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Women who have the diagnosis of hypertension (pre-pregnancy and pregnancy induced) and deliver an infant via vaginal delivery will be placed into two groups in the postpartum period. One group will receive Ibuprofen for pain control and the other group will be given Tylenol. Blood pressures during the postpartum period will then be collected and compared in order to see if NSAIDs use increases blood pressure.
Patients in for treatment of benign intracranial hypertension will undergo two tests that are not routinely performed for these patients: central corneal thickness and axial length of the eye. The data obtained from these measurements will be assessed to see if the correlate with aspects of vision loss including visual acuity, visual field status, optical coherence tomography (OCT) results, and fundus photographs.
The purpose of this study is to assess the predictive performance of the pulmonary vascular reactivity to acetylcholine, in the presence pulmonary arterial hypertension (estimated 1 year after the closure of the shunt).
Renal denervation has recently shown to improve glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity in addition to reducing blood pressure. The mechanisms are however unclear. The investigators hypothesize that renal denervation alters adipose tissue function by reduced sympathetic outflow, measured by fat biopsies and markers of inflammation and insulin sensitivity. 15 clinical patients undergoing renal denervation are recruited to the study investigating anthropometry, peripheral blood samples, body composition, heart rate variability and subcutaneous fat biopsies at baseline and 6 months after renal denervation.
To test a psychopharmacological intervention strategy which may provide new insights into the mechanisms underlying the physiological hyperreactivity to stress observed in hypertension, we plan to test the effects of the neuropeptide oxytocin and social support on the neurobiological and psychological responsiveness to social stress. The study population for this project consists of 80 hypertensive and 80 normotensive non-smoking medication-free men. We expect exogenous oxytocin administration to enable hypertensives to effectively take advantage of the provided social support. Thereby, oxytocin may enhance the effect of social support on reducing the previously observed physiological hyperreactivity to stress in essential hypertensives.
The purpose of this research study is to learn about the safety of transplanting lungs obtained from non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) that have been ventilated (attached to a breathing machine or ventilator to deliver oxygen) and perfused with a lung perfusion solution (Steen solution™, made by Vitrolife). This ventilation and perfusion will be done outside the body (ex-vivo) in a modified cardiopulmonary bypass circuit (the kind of device used routinely during most heart surgeries). The purpose of performing ex-vivo perfusion and ventilation is to learn how well the lungs work, and whether they are likely safe to transplant.
The aim of this study is to investigate whether a supplementation of Vitamin D3 can be used to reduce atherosclerotic risk factors.
A 6-month (24-week), randomized, open label evaluation of the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a high and low dose ambrisentan (adjusted for body weight) treatment group in subjects aged 8 years up to 18 years with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). An additional objective is to determine the ambrisentan population pharmacokinetics in the paediatric population. The study will include a screening/baseline period and a treatment period. The treatment period will be 24 weeks or until the subject's clinical condition deteriorates to the point that alternative/additional treatment is necessary. Patients who participate in the study and in whom continued treatment with ambrisentan is desired will be eligible to enrol into a long term follow-up study. The primary comparison will be the safety and tolerability of the two ambrisentan dose groups (Low vs. High) in the paediatric PAH population The secondary comparison will be the change from baseline for the efficacy parameters between the two treatment groups.
The primary objective of this study is to examine the effects of Sildenafil, administered during cardiac catheterization, on right ventricular contractility in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
The variations of ENaC have an impact on the degradation of epithelial sodium channels and sodium reabsorption, and thus are associated with hypertension and hypokalemia. Liddle's syndrome is a rare monogenic form of autosomal-dominant hypertension caused by truncating or missense mutations in the C-termini of epithelial sodium channel β- or γ-subunit encoded by SCNN1B or SCNN1G. Our purpose is to determine the hotspot of mutation causing Chinese Liddle's syndrome. The second purpose is to determine wether the polymorphisms of ENaC are associated with hypertension in Chinese. Some polymorphisms of ENaC associated with hypertension may be genetic risk factors for Chinese hypertension.