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The main objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the effect of the Pilates method associated with aerobic exercise and the traditional Pilates method on the blood pressure of hypertensive medicated women. In addition, we aim to analyze and compare the chronic effects of training on cardiac autonomic modulation, on cardiorespiratory fitness, functionality and quality of life.
Study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of JTT-251 administered for 24 weeks in participants with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)
This is an open-label, single-center study to examine distinguishing features of the structure and function of the oral and gut microbiome in volunteers with PH in the breakdown of oral nitrate and effect on hemodynamics.
Pulmonary embolism, or clots blocking the blood vessels of the lungs, is a common clinical condition requiring treatment with blood thinners. In most patients, recovery is complete. A small proportion of patients, however, develop complications (high blood pressure in the lung circulation, i.e. pulmonary hypertension). Persisting breathlessness during activity is a common symptom in many of these patients and leads to a reduced ability to engage in daily physical activity. The reason for this activity-related breathlessness remains uncertain and is the main question of the proposed study. Using new sophisticated technology, the investigators will determine the root causes of perceived breathing difficulty. The investigators will test the idea that breathlessness is fundamentally the result of increased drive to breathe from control centers in the brain. The investigators will measure drive to breathe by measuring the electrical activity descending from the brain to the main muscle of breathing - the diaphragm. The investigators will discover if the increased drive to breathe is due to accumulation of carbon dioxide in the blood as a result of poor blood perfusion of areas of the lung due to the effects of blockage by clots. The investigators also will investigate whether weakness and fatigue of the muscles of breathing, as a result of the high breathing demands that are present in patients with blood clots in the lungs, contribute to breathlessness. With this information it is hopeful that better treatment options will be developed to relieve this distressing symptom.
The study is a randomized 3-month community-based exercise intervention with a control group and 2 different exercise groups: walking group and Chinese square dancing group.Eighteen communities will be selected in Beijing, and they will be age matched and randomly grouped into walking, Chinese square dancing and control groups. Each community will include twenty subjects (ten patients with hypertension and ten patients with hypertension complicated with diabetes) aged 40-69 years. All exercise sessions will be supervised and subject's exercise implementation process will be managed with intelligent equipment. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different training programs. The demographics data, physical activity questionnaires, blood pressure, blood glucose, blood lipids, height, weight and physical fitness （cardiorespiratory fitness，muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, body composition） will be measured before and after 3-month exercise training .The adverse reactions in the implementation of the interventions will be recorded. The primary outcomes are blood pressure and blood glucose.
A Sub-Study of an investigator initiated and conducted, multicentre, international, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial (TRIDENT) to determine the effect of more intensive long-term blood pressure control, provided by a fixed low-dose combination blood pressure lowering pill ("Triple Pill") strategy on top of standard of care, for slowing memory decline as measured by Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), in patients with a history of acute stroke due to intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH).
Breast cancer is the most common cancer type in European women. Patients treated for early non-metastatic breast cancer comprise a growing group of survivors due to early diagnosis and improved treatment. Many of these survivors experience adverse effects such as decreased bone mineral density, derangement of metabolic markers (fat, glucose, insulin) and increased blood pressure. Increasing risk of bone fracture and cardiometabolic disease (eg. diabetes mellitus type 2). The purpose of this study is to identify mechanisms behind cardiometabolic changes that may be connected to the (neo-)adjuvant treatment. On top of this we hope to indentify potential biological markers that can help prevent development of metabolic disease. We will be recruiting 120 post-menopausal women age 50-70 with early breast cancer and 1-2 times a year for 5 years examine bone mineral density, body composition, glucose and fat metabolism and nerve damage. A questionnaire will be used to collect information on diet, physical activity and quality of life. Derudover anvendes spørgeskemaer til at indsamle information vedrørende. This new knowledge will help clinicians start adequate preventive measures to help patients avoid cardiometabolic disease secondary to cancer treatment.
TRIDENT Main Study: TRIDENT is a multicentre, international, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial of a fixed low-dose combination BP-lowering pill ("Triple Pill") strategy on top of standard of care, in patients with a history of acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels defined as 'high normal to borderline high', and on either minimal or no BP-lowering treatment according to current guidelines. MRI Sub-Study Centres capable of specific MRI of the brain sequences will be identified. The patients in the TRIDENT main study who are identified to be eligible for the MRI Sub-Study will undergo MRI scans at baseline (6 weeks to 6 months post-randomisation) and at 36-month follow-up time points. All data collected will be analysed centrally at the Brain and Mind Centre (BMC) in Sydney, Australia.
The proposed research, building on an ongoing AHRQ-funded research project to prevent pediatric diagnostic errors in primary care (R01HS023608) and using a prospective, cluster-randomized, stepped wedge design, will investigate whether 1) a quality improvement collaborative (QIC) intervention without subspecialist involvement, 2) a QIC with subspecialists and primary care physicians (PCPs) mutually engaged, and/or 3) a hub and spoke co-diagnosis, co-management model where PCPs diagnose and manage pediatric hypertension (HTN) with a supporting subspecialist advisor, reduce errors in pediatric HTN diagnosis and management compared to each other and usual care.
• Adjunctive use of easily-obtainable maternal sonographic vascular measurements assessing volume status, cardiac output, and systemic vascular resistance by means of inferior vena cava collapsibility/caval index (ICV CI), end-point septal separation (EPSS) for determining left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), cardiac output determination (stroke volume x heart rate), stroke volume variation, & radial artery resistance index) augments standard vital sign assessment (pulse pressure and systolic / diastolic predominance) in clinical decision-making potentially leading to more appropriate pharmacologic and clinical therapies with faster resolution of severe hypertension among pregnant women and women in the postpartum period.