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Therapeutic compliance is defined as the degree of coincidence between a person's behavior and prescribing advice given by his or her physician. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "insufficient adherence is the main reason why patients do not get all the benefits they could expect from their medicines. It causes medical and psychosocial complications, diminishes the quality of life of patients, increases the likelihood of drug resistance, and waste of resources. " In the case of certain conditions such as high blood pressure (hypertension), poor adherence increases the risk of stroke, acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure. In patients with uncontrolled hypertension under treatment, the issue of therapeutic non-compliance should always be considered before considering the dose (supplemental drug) of antihypertensive therapy. For each patient participating in the study, medication adherence (for one of the antihypertensive treatments) will be assessed for 2 months using an electronic pill. The antihypertensive treatments considered for the study belong to the following classes: diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium-blockers, ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors, sartans. Main objective: care objective: to provide physicians and patients with assistance in case of ineffectiveness or therapeutic escape in a chronic disease such as hypertension, by assessing the compliance profile of each patient. Secondary objectives: to carry out a quantitative typology of drug adherence in patients with unbalanced HTA under treatment.
This trial will evaluate whether a particular type of circulating white blood cell, monocytes, from type 2 diabetics with high blood pressure and vitamin D deficiency vs. sufficiency will induce hormones that increase blood pressure.
Chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with impaired exercise capacity, quality of life and right ventricular function. The disease is characterized by an increase of pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary arterial pressure, leading to right heart insufficiency. Despite optimized combination-medical therapy most patients remain symptomatic, have reduced exercise capacity, quality of life and reduced survival rates, with an annual mortality rate of approximately 5 -15 % or even higher. Previous training studies have suggested that exercise training as add-on to medical treatment is highly effective improving exercise capacity, quality of life and symptoms. The current guidelines recommend exercise training only in specialized centres including both PH and rehabilitation specialists who are experienced in exercise training of severely compromised patients. A specialized PH-training program has been performed in Heidelberg since 2003 including >1200 patients with various forms of chronic PH. The exercise training program is performed in a special setting with an in-hospital start of the rehabilitation program. It is characterized by a low-dose closely supervised exercise training in small groups with additional psychological support and mental training. This training program for patients with PH will be implemented in European centers to add exercise training to the existing PH therapies. The effect of the training on physical exercise capacity will be assessed by 6-minute walking distance (6-MWD). Further clinical parameters will be assessed to evaluate the effect on exercise capacity, quality of life and symptoms. The aim of this study is to guide European PH-centers to become specialized centers for training in PH. 126 patients will be included, who either receive exercise training or continue their daily sedentary life style (1:1 randomization) for 15 weeks. As inpatient settings are not available in all healthcare systems the training program will be adapted from the specific training program for PH patients developed in Heidelberg to a procedure, which is feasible in the local participating centres. Another objective of this study is to assess if the particular adopted training program specified for each participating centre and country is still safe and effective.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability and mechanistic effects of spironolactone, an aldosterone receptor antagonist, on sympathetic nervous system activity and right heart function and remodeling in patients with chronic right heart failure.
The objective of this clinical study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety by comparing the fimasartan/atorvastatin treatment group to the fimasartan/placebo treatment group and the placebo/atorvastatin treatment group respectively at Week 8 in patients with essential hypertension and dyslipidemia.
Raised blood pressure is a common problem in pregnancy. Raised blood pressure and pre-eclampsia affect about one in ten women and are a major cause of death and premature birth in the United Kingdom and worldwide. Many women have expressed an interest in monitoring their own blood pressure in between antenatal visits but there has been very little research to guide this. The investigators would like to know if the diagnosis and subsequent care of women with raised blood pressure can be improved if women were able to monitor their own blood pressure safely at home. This work will test whether optimising the diagnosis, monitoring and management of raised BP during pregnancy through self-monitoring of BP is effective, acceptable and cost-effective compared to usual care. The research team have being working with pregnant women, doctors and midwives to develop a simple and accurate method of self-monitoring of blood pressure in pregnancy. This randomised controlled trial will: 1. Compare self-monitoring with usual care in women at higher risk of hypertension in pregnancy and assess if self-monitoring can identify raised blood pressure earlier. 2. Compare self-monitoring with usual care for women with high blood pressure in pregnancy to see if it leads to lower blood pressure. 3. Assess if self-monitoring is cost-effective. Pregnant women who chose to take part in these studies will be randomised to either usual care or asked to monitor their own blood pressure during their pregnancy in addition to their usual antenatal care.
This randomized, controlled clinical pilot trial will evaluate the effects associated with in-office use of closed-loop, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology (High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring; HIRREM), compared with acoustic stimulation not linked to brainwaves (ambient nature sounds), for participants with pre-hypertension. Data collection will occur at baseline, and at intervals after completion of the intervention. Outcomes include blood pressure, measures of autonomic cardiovascular regulation, behavioral symptom outcomes, quality of life, alcohol use, and functional performance measures. The primary outcome will be change in blood pressure from baseline to 4-6 weeks after intervention.
Since 2009, a programmatic community-based strategy (COPE) has been implemented to address health disparities among Navajo individuals living with multiple chronic conditions. COPE (Community Outreach and Patient Empowerment) targets individual, family, and health system-level factors through four activities: 1) coordination between community health representatives (CHRs) and Indian Health Service providers; 2) CHR competency with standardized training; 3) a culturally-sensitive health promotion curriculum for patients and families; and 4) strong CHR supervision. COPE has been implemented throughout Navajo Nation. Enrollment is programmatic; in other words, the decision to enroll a patient in COPE occurs independently of whether the patient is in this study. Participants receive the COPE intervention in the same manner and intensity, whether they are included in this observational study or not. The main goal of this observational research is to understand if COPE improves the lives of participating community members. The Primary Aim is to assess the impact of the COPE Project on changes in HbA1c and other CVD risk factors. Hypothesis: Patients enrolled in the COPE program will experience a reduction in HbA1c compared to the control group. Secondary aims are: 1) To understand if COPE improves patients' own self-reported outcomes. Hypothesis: COPE patients will report better health compared with their own baseline at 12 months. 2) To Identify factors associated with increased effectiveness of the COPE Project at the individual, community, and health system level using a mixed-model approach. 3) To understand diverse stakeholder perspectives on COPE impact and value among CHRs, providers and the health care system. Hypothesis: Compared with baseline, CHRs will report greater empowerment in their work, providers will report greater confidence in CHRs. The observational cohort will be comprised of individuals with diabetes receiving care at one of the participating health facilities. Cases include individuals participating in the COPE intervention; controls are non-COPE participants identified within the same hospital and matched based on similar baseline characteristics. Study findings will improve clinical and patient-decision making and the health of marginalized AI/ANs by informing policies to promote CHR interventions in rural and underserved communities.
The study aims to determine if use of physical activity trackers coupled with provider feedback will increase awareness of young adults of their physical fitness and improve blood pressure levels. The goal of this pilot study is feasibility, with a secondary goal of examining potential effect sizes for planning purposes for a larger randomized controlled trial.
Few studies show the benefits of educational technologies a support for the control of chronic diseases. The approach known as 'embracement' adopts relational strategies or soft technologies which promote bonding and may impact therapy adherence and quality of life in hypertensive patients.Objectives:To assess the impact of the embracement approach on therapy adherence, quality of life, and the white coat effect in hypertensive outpatients followed in a specialized clinic. This approach may be associated or not with the use of educational technology in a virtual learning environment(VLE) for distance learning (DL) and with use the educational technology in Blended E-learning (E-BLENDED)