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The objective of this exploratory study is to examine the utility of high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) to measure changes in functional pulmonary imaging parameters as a function of long term iNO administrationusing the device INOpulse for 4 weeks in relation to Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) and exercise tolerance in subjects with WHO Group 3 PH associated with COPD on LTOT. Changes from baseline to 4 weeks of pulsed iNO and after 2 weeks of withdrawal from pulsed iNO will be evaluated.
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI's) and Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB's) are commonly used anti-hypertensive medications that may have implications on the management of a patient undergoing surgery. Limited research has looked at the effects of these medications on perioperative complications and mortality. Some studies conducted on small groups of inpatients with advanced vascular disease undergoing vascular surgery or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), suggest exacerbation of hypotension (low blood pressure) in patients who continued taking ACEI's or ARB's on the morning of their procedure. In addition, cases of low blood pressure (BP) that were refractory to standard treatment were reported. One recent retrospective study reported no difference in severe hypotension and only a modest difference in moderate hypotension managed by conventional treatment, but did not adequately address the risk of preoperative hypertension. A study recently published by the investigators (Twersky et al., 2014) in over 600 patients demonstrated no difference in preoperative hypertension in ambulatory surgery and same day admission patients. There has been limited data stratifying the degree of low BP based on severity but these were not done in ambulatory patients, and neither was the degree of high BP from discontinuing these medications addressed. As such, no uniform consensus has been reached and clinicians are unclear as to whether the reported inpatient findings are applicable to the outpatients, since they differ in many respects. The investigators propose to evaluate whether ACEI's and ARB's discontinued preoperatively have a negative impact on perioperative hemodynamics and patient outcome in a group of ambulatory and same day surgical patients. Similar to studies done on inpatients, the investigators will also evaluate patients receiving a standardized general anesthetic for hemodynamics following induction of anesthesia until surgical incision. The investigators hypothesize that continuing ACEI's and ARB's in the preoperative period does not result in an increased risk of severe hypotension (low blood pressure) following induction of general anesthesia.
The Camp DASH study trial will compare the effect of two dietary patterns and two levels of sodium intake on blood pressure and blood lipids in adolescents in the upper third of distribution for blood pressure. The two dietary patterns are based on the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) trial in adults.
The purpose of this trial is to investigate safety, tolerability, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics after intravenous administration of FE 204205 in patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension.
This study will investigate the effect of a nitric oxide supplementation product, Neo40 Daily®, on blood pressure in pre-hypertensive and mildly hypertensive adults. Subjects will take 2 lozenges per day 12 hours apart for 8 weeks. Half of the subjects will receive Neo40 Daily® and the other half of the subjects will receive placebo.
In this study the investigators are going to assess the feasibility of this innovate technique of renal sympathetic denervation by translumbar access under ct-guidance. To limit the potential impact on the kidney, the investigators chose a population of chronic renal failure patients on dialysis or renal transplant (with native kidneys still present) and having resistant treatment hypertension despite antihypertensive combination therapy well conducted. The investigators expect to obtain a decrease of the blood pressure at the 24-hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) one month after the sympathetic denervation.
This is a Randomized, open-label, single-dose, 3-treatment, 3-period, 3-sequence crossover design.
Patients in for treatment of benign intracranial hypertension will undergo two tests that are not routinely performed for these patients: central corneal thickness and axial length of the eye. The data obtained from these measurements will be assessed to see if the correlate with aspects of vision loss including visual acuity, visual field status, optical coherence tomography (OCT) results, and fundus photographs.
The ANDORRA study is a, multicenter, prospective, open, randomized, controlled blinded endpoint trial (PROBE) comparing two treatment strategies (renal artery stenting + standardized and optimized medical treatment [SOMT] versus SOMT alone) of 12 months duration in patients with confirmed resistant hypertension (RH) and angiographically proven grade III unilateral or bilateral atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) ≥ 60%.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Sildenafil 20mg taken three times a day is effective in the treatment of Heart Failure with Reactive Pulmonary Hypertension. This is a double-blind, placebo controlled trial.