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This study is a effectiveness study of the application of high-definition enhanced computed-tomography for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension(CTEPH).The patients with CTEPH was randomized into 2 groups,precise pulmonary endarterectomy group(guided by enhanced CT scanning) and traditional pulmonary endarterectomy group,the hemodynamic changes tested with right sided heart catherization from baseline to post-operative period and end-point including peri-operative deaths,follow-up mortality,follow-up parameters of ultrasonic cardiogram(UCG),right-sided heart catherization(RHC),nuclear magnetic resonance imaging(MRI),cardiac pulmonary exercise test(CPET) are documented,so as to compare the prognosis between these 2 groups.
Pulmonary embolism, or clots blocking the blood vessels of the lungs, is a common clinical condition requiring treatment with blood thinners. In most patients, recovery is complete. A small proportion of patients, however, develop complications (high blood pressure in the lung circulation, i.e. pulmonary hypertension). Persisting breathlessness during activity is a common symptom in many of these patients and leads to a reduced ability to engage in daily physical activity. The reason for this activity-related breathlessness remains uncertain and is the main question of the proposed study. Using new sophisticated technology, the investigators will determine the root causes of perceived breathing difficulty. The investigators will test the idea that breathlessness is fundamentally the result of increased drive to breathe from control centers in the brain. The investigators will measure drive to breathe by measuring the electrical activity descending from the brain to the main muscle of breathing - the diaphragm. The investigators will discover if the increased drive to breathe is due to accumulation of carbon dioxide in the blood as a result of poor blood perfusion of areas of the lung due to the effects of blockage by clots. The investigators also will investigate whether weakness and fatigue of the muscles of breathing, as a result of the high breathing demands that are present in patients with blood clots in the lungs, contribute to breathlessness. With this information it is hopeful that better treatment options will be developed to relieve this distressing symptom.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer type in European women. Patients treated for early non-metastatic breast cancer comprise a growing group of survivors due to early diagnosis and improved treatment. Many of these survivors experience adverse effects such as decreased bone mineral density, derangement of metabolic markers (fat, glucose, insulin) and increased blood pressure. Increasing risk of bone fracture and cardiometabolic disease (eg. diabetes mellitus type 2). The purpose of this study is to identify mechanisms behind cardiometabolic changes that may be connected to the (neo-)adjuvant treatment. On top of this we hope to indentify potential biological markers that can help prevent development of metabolic disease. We will be recruiting 120 post-menopausal women age 50-70 with early breast cancer and 1-2 times a year for 5 years examine bone mineral density, body composition, glucose and fat metabolism and nerve damage. A questionnaire will be used to collect information on diet, physical activity and quality of life. Derudover anvendes spørgeskemaer til at indsamle information vedrørende. This new knowledge will help clinicians start adequate preventive measures to help patients avoid cardiometabolic disease secondary to cancer treatment.
TRIDENT Main Study: TRIDENT is a multicentre, international, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial of a fixed low-dose combination BP-lowering pill ("Triple Pill") strategy on top of standard of care, in patients with a history of acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels defined as 'high normal to borderline high', and on either minimal or no BP-lowering treatment according to current guidelines. MRI Sub-Study Centres capable of specific MRI of the brain sequences will be identified. The patients in the TRIDENT main study who are identified to be eligible for the MRI Sub-Study will undergo MRI scans at baseline (6 weeks to 6 months post-randomisation) and at 36-month follow-up time points. All data collected will be analysed centrally at the Brain and Mind Centre (BMC) in Sydney, Australia.
• Adjunctive use of easily-obtainable maternal sonographic vascular measurements assessing volume status, cardiac output, and systemic vascular resistance by means of inferior vena cava collapsibility/caval index (ICV CI), end-point septal separation (EPSS) for determining left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), cardiac output determination (stroke volume x heart rate), stroke volume variation, & radial artery resistance index) augments standard vital sign assessment (pulse pressure and systolic / diastolic predominance) in clinical decision-making potentially leading to more appropriate pharmacologic and clinical therapies with faster resolution of severe hypertension among pregnant women and women in the postpartum period.
