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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of co-administrated Rosuvastatin/Ezetimibe and Telmisartan in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia and essential hypertension.
Mental disorders have been shown to be associated with a number of general medical conditions (also referred to as somatic or physical conditions). The investigators aim to undertake a comprehensive study of comorbidity among those with treated mental disorders, by using high-quality Danish registers to provide age- and sex-specific pairwise estimates between the ten groups of mental disorders and nine groups of general medical conditions. The investigators will examine the association between all 90 possible pairs of prior mental disorders and later GMC categories using the Danish national registers. Depending on whether individuals are diagnosed with a specific mental disorder, the investigators will estimate the risk of receiving a later diagnosis within a specific GMC category, between the start of follow-up (January 1, 2000) or at the earliest age at which a person might develop the mental disorder, whichever comes later. Follow-up will be terminated at onset of the GMC, death, emigration from Denmark, or December 31, 2016, whichever came first. Additionally for dyslipidemia, follow-up will be ended if a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease was received. A "wash-out" period will be employed in the five years before follow-up started (1995-1999), to identify and exclude prevalent cases from the analysis. Individuals with the GMC of interest before the observation period will be considered prevalent cases and excluded from the analyses (i.e. prevalent cases were "washed-out"). When estimating the risk of a specific GMC, the investigators will consider all individuals to be exposed or unexposed to the each mental disorder depending on whether a diagnosis is received before the end of follow-up. Persons will be considered unexposed to a mental disorder until the date of the first diagnosis, and exposed thereafter.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is progressive life limiting disease with a median survival of less than 3 years without treatment. Current drug trials in PAH commonly use simple tests for example the 6-minute walk test, blood tests such as N-terminal pro-brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and BNP, and haemodynamic measures such as PAP and PVR obtained by RHC as endpoints. These tests are surrogate markers of disease severity in patients with pulmonary hypertension. There is now evidence suggesting that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be helpful in the follow up of patients with PAH with high accuracy for the detection of treatment failure, this is because MRI can track changes occurring in the heart by direct visualisation of cardiopulmonary morphology and function, an advantage over existing methods. However, the reproducible of MRI measurements in patients with PAH is not known, and the comparative repeatability of MRI in relation to traditional candidate endpoints such as walk tests and blood tests used in drug trials is not known.
This study will test the quality of physician care decisions using a patient-simulation based measurement and feedback approach that combines multiple-choice care decisions with real-time, personalized scoring and feedback. The study will also measure the impact of gaming-inspired competition and motivation, including a weekly leaderboard, to improve evidence-based care decisions. In addition, the study the test the impact of CME and MOC credits on participant engagement in the process.
Sildenafil is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor that can exert a nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation effect, so it's considered one of the preferred agents especially in hypoxia induced pulmonary hypertension, can achieve pulmonary vasodilation by enhancing sustained levels of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and nitric oxide. Despite the potential burden of pulmonary hypertension in hemodialysis patients, such agent like sildenafil has limited studies about optimum dose, safety and long term efficacy in End stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis with pulmonary hypertension
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of speech therapy on quality of life, sleep quality, daytime sleepiness level and apnea-hypopnea index in patients with hypertensive patients with mild obstructive apnea syndrome.
Given the heightened risk of NCDs and mental health issues, it is critical for Jordanians and Syrian refugees to have access to prevention based health services. To address this need, the following project seeks to examine the capacity of Primary Care Health Centers to provide preventive services to empower patients to manage NCDs and potential mental health issues for those who are experiencing distress. The primary research question in this evaluation study is: Does prevention-based health and mental health services in primary health clinics improve health status of Jordanians and Syrian refugees? This research proposal will consist of three study conditions examining: - Condition 1: an existing NCD preventive intervention consisting of 24 sessions, which are 45 minutes covering diabetes, hypertension, obesity, reproductive health, cardiovascular diseases, allergies and smoking; - Condition 2: The existing NCD preventive intervention with 4 added mental health awareness sessions covering traumatic stress reactions, individual strategies for coping with stress and traumatic events and collective strategies for coping with stress and trauma; - Condition 3: Treatment as usual A group randomized study will be conducted in three clinics with patients of the respective clinics. The clinics will be identified prior to the study based on similar demographics, service utilization and staff capacity. Once the three clinics are identified they will be selected to one of the three study conditions. This research will be conducted in collaboration with the University of Illinois (UIUC), AmeriCares, and the Royal Health Awareness Society (RHAS) of Jordan. AmeriCares will work as the operational humanitarian organization collaborating with and providing support to RHAS and UIUC. RHAS's healthy community clinic is a community-based health project launched in 2011 conducted with the Ministry of Health (MOH). The project aims to build the capacity of participating Health Centers to provide better preventative services to empower patients to manage their diseases and reduce future complications. The Healthy Community Clinic, established within existing MOH facilities, provides medical practitioners with the training and resources necessary to implement management and prevention-based care to patients in underserved communities.
This will be a Phase 2, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of IONIS-AGT-LRx conducted in mild hypertensive subjects.
This study aims to explore the determinants of cognitive impairment among Indonesian geriatrics in an Old Age Home.
This protocol describes an open-label phase 2 clinical trial of fluoxetine in PAH looking at change in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) as the primary endpoint. In this open-label clinical trial, 18 patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension will be randomized to placebo vs. fluoxetine for 24 weeks. A Right Heart Catheterization will be performed at baseline and 24 weeks. Change in PVR will be the primary endpoint; other hemodynamic endpoints, quality of life, QIDS-SR depression scale, functional class and six-minute walk distance will also be evaluated. Primary Hypothesis: Fluoxetine treatment for 24 weeks will lead to significantly lower pulmonary vascular resistance in 18 patients with PAH in patients treated in an open-label clinical trial.