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Gait disturbances and movement restrictions occur frequently in Parkinson's disease. Patient-centered monitoring with objective aids in the patient's daily life, supports and promotes therapy decisions made by physicians and patients. Technical, sensor-based monitoring has the potential to generate objective target parameters at any point in time during therapy (patient journey), representing the state of health and its progression, and to make this information available to physicians and patients via telemedical data management. In this study, the gait analysis system "Mobile GaitLab Home 2.0", consisting of sensors for gait data acquisition, a smartphone application for study participants (Mobile GaitLab app) and a web portal for physicians (Mobile GaitLab portal) is used for data collection. The research question is divided into three sub-objectives: First, the study explores and tests how technically generated parameters of sensor-based gait analysis can map the symptom "bradykinesis". The second goal is the explorative investigation of how a tele-health service support with low-threshold access to medical professionals, can be integrated into the care process. The third goal is the implementation evaluation of the technological developments. Here, it is examined to determine the extent to which the implementation of gait data and patient feedback (PROMs) in the patient-centered care process within the framework of clinical decision support contributes to early gait-associated therapy optimization and thus improves the general health of patients and how initial indications of positive care effects for patients can be derived. During a 60-day observation phase, study participants use the gait analysis system, which records their gait pattern throughout the day and collects data via the Mobile GaitLab app. Study participants are asked to perform standardized gait tests in the home environment several times a day, in addition to continuous measurements during the awake phase. Frequency of data collection is controlled by Mobile GaitLab Home 2.0 and can be flexibly adjusted to the study participant's health status and therapy. The Mobile GaitLab app uses questionnaires to record data on gait safety, activity, general well-being, and events relevant to the disease. An evaluation of these data (PROMs) and the results from the gait analyses, are visualized for the study participants via the Mobile GaitLab app.
This study was planned to examine the effects of Pilates training in Parkinson's Patients. The study included 34 Parkinson's patients between Hoehn & Yahr Stage 1-2.5. Pilates training was applied to the Pilates group for 8 weeks, 3 days per week. To the control group; Breathing exercises, active range of motion exercises and relaxation exercises were given as a home program 3 days per week for 8 weeks. It was concluded that Pilates training performed to Parkinson's patients 3 times a week for 8 weeks was effective on "core" stability, thickness of "core" muscles, functional exercise capacity, motor functions, freezing, fatigue and QOL.
This is a randomized, double-blind, single center, phase 2 study to assess efficacy and safety of multiple HB-adMSCs vs Placebo for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. The trial includes a screening period of up to 4 weeks, a 32-week treatment period, and a safety Follow-up period of 20 weeks after the last investigational product administration. This clinical trial will be open to enroll 24 eligible participants diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Patients' recruitment will be conducted by the study team, if eligible participants are identified based on eligibility criteria, a screening visit will be scheduled. Informed consent form will be given to the study participants and signed before any study procedures. Informed consent form will include information about the clinical trial and some aspects should be considered during this process.
We recruited 116 patients with idiopathic PD who were from the Neurology clinic of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine from January 2014 to November 2014. Perform videofluroscopic swallowing study and psychiatric and neurological evaluations and followed up after 6 years.
We are conducting a study to compare the self-reports of executive functions (that is to say, what role cognitive processes such as working memory and attention) in persons with Parkinson's Disease to the reports of executive functions completed by their significant others. To conduct this study, we need the participation of persons who are diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease and their significant others.
To investigate the relationship between serum cystatin C and dopamine receptor(DAT) loss in patients with parkinson's disease(PD)
Diagnosing Parkinson's disease (PD) depends on the clinical history of the patient and the patient's response to specific treatments such as levodopa. Unfortunately, a definitive diagnosis of PD is still limited to post-mortem evaluation of brain tissues. Furthermore, diagnosis of idiopathic PD is even more challenging because symptoms of PD overlap with symptoms of other conditions such as essential tremor (ET) or Parkinsonian syndromes (PSs) such as progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), multiple system atrophy (MSA), corticobasal degeneration (CBD), or vascular Parkinsonism (VaP). Based on the principle that PD and PSs affect brain areas involved in eye movement control, this trial will utilize a platform that records complex eye movements and use a proprietary algorithm to characterize PSs. Preliminary data demonstrate that by monitoring oculomotor alterations, the process can assign PD-specific oculomotor patterns, which have the potential to serve as a diagnostic tool for PD. This study will evaluate capabilities of the process and its ability to differentiate PD from other PSs with statistical significance. The specific aims of this proposal are: To optimize the detection and analysis algorithms, and then to evaluate the process against neurological diagnoses of PD patients in a clinical study.
