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This project examines the feasibility of a smartphone-based intervention to reduce obesity and breast cancer risk among Chinese American women in San Francisco. The proposed intervention is to use the mobile application and an activity tracker device to promote a healthier lifestyle and physical activity. Ultimately, the findings will advance the NIH mission of enhancing health promotion and disease prevention.
Evaluate the use of brief serial real time continuous monitoring (RT-CGM) as a behavior modification tool in obese patients with prediabetes and diabetes. After receiving RT-CGM, nutrition and exercise education, participants will be able to monitor their blood sugar in real time for 2 sessions . Education on how to interpret CGM in the setting of food choices and exercise coupled with nutrition and exercise information should lead to improved weight and other nutritional and exercise changes.
Obesity increases the risk of pregnancy complications, including among others puerperal infections and cesarean delivery, and risk rises with increasing body mass index (BMI). Class III obesity is an indication for delivery by 39 weeks, and these patients have a high rate of labor induction. In nulliparous women from the general population (obese and non-obese), labor induction at 39 weeks (compared to expectant management) is associated with less morbidity and a lower cesarean rate. Antibiotic prophylaxis, standard before cesarean delivery, is associated with less post-cesarean infection if azithromycin is added to the standard cefazolin. In this placebo-controlled pilot trial, we will estimate the parameters necessary to calculate the sample size for a planned multicenter clinical trial of prophylactic antibiotics administered at the start of labor inductions of morbidly obese nulliparous women at term.
This study involves an evaluation of the role of domestic partner support in a comprehensive weight loss initiation and maintenance program.
Obesity interventions in early childhood are recommended as they have been proven to be more effective than interventions later in life. The overall aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptance of an overweight and obesity intervention in socially disadvantaged families. Participants will be families with children aged 2-6 years (n = 300) with overweight or obesity and will be recruited from three sites: Stockholm, Sweden (n = 100); Timisoara, Romania (n = 100); and Mallorca, Spain (n = 100).
The purpose of this study is to examine two approaches for improving long-term weight loss success. All participants will receive a 12-week, in-person standard behavioral weight loss program followed by either 12 weeks of yoga instruction or 12 weeks of cooking/dietary education instruction (determined via randomization procedures). Assessments of weight, physical activity, dietary behaviors, and psychosocial factors will occur at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months.
Researchers are doing this study to compare the effects of drugs approved for long-term weight loss combined with an employer-based weight management program with the effects of the weight management program without drugs for weight loss. If participants agree to be in this study, they will join the Cleveland Clinic Integrated Medical Weight Management Program (WMP). Participants will be assigned by chance (like flipping a coin) to one of two treatment groups: A) Group 1: Cleveland Clinic Integrated Medical WMP + medication for long-term weight loss. B) Group 2: Cleveland Clinic Integrated Medical WMP without medication for weight loss. Participants have an equal chance of being in either of the treatment groups. The total study duration for the individual participants will be approximately one year.
To assess the effect of wearing a custom-fitted, FDA-registered, Class I device, compression garment (Obesinov, S.A.R.L.) by an individual with a BMI ≥ 35 on his/her day-to-day quality of life over a period of one year. Various measures of quality of life will be taken, including assessing an individual's level of pain, mood, self-stigma and comfort with the use of a compression garment. Additionally, to assess the impact of the compression garment on activity, strength, posture and movement of an individual with a BMI ≥35 over the period of one year.
This randomized controlled trial compared changes in Mexican-American, adolescent standardized body mass index (zBMI) from a school-based obesity intervention given zero, one, three, or five days a week.
The purpose of this study is to see if educational videos about how to help children develop healthy behaviors, paired with treatment in a pediatric obesity clinic, can increase caregiver confidence and improve child behaviors and weight. Caregivers of children between the ages of 4 and 11 years old who are new patients to a pediatric obesity clinic will be invited to take part in the study. All families will receive the standard treatment provided in the pediatric obesity clinic. Half of the caregivers will be assigned to also watch a few educational videos every month for 3 months in between clinic visits.