View clinical trials related to Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.Filter by:
Study APD811-301, ADVANCE OUTCOMES, is designed to assess the efficacy and safety of ralinepag when added to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) standard of care or PAH-specific background therapy in subjects with World Health Organization (WHO) Group 1 PAH.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on peripheral muscles and other physical and psychosocial variables in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. This study was designed as an assessor-blind randomized controlled trial. Thirty-one patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension will be recruited. The participants will randomly divided two parallel groups as treatment and control. For the treatment group, neuromuscular electrical stimulation will be applied to the bilateral deltoid and quadriceps femoris muscles with 50 Hz for 3 days/week, 8 weeks. Control group will not be received any additional treatment, just given healthy life recommendations such as walking. The participants will be assessed before and after the treatment by a blind assessor to the group allocation. The outcome measure will be assessments of the upper and lower limb muscle strength, respiratory muscle strength, muscle cross-sectional area and thickness, pulse wave velocity, exercise capacity, walking speed, functional mobility and balance performances, balance confidence, fatigue perceptions, physical activity level, activities of daily living and quality of life.
Study of PAH Subjects with LTOT Use that have Demonstrated Improved Exercise Tolerance with the use of Inhaled Nitric Oxide
Congenital mitral insufficiency is one of the most common valvular diseases in the pediatric population worldwide, carrying a high morbidity and mortality risk if not treated immediately and properly. Given that mitral replacement likely increased risk of cardiac dysfunction and mitral reoperation, mitral repair is the currently preferred surgical strategy in the majority of pediatric patients with mitral insufficiency. Unfortunately, previous evidences demonstrated the long-term hemodynamic alteration in response to significant mitral regurgitant might lead to a reversible or irreversible pulmonary vascular remodeling regardless of concomitant other cardiac malformations, which is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality following the surgery. Currently available researches mainly focused the association of pulmonary vascular pressures with risk of mortality and morbidity on adult rheumatic or degenerative mitral insufficiency; however, knowledge is still lacking regarding pediatric population with congenital mitral insufficiency. The investigator wil assess the relationship between baseline sPAP and risk of operative morbidity and mortality.
This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, controlled, Phase 2 study to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of PB1046 at the optimally titrated dose after 16 weeks of treatment. Subjects will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to one of two parallel dose groups: a) high-dose group where PB1046 will be up-titrated from a 0.2 mg/kg minimally effective starting dose to a target high dose level of at least 1.2 mg/kg or higher to a maximally tolerated dose (MTD), or b) a low-dose group that will start at 0.2 mg/kg and remain at this minimally effective dose (MED) level with sham up-titration. The total treatment period will be comprised of 2 phases: 1) an initial 10 week dose titration phase in which weekly doses of PB1046 will be titrated (or sham titrated) up to a target dose level of at least 1.2 mg/kg or higher to the MTD, and 2) a maintenance of treatment phase that begins when subjects reach week 11 and continues for 6 weeks during which no further up-titration should occur.
Though graded balloon-atrial-septostomy (BAS) has been accepted as an effective palliative therapy for severe pulmonary arterial hypertension, spontaneous closure of septostomy is not uncommon. Radiofrequency-catheter-ablation (RFA), which has the potential to cause irreversible damage around the rim of created inter-atrial communication, might contribute to prevent the spontaneous closure. In patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension, the combined use of RFA and BAS (CURB) is investigated to create a stable inter-atrial communication.
This is a Phase 2, single-center, randomized placebo controlled trial of famotidine (an H2 receptor antagonist) in adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The study will evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of a 24-week course of famotidine.
The role of physical training in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is controversial. The aim of the project is to evaluate the effect of physical training on markers of endothelial function and integrity and to identify those biomarkers associated with a better therapeutic response in patients with PAH and in an experimental model of pulmonary hypertension. Methodology: 1) Study in humans: sample size will be 50 patients with PAH. Responders and non-responders will be identified for a 12-week resistance training program. Before and after the physical training program, endothelial microparticles and circulating vascular progenitor cells, and metabolomic and mitochondrial function parameters in circulating endothelial cells will be analyzed. Patients will be identified in whom a more favorable response to the training program is obtained. Additionally, investigators will evaluate the relationship between this response and the biomarkers both at baseline and their change with the training program. 2) Study in a murine experimental model: investigators will study mice with pulmonary hypertension induced by the administration of Semaxanib (SU5416) and exposure to hypoxia for 3 weeks and control mice. Half of them will exercise on a treadmill for 3 weeks. At the end of the program the right ventricular pressure will be measured and the animals will be sacrificed. Morphometric studies in pulmonary and cardiac tissue, pulmonary endothelial function and metabolomic parameters in cardiac and skeletal muscle will be performed. Differences in these variables between the different experimental groups will be analyzed.
The main purpose of this clinical trial is to examine the feasibility and effects of tamoxifen in subjects with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The study will evaluate how well the drug is tolerated, and its impact on functional condition and selected biomarkers. Changes in tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and other parameters determined by transthoracic echocardiography will be evaluated as well as changes in additional metrics such as six minute walk test distance, quality of life assessments, and hormone levels.
A multiple-ascending-dose (MAD), randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded trial to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of Elafin in healthy adult subjects. The purpose of this study is to assess Elafin that is being developed for treatment of PAH. Elafin inhibits elastase, an enzyme that is increased in pulmonary hypertension and is a major factor in the development of PAH. Elafin will be administered subcutaneously daily for 7 days in normal healthy subjects followed over a 28 day time period.