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The incidence of CVD-related deaths is generally higher in women than men. Postmenopausal changes in estrogen/androgen ratio that induce a relative androgen excess have been proposed as important factors in the higher prevalence of hypertension. Therefore, the investigators hypothesize that testosterone has potential role between hypertension and target organ damage in postmenopausal hypertensive women. And the objective is to evaluate the effects of testosterone between hypertension and target organ damage in postmenopausal hypertensive women.
Multiple chronic conditions (MCC) are widely recognized as the U.S. public health challenge of the 21st century. These physical and behavioral health conditions take a large toll on those suffering from the diseases, including many who are publicly insured, as well as caregivers and society. While evidence-based integrated care models can improve outcomes for individuals with MCC, such models have not yet been widely implemented. Insurance providers/payers have innovative system features that can be used to deploy these models; however, the investigators do not yet know which of these features can best help to improve outcomes for individuals with MCC in general or high-need subgroups in particular. As a result, patients lack information to make important decisions about their health and health care, and system-level decision makers face ongoing challenges in effectively and efficiently supporting those with MCC. This real-world study will provide useful information about available options for supporting individuals with MCC. Building on existing integrated care efforts, the investigators will enroll 1,662 adults with MCC at risk for repeated hospitalizations and assess the impact of three payer-led options (High-Touch, High-Tech, Usual Care) on patient-centered outcomes, namely patient activation in health care, health status, and subsequent re-hospitalization. The investigators will also determine which option works best for whom under what circumstances by gathering information directly from individuals with MCC through self-report questionnaires, health care use data, and interviews.
A novel radiofrequency (RF) wire created by Baylis Medical (Montreal, CAN) is an FDA cleared device commonly used for percutaneous recanalization procedures. This wire has an active tip that delivers focused RF energy and has been applied for many procedures such as percutaneous transseptal left heart access, recanalization of central vein occlusion, recanalization of arterial occlusion, and recanalization of bile duct occlusion. There has been no study investigating the use of the RF wire for TIPS creation in clinical practice with humans. Having promising results of an experimental feasibility investigation in swine, the investigators are seeking to assess the feasibility and safety of the RF wire to cut through tissue in the liver while creating TIPS in the clinical setting.
The study will be conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical administration of brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic suspension compared with brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution.
A comparative, observational, cross-sectional and prolective diagnostic test study, including patients that have had a right heart catheterization and were referred for a CT pulmonary angiography as part of their imaging workup protocol for pulmonary hypertension. Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) pulmonary angiography was performed on each patient to obtain perfusion maps and do a quantitative analysis. Segments with and without perfusion defects according to significant differences in the quantitative values, were defined as compatible or not with chronic thromboembolism. To assess the accuracy of the method and evaluate its performance, these results were compared with the sole results from the right heart catheterization, known to be the gold standard diagnostic tool.
