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Patients with uncontrolled or newly diagnosed hypertension will be randomized to have hypertension management decisions made on the basis of the unattended automated blood pressure (uAOBP) , home BP, and central BP monitoring. This study evaluates the optimal guiding strategy for hypertension will help define which BP monitoring is the most effective strategy to guide the clinical management of hypertension.
Evaluation of the effect of FIXED triple anti-hypertensive therapy with losartan-amlodipin-HCTZ vs any free triple combination therapy chosen by the treating physician for patients with uncontrolled hypertension
Hypertension (HTN) is a global problem affecting 972 million adults and an important public health burden since it is the main cause of cardiovascular disease and death, and the second leading cause of disability. Disproportionately affected, Black women have the highest prevalence of hypertension in the United States. This research will evaluate potential interventions for possible community-based strategies for controlling hypertension using interactive self-care strategies with coaching and technology. We hypothesize that participants who receive self-care management and interactive coaching with technology will have lower systolic/diastolic BP and better adherence to antihypertensive medication(s) and lifestyle recommendations post intervention compared to participants receiving self-care management alone.
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is an effective treatment for pulmonary hypertension (PH) in term and near-term infants. Preterm infants are at risk for early PH that is associated with high risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death. In multiple clinical trials, iNO treatment was not effective for BPD prevention. However, infants were not screened for PH and iNO treatment was not targeted for PH. iNO treatment for PH in preterm infants is controversial due to lack of evidence. The study team hypothesizes that early diagnosis of PH (72-96 hours of life) and iNO treatment will decrease the incidence of death and bronchopulmonary dysplasia and improve oxygenation in extremely preterm infants. 1. To determine if iNO treatment of extremely preterm infants with early pulmonary hypertension as established with echocardiographic evidence at 72-96 hours of age will decrease incidence of death or BPD. 2. To determine if iNO treatment of extremely preterm infants with early PH will decrease the pulmonary artery pressure and improve oxygenation within 72 hours of intervention.
This is a Phase 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center study to assess the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of KBP-5074 in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease and uncontrolled hypertension.
Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common inherited blood disorder. Many people with SCD are at risk to get pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH means that the blood pressure in the blood vessels to the lungs is high, and is a serious disease and. Very few studies have looked at the success of treatments for PH in people with SCD. Researchers want to learn more about treating PH with a type of drug called phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-I). They will look at the records of people who have already joined other studies. Objective: To identify people who already joined NIH SCD protocols whose medical records should be reviewed. The review will look at the description of SCD patients with PH who have already taken PDE5-I and the outcomes for these people. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older with SCD and PH. They must have joined certain NIH studies and taken PDE5-I therapy for at least 16 weeks. Design: This study is a review of medical records. Researchers will collect data from databases of existing studies. They will identify people in those studies who have SCD and PH and took the study drug for at least 16 weeks. Researchers will review the full medical records of those people. From that review, researchers will find participants who meet the inclusion criteria. They will extract data from those records. Researchers will analyze the data. This includes results from heart and lung tests, imaging, and walking tests. It will also include results of a procedure called right heart catheterization. Demographic data and lab data will also be collected. Researchers will remove identifying information from the data, then share it in a database.
