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It is estimated that over 25% of the world's population had hypertension in the year 2000 and that this proportion will reach 30% in the year 2025. With the introduction of the 2017 Guideline for High Blood Pressure in Adults from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines, the definition of hypertension became broader and as a result the prevalence is expected to further increase. On the other hand, it is estimated that around 10% of the world's population is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD) with hypertension being both cause and complication of CKD. It is obvious that hypertension and CKD are interconnected and are both major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hypertension results in increased CVD risk both directly, as an independent factor, and indirectly via its negative impact on renal function. In fact, the deterioration of the renal function is proportional to the degree of hypertension. On the other hand, the more advanced the CKD is, the more challenging the management of hypertension becomes, as patients with CKD present altered patterns of blood pressure (BP) during the day and, additionally, the prevalence of white coat and masked hypertension is significantly higher in this group of patients. To date, hypertensive patients are treated according to the BP recordings that are obtained in the office (OBP) during routine patient visits, which leads to inaccurate estimates of the true burden of hypertension and also affects the efficacy of the therapeutic intervention. It has been suggested that self measured BP (HBP) is a more accurate estimate of the patients' daytime BP compared to the conventional office BP measurements. This has been already confirmed in studies regarding the general population and it has been suggested that the same applies to the patients with CKD. This study aims to check the validity of this hypothesis by comparing the effect of the HBP - guided management versus the conventional OBP - guided management on the 24 hour ambulatory BP monitoring of patients with uncontrolled hypertension and CKD stage 3 and 4.
This trial aims to compare the efficacy of several streamlined guideline-based hypertensive medication regimens initiated with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor/Angiotensin Receptor Blocker [A], Calcium Channel Blocker [C] and Diuretic [D].
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Pharmacokinetic Interaction Between AD-2011 and AD-2012 in healthy male volunteers.
Insulin resistance is a key mechanism in metabolic disorders, which has also been implicated in the development of pulmonary hypertension. In this pilot study, the investigators´ goal is to directly determine insulin sensitivity in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension patients and to compare the results with data from healthy controls.
Elevated levels of ET-1 have been implicated in cardiovascular disease and some forms of hypertension. Due to the strong, positive correlation between obesity and hypertension, the present study will explore the contribution of adiposity in ETB receptor function and aim to elucidate if ETB receptor dysfunction is a major contributor to hypertension in obesity.
Randomized crossover trial in patients with Pulmonary Hypertension (PAH, CTEPH) to assess the acute response to simulated altitude (FIO2: 15.1% = equivalent to 2500m above sea level) on ECG repolarizations and non-invasive blood pressure measurements by Finapres® NOVA Technology.
To investigate if the inflammatory protein, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), along with other inflammatory mediators, is elevated in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and pulmonary hypertension as compared to those with CHD alone, or with healthy controls.
Rural areas and refugee camps are characterized by poor access of patients to needed noncommunicable disease (NCD)-related health services, including diabetes and hypertension. This community trial study aims to assess the effect of employing low-cost mHealth tools on the accessibility to health services and improvement of health indicators of individuals with NCDs in rural areas and refugee camps in Lebanon.
Some patients who have blood clots come down with a life-threatening condition known as Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH), which is high blood pressure only in the arteries of the lungs. This study seeks to understand more about the genetics causes of CTEPH by obtaining blood samples and examining family histories.
High blood pressure is the greatest threat to the global burden of disease, contributing to an estimated 9.4 million deaths a year. Cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality are positively correlated with the degree of elevation of blood pressure, without any evidence of a threshold down to at least 115/75 mm Hg. Hypertension is common, and nearly every clinician in every specialty deals either directly or indirectly with managing it or its consequences. The population age 65 years or older numbered 46.2 million in 2014 and they represent 14.5% of the US population, the older population in 2030 is projected to be more than twice as large as in 2000, growing from 35 million to 74 million and representing 21 percent of the total U.S. population and it is expected to more than double to 98 million in 2060.Proper managing and controlling blood pressure markedly improves patient morbidity and mortality, SHEP study showed that in persons aged 60 years and over with isolated systolic hypertension, antihypertensive stepped-care drug treatment with low-dose chlorthalidone as step 1 medication reduced the incidence of total stroke by 36%.This study will estimate the prevalence of hypertension diagnosis, treatment and outcomes in a Family Practice population. It is a hypothesis generating study