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Participation in endurance sports has been increasing over the last few decades and our aim of our exploratory descriptive survey study is therefore to examine mental health issues in endurance athletes (marathon runners, ultra endurance runners, triathletes), employing the IOC assessment tool, to provide information on mental health issues in this population. Secondary objects are to evaluate risk factors for mental health issues in endurance athletes (like exercise behaviour, competition behaviour, age, gender, medical issues)
Investigators will evaluate the implementation of an evidence-based, Spanish-language, digital, cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention (SilverCloud) in primary care settings for Latino patients with depression and/or anxiety. 426 participants will be enrolled in a two-armed trial comparing self-guided vs. supported dCBT (SilverCloud). At the provider level, investigators will compare the efficacy of provider referrals with the use of a clinic patient registry to identify candidates who could benefit from a digital mental health intervention.
The objective of this pilot randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of self-help forest bathing on depression, anxiety, and stress in the Hong Kong adult population. Prior to all study procedures, eligible participants will be required to complete an online informed consent form (with telephone support). Around 80 eligible participants aged between 18 to 65 years old with at least a mild level of depression, anxiety, or stress symptoms will be randomly assigned to either the self-help forest bathing intervention group (FB group) or the waitlist control group (WL group) in a ratio of 1:1. Participants in the FB group will receive forest bathing guidance via an in-house smartphone app. The WL group will be asked to maintain their typical activity in week 1-7. This group will receive the guide upon trial completion in week 8. The outcomes of the interest will include generalized anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, insomnia symptoms, wellbeing, health-related quality of life, functional impairment at baseline (week 0), immediate (week 7), and 1-month post-intervention assessments (week 10). Treatment credibility and acceptability will be collected at baseline and immediately after the intervention.
The goal of this mixed-methods, single-arm intervention study is to develop and evaluate a new internet-delivered psychotherapy option called Ger-iPST in older adults with symptoms of depression. The overall aim of this project is to improve access to psychotherapy for older adults by developing, adapting and implementing a new internet-based treatment option, Ger-iPST. Towards this aim, our objectives are to: 1. Examine the preliminary effectiveness of Ger-iPST for symptoms of depression. 2. Examine barriers and facilitators to the use of Ger-iPST. Participants will be asked to complete 8 weekly online therapy modules (Ger-iPST) through the Online Psycho Therapy Tool (OPTT); each module takes 45-60 minutes, and an extra 20-30 on weekly homework. Caregivers will be invited to assist participants if required. Homework exercises are submitted through the platform, and a clinician trained in PST l will provide personalized, asynchronous online feedback. Participants will receive a weekly phone call from a research assistant to support any technical issues with completing the online modules. Following completion of the Ger-iPST modules, participants will be interviewed to provide feedback on acceptability and barriers and facilitators to the use of Ger-iPST.
Internet-based behavioral therapy applications made during the quarantine and isolation period during the pandemic process, and the application of laughter therapy, which is a group-oriented technique that increases the feeling of togetherness and happiness, can be used as an online method to reach large masses. However, since there are a limited number of studies in the literature on online laughter therapy in patients and not all sessions are online in the study, it was thought that more and methodological studies are needed to confirm the effectiveness of the therapy on the applicability of the online platform. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the blood cortisol levels, depression, anxiety, stress levels and quality of life of laughter therapy in hemodialysis patients.
This study aims to understand how vitamin D (VD) affects human health. Typically, prisoners are low on vitamin D, as it is difficult to receive through diet, and is mostly obtained via exposure to the sun. The investigators predict that VD supplements could help improve overall mental well-being, as well as improve bone health. The investigators aim to recruit two groups of participants from a United Kingdom (UK) Prison, all of whom will participate via an informed consent process. The first group of prisoners will have chosen to take VD supplements, the second group will have chosen not to take VD supplements. At the start of the study, prisoners will have their bone density and blood VD levels tested. The investigators will also ask participants to complete a series of questionnaires to understand the state of mental well-being at the start of the study. Participants will be asked to complete a food diary to track dietary intake over the following week. Additionally, the investigators are interested in identifying what proportion of participants have a specific genetic makeup relating to their ability to metabolise VD, and participants will be asked to provide a saliva sample to test this. Every month following the start of the study, participants will be asked to complete the same questionnaires and food diary again. On the 3rd month, the investigators will again test the participants' bone density and blood levels of VD, to see whether supplementation has improved participant VD status. This study will run for a minimum of 3 months, up to a maximum of 6.
Tinnitus can be very distressing for some individuals who experience it. The most studied intervention that works well for tinnitus distress is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). There is enough evidence to claim that internet-delivered guided CBT for tinnitus is as effective as CBT delivered face-to-face. The goal of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of an internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for tinnitus and an internet-delivered mindfulness-based tinnitus stress reduction intervention by comparing them one against each other and a waiting list control group in the adult population experiencing tinnitus. The main questions this study aims to answer are: - Feasibility of delivering interventions for tinnitus distress over the internet. - Is any of the two interventions more effective in reducing tinnitus-related stress than the waiting list control? - Is the effectiveness of mindfulness intervention non-inferior to CBT intervention for tinnitus? - Is participant engagement and dropout different in mindfulness and CBT interventions? Participants will be randomly assigned to a CBT, Mindfulness, or control group and will be asked to engage with the materials prescribed to that group for eight weeks.
The aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of an online brief standardized CBT intervention in women with PCOS. 1. To study if an online brief CBT intervention is effective for anxiety and depression compared to control (waiting-list) in patients with PCOS 2. To study if an online group-based brief CBT intervention is more effective for anxiety and depression compared to online individual brief CBT in patients with PCOS. 3. To determine if an online brief CBT intervention is effective for improvements in QoL, coping strategies, body image, and eating disorder symptoms compared to control (waiting-list) in patients with PCOS
This study is exploring an animated learning resource that could be used online to promote mental health. It is computer based and delivered in a single session, lasting 30 minutes. It teaches young people about thoughts, feelings, personality and the brain, it includes ideas about "mindsets" - or beliefs about the brain - which may be helpful in day-to-day life. The investigators will use social media to recruit 14-18-year-olds to take part in our research. They will be randomly put into one of two groups - either a group who receive the online session first or a group who receive the session later (at the end of the study). The animated learning resource aims to promote and protect mental health. The investigators predict it might have some benefits for emotional wellbeing, though the investigators do not know for certain. Young people who take part might learn something new or find it rewarding to know they have been part of research which could be used to help promote mental health. It is important to know that this is a research study and not a form of treatment for mental health problems.
The goal of this research study is to train psychotherapists to administer individualized evidence-based psychotherapies in a cancer care setting to participants with elevated levels of distress due to their illness and/or treatment. The intervention will mirror clinical care in psycho-oncology in which the therapist, collaboratively with their supervisor, will choose specific components of the following evidence-based treatments to administer based on the clinical presentation of the patient and referring problem. - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) - Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT) - Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) - Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) - Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy (MCP) - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) - CBT for other cancer-related physical symptoms like pain, fatigue, and nausea. Participation in this research study is expected to last about 26 weeks. It is expected that about 100 people and 15 therapists will take part in this research study.