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Study of PAH Subjects with LTOT Use that have Demonstrated Improved Exercise Tolerance with the use of Inhaled Nitric Oxide
This study is a prospective cluster randomized trial testing a systems-level strategy to implement current American Heart Association hypertension guidelines in African American communities at risk for cardiovascular related health disparities. The trial will take place within an integrated health system serving Detroit and will assess blood pressure control over one year's time.
This randomized, controlled clinical pilot trial will evaluate the effects associated with in-office use of closed-loop, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology (High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring; HIRREM), compared with acoustic stimulation not linked to brainwaves (ambient nature sounds), for participants with pre-hypertension. Data collection will occur at baseline, and at intervals after completion of the intervention. Outcomes include blood pressure, measures of autonomic cardiovascular regulation, behavioral symptom outcomes, quality of life, alcohol use, and functional performance measures. The primary outcome will be change in blood pressure from baseline to 4-6 weeks after intervention.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of ambrisentan and tadalafil in reducing mPAP to below 35mmHg in patients with moderate to severe Portopulmonary Hypertension (POPH) as a means to candidacy for liver transplantation.
The study objective is to build group social norms to improve individual adhere to antihypertensive medications. Financial incentives are provided to individuals contingent upon group behavioral changes. Groups of patients will be formed, and incentivized to interact on a daily basis through social media and participate in a monthly-facilitated meeting at a local clinic. By forming groups, making individual outcomes transparent, and setting financial incentives contingent to group targets, individual decisions are framed within emerging social norms.
This pilot, feasibility study evaluates the efficacy of sacubitril-valsartan (Entresto) versus usual anti-hypertensive medications in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVAD). It also measures diurnal blood pressure variations in the context of continuous flow physiology.
Portal pressure gradient (PPG) above 12 mmHg after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) increases the risk of portal hypertension complications. Currently, a PPG reduction <12 mmHg after TIPS is the most consistent threshold associated with almost complete protection from variceal bleeding and ascites. However, the measurement of PPG requires an invasive procedure. A recent study investigated the variations in PPG measurements collected at different time points after placement of TIPS and demonstrated that a time point of at least 24 hours after which PPG values were best maintained (early PPG). It is of great clinical value to propose that an immediate PPG measurement fail to accurately identify the risk of decompensated event. And early PPG would change the decision making for re-intervention or not. However, the repeated invasive examination is extremely difficult to follow in clinical practice worldwide. The prospective multicenter trial aims to assess the diagnostic performance of a virtual imaging-based early portal pressure gradient (vePPG) (investigational technology) from CT angiography and Doppler ultrasound with invasive early PPG measurement as reference. The study participants with portal hypertension will be prospectively recruited at 10 high-volume liver centers in China.
The development of disease-targeted drugs for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has significantly improved within the last years. Combining drug products with different mechanisms of action such as Endothelin-Receptor-Antagonists (ERAs) and Phosphodiesterase-Type-5-inhibitors (PDE-5-Inhibitors) has become increasingly important for the treatment of PAH. Recently, the results of the AMBITION study reported that an upfront combination treatment of ambrisentan and tadalafil immediately after diagnosis leads to a delayed disease progression. On the other hand, the sequential combination of bosentan and sildenafil did not show a similar positive clinical effect and this was attributed to a negative clinically relevant pharmacodynamic drug-drug interaction. Although, recent guidelines have extrapolated that initial upfront combination treatment follows a class effect in terms of efficacy and safety, there is an imperative need to support this notion with other combinations of ERAs and PDE-5-Inhibitors.
This is a multicenter, randomized (2:1; oral treprostinil:placebo), double-blind, placebo-controlled event-driven (time to pulmonary hypertension [PH] clinical worsening) study in subjects with PH associated with sickle cell disease (SCD). Once enrolled, subjects will be evaluated at Weeks 6, 12, 24, and then every 12 weeks for the duration of the study. Subjects will be permitted to enter a 48-week open-label extension period if they experience a PH clinical worsening event.
This is a multicenter, single-arm trial to evaluate the safety of the transition from Selexipag to Remodulin® then Oral Treprostinil in Symptomatic Subjects with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH). The study will include about 30 subjects at approximately 10 clinical trial centers. The treatment phase of the study will last approximately 16 weeks.