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) can provide substantial motor benefit yet can also produce unwanted mood and cognitive side effects. Although the neural mechanisms underlying benefits and side effects are not well understood, current hypotheses center on the potentially measurable yet currently undefined effects within downstream cortical networks. Limitations of current tools have impeded attempts to assess network connectivity directly and dynamically in humans with implanted DBS; PET lacks the necessary temporal resolution while fMRI is neither optimal nor safe for patients with implanted DBS. In this proposal, to overcome these significant limitations, we apply high-density diffuse optical tomography (HD-DOT) methods to investigate how STN DBS modulates cortical functional networks and behavior in PD patients. HD-DOT uses a collection of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measurements, free of radiation exposure concerns, and without electrical/metal artifacts or contraindications or safety concerns for DBS. However, common fNIRS systems are critically hampered by typically sparse measurement distributions that lead to poor anatomical specificity, unreliable image quality due to crosstalk with scalp signals, poor spatial resolution, limited field of view, unstable point spread functions, and uneven spatial coverage. HD-DOT solves these problems by using high-density interlaced source and detector imaging arrays that support densely overlapping measurements and anatomical head models that together result in higher spatial resolution, stable point spread functions, and greatly improved isolation of brain signals from scalp signals. We have demonstrated that HD-DOT accurately maps functional connectivity (FC) within and between cortical resting state networks (RSNs) in the outer ~1cm of cortex with comparable temporal and spatial resolution to fMRI. Preliminary data in older controls and STN DBS patients that directly establish validity and feasibility for the proposed studies are provided. A recent comprehensive evaluation of FC in PD (without DBS) using fMRI found reduced within-network FC in visual, somatomotor, auditory, thalamic and cerebellar networks and reduced between-network FC involving predominantly cortical RSNs (somatomotor, sensory and association), some of which correlated with cognitive and motor dysfunction in PD. Notably, striatal RSNs were not abnormal. These data suggest that PD affects the interrelationships of cortical networks in a behaviorally meaningful way, far downstream of focal subcortical neuropathology. STN DBS is known to alter activity in downstream cortical regions that function as nodes within these dynamic cortical networks supporting movement and cognition. Thus, cortical network FC may play a critical role in mediating the impact of STN DBS on motor and non-motor behavior. Location of the stimulating contact may further modulate these downstream effects, due to the complex functional organization of the STN region. Study procedures include motor and cognitive tests, questionnaires, HD-DOT scanning, and MRI scans. We propose to investigate how STN DBS influences downstream cortical network FC using HD-DOT. This information could lead to more efficient clinical optimization of DBS, identify potential cortical targets for less invasive neuromodulation, and lay the groundwork for future more complex experimental manipulations to determine the full range of STN DBS-induced cortical network responses to up-stream focal electrical perturbations, revealing fundamental properties of functional network plasticity.
Engage-PD is a single cohort evaluation of implementation of a telehealth-delivered physical activity coaching program for people with early-mid stage Parkinson's disease. The program utilizes a physical or occupational therapist to provide one-on-one coaching for individuals with early-mid stage Parkinson's disease to provide individualized structured support to facilitate and optimize exercise uptake as part of an effective self-management program. The structure of the coaching program is based on previous research in neurodegenerative disease including Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease.
The sequence effect (SE), defined as a reduction in amplitude of repetitive movements, is a common clinical feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), being a major contributor to freezing of gait (FOG). During walking, SE manifests as a step-by-step reduction in step length when approaching a turn or gait destination (dSE). The investigators studied the effect of a 4-week rehabilitation program on the destination sequence effect in patients affected by Parkinson's disease with and without Freezing of Gait. All subjects were evaluated with inertial gait analysis for dSE recording.