View clinical trials related to Childhood Obesity.Filter by:
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of lifestyle intervention on the management of childhood overweight and to explore the factors that contribute to the outcome, as well as the costs for the health care system. The hypotheses of the study are that lifestyle intervention is efficient in reducing BMI-SDS and thus effective in preventing overweight to progress to obesity, and it is also cost effective. The research is necessary for the development of overweight treatment, and try to find out the optimal duration and intensity for the treatment and content useful for clinical work.
The significant increase in the prevalence of obesity can also be attributed to various social changes, in which the environment (political, economic, social, cultural), and not only the individual and his choices, takes a strategic place in the analysis of the problem and proposed interventions. The food environment can influence the choice and consumption of foods that promote obesity, such as ultra-processed foods (UPA). It is suggested that to intervene to effectively change behavior and eating habits, intensive interventions are needed that consider multiple levels that include the family, school, and community rather than one-off interventions that may not be effective in changing behavior and lifestyle. Regarding the family environment, parents or guardians can assist in the adoption of obesity-related behavioral patterns. It is known that the context of Primary Health Care (PHC) is ideal for actions to prevent diseases and promote children's health, since the PHC professional team is closest to the reality of life of the child, family, and community. We emphasize the importance of this study from the perspective of treatment of childhood obesity, in order to generate scientific evidence and practical subsidies for the implementation of interventions focused not only on the individual, but also in the context of the Unified Health System (SUS). The hypothesis of the study is that there will be a decrease in the consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPA) among children, aged 6 to 10 years, living with obesity and who are treated in primary health care. In addition to encouraging healthy habits such as physical activity and the consumption of in natura and minimally processed foods. The management of childhood obesity is one of the priority topics on the national agenda of SUS's food, nutrition, and health promotion policies.
Childhood obesity condition has increased 10 times in the last 40 years, representing one of the most important public health challenges of our century. The overweight and obesity in children are conditions associated with several determinants, mostly related to dietary habits, physical activity, and environmental behavior. To counteract childhood obesity, several prevention programs have been promoted, however evidence concerning their efficacy was contrasting, especially among the younger population and in the long term. Moreover, due to the wide variety of interventions administered it is not clear which specific strategy (or combinations of strategies) was the most effective. The LIVELY study aims 1) to assess the prevalence and the factors associated to childhood overweight and obesity; 2) to develop multidimensional strategies for prevention of childhood obesity by involving families and recognizing the role of schools as an environment for raising awareness on healthy and sustainable dietary patterns and lifestyle.
The GHK intervention was developed according to the United Kingdom Medical Research Council's framework for developing and evaluating complex interventions. A pilot- and feasibility study was conducted during December 2022-April 2023, and the intervention was subsequently adapted and adjusted. The GHK main trial is a two-school-year cluster-randomized school- and community trial designed to investigate the effect of the multi-setting, multi-component GHK intervention program on weight development, health and wellbeing in Danish children aged 6-11 years. The trial will include 24 schools in Denmark (12 intervention and 12 control). The primary aim of the cluster-randomized trial is to investigate whether the GHK intervention program can promote healthy body composition as measured by fat mass (FM) in the intervention group compared with the control group. We hypothesize that the intervention will result in less FM gain in the intervention group compared with the control group over the two school-year study period.
To assess feasibility and acceptability of of integrating Food Rx and Best Feeding Practices with EFNEP participants via a pilot study.
Childhood obesity is increasing in the last years especially in developed countries, and, as well as adult obesity, is related to the development of pathologies. Unfortunately, the restoration of a normal weight condition, if the ponderal excess rose in the first years of life, seems very difficult. Despite the importance of this issue, there is a paucity of evidence demonstrating effective interventions in reducing weight over time. The observation that in developed countries childhood obesity appears with evident social and geographical gradients justifies the implementation of inter-sectoral interventions of primary prevention, to be declined at the contextual level: family and community. Nowadays, there are numerous interventions for the promotion of lifestyle in pediatric age, in particular, those aimed at primary school and adolescence. On the other hand, few interventions were directed at the 0-7 age group. Therefore, this community intervention trial involved the pediatric population (aged 0-7 years) and their families, and it is aimed at the prevention of obesity and the restoring normal weight through community interventions aimed at improving lifestyles and with them the bio-metric parameters, health and well-being outcomes and soft skills in the population aged 0-7 years. The target population is children aged 0-7 years resident in the two municipalities (Mondovì and Savigliano), respectively selected as Intervention and Control Common. Totally, to conduct this study 2000 children, of both sex, will be enrolled (near 1000 for each of the two Municipalities).
This pilot study aims to examine the feasibility and acceptability of adding a cardiovascular health module to the existing Nurse Family Partnership (NFP) home visitation program delivered by trained nurses in the Northern Appalachian region of Central Pennsylvania.
The study will evaluate the effect of an existing hospital-based obesity treatment in children and adolescents in relation to weight loss and motivation. This is to ensure that children who have developed obesity have the possibility to obtain a healthier lifestyle, including a healthier body weight during their school years. This study will test whether an obesity treatment program designed for school children can reduce the degree of overweight in children and adolescents with overweight and obesity.
The aim of this study is to develop, implement, and evaluate a novel intervention to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour among pre-school children, with the ultimate goal of reducing obesity among this age group. This study will provide evidence-based recommendations for reducing the prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children, and the suggestions will help improve the physical activity intervention programme in preschoolers.
Childhood is an opportune time to intervene in obesity because behaviors that are developed during this time can have long-lasting effects and disrupt trajectories of obesity. This proposal aims to test the feasibility (i.e., participant acceptance, adherence, and retention) of a family-oriented intervention "AyUDA" (Aprender y Utilizar Decisiones Apreciables-Learning and Utilizing Significant Choices). The culturally tailored, two-arm adapted intervention to engage Latinx parents in healthy feeding and lifestyle practices for their children 2-5 years old, thereby reducing early childhood overweight and obesity. The investigators will use concepts of the Social-Ecological Framework for Obesity among Latinx, and the Social Learning Theory that emphasizes the importance of observing, modeling, and imitating behaviors. This approach includes a community engagement partnership with one clinic that serves a great number of Latinx families with 2-5 aged children in Central Kentucky (General Pediatric Clinic-Clinica Amiga). The investigators propose a two-arm randomized clinical trial (RCT) randomly assigning participants to either a telehealth deep cultural level group or a culturally traditional educational group in a sample of 40 Latinx families who will be followed for six months after the intervention. Moreover, investigators will explore short-term changes of the intervention on dietary behavior changes and anthropometric measurements among family members. The feasibility study will inform effect sizes that will be used to estimate statistical power for a future R01 on Community Level Interventions to Improve Minority Health and Reduce Health Disparities, National Institute of Health (NIH).