Heart attacks and strokes are the leading causes of death in US. High blood viscosity and turbulence in blood flow are the key for cardiovascular diseases. Recent research has shown that application of a strong magnetic field along the blood flow direction will polarize the red blood cells and align them into short chains along the flow, so that the blood viscosity in the flow direction is reduced significantly and disturbed motions in the directions perpendicular to the flow is suppressed. This makes the blood flow laminar, turbulence suppressed, and the possibility of cardiac events reduced. Such magnet treatment also cures rouleaux and improves the blood's oxygen function. The lab tests also confirm that the above effects last more than 24 hours after one treatment. The purpose of this trial is to apply this technology to humans. According to the lab tests, this magnetic treatment has the potential to bring the following benefits to the subjects: (a)The blood viscosity will be reduced by 10-20% or more. (b) The turbulence in blood circulation will be suppressed by the treatment. After the treatment, the blood flow will be laminar. As a joint effect of viscosity reduction and turbulence suppression, the blood pressure will be lowered by 10-20% or more. (c) The subject's blood oxygen function will be improved by the treatment. Especially, if the subject has rouleaux in his/her blood, the effect will be significant. (d) The above effects will last for about 24 hours after one treatment and slowly decay; however, re-treatment will bring the effects back. (e) Because steady laminar blood flow is atheroprotective by active reduction of inflammatory genes, the magnetic treatment, reducing disturbed blood flow hemodynamics, would be possible to have a long term effect as an anti-atherogenic therapy if the treatment keeps for a while. The investigators have just completed the pilot clinical trial. The tests confirm that the technology is safe and effective in lowering the blood pressure and the effect lasts about 24 hours. The present pivotal clinical trials are the continuation and expansion of the pilot tests. The successful clinical trials will make this technology available for people in preventing heart attack and stroke.
The development of portal hypertension is a vital event in the natural progression of cirrhosis and is associated with severe complications including gastroesophageal varices bleeding. Cirrhotic patients with hemorrhagic shock and/or liver failure caused by variceal bleeding face a mortality of 5-20%. Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is the recommended golden standard for portal pressure assessment globally with favorable consistency and repeatability. Reducing the HVPG to levels of 12mmHg or below is associated with protection of variceal hemorrhage. An HVPG> 16mmHg indicates a higher risk of death and HVPG ≥ 20mmHg predicts failure to control bleeding, early rebleeding, and death during acute variceal hemorrhage. The management of portal hypertension has showed a trend of diversification with the development of medication, endoscopy, radiological intervention and liver transplantation. Although medication and endoscopic therapy have achieved preferable effects and are recommended as standard of care for the prevention of variceal rebleeding, patients with HVPG≥ 16mmHg still have a high risk of treatment failure and a high rate of rebleeding. Recent years, early TIPS is recommended as the first-line therapy for the prevention of rebleeding in cirrhotic patients with HVPG≥ 20mmHg. However, for those with HVPG values between 16 to 20mmHg, there is still lack of strong evidence to demonstrate the best practice for the management. With the rapid advancement of laparoscopic device and technique, the utility of laparoscopic splenectomy and pericardial devascularization showed less surgical trauma, bleeding and complications while retaining dependable effects compared to traditional open surgery, especially for portal hypertension with hypersplenism. In the study, the investigators aim to conduct a multicenter randomized controlled trial to compare the safety and effectiveness of HVPG-guided (16 to 20mmHg) laparoscopic versus endoscopic therapy for variceal rebleeding in patients with portal hypertension.
Evaluate the cardiovascular and metabolic properties of MANP in subjects with HTN and MS according to rs5068 genotypes
The TEMPLAR project is an observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study involving several community pharmacies spread all over Italy. The aim of the project, the currently largest Italian ABPM Registry, is to analyze the 24-hour ABPMs performed in community pharmacies enabled for this service in accordance with the current Italian regulations, in order to evaluate the level of BP control in the community and to provide scientific evidence on the usefulness of a telehealth network involving the pharmacist for the screening and control of hypertension.
High blood pressure (HBP) is a major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor which prevalence is gradually increasing. Reducing blood pressure (BP) significantly decreases cardiovascular morbi-mortality. Nevertheless, BP control remains insufficient: only 51% of French patients using antihypertensive drugs achieve the BP control targets. HBP is mostly diagnosed and managed in primary care. Nevertheless, office BP measurements are unreliable for BP control and poorer predict target organ damage. Ambulatory BP measurements are recommended for HBP diagnosis and follow-up. 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is the most cost-effective strategy. Its superiority has been demonstrated for HBP diagnosis and cardiovascular prognosis. In France, ABPM is poorly available and little studied in primary care. Therefore, the investigators conducted a regional prospective study to analyze the feasibility and benefits of ABPM among primary care hypertensive patients in daily practice.