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Given the heightened risk of NCDs and mental health issues, it is critical for Jordanians and Syrian refugees to have access to prevention based health services. To address this need, the following project seeks to examine the capacity of Primary Care Health Centers to provide preventive services to empower patients to manage NCDs and potential mental health issues for those who are experiencing distress. The primary research question in this evaluation study is: Does prevention-based health and mental health services in primary health clinics improve health status of Jordanians and Syrian refugees? This research proposal will consist of three study conditions examining: - Condition 1: an existing NCD preventive intervention consisting of 24 sessions, which are 45 minutes covering diabetes, hypertension, obesity, reproductive health, cardiovascular diseases, allergies and smoking; - Condition 2: The existing NCD preventive intervention with 4 added mental health awareness sessions covering traumatic stress reactions, individual strategies for coping with stress and traumatic events and collective strategies for coping with stress and trauma; - Condition 3: Treatment as usual A group randomized study will be conducted in three clinics with patients of the respective clinics. The clinics will be identified prior to the study based on similar demographics, service utilization and staff capacity. Once the three clinics are identified they will be selected to one of the three study conditions. This research will be conducted in collaboration with the University of Illinois (UIUC), AmeriCares, and the Royal Health Awareness Society (RHAS) of Jordan. AmeriCares will work as the operational humanitarian organization collaborating with and providing support to RHAS and UIUC. RHAS's healthy community clinic is a community-based health project launched in 2011 conducted with the Ministry of Health (MOH). The project aims to build the capacity of participating Health Centers to provide better preventative services to empower patients to manage their diseases and reduce future complications. The Healthy Community Clinic, established within existing MOH facilities, provides medical practitioners with the training and resources necessary to implement management and prevention-based care to patients in underserved communities.
This study aims to explore the determinants of cognitive impairment among Indonesian geriatrics in an Old Age Home.
This protocol describes an open-label phase 2 clinical trial of fluoxetine in PAH looking at change in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) as the primary endpoint. In this open-label clinical trial, 18 patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension will be randomized to placebo vs. fluoxetine for 24 weeks. A Right Heart Catheterization will be performed at baseline and 24 weeks. Change in PVR will be the primary endpoint; other hemodynamic endpoints, quality of life, QIDS-SR depression scale, functional class and six-minute walk distance will also be evaluated. Primary Hypothesis: Fluoxetine treatment for 24 weeks will lead to significantly lower pulmonary vascular resistance in 18 patients with PAH in patients treated in an open-label clinical trial.
The present study examined the effect of Montmorency tart cherry juice on functional and blood-based cardio-metabolic markers in humans with Metabolic Syndrome. Participants consumed Montmorency tart cherry juice or a placebo beverage continuously for 7 days in a randomised, crossover trial. Outcome variables were measured immediately prior to supplementation and post-supplementation. Furthermore, on the 7th day of supplementation outcome variables were measured pre- and up to 5 hours post-bolus. It was hypothesised that Montmorency tart cherry juice would improve cardio-metabolic markers, particularly fasting insulin and systolic blood pressure. Furthermore, the study aimed to identify the mechanism of action for any effects of Montmorency tart cherry juice on blood pressure.
Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common inherited blood disorder. Many people with SCD are at risk to get pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH means that the blood pressure in the blood vessels to the lungs is high, and is a serious disease and. Very few studies have looked at the success of treatments for PH in people with SCD. Researchers want to learn more about treating PH with a type of drug called phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-I). They will look at the records of people who have already joined other studies. Objective: To identify people who already joined NIH SCD protocols whose medical records should be reviewed. The review will look at the description of SCD patients with PH who have already taken PDE5-I and the outcomes for these people. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older with SCD and PH. They must have joined certain NIH studies and taken PDE5-I therapy for at least 16 weeks. Design: This study is a review of medical records. Researchers will collect data from databases of existing studies. They will identify people in those studies who have SCD and PH and took the study drug for at least 16 weeks. Researchers will review the full medical records of those people. From that review, researchers will find participants who meet the inclusion criteria. They will extract data from those records. Researchers will analyze the data. This includes results from heart and lung tests, imaging, and walking tests. It will also include results of a procedure called right heart catheterization. Demographic data and lab data will also be collected. Researchers will remove identifying information from the data, then share it in a database.
The primary aim of the study is to define the prevalence of arterial hypertension and risk factors of its development in an unselected group of Polish men from the region of Warmia and Mazury, considered as one of the most unprivileged in terms of social and employment status in Poland. Polish men life expectancy at birth is 74 years and is lower as polish women life expectancy at birth by 8 years. The difference in Western Europe is 5 years. ProM aims to investigate the prevalence of arterial hypertension as well as to increase the interest in its prevention and treatment in men from the region.
The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding dietary pulses. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned an umbrella review and updated systematic review and meta-analysis using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to summarize the available evidence from prospective cohort studies of the association between dietary pulses/legumes and cardiometabolic disease outcomes (incident cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension and overweight/obesity).
Written surveys of patients with high blood pressure are designed to determine how they would likely decide if, in addition to taking medication, they had another option to treat their hypertension. The alternative treatment option is renal sympathetic denervation using catheter ablation. This new treatment method is not yet used in the standard care. Currently, studies are being conducted in specific centers to demonstrate the efficacy of this treatment. Questionnaires are used to determine the preference of patients for one or the other option of hypertension treatment. So far, there are no findings.
This study evaluates the impact of a large-scale, national expansion of Medicaid on hypertension incidence, screening, treatment, and management. Social Determinants of Health will be assessed as moderators, and comparing states that did versus states that did not expand Medicaid will also be evaluated.
"STRENGTHS" is a transdisciplinary implementation research study, guided by the PRECEDE-PROCEED framework, to address the challenge of improving hypertension control in low-resource settings. The investigators propose to test the hypothesis that referral networks strengthened by an integrated health information technology and peer support intervention will be effective and cost-effective in improving hypertension control among patients in western Kenya. The investigators hypothesise that the integrated Health information Technology and Peer Support intervention will facilitate seamless referral of hypertensive patients across the different levels of the health system compared to usual care, leading to improvement in blood pressure. If proven to be successful, STRENGTHS can serve as a model for improving referral of patients upstream and downstream in health systems worldwide.