This is a multicenter double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of 2 doses of CXA-10 on stable background therapy in 96 subjects 18 to 80 years of age with PAH.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are an important cause of severe morbidity, long-term disability and death among both mothers and their babies. In Africa and Asia, nearly one tenth of all maternal deaths are associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy research has focused on the antenatal complications' for both mother and baby and the risks and benefits of administering antihypertensive therapy prior to delivery hypertension disorders of pregnancy often persist following delivery and sometimes arise de novo postpartum one of the maternal complications of pre eclampsia is residual chronic hypertension in about 1/3 of cases elevated blood pressure is seen in 6%to 8% of all pregnancies hypertension (arterial pressure >140/90 mmhg) in pregnancy is classified into one of four conditions 1. chronic hypertension that precedes pregnancy 2. pre eclampsia and eclampsia: a systematic syndrome of elevated arterial pressure,proteinuria and other findings 3. pre eclampsia superimposed upon chronic hypertension 4. gestational hypertension or nonproteinuric hypertension of pregnancy
The proposed project will develop, implement, and test methodology for the design of an acceptable, effective intervention for diabetes prevention in a real-world setting. By determining the effectiveness of the intervention, the study will serve to guide the translation of research into routine public health prevention programs and policy. And, the hands-on experience will directly support the development of expertise, tools and training to advance translational science as a discipline. The study aims to test the effectiveness of an environmental and individual level intervention to prevent diabetes at Dhulikhel Hospital-Kathmandu University Hospital (DH-KUH), Nepal. Specific aims are to measure: Effectiveness of a canteen intervention on a composite score based upon improvement in 3 cardio-metabolic risk factors (0-3) [HbA1c decrease ≥0.5%; a systolic blood pressure decrease (SBP) ≥5 mm Hg; and plasma triglycerides decrease ≥10 mg/dl] Effectiveness of a behavioral intervention on a composite score based upon improvement in 3 cardio-metabolic risk factors (0-3) [HbA1c decrease ≥0.5%; SBP decrease ≥5 mm Hg; and plasma triglycerides decrease ≥10 mg/dl] Effectiveness of a canteen intervention on change in HbA1C and healthy food intake after six months of the canteen only (CO) intervention compared to the change over six months during the control period. Effectiveness of a behavioral intervention on change in Hba1c and healthy food intake after six months of behavioral intervention plus the canteen (CB) intervention compared to the change over six months during CO. We will recruit 366 adult employees of DH-KUH. At baseline (T1), 6 months (T2), 12 months (T3) and 18 months (T4), we will administer a standard questionnaire to record relevant characteristics of the participants (age, sex, education, income, marital status, and family history of CVD, physical activity, smoking, alcohol intake and diet). We will abstract food consumption data from the administrative database in DH-KUH. Blood samples will be collected and analyzed for HbA1c, fasting glucose, and lipid profile (HDL, LDL, total cholesterol, triglycerides). We will measure height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, and blood pressure. After 6 months of control period, the participants will receive the canteen intervention: (a) form and train a canteen improvement team; (b) train canteen staff on healthy cooking; (c) add healthy food and remove unhealthy food; (d) information and communication of canteen changes to employees; (e) monitoring of the interventions. After six months of the canteen intervention, half of the participants will be randomized to receive the behavioral intervention. The behavior intervention will be a combination of intensive education sessions, group counselling, goal setting and monitoring based on the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). The primary analysis will use χ^2test use to compare (a) Proportion of individual with score ≥ 2 during CO intervention to the proportion of individual with score ≥ 2 during the control period; (b) Proportion of individual with score ≥ 2 during CB intervention to the proportion of individual with score ≥ 2 during CO intervention. We will conduct a logistic regression with the proportion of individual with score ≥ 2 as outcome and CO vs CB as exposure at T4. Secondary analysis will use paired t-test to compare (a) the change in healthy food intake and HbA1c during CO to the change in healthy food intake and HbA1C during the control period (b) the change in healthy food intake and HbA1C% during CB to the change in healthy food intake and HbA1C% during CO period. We will conduct linear regression with HbA1c% as the outcome and CO vs CB as the exposure variable at T4. Further analysis will adjust for confounding in time-varying variables and assess effect modification.
The aim is to compare a new technique for assessing local and regional arterial stiffness: the Laser Doppler Vibrometry with the reference techniques, the applanation tonometry and echotracking.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a serious and often fatal complication of connective tissue diseases including systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. It has been reported primarily from European series that the prevalence of PAH in patients with connective tissue diseases particularly systemic sclerosis is as high as 15-20%. However, given the paucity of medical literature in the area from Chinese population, the prevalence of PAH amongst Chinese patients with these conditions is largely unknown. Even worse, PAH is often undiagnosed amongst patients with connective tissue diseases due to the lack of awareness and/or access to echocardiography, which is a non-invasive first-line screening tool for PAH. As a result, most patients at diagnosis of PAH are at a relatively late stage, rendering pharmacological treatment less effective. Here, the investigators propose a territory-wide pulmonary hypertension screening for patients with connective tissue disease in order to (1) detect pulmonary hypertension amongst patients with connective tissue disease through systematic screening, and (2) understand the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in Chinese patients with connective tissue diseases.