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This study aimed to evaluate the role of the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in evaluating arterial stiffness changes, the degree of atherosclerosis in patients with hypertension after 1 year of treatment and analysis the correlation between CAVI and cardiovascular risk factors.
The investigators now know that treating chronic kidney disease in its early stages can prevent dialysis and reduce heart problems that go along with kidney disease. Computerized tools may help primary care doctors to diagnose the disease earlier and computer reminders may help doctors to prescribe the best treatments for hypertension (HTN) which will prevent dialysis and heart problems. In this project the investigators will create computer reminders and the investigators will test them in clinics to see if they improve treatment of high blood pressure in early chronic kidney disease. Hypothesis: The mean systolic blood pressure of the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population can be decreased by an intervention with three innovative features: 1) methods to synthesize electronic health record (EHR) data in order to identify under-diagnosed chronic conditions, 2) iterative improvement in clinical decision support (CDS) content through human factors methods to maximize the "informativeness" of the CDS, and 3) the use of behavioral economic principles to create behavioral "nudges" internal and external to the CDS.
The general objective of this project is to investigate the chronic effect of consuming supplements combining polyphenols from cranberry and grape seed extracts and L-citrulline (Nitric Oxide Ultra capsules, Pure Encapsulations, Sudbury, MA) on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure, markers of vascular function and plasma biomarkers of inflammation in adults with pre-hypertension. The study will be undertaken according to a double-blind, parallel, randomized, placebo controlled design and will be conducted at the Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF) of Laval University. The study will involve a total of 73 adult men and women. Included subjects will be randomly assigned to a 6-week period of supplementation with Nitric Oxide (NO) Ultra capsules or placebo (cellulose capsules). The outcomes are the chronic changes after supplementation with NO Ultra capsules compared with the placebo in: 24-hour ambulatory diastolic and systolic blood pressure, levels of blood lipids and inflammation markers, levels of blood and cutaneous markers of vascular function.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are one of the greatest causes of death to mothers and babies. These disorders affect 1 out of every 10 pregnancies, the rate is increasing in the United States, and rate of recurrence is as high as 50%. Treatments to prevent hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from happening in future pregnancies are limited. There are currently no effective interventions to prevent hypertension recurrence in pregnancy that do not involve medications. Mindfulness interventions hold great potential as a medication-free approach to prevent the recurrence of hypertension in pregnant women with histories of hypertensive disorders. However, traditional group-based mindfulness training interventions, requiring 2.5 hours of class attendance for 8 weeks plus a full-day retreat, are very difficult for pregnant women with medical conditions to attend. The goal of the current study is to determine if phone-delivered mindfulness training is an acceptable intervention among pregnant women with histories of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. 20 pregnant women with histories of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy will be randomly picked to participate in an 8-week phone-delivered mindfulness training intervention (N=10) or usual care (N=10). All women will undergo blood pressure monitoring before and after the intervention. The investigators predict that phone-delivered mindfulness training will reduce risk for hypertension recurrence.
Elevated blood pressure is the largest contributing risk factor to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. According to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, hypertension affects nearly 30% of the adult population. Many patients remain undiagnosed, despite the consensus that screening and timely diagnosis is paramount. In this study, 108 ambulatory surgery patients with elevated blood pressure (160/90) that are not yet formally diagnosed with hypertension will be enrolled and alerted of their high blood pressure by a co-investigator MD. They will request permission to follow-up with the patient and the patient's primary care provider 6 months after the initial phone call to check in on the status of their diagnosis and any action taken (lifestyle changes, medication) to alleviate their high blood pressure. Patients will receive a follow-up letter/email at 6 and 3 months to remind them of their potential diagnosis.
The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of a novel intervention for physicians to increase awareness about interacting with patients with pre- diabetes, diabetes, and hypertension. The investigators will measure health outcomes in patients as well as patient and physician satisfaction at Stanford Corporate clinics. The doctor-patient relationship has been shown to positively impact not only patient satisfaction, but also patients' physiological health outcomes. Thus, the investigators hypothesize that improving the patient-provider relationship would increase physician efficacy in regards to communicating and mitigating long-term risks to patients at risk for or suffering from chronic illness. The present study develops and tests a mindset intervention for physicians aimed at helping physicians prioritize connecting with their patients both in addition to and in comparison with a communication skills training for physicians.
24 h blood pressure monitoring can help to define which is the optimal timing and frequency of measurements
Monocentric cohort study, prospective, evaluating the variability of cardiac output measurement by resting and stress impedancemetry as a prognostic factor for Pulmonary Hypertension
This study aims to explore the determinants of cognitive impairment among Indonesian geriatrics in an Old Age Home.
Little is known about affection of small airways in patients with pulmonary hypertension as well as the ideal diagnostic approach. The investigators therefore aimed to evaluate novel or not widely used lung function tests for the evaluation of airway function in patients with PH.