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The purpose of this study is to assess the predictive performance of the pulmonary vascular reactivity to acetylcholine, in the presence pulmonary arterial hypertension (estimated 1 year after the closure of the shunt).
Renal denervation has recently shown to improve glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity in addition to reducing blood pressure. The mechanisms are however unclear. The investigators hypothesize that renal denervation alters adipose tissue function by reduced sympathetic outflow, measured by fat biopsies and markers of inflammation and insulin sensitivity. 15 clinical patients undergoing renal denervation are recruited to the study investigating anthropometry, peripheral blood samples, body composition, heart rate variability and subcutaneous fat biopsies at baseline and 6 months after renal denervation.
To test a psychopharmacological intervention strategy which may provide new insights into the mechanisms underlying the physiological hyperreactivity to stress observed in hypertension, we plan to test the effects of the neuropeptide oxytocin and social support on the neurobiological and psychological responsiveness to social stress. The study population for this project consists of 80 hypertensive and 80 normotensive non-smoking medication-free men. We expect exogenous oxytocin administration to enable hypertensives to effectively take advantage of the provided social support. Thereby, oxytocin may enhance the effect of social support on reducing the previously observed physiological hyperreactivity to stress in essential hypertensives.
The BAROSTIM NEO HTN trial is a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the Barostim Neo system in subjects with resistant hypertension. Currently, the BAROSTIM NEO HTN trial is not actively enrolling. CVRx is conducting long-term follow-up of patients implanted with the BAROSTIM NEO device. This update was not done for any subject protection concerns that would preclude continuation of the investigation.
The purpose of this study is to create a registry of patients with Pulmonary Hypertension who received medical care in the Hospital Italiano of Buenos Aires.
A 6-month (24-week), randomized, open label evaluation of the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a high and low dose ambrisentan (adjusted for body weight) treatment group in subjects aged 8 years up to 18 years with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). An additional objective is to determine the ambrisentan population pharmacokinetics in the paediatric population. The study will include a screening/baseline period and a treatment period. The treatment period will be 24 weeks or until the subject's clinical condition deteriorates to the point that alternative/additional treatment is necessary. Patients who participate in the study and in whom continued treatment with ambrisentan is desired will be eligible to enrol into a long term follow-up study. The primary comparison will be the safety and tolerability of the two ambrisentan dose groups (Low vs. High) in the paediatric PAH population The secondary comparison will be the change from baseline for the efficacy parameters between the two treatment groups.
The primary objective of this study is to examine the effects of Sildenafil, administered during cardiac catheterization, on right ventricular contractility in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
The variations of ENaC have an impact on the degradation of epithelial sodium channels and sodium reabsorption, and thus are associated with hypertension and hypokalemia. Liddle's syndrome is a rare monogenic form of autosomal-dominant hypertension caused by truncating or missense mutations in the C-termini of epithelial sodium channel β- or γ-subunit encoded by SCNN1B or SCNN1G. Our purpose is to determine the hotspot of mutation causing Chinese Liddle's syndrome. The second purpose is to determine wether the polymorphisms of ENaC are associated with hypertension in Chinese. Some polymorphisms of ENaC associated with hypertension may be genetic risk factors for Chinese hypertension.
Chronic glomerular diseases are one of the main causes leading to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Hypertension and proteinuria are two modifiable factors promoting the progression of ESRD. Podocyte are terminally differentiated epithelial cells and play a central role in the progression of chronic kidney disease and in the development of glomerulosclerosis. The presence of podocyte in urines (podocyturia) has been documented by several teams with continuous and regular podocyturia during glomerular disease. This facts suggests that podocyturia could become a marker of podocyte loss and glomerular damage. In our university hospital, we developed a technique to evaluate the number of microparticles (cellular fragments) in different biologic samples. The podocytary origin of microparticles will be determinated thanks to specific antibodies. The aim of the present study is: i) to quantify podocyturia during glomerular nephropathies by dosing podocyte microparticles ii) to study the relationship between podocyturia and other biologic markers such as proteinuria iii) to evaluate the effect of angiotensine 2 blockage on podocyturia. This is an open-labelled randomized monocenter cross-over study. Twenty subjects with hypertension and glomerular nephropathy characterized by proteinuria and a normal or slightly altered renal function will be included. Patients will be treated successively by an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), losartan and by a thiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, (after a wash out period). We will study the impact of these two therapies on podocyturia. Results will be compared with others markers like proteinuria (and its selectivity). We may finally dispose of a non invasive urinary marker of podocyte lesions responsible for glomerulosclerosis and for ESRD progression. Moreover mechanism of nephroprotection of the ARB may be more comprehensive.