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To address the knowledge gap that exists among providers resulting in underdiagnosis of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), the investigators have devised this 400-patient single-center Quality Improvement Initiative in the form of a randomized controlled trial of an EPIC Best Practice Advisory (BPA) on-screen alert versus no notification to increase echocardiographic screening for CTEPH and the diagnosis of CTEPH in patients with prior pulmonary embolism (PE) and symptoms/signs suggestive of pulmonary hypertension or recent pulmonary testing suggesting unexplained respiratory symptoms at 3 months. Aim #1: To determine the impact of a Best Practice Advisory (BPA), using the EPIC Electronic Health Record computerized decision support (CDS) software, on echocardiographic screening for CTEPH in patient with prior PE and symptoms/signs suggestive of pulmonary hypertension or recent pulmonary testing suggesting unexplained respiratory symptoms. Aim #2: To determine the impact of an EPIC BPA on the diagnosis of CTEPH in patient with prior PE and symptoms/signs suggestive of pulmonary hypertension or recent pulmonary testing suggesting unexplained respiratory symptoms.
Aim: To investigate if a symptom driven referral for chronic thrombosis in the lungs after acute pulmonary embolism is better than the current approach. Background: A number of patients with chronic thrombosis in the lungs after acute pulmonary embolism have dyspnea and reduced functional capacity without elevated pulmonary arterial pressure at rest (CTED). However, current guidelines for follow-up after acute pulmonary embolism will miss all patients with CTED, as referral for further examination is based on elevated pulmonary arterial pressure on echocardiography. Thus, the prevalence of CTED is unknown. The hypothesis is, that a symptom-driven referral of patients with previous acute pulmonary embolism is more sensitive in diagnosing CTED than the current approach. Methods and materials: Patients diagnosed with acute pulmonary embolism in Region Midt (approx. 350 per year) will be screened for non-recovery or persistent pulmonary embolism related symptoms during their 3-6 months follow up at their local outpatient clinic. If the patient has persistent symptoms they will be referred to a scintigraphy. If CTED is suspected from the scintigraphy, the patient will be referred for full CTED work-up. The investigators expect to screen 300 patients for persistent symptoms with an expected study time of 3 years.
This study will compare the low-sodium/low-fat DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet with a very low-carbohydrate diet, helping us to better understand how two different dietary approaches may help participants control their blood pressure, lose weight, and reduce their blood glucose.
The goal of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Nursing Consultation based on the assumptions and techniques of Motivational Interviewing for the control of Type 2 diabetes mellitus with associated diagnosis of Systemic Arterial Hypertension in primary healthcare.
The purpose of this study is to trial remote patient monitoring (RPM) in the postpartum hypertensive population in a randomized control design, with an aim to increase the number of blood pressure measurements taken during the fragile and under-monitored postpartum period and to thereby improve postpartum blood pressure control and reduce severe morbidity and mortality. The investigators plan to compare the number of blood pressures recorded in the first 10 days postpartum between patients who have been enrolled in an RPM trial to those who are being treated with the usual care.
A phase 2b, open label study to assess the safety and efficacy of increasing doses of pulsed, inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in subjects with pulmonary fibrosis and sarcoidosis on long term oxygen therapy followed by a long term extension study
To evaluate pharmacokinetic properties and drug interactions between D326 and D337 co-administered groups, the CKD-828 alone and the total co-administered groups.
The recently published LA Barbershop in the New England Journal of Medicine (Victor et al. N Engl J Med 2018; 378: 1291-301) solid evidence of the efficacy of a pharmacist-led medication management intervention to reduce blood pressure in black men that patronize barbershops. One of the most significant logistical inefficiencies of the LA Barbershop Study was the amount of time the pharmacists spent driving for face-to-face visits with participants. On average, each round trip was 40 miles and pharmacists drove 2 hours per day. By using telemedicine, the study team can minimize the number of face-to-face in-person visits and increase pharmacist efficiency by 25%. the study team aim to increase the scalability of our novel, evidence-based barbershop model by addressing this inefficiency with the pilot study. In the LA Barbershop trial, each participant averaged 7 in-person visits in 6 months. the study team found that the initial in-person visits between the pharmacist, barber, and patron were essential for establishing trust as well as obtaining baseline electrolyte and serum creatinine levels (with our validated point-of-care device, iSTAT). However, once rapport has been established and blood pressure control achieved, the study team postulate that the effect can be maintained remotely with telemedicine. Our data indicate that most patients' can achieve their blood pressure goal in 3 months or less. the study team propose replacing additional in-person visits with telemonitoring (via Skype or FaceTime) at this juncture, provided blood chemistries are stable. the study team plan to pilot this in 20 patients from 2 to 3 barbershops for 12 months.
Patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and scleroderma who develop pulmonary hypertension (PH) do not fit well into the current classification system and treatments for pulmonary hypertension. This study aims to better understand patients with ILD-PH and scleroderma and to determine if treatment with Macitentan is beneficial.
The prevalence of hypertension among U.S. adults increased from 32% to 46% and African Americans are disproportionately impacted. Self-managing hypertension presents challenges such as dealing with complex treatment regimen, including critical components of recommended hypertension treatment such as self-blood pressure monitoring, and lifestyle modifications involving diet, exercise, and tobacco cessation. African Americans with hypertension have lower adherence to self-management behavior due to multifactorial reasons. Substantial evidence has demonstrated the important role of community support in improving patients' self-management of a variety of chronic illnesses, though integrating technology in such programs are rarely offered. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a community outreach program using a technology-based intervention (TBI) to support self-managing hypertension (called COACHMAN) to improve BP control.