Objective: The Nanshan Elderly Cohort Study (NECS) aims to investigate the nutritional, as well as other environmental and genetic factors of chronic diseases, such as cardio-metabolic diseases. Study design: NECS is a community-based prospective cohort study. Participants: About 10000-20000 apparently healthy residents, living in Nanshan， Shenzhen (South China) for >5 years, aged ≥ 65 years, will be recruited between 2018 and 2019. Visits and Data Collection: Participants will be followed up approximately every 3 years by invited to the Community Healthcare Service Centre. At each survey, face-to-face interviews, anthropometric measurements, ultrasonography examination, electrocardiogram test and specimen collection will be conducted. Key variables: 1. Face-to-face interviews: Structured questionnaires will be used to collect the participants' socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyles, habitual dietary intake, physical activity, history of chronic diseases, use of supplements and medications, family history, psychological health and cognitive function. 2. Physical examinations: Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure tests, handgrip strength, and usual gait speed. 3. Ultrasonography examinations: Ultrasonography examination will be performed to determine carotid artery intima-media thickness and plaque, fatty liver. 4. Electrocardiogram test: Electrocardiogram test is to obtain information about the structure and function of the heart. 5. Specimen collections: Overnight fasting blood sample, early morning first-void urine sample and faeces samples will be collected and stored at −80°C till tests. 6. Laboratory tests: 1. Blood tests: Metabolic syndrome-related indices; nutritional indices; inflammatory markers; sexual hormones; genetic markers. 2. Urinary tests: Flavonoids and flavones, minerals, creatinine and renal function related markers. 3. Fecal test: Gut microbiota and related metabolites. 7. Morbidity and mortality: Relevant data will be also retrieved via local multiple Health information systems. 8. Others: Many other laboratory tests or instrument tests will be developed depended on needs and resources in future.
Congenital mitral insufficiency is one of the most common valvular diseases in the pediatric population worldwide, carrying a high morbidity and mortality risk if not treated immediately and properly. Given that mitral replacement likely increased risk of cardiac dysfunction and mitral reoperation, mitral repair is the currently preferred surgical strategy in the majority of pediatric patients with mitral insufficiency. Unfortunately, previous evidences demonstrated the long-term hemodynamic alteration in response to significant mitral regurgitant might lead to a reversible or irreversible pulmonary vascular remodeling regardless of concomitant other cardiac malformations, which is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality following the surgery. Currently available researches mainly focused the association of pulmonary vascular pressures with risk of mortality and morbidity on adult rheumatic or degenerative mitral insufficiency; however, knowledge is still lacking regarding pediatric population with congenital mitral insufficiency. The investigator wil assess the relationship between baseline sPAP and risk of operative morbidity and mortality.
The study was carried out to determine the prevalence,incidence and factors associated with intra-abdominal hypertension among patients admitted in three intensive care units in Kampala Uganda. It was a multi-center prospective cohort study carried out in three intensive care units where 126 patients that met the eligibility criteria were included in the study,demographics,of these were recorded and intra-abdominal pressure measured using the intra-vesical technique at 0,24,and 72 hours.data entry was done using epi-data version 3.1.Data analysis is on going.
Nowadays, the incidence of stroke in China has reached 1.6‰, and this disease has became a primary cause of death in China. One of its major risk factors is hypertension. As shown in the researches, the risk of stroke grows remarkably when the blood pressure increases and there exists a log-linear relationship between them. Systolic pressure and diastolic pressure relate to the risk of stroke independently. Systolic pressure decreasing 10mmHg will reduce the stroke risk by 31% and decrease of 1~3mmHg will reduce the stroke risk by 20~30%. As to diastolic pressure, 5mmHg decrease of it will reduce the stroke risk by 34% and 10mmHg decrease of it will reduce the stroke risk by 56%. In addition, patients with isolated systolic hypertension (SPB≥160mmHg, DPB≤90mmHg) or critical isolated systolic hypertension (SPB=140~159mmHg, DPB< 90mmHg) will suffer a higher risk of stroke than people with normal blood pressure. The ACC has already revised its Hypertension Management Guidelines of standard of diagnosis for hypertension and timing of starting medical treatment in hypertensive patients.Because more and more reseaches shown that people with blood pressure between 120-139/80-89mmHg have higher risk of ASCVSD compared to those with blood pressure lower than 120/80mmHg; However, in China, the diagnostic criteria for hypertension has not been revised yet. Therefore, we still have blind spot in treating such patients who suffer from borderline systolic hypertension at 130~140 mmHg of blood pressure with or without ASCVD or those with the first stage hypertension but refusing to take anti-hypertension drugs. What is more, most of them are middle-aged adults, once they have stroke, it would lead terrible and costly consequences to both their family and the society. Thus, it is necessary to explore new non-pharmacological methods to control blood pressure for reducing the risk of stroke.