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In this exploratory qualitative study with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach, we will describe and understand the experience of treatment and hospitalization in hospitalized people suffering from stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and patients post-neurosurgery for oncological causes. Patients will be interviewed in a semi-structured manner and sampling will take place for each of the pathology groups according to the saturation method.
The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that DPP4 inhibitors and SGLT2 inhibitors are well tolerated and have beneficial neurological effects, specifically for Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia.
The goal of this open-label, pilot clinical trial is to test allopregnanolone as a regenerative treatment in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The main questions this study aims to answer are: 1. Is a large-scale clinical trial testing how well it works in patients with PD feasible? 2. Is allopregnanolone safe and well-tolerated in patients with PD. 3. Can we see any signals of changes in imaging and clinical scales? Participants will receive a weekly infusion in their vein of allopregnanolone for a total of 12 weeks. There is no placebo so everyone receives allopregnanolone and "Open-label" means the study is not blinded so both the participant and investigators know the assigned treatment.
The purpose of this prospective observational study is to characterize the clinical profile of patients with WPW syndrome and patients with asymptomatic WPW pattern on ECG in different African countries and how these patients are managed across Africa Participants would include many different ethnicities at centers where the number of cardiac patients treated is high. All patients attending outpatient cardiology clinics or referred to Cath Lab for electrophysiological studies who are diagnosed to have a Wolf-Parkinson white pattern on the ECG are either symptomatic or asymptomatic. All patients fulfilling the eligibility criteria will be approached by the research team and asked if they wish to take part in the study. The exclusion criteria will be any participant who does not consent to the study. A baseline cardiovascular history (including hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, smoking, valve disease, and arrhythmia) will be recorded. A detailed history will be taken about symptoms, medications and presence of family history of similar cases or sudden cardiac death 12-lead ECG will be recorded to confirm the presence of pre-excitation and determine the localization of the accessory pathway using the modified Aruda algorithm. This will be done by two of the research teams in each center. Then other data from the electrophysiological study and ablation will be filled in by the research team from the data systems of each center.
The goal of this pilot study is to assess the feasibility of adapting and delivering the existing home-based epilepsy self-management intervention, HOBSCOTCH, for people with Parkinson's Disease (PD) The main questions it aims to answer are: 1. Can the current HOBSCOTCH program be adapted for people with PD? 2. Will people with PD experience improved quality of life similar to that found in people with epilepsy after participating in the HOBSCOTCH program? Participants will be asked to: - attend nine, one-hour virtual (online and/or by telephone) HOBSCOTCH-PD sessions with a one-on-one certified HOBSCOTCH-PD coach - complete a brief clinical questionnaire about their diagnosis of PD - complete two questionnaires before and after the HOBSCOTCH-PD sessions about their quality of life and about memory and thinking processes - keep a short daily diary about their PD symptoms and use of the self-management strategies taught in the HOBSCOTCH-PD program - complete a brief Satisfaction Survey after the entire HOBSCOTCH-PD program
Researchers have found that a treatment called Magnetic Resonance guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) can effectively reduce tremors in patients with essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson's disease (PD). They noticed that ET patients initially responded better to the treatment than PD patients, but by the end of the treatment, both groups showed similar improvement. The study also suggested that targeting a specific area of the brain called the Zona Incerta (ZI) may be more beneficial for PD patients. Based on these findings, the investigators plan to use low-intensity focused ultrasound to directly modulate the ZI area and investigate the mechanisms of reduced tremors in PD patients. The investigators will also compare the effectiveness of this approach with the current target, the ventral intermediate nucleus (Vim) of the thalamus. The investigators will use a simulation model to determine the best ultrasound parameters for this new approach and will also examine the impact of the treatment on the brain's network activity using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Success of this project may lay the foundation for finding a more effective target for MRgFUS treatment of PD tremor.
