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The purpose of this project is to quantify normal and abnormal skin blood flow regionally in different areas of the body(face, extremities, over burns and wounds) at baseline and over time in response to treatment or environmental changes, such as temperature, light and pressure.
The activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a key role in uncontrolled hypertension or resistant hypertension. Surgery and and medicine are the main treatment for primary aldosteronism(PA) by the current guidelines. However, only a small part of patients with PA meet the surgical criteria, and most of patients with uncontrolled hypertension and activation of RAAS have to take spironolactone or other antihypertensive drugs for long time. On the other side, long-term inhibition of aldosterone receptor may cause hyperkalemia, male breast hyperplasia and other adverse reactions. Moreover, hyperaldosterone is still not corrected by spironolactone, which causes extensive cerebrovascular damages even though blood pressure and blood potassium had been normalized. With the development of adrenal vein sampling and adrenal ablation, selective arterial ablation of adrenal gland(AAA) was observed with significant decrease of blood aldosterone and blood pressure in patients with PA, which made it promising that uncontrolled hypertension could be relieved by selective AAA.
The estimated prevalence of hypertension is approximately 29.0% in the United States during 2015-2016. Hypertension remains an important public health challenge in the United States because it increases the risk for other health conditions such as cardiovascular disease. Strong evidence has indicated that physical activity is associated with reduced risk of hypertension. Lifestyle change programs, including physical activity promotion and dietary modification, have been shown to effectively reduce the cumulative incidence of hypertension for individuals at-risk. However, it is challenging to maintain a high-level program. Recently, the consumer marketplace has been flooded with an array of wearable activity monitors, such Fitbit and Apple Watch, designed to enhance real time self-assessment and activity behavior change. These devices provide potential to serve as more cost effective and appealing intervention means for behavior change applications. Studies have examined the accuracy of the devices but little has been done to examine the monitors' feasibility as a behavior change strategy in and of themselves or as an adjunct to traditional methods (e.g., education and goal setting through a health coach), among people with hypertension. The real-time physical activity monitoring also provides an opportunity to build customized physical activity biofeedback for behavior change. Thus, there is an increasing interest to investigate their application as a behavior change strategy in isolation or as a complement to a more traditional intervention. The current study will recruit participants with hypertension and pre-hypertension. A Fitbit Charge HR will be provided to use over the intervention to all participants. They will be randomly assigned into Fitbit only and Fitbit plus (adding weekly personalized report and health coach consulting) groups for 3-months.
Compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics and safety between CKD-333 tablet and CKD-330, D086 combination
The objective of this clinical study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of NCX 470 ophthalmic solution in lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Three different concentrations of NCX 470 ophthalmic solution (0.021%, 0.042%, and 0.065%) will be compared to latanoprost 0.005% ophthalmic solution.
This study are (1) to assess the relative bioavailability (BA) of a single oral dose of either 5 mg of Levamlodipine Maleate Tablets from CSPC or 10 mg of Amlodipine Besylate Tablet (NORVASC®) from Pfizer Inc. under fasting condition in male and female healthy subjects; and (2) to evaluate food effect on the PK profile of Levamlodipine Maleate Tablets from CSPC.
To compare the pharmacokinetics and safety after a single dose administration of CJ-30061 and co-administration of Exforge® 5/160mg, Lipitor® 20mg in healthy adult volunteers
This is a multi-center, open-label study for eligible subjects who were actively participating in the BPS-314d-MR-PAH-302 study at the time the study was concluded. This OLE study will evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of long-term treatment of the esuberaprost sodium tablets (Beraprost Sodium 314d Modified Release tablets) study drug.
Portal flow pulsatility detected by Doppler ultrasound is an echographic marker of cardiogenic portal hypertension from right ventricular failure and is associated with adverse outcomes based on previous studies performed at the Montreal Heart Institute. This multicenter prospective cohort study aims to determine if portal flow pulsatility after cardiopulmonary bypass separation is associated with a longer requirement of life support after cardiac surgery.
The main OBJECTIVE of this proposal is to extend the investigator's preclinical findings on the role of epigenetics and DNA damage and Bromodomain-Containing Protein 4 (BRD4) inhibition as a therapy for a devastating disease, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). There is strong evidence that BRD4 plays a key role in the pathological phenotype in PAH accounting for disease progression and that BRD4 inhibition can reverse PAH in several animal models. Intriguingly, coronary artery disease (CAD) and metabolic syndrome are more prevalent in PAH compared with the global population, suggesting a link between these diseases. Interestingly, BRD4 is also a trigger for calcification and remodeling processes and regulates transcription of lipoprotein and inflammatory factors, all of which are important in PAH and CAD. Apabetalone, an orally available BRD4 inhibitor, is now in a clinical development stage with a good safety profile. At this stage, the investigators propose a pilot study to assess the feasibility of a Phase 2 clinical trial assessing apabetalone in the PAH population. The overall HYPOTHESIS is that BRD4 inhibition with apabetalone is a safe and effective therapy for PAH.