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Current management of hypertension in PD motor fluctuators is flawed. The current practice often is to treat transient hypertensive spikes reported by patients or measured in clinics with anti-hypertensive medications. This may contribute to morbidity by worsening orthostatic hypotension and increasing fall risk. There is a scarcity of literature on this subject and there is no documentation of severe hypertension with rises in systolic blood pressure exceeding 50% of baseline occurring during motor "OFF". There are two studies that have demonstrated that blood pressure fluctuation can occur in motor fluctuators during the "OFF" state1,2. The study by Baratti et al measured blood pressure in 13 Parkinson's disease patients, 7 with motor fluctuations and 6 without fluctuations. In the fluctuators, the mean systolic/diastolic blood pressures were significantly higher than the non-fluctuators during the "OFF" state but not the "ON" state.
This study compared the improvements of blood pressure levels, left ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular diastolic function, vascular function and cognitive function between postmenopausal hypertensive women and age-matched hypertensive male patients through the evaluation of the effects of fully blocked AT1 receptor by valsartan. Additionally, the differences of the above indexes between the patients who were fully blocked AT1 receptor by valsartan and the patients who were treated with a single dose of valsartan treatment were assessed, so as to provide theory basis for clinical treatment of postmenopausal hypertensive women.
To analyze the efficacy of beraprost and sildenafil for treatment of pulmonary hypertension in children with left to right shunt. analyze the efficacy and side effects.
Government has popularized potatoes as a major staple food in China. Potato, a potassium-rich food with high glycemic responses after consumption, exhibits unclear effects on hypertension. In this study, the investigators aimed to examine the association between potato consumption and hypertension risk among Chinese people.
In Denmark, around 2 % of the population live with severe mental disease. People with severe mental disease live 15-20 years less than the general population. The majority of the years of life lost are a consequence of the excess mortality due to somatic disease. The high prevalence of somatic disease among people with severe mental disease can be largely attributed to physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and side effects from psychopharmacological drugs. Apart from the impacts of unhealthy lifestyle and medication side effects, research suggests that individuals with severe mental disease do not receive the same treatment for their somatic diseases as do the rest of the population. The inequality in diagnostics and treatment can be attributed to stigmatization from healthcare providers and patients' lacking awareness of symptoms and reluctance to seek medical care. Further, the increasing specialization within both somatic and psychiatric care has led to a division between these two treatment systems (8,9). Patients with severe mental disease who simultaneously have one or more somatic diseases need their treatment to be coordinated; such treatment should span general practice, the municipality and the psychiatric and somatic hospital. Accordingly, the following elements are necessary to create effective and coordinated treatment trajectories: detailed preparation, qualitative process evaluation as an integrated part of the courses of treatment, and involvement of all stakeholders from the start. The overall aim of the project is to optimize the detection of selected chronic somatic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (ischaemia and heart failure), diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol, in individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder; to initiate medical treatment; and to ensure treatment compliance among patients. Accordingly, the project has the following objectives: - To develop an intervention targeting individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder that can optimize the detection of selected chronic somatic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (ischaemia and heart failure), diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol - To test whether the developed intervention can optimize the detection of cardiovascular disease (ischaemia and heart failure), diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol in individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder The project's hypotheses are that an interdisciplinary and intersectoral intervention targeting individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder can - optimize detection of cardiovascular diseases (ischaemia and cardiac insufficiency), diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol by systematic screening in general practice - lead to initiation and maintenance of relevant medical treatment. Moreover, we hypothesize that the complete intervention in a long-term perspective will lead to decreased mortality within the target group.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) contributes importantly to mortality and morbidity. Prevention of CVD by lifestyle change and medication is important and needs full attention. In the Netherlands an integrated program for cardiovascular risk management (CVRM), based on the Chronic Care Model (CCM), has been introduced in many regions in recent years, but evidence from studies that this approach is beneficial is very limited. In the ZWOT-CASE study the investigators will assess the effect of integrated care for CVRM in the region of Zwolle on two major cardiovascular risk factors: systolic blood pressure (SBP) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol) in patients with or at high risk of CVD. This study is a pragmatic clinical trial comparing integrated care for CVRM with usual care among patients aged 40-80 years with CVD (n= 370) or with a high CVD risk (n= 370) within 26 general practices. After one year follow-up, primary outcomes (SBP and LDL-cholesterol level) are measured. Secondary outcomes include lifestyle habits (smoking, dietary habits, alcohol use, physical activity), risk factor awareness, 10-year risk of cardiovascular morbidity or mortality, health care consumption, patient satisfaction and quality of life.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of sodium intake reduction by education in patients with resistant hypertension. The study was designed to maximize the compliance to antihypertensive agents and use optimal doses of antihypertensive agents including diuretics for 2 months before randomization. Patients will be assigned randomly to receiving (1) education of sodium intake reduction and exercise, or (2) education of exercise alone. Education of sodium intake reduction will be blinded to patients, and education of exercise will be provided to both group to blind the subjects. Daytime ambulatory blood pressure is adopted for diagnosis of resistant hypertension to avoid white-coat effect.
This study evaluates a health theory based mobile health behavioral intervention to reduce blood pressure (BP) among hypertensive patients evaluated in a community Emergency Department (ED) setting.
The aim of the trial is to study the long-term safety of macitentan and to provide continued treatment with macitentan to patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who were previously treated with macitentan in clinical studies.
Cross-sectional survey of all adults residing in two defined geographical regions in urban Lilongwe and rural Karonga District. Participants were interviewed, had anthropometric measures taken, and had fasting blood specimens taken.