The goal of this clinical trial is to explore Clinical Effect of Myofascial Release Therapy in Dysphagic Parkinson's Patients. The main question it aims to answer is: • Can Myofascial Release Therapy improve swallowing function in Parkinson's Patients? Patients will be randomly allocated into the control group or the experimental group, all under rehabilitation treatment, the experimental group will be given Myofascial Release Therapy. The study lasts 21 days for each patient. Researchers will compare the Functional Oral Intake Scale, Penetration-Aspiration Scale, Swallowing Quality of Life to see if the Myofascial Release Therapy can help improve the situation.
The goal of clinical trial is to learn about how blood pressure fluctuations affect cognitive performance (thinking abilities) and brain blood flow in persons with Parkinson's disease with and without orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure when standing). The main questions it aims to answer are: - Is there a certain level of blood pressure that correlates with change in cognitive performance while upright? - Is there a certain level of change in brain blood flow that correlates with change in cognitive performance when upright? - How does cognitive performance differ between persons with Parkinson's disease that have orthostatic hypotension and those without orthostatic hypotension? - How does cognitive performance differ between the supine (laying down) and upright positions? - How do blood pressure and brain blood predict changes in cognitive performance over two years? Participants in this study will undergo the following procedures: - Complete a screening visit with questionnaires, medical history, physical exam, and head-up tilt-table test. - Attend one baseline study visit, during which they will undergo a battery of computerized cognitive tests repeated twice: once while laying down and once while upright on a tilt table. Simultaneously, during the experiments we will measure blood pressure using a wrist-worn device and inflatable arm cuff and will measure brain blood flow using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), a non-invasive device that uses light sensors to detect changes in brain blood flow. - Attend one two-year follow-up visit, during which they will repeat a battery of computerized cognitive tests repeated twice: once while laying down and once while upright on a tilt table. During this visit, like before, we will measure blood pressure using a wrist-worn device and inflatable arm cuff and will measure brain blood flow using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Researchers will compare participants with Parkinson's disease with and without orthostatic hypotension in the laying down and upright positions to see if there are changes in thinking abilities between these groups.
The goal of this clinical trial is to compare the effectiveness of online self-management program and on-site task-related training for people with early stage Parkinson's disease. people with early stage of Parkinson's disease (age range: 45-70 years) will be randomly assigned into the following three groups: control group, online self-management program group and on-site task-related training group.The control group will receive no treatment during the experimental period. For the other two groups, participants will receive the intervention twice a week, one hour per session and 12 sessions in total. The main questions it aims to answer are: 1. the potential impact of motor and non-motor symptoms on activity participation and quality of life for people with early stage of Parkinson's disease (PD). 2. compare and examine the the effectiveness of online self-management program and on-site task-related training for people with early stage Parkinson's disease on activity participation and quality of life.
The goal of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study is to test the effectiveness of 10 kilohertz (kHz) high-frequency transcutaneous stimulation for tremor in people with Parkinson's disease. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Compare the effectiveness between sham stimulation and real stimulation (10kHz) for different types of tremors [rest tremor, postural tremor, kinetic tremor], fine motor skills, and maximal isometric handgrip strength. - Register adverse events, the blinding success of participants and evaluator, and subjective perception of tremor improvement. Participants will perform the following tasks in an "off" state (without levodopa and dopamine agonists medication). All of them were performed on the upper limb with more tremor. - Rest Tremor: Forearm on the armrest, count backward from 100 to 0 as fast as possible for 1 minute and 30 seconds. - Postural Tremor: Extend the arm parallel to the floor (90º shoulder flexion with the forearm extended) for 30 seconds. - Kinetic Tremor: Hold a cup by the handle, raise it close to the mouth for 3 seconds, then return to the initial position. - Fine Motor Skills: Complete the nine-hole peg test, placing pegs into holes as quickly as possible. - Handgrip Strength: Squeeze the device as strongly as possible for 3 seconds, then rest for 15 seconds.