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Childhood obesity has been rising steadily over the past 40 years. In 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) observed around 340 million overweight or obese children and adolescents worldwide, including one in five in France. The causes are complex, both individual (genetic, biological, behavioral) and collective (social, economic, cultural). Childhood obesity encourages the development of chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, and can affect mental health. Without early treatment, the risk of obesity persisting into adulthood is high. In the Alpes-Maritimes region, the commune of Mouans-Sartoux has been promoting a local diet in line with PNNS-4 recommendations since 2011. We wish to study the impact of these actions on the health of Mouans children. We propose a preliminary observational study to assess the relationship between family adherence to PNNS recommendations and the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Mouans-Sartoux elementary school children.
Approximately one half of adults and one-fifth of children have obesity, including 14% of 2-5-year-olds. Early obesity prevention is essential as children who are overweight by age 5 are at increased risk for later obesity. Dietary intake is inextricably linked to weight status, and the majority of young children fail to meet intake recommendations, with socioeconomically disadvantaged and racial/ethnic minority children at increased risk of poor diet quality. However, children's liking of healthier foods predicts their intake, and children can learn to like healthier foods via experience. The current study brings together evidence from the parenting and learning literatures to: 1) examine effects of a novel learning strategy leveraging positive parent-child interactions on 3-5-year-old children's vegetable acceptance and dietary intake, as well as to explore 2) individual differences in learning strategy effects.
The rate of weight gain in the first year of life is risk factor for future obesity. The study will test (1) a model of l mechanisms underlying the development of emotion, attachment, and nutritive intake; and (2) the association with maternal feeding behavior, child eating behavior, dietary intake, and adiposity.
The goal of this clinical trial is to test a responsive parenting obesity prevention program with infants and caregivers of color (e.g., non-White; Hispanic/Latinx) and/or who are economically marginalized (i.e., publicly insured), delivered via Integrated Behavioral Health (IBH) in pediatric primary care. The main questions it aims to answer are: - 1) Is the obesity prevention intervention delivered via IBH in pediatric primary care feasible and acceptable to families of color and/or families who are economically marginalized? - 2) Will it prevent rapid weight gain during infancy? Participants will complete baseline (newborn), post-treatment (9 months), and follow-up assessments (12 months). Participants assigned to treatment will receive 4 prevention sessions as part of their typical well-child visit in pediatric primary care. Researchers hypothesize that infants in the obesity prevention intervention will have stable weight gain compared to infants in the control group (treatment as usual) will experience more rapid weight gain.
A prospective observational case-control study evaluating the effect of a weight loss intervention program on functional gastrointestinal disorders among overweight and obese children.
The goal of this qualitative trial study is to assess the usefulness and acceptability of the intervention in diverse clinical and community settings. The main questions it aims to answer are: - How many parents were approached and consented to participate? - How many parents viewed the videos via link versus viewed the video with a discussion in group sessions? - How did parents feel about the process of being recruited and interventions that they participated in? - How did the providers feel about the intervention recruitment and delivery? - How did the facilitators feel about their delivery of the material? Participants will complete a survey and an interview after completing second part of the intervention. Researchers will compare handout, online-only video, and group class interventions to see if an intervention delivery is useful and accepted by parents or providers.
This study will test the Baby-Feed web platform among 160 parents with infants aged 1-3 months at the time of enrollment and follow them through their 9-month well-child visit (about a total of 6 months) using a mixed-methods approach (randomized control trial with qualitative interviews).
In this study, bone remodeling in the gingival crevicular fluid was evaluated biochemically during canine distalization in obese individuals and compared with normal weight individuals. At the same time, the speed of tooth movement was measured in obese individuals and compared with normal weight individuals.
The Childhood Hypertension Consortium of South Africa (CHCSA) was established to foster relationships between the healthcare sector and schools through community engagement and outreach as well as contributing to the decolonization of normative paediatric blood pressure reference values. To date, there has been no nation-wide project in South Africa to determine nationally representative normal blood pressure reference values, nor to estimate the true prevalence of hypertension in the paediatric population of the country. This study will provide critical information on the understanding of blood pressure and hypertension in children, especially of African ancestry. Not only will this effort contribute to the development of the first nationally representative normal reference values of blood pressure but will also benefit healthcare providers in the sector with a clear guideline on the management of high blood pressure in children as developed by experts working with these challenges daily.
The goal of this clinical trial is to examine the effects of a nutrition education program on preschool children's food literacy and food acceptance, and to examine the added influence of a healthy eating curriculum and parent education on children's food knowledge and healthful food choices. The project will be evaluated with 450 children ages 3 to 5 years in center-based childcare programs serving predominantly Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-eligible families in Pennsylvania. Outcomes for children who receive the added healthy eating curriculum will be compared to children in classrooms that only receive the nutrition education program.