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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Obesity-Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) are common conditions in obesity, which may influence the prognosis in patients undergoing surgery. There is a need for simple screening tools to identify such patients at high risk. The current multicenter observational study aims to investigate occurrence of OSA and OHS in obese individuals undergoing elective open abdominal surgery and further address its impact on perioperative and postoperative complications.
The investigators hypothesized that hypnosis is an alternative technique that could be applied to help patients with obesity to lose weight. The possibility that a self-conditioning technique (self-hypnosis) added to traditional approach (diet, exercise and behavioral recommendations) will be effective in determining weight loss with respect to the traditional approach in subjects with a body mass index (BMI) between 35 and 50 kg/m2 will be studied.
Background: People are constantly exposed to unhealthy foods. Some studies of adults show that training attention away from unhealthy foods might reduce overeating. Researchers want to see what happens in the brain when teens train their attention away from food through a program on a smartphone. Objective: To study the relationship between eating patterns, body weight, and how the brain reacts to different images. Eligibility: Right-handed females ages 12 17 who are overweight (Body Mass Index at or above the 85th percentile for age). Design: Participants will have 6 visits over about 8 months. Visit 1: participants will be screened with: Height, weight, blood pressure, and waist size measurements Medical history Physical exam Urine sample DXA scan. Participants will lie on a table while a very small dose of x-rays passes through the body. Questions about their general health, social and psychological functioning, and eating habits Parents or guardians of minor participants will answer questions about their child s functioning and demographic data. Before visits 2 6, participants will not eat or drink for about 12 hours. These visits will include some or all of these procedures: Blood drawn MRI scan. Participants will lie on a stretcher that slides in and out of a metal cylinder in a strong magnetic field. A device will be placed over the head. Meals provided. Participants will fill out rating forms. Simple thinking tasks A cone containing magnetic field detectors placed onto the head Medical history Physical exam Urine sample Participants will be assigned to a 2-week smartphone program that involves looking at pictures. Participants will complete short tasks and answer some questions about their eating habits and mood on the smartphone.
The purpose of this application is to evaluate whether a pediatric weight control program that incorporates comprehensive parenting training with behavioral therapy can increase weight loss in children compared to traditional family-based behavioral therapy programs. Since certain parenting styles are associated with greater weight loss during interventions and appear to enhance the impact of key behavioral strategies, adding parenting training to these interventions may increase the overall effectiveness of these programs and increase our ability to help children obtain a healthy weight. This project could result in identifying an improved method of pediatric obesity treatment that provides additional benefits to the growth and development of children via improved self-regulatory behaviors.
One-third of our nations' children are overweight or obese (OW/OB). The cornerstone of obesity treatment involves intensive family-based behavioral therapy, yet these programs often exist in tertiary care academic settings that have long wait lists and are too far away for families to access. Primary care providers (PCP) have been called on by several organizations to be the front line of obesity management, yet they are limited by a lack of time, resources, and skills. Thus, if we are to offer effective obesity management in the healthcare setting, other care models need to be developed and tested. The goal of this proposal is to deliver Guided Self-Help (GSH) treatment of childhood obesity in the primary care setting. This program relies on classic behavioral therapy strategies, self-regulation theory, and provides the support needed for patient/family self-management of weight loss. Implementing this program in the primary care setting will increase our ability to deliver nutrition and weight-related counseling in the primary care office and serve patients closer to home, thereby increasing access to effective treatment, improving adherence to recommended changes, and meeting the goals of Healthy People 2020.
Prospective, single arm, dietary intervention study.
The goals of this study are to 1) examine the relationships among inflammation, obesity, and asthma in people with HIV and 2) to test if special subtypes of cells or markers are present in the blood and lungs of people with HIV with asthma compared to those without asthma.
We showed, for the first time, that Z-score increase during obesity was dependent on sex, severity of obesity and age but also on the bone site. Although the increase in BMD at bearing areas seems to be logically explained by the assumption that mechanical stresses have an osteogenic effect on bone tissue, BMD can in no way respond to the concomitant increase in BMD at non-load bearing areas such as the radius. These results suggest that changes in certain systemic compounds, induced by obesity, may interfere with bone metabolism. Moreover, the fact that the BMD or Z score is positively and only correlated with muscle mass and not with fat mass confirm that mechanical stresses are not the only factors acting on bone tissue. Our objectives are to determine the relationship between plasma concentration of myokines, adipokines, bone markers and BMD in obese subjects.
The purpose of this research is to examine changes in blood glucose control and metabolism in individuals with SCI and non injured controls at rest and during exercise after five days of exposure to IH. This response will be compared with breathing normal room air (a SHAM control).
Levels of overweight and obesity have reached alarming proportions in Qatar and other Gulf nations. In Qatar, the need to establish national strategies for the prevention and treatment of obesity has been recognized in the new Qatar National Health Strategy 2011-2016, which stresses the need for prevention. In fact, the Qatar National Nutrition and Physical Activity Action Plan 2011-2016 calls for nutrition and physical activity interventions for the prevention of obesity and related chronic diseases such as diabetes. The treatment and prevention of childhood obesity is largely through lifestyle changes- encouraging health eating and physical activity and discouraging sedentary behavior. However, changing such behaviors is complex and requires a combination of integrated approaches to tackle such a multifaceted problem. Herein, the investigators set out to implement and evaluate a novel weight management program for Qatari school children at the vulnerable age of 9-12 years. The project incorporates a cognitive-behavioral approach that involves developing social and emotional competences, promotion healthy dietary habits, development of physical literacy, and use of activity monitoring devices to promote increased activity while enlisting family involvement in an attempt to maintain weight loss in the long term. This project seeks to also take things further by integrating a range of interventions that use cutting edge insights from the behavioral sciences through the use of MINDSPACE approach (MINDSPACE: Messenger, Incentive, Norms, Default, Salience, Priming, Affect, Commitment, Ego) in conjunction with technology tools for monitoring activity and providing ongoing support through the use of social media. The intervention involves a multi-cohort intervention involving 500 Qatari children over 5 years to be conducted in three phases (1) intensive weight loss camps, (2) after-school clubs as supplement/consolidation, and (3) maintenance through web and social/family support.