology of i-IFG, and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) metrics compared with the control participants who will receive standard lifestyle recommendations. The research team will also examine the feasibility of conducting the study procedures and assess the acceptability of HIIT intervention.
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome(OHS) is a disease characterized by daytime hypercapnia and sleep-disordered breathing without other causes of hypoventilation in individuals with a body mass index above 30 kg/m2. Sources state that obesity is at the basis of the metabolic changes seen in individuals with OHS. Obesity, together with cardiovascular system complications, lung volumes, work of breathing and sleep quality, creating the basis for respiratory problems. In addition, sedentary lifestyle habits, which are common in obese individuals, cause negative effects on exercise capacity and peripheral muscle strength. It has been shown in the literature that decreased exercise capacity due to obesity strongly interacts with the risk of all-cause mortality. As a result of obesity and all this negative picture, impaired emotional state and decreased quality of life are observed in individuals. Numerous studies have shown that obese individuals generally have a low level of physical activity, there is a decrease in peripheral muscle strength, obese individuals are at risk for sleep-related respiratory problems and health-related quality of life is often negatively affected in obese individuals. With these studies, the effects of obesity on individuals have been evaluated with objective evaluation methods. However, the same cannot be said for OHS. It is not clear how exercise capacity, peripheral muscle strength and quality of life parameters, which are known to be negatively affected by obesity, are affected in individuals with OHS. Based on this point, this study aims to investigate whether OHS has an additional effect on exercise capacity, peripheral muscle strength and quality of life in addition to obesity.
Endoscopic bariatric and metabolic therapies (EBMT) are a non-invasive, safe alternative treatment for patients with obesity. Current FDA- approved devices include intragastric balloons (IGB) and suturing devices for endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG). These gastric interventions work by interfering with how your stomach expands to accept and process a meal, which slows down how fast your stomach empties. ESG, the procedure we are doing in this study,involves endoscopic suturing to reduce the length and width of the stomach so that you feel full faster. Semaglutide is a popular medication for weight loss, and has shown significant weight loss with a good safety profile in clinical trials. In this study, we will compare ESG, Semaglutide only, and an ESG + Semaglutide combination, on weight loss for subjects undergoing the procedure with a history of obesity, liver fibrosis and NAFLD. To better understand how these impact obesity and liver fibrosis, we will track weight loss, laboratory values, liver stiffness, and your overall liver health. The suturing device used in the ESG procedure and the semaglutide are all approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for endoscopic procedures in the upper gastrointestinal tract and medication management of obesity. This is a study that will randomize patients to 1 of 3 different treatment options: ESG only, Semaglutide only or ESG + Semaglutide. We want to see if adding the weight loss medication to the ESG procedure will increase weight loss and how it will impact liver health.
The goal of this study is to determine the initial efficacy of once daily oral cannabis for weight loss in obese individuals.
Rationale: Obesity prevalence in Dutch adults increased to 14.2% in 2020. Obesity is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease, especially heart failure (HF). HF is a serious condition with significant morbidity and mortality. HF in people with obesity often remains undetected for a relatively long time, because symptoms are attributed to the obesity and not to possible HF. As a result, individuals seek help late for already advanced HF. Screening may reveal HF risk factors or a HF diagnosis. Early treatment initiation will improve prognosis, both in terms of quality of life and morbidity and mortality. Objective: To investigate whether active screening for early signs of HF and its risk factors in adults with obesity without known heart disease improves clinical outcome. Study design: Investigator driven, not blinded, randomized controlled superiority trial. Study population: Consecutive individuals with obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) ≥ 45 years, without known cardiac disease, who sign up to participate in a Combined Lifestyle Intervention program, will be recruited. Intervention: Participant randomized to the intervention will undergo an active screening on HF and its risk factors, using anamnesis, physical examination, an electrocardiogram, blood tests and an echocardiogram. Main study parameters/endpoints: The main study endpoint is a combined endpoint of left ventricular dysfunction and/or HF.