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Background: The Expert Committee on the Assessment, Prevention and Treatment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity recommends a staged based approach to the management of adolescents with overweight and obesity from Stage 1-4 with increasing intensity of management in higher stages. Mobile health application is an attractive community based treatment for adolescent obesity due to its wide penetration and convenience. Early weight loss has been found to be the strongest predictor of good long term outcome in obesity. However there is currently no known study that use early weight loss as a predictor factor for a stepped up approach using a mobile health application. Clinical significance: The current study use a mobile health intervention to identify participants with early weight loss in a stepped up approach. Primary objective will be to examine the proportion of patients triaged to the low risk Weight Management Clinics (WMC) after brief intervention by a nurse coordination and completion of 4 sessions of Kurbo Program over a 12 month recruitment period. Secondary objectives will be to examine changes in BMI z-score, metabolic profile, examine program feasibility and fidelity and explore other predictors of poor response to program. Methodology: Children aged 13-17 years old with BMI percentile of above 90th percentile, who are referred to the WMC, will receive a brief intervention by the WMC nurse coordinator followed by introduction to Kurbo program, a multifunctional mobile application, for more detailed dietary and physical activity recommendations and implementation of behavioural changes. Patients that are able to engage with Kurbo intervention and showed a decrease in BMI percentile over 4 sessions of Kurbo will be offered the low risk weight management clinic. At baseline, month 3 and month 6, the patient's weight and height, body fat composition, waist circumference and blood pressure will be measured as per usual standard protocol. Questionnaires to assess eating, quality of life and dietary recall will be administered as part of the research. Accelerometers will also be fitted to assess physical activity. At baseline and month 6, metabolic blood tests (HbA1C, fasting lipid panel, oral glucose tolerance test, fasting insulin level and liver function test) were collected after a minimum 8 hour fasting period together with bloods for aromatic amino acid, branch chain amino acid and long chain acylcarnitines . Current low risk WMC patients will be offered 2 monthly follow up with optional dietician and exercise physiologists counselling and exercise sessions. The high risk WMC patients will be routinely offered the standard high risk follow up protocol consisting of weekly follow up with the multidisciplinary team for 4 weeks followed by 2 weekly appointments for 2 months and monthly appointment thereafter based on clinical response.
The purpose of this project is to test, for the first time, a reverse diet in adults with current or prior overweight/obesity (Ow/Ob). Weight-reduced adults with current or prior Ow/Ob will be randomized to a reverse diet or "standard care" control (CON) intervention for 12 weeks. Eligible participants will have lost >10% body mass. The reverse diet group will receive personalized caloric intake goals, increasing 2-3%/week. The CON group will receive standard weight maintenance recommendations with matched contact. At baseline and week 12, resting energy expenditure (REE), body mass and composition, subjective appetite, and food intake behaviors will be evaluated. In addition to the pre- and post-intervention measures, body mass and adherence to reverse diet will be monitored weekly.
The purpose of this study is to collect information about the safety and effectiveness of Saxenda® in obese patients and overweight patients with obesity-related comorbidities. The participant will attend the clinic or hospital according to usual practice and receive medical care, as agreed with the study doctor. The participation is expected to be approximately for 26 weeks.
Concomitant interventions included lifestyle modification with a personally tailored program of diet as detailed below and physical activity adjusted for age and specific physical limitations, targeting engagement in physical activity of at least 150 minutes/week. Lipid lowering and or blood pressure lowering drugs were prescribed as needed according to guideline-assisted medical practice. Patients were seen by a physician every 3 month. The dietitian had a weekly meeting with the patients for the first three months, every other week during months 4-6, once a month during month 7-9 and every 6 weeks during the last three months of the study.
The objective of the clinical study was to examine if practice could improve walking patterns associated with fall risks before patients with obesity underwent weight loss surgery. We hypothesized that patients would show improvements in their walking after completing the intervention. For the intervention, patients walked under five conditions: on flat ground at the beginning of the study, crossing three obstacle heights, and on flat ground at the end of the study for a total of 25 times.
As bleeding is a major risk in bariatric surgeries, we aimed our study to find any predictors to such bleeding within the surgery or 30 days after surgery. The study is a retrospective study collecting patients data, surgeons data, and hospitals data in order to find if any of the factors influencing patients, surgeons or hospitals, has to do with bleeding in these surgeries and if it does impact bleeding in what way. The goal is finding a predictor that it's neutralizing may prevent bleeding in bariatric surgeries.
Insufficient or disrupted sleep, lack of physical activity and poor diet are linked with obesity and are now potential targets to combat obesity. Sleep related issues have become more important as people have been able to work, socialize, and use electronic devices outside of daylight hours. This has also altered how we eat and how we exercise. All of these factors can cause the body to not handle glucose (sugar) well resulting in insulin resistance. In time this could lead to type 2 diabetes.
The Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS) is a more comprehensive measure of obesity-related diseases and predictor of mortality than BMI or waist circumference. EOSS is also important in predicting post - operative outcome and 30-day mortality after metabolic surgery. The aim of this study is to determine whether EOSS could be an indicator for procedure selection in obesity and metabolic surgery.
The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding dietary pulses. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned an umbrella review and updated systematic review and meta-analysis using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to summarize the available evidence from prospective cohort studies of the association between dietary pulses/legumes and cardiometabolic disease outcomes (incident cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension and overweight/obesity).
The aims of the study are to perform psychological intervention using EMDR Therapy (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy) in the preoperative period, evaluate the personality of each patient through the PFB test (Personality Factor Battery Test) at different times, compare the results obtained in the PFB test at different times of application and verify the existence of changes in the five major Personality Factors: Neuroticism, Extroversion, Socialization, Realization and Openness.