View clinical trials related to Major Depressive Disorder.Filter by:
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability worldwide with a 19% lifetime prevalence in the United States. Dysfunctional reward processing (e.g., the loss of pleasure) is one of the core features of MDD. Common treatments of MDD include psychological therapies (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy), medication (e.g., bupropion, sertraline), and psychological therapies and medication combined, but they may not address the function of the reward circuit in MDD. These treatments often do not improve depressive symptoms in MDD patients who are classified as having treatment-resistant depression, and they may be unlikely to respond to further medication trials. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation that enables us to selectively excite or inhibit neural activity. Multiple TMS pulses given consecutively are known as repetitive TMS (rTMS), and the primary clinical location for applying rTMS is the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) for treatment of MDD. Many of these studies have shown that rTMS to the dlPFC may result in decreased depressive symptoms, but is only partially effective (response and remission rates of 41.2 and 35.3%, respectively). This evidence supports the importance of evaluating the efficacy of rTMS in other brain regions, such as the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), in the treatment of MDD rather than in the dlPFC.
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a prevalent and disabling mental health condition. A recent meta-analysis shows that across all forms of psychotherapy, only 43% of all depressive patients fully recover from MDD and relapse rates are high. Therefore, there is a strong need for innovative interventions with better treatment outcomes. Most traditional psychotherapies for depression focus on reducing negative affect. However, in patients suffering from depression, anhedonia, or loss of positive affect, is associated with poor prognosis and increased chance of suicide. Recent studies show promising results for novel psychotherapies with a focus on enhancing positive affect. Experimental studies indicate that non-verbal stimuli have a stronger impact on activation of positive affect than verbal stimuli, which makes Virtual reality (VR) a promising tool to enhance positive affect. For the current study the investigators developed an innovative VR treatment protocol to enhance positive affect and reduce depressive symptoms in patients with MDD. This study will include 10 adolescents aged 15 to 23 years old, who have a diagnosis of unipolar mild to severe depression. A trained psychologist will perform the VR-Moodboost intervention in twelve weekly sessions. The overall aim of this explorative proof-of-concept study is to provide first evidence that treatment with VR-Moodboost will lead to symptom improvement in adolescents with depression. The investigators hypothesize that VR-Moodboost will lead to an increase in positive affect, daily positive mood and a decrease in negative affect and daily negative mood in adolescents with mild to severe depression. Secondary, the investigators hypothesize that the VR-moodboost will lead to a decrease of depressive symptoms, an increase in daily activation, an increase in quality of life and an increase of self-efficacy for the participating patients. Moreover, the investigators hypothesize that VR-Moodboost leads to high patient acceptability and high usability for both patient and therapist.
Affective disorders (mainly including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder) are common, chronic and highly disabling mental disorders, which lack of objective biological markers. It is believed that genetic and environmental factors are involved in the development of affective disorders. Gut microbes can affect the function of brain neural circuits by mediating metabolic, immune, endocrine and autonomic changes along the brain-gut axis. The brain can also regulate intestinal microbes through endocrine, neural structure, neurogenic exosomes and other pathways. Based on the brain-gut axis, this study intends to establish a large cohort of affective disorders, and screen out efficient and convenient biomarkers for clinical diagnosis and efficacy prediction by studying key indicators such as intestinal microbes, serum metabolites and immune indexes, brain-derived exosomes, and brain functional imaging.
The PWECT015 study was designed to compare the application of 0.15ms and 0.30ms pulse width in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Subjects will be compared both within groups and in-group via psychometric scales.
The primary aim of this pilot study is to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary evidence of efficacy of a self-guided, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based mobile app intervention (SparkRx) for symptoms of depression among adolescents being treated in specialty medical care settings at Children's Hospital of Los Angeles (CHLA).
The study will consist of a 24-week-long trial examining outcomes in patients with Major Depressive Disorder and suicidal ideation who will receive intravenous (IV) ketamine and intranasal (IN) esketamine, compared to a large sample of matched historical controls. Patients will be recruited from an inpatient psychiatric unit. Eligible patients who provided informed consent will be enrolled in the study that will include a eight IV ketamine treatments, 13 esketamine treatment visits, seven long assessment visits, five short assessment visits, and daily surveys. The study will examine the feasibility, tolerability, and efficacy of repeated IV ketamine followed by esketamine, as well as predictors of treatment response.
The pathophysiology of Major Depression Disorder (MDD) is unclear, with several theories for its neurobiological mechanisms. One possible explanation is the presence of altered neuroplasticity, which can be studied by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). Using TMS to study these mechanisms is performed by applying electromagnetic stimuli to the motor cortex, to obtain measures of temporary cortical excitability modulation. It is known that depressed patients with higher cortical modulation are more responsive to a TMS treatment course. However, it is unknown if there are differences in cortical modulation between depressed patients and healthy subjects. Our goal is to answer this question and contribute towards clarification of the neuroplasticity mechanisms underlying MDD. Accordingly, the investigators will access cortical excitability modulation measures in both depressed patients and healthy volunteers and compare their results. The investigators will also re-assess these measures after 6 weeks of antidepressant treatment. Finally, the investigators will study the association between cortical excitability measures and cognitive processes using an innovative cognitive task.
This is a single-arm, open-label Phase 2 study to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and activity of ANC-501 oral capsules as adjunctive treatment in subjects diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD)
Generating personalized brain signatures of negative emotion along with personalized brain stimulation protocols to disrupt these patterns. We plan to use fMRI and muscle activity data to determine negative affect maps for each participant. We will then try a variety of patterned repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation sequences while recording fMRI which will be the basis of two sessions of 3-day individualized brain stimulation designed to reduce negative affect.
This study is dedicated to help identify biomarkers for depression and suicide. The purpose of the study is to better understand these links to improve medical and psychiatric care in the future. This research is also to test the effects of standard treatment of depression on improvement in depressive and suicidal behavior and on biomarkers (e.g. miRNA) for these disorders.