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Rural areas and refugee camps are characterized by poor access of patients to needed noncommunicable disease (NCD)-related health services, including diabetes and hypertension. This community trial study aims to assess the effect of employing low-cost mHealth tools on the accessibility to health services and improvement of health indicators of individuals with NCDs in rural areas and refugee camps in Lebanon.
The study was carried out to determine the prevalence,incidence and factors associated with intra-abdominal hypertension among patients admitted in three intensive care units in Kampala Uganda. It was a multi-center prospective cohort study carried out in three intensive care units where 126 patients that met the eligibility criteria were included in the study,demographics,of these were recorded and intra-abdominal pressure measured using the intra-vesical technique at 0,24,and 72 hours.data entry was done using epi-data version 3.1.Data analysis is on going.
Poor medication adherence is a major contributor to inadequate BP control, and is associated with 125,000 deaths annually. Translation of adherence interventions to community-based primary care practices where majority of Latino patients receive care is non-existent. Thus, the development of tailored interventions targeted at improving medication adherence in the Latino population is needed in order to address the racial disparities in BP control between Latinos and whites. This proposal provides a unique opportunity to address this gap in the literature. Using a randomized control design (RCT), the study will evaluate the effect of a culturally tailored, practice-based intervention on medication adherence in 148 high-risk Latino patients with uncontrolled HTN. To facilitate translation into routine practices, the intervention will be integrated into the clinic's electronic medical record (EMR) system, and will be delivered by trained, bilingual Health Coaches.
Mantras are specialized energized sound or words, which are defined most important sound therapy in Vedic healing. Present study was undertaken to evaluate the immediate effect of specialized Mantra chant on cardiovascular parameters in high blood pressure patients.
Aging is associated with progressive decreases in arterial health and function as well as overall fitness. It is crucial to prevent or reduce the negative effects of aging on the vasculature and fitness components by implementing appropriate lifestyle interventions, such as exercise training. We examined the effects of a swimming (SWM) regimen on arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity, PWV), blood pressure (BP), wave reflection (AIx), muscle strength and aerobic capacity in elderly women with stage 2 hypertension.
The major findings from the study are that 12-weeks of Taekwondo training reduced the elevated blood catecholamine levels and arterial stiffness in post-menopausal women with stage-2 hypertension. In addition, we found that Taekwondo training was able to reduce resting heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Furthermore, Taekwondo training was able to increase both hand grip and leg strength, which have been shown to be negatively correlated with cardiovascular risks. To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the beneficial effects of Taekwondo as a therapeutic exercise modality to improve cardiovascular health and muscular strength in post-menopausal women with stage-2 hypertension.
Background: Hypertensive patients with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) but 1-h post load plasma glucose >155 mg/dl (1-h high), during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), show an unfavorable metabolic profile characterized by higher insulin resistance (IR), subclinical inflammation and multiple target organ damage. Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that silybin presents important anti-inflammatory and metabolic effects, improving IR and endothelial dysfunction. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of the complex silybin-vitamin E and phospholipids on inflammatory, metabolic and vascular parameters in NGT 1-h high hypertensive patients. Methods: This is a pilot, single arm, interventional, longitudinal study in which the investigators have planned to enroll 50 Caucasian never-treated hypertensive outpatients, showing normal glucose tolerance but 1-h post load plasma glucose >155 mg/dl, during the OGTT.
This study evaluated the differences between normotensive and hypertensive menopausal women in ambulatory and blood pressure variability responses to combined aerobic and resistance exercise.
The goals of this study were two-fold. First, the attempt to quantify the relationships between pulmonary arterial stiffness, right ventricular function and the efficiency of ventricular-vascular interactions in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Second, the attempt to quantify the effects of exercise on pulmonary arterial stiffness, pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricular function and the efficiency of ventricular-vascular interactions in patients with PAH.
Recent evidence suggests that there is a directly proportional relationship between diets with a high concentration of antioxidants and the reduction of blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular events. However, there is a gap with regard to research on the effects of these diets on vascular function, especially in humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of antioxidant supplementation through the consumption of blueberry, cranberry and pomegranate extract capsules (1 of each per day), the effect of the autonomic balance in hypertensive and normotensive adults.