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The COVID-19 pandemic and measures aimed at reducing the spread of the virus have created unique challenges and stresses for Canadian families. Balancing work, family, and daily life has become extremely difficult for many families. Economic uncertainty is widespread as many parents are dealing with increased demands such as working from home, running the household, and homeschooling and caring for their children without the support of their social networks. Recent findings from a study on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young families conducted by our lab found that parents reported increased levels of stress, difficulties in following through with their parenting duties, and challenges managing their children's behaviour (Cameron et al., 2020). Accessible programs are urgently needed to help parents cultivate supportive family relationships during and in recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic as physical distancing and public health requirements have further decreased the accessibility of existing programming. The proposed research aims to test the relative value of multiple light-touch parenting supports (developed through the REB-approved BRIDGE program, NCT04347707 and NCT04639557) in a 2-arm randomized control trial including behaviour management and emotion-focused strategies delivered through psychoeducational parenting videos, structured family activities, and an online parenting support group. The investigators plan to evaluate the efficacy of this program at reducing parenting stress (primary outcome) and promoting family well-being (secondary outcomes).
In motor learning, it is essential to consider that movements are produced by the cooperation and combination of many brain structures and are influenced by the emotions to which individuals are subjected. Several neural circuits have been identified that closely link the emotional system and the motion control system. Stress is a physiological or psychological response to internal or external stressors. In principle, it has an adaptive role. However, the neuroendocrine and autonomic response generated by stress can affect cognitive processes such as memory. In addition, it has been shown to influence motor learning, especially the execution of skills in the early stages of learning. Understanding how movement, emotions and interactions are regulated is significant because of the large number of movements humans perform. Of these, manual tasks represent precise movements that require the integration of many elements by the nervous system to perform these tasks successfully. It is still unknown how acute stress influence the way manual tasks are learned. On the other hand, motor imagery (MI) is a cognitive process that is an important contributor to how movements are planned and executed. Its use has been recommended to improve movement learning and task execution. For an MI program to be effective and individualized, it is imperative to know this capacity. However, it is also still unknown how acute stress can affect our motor imagery ability. The main objective of this study is to determine and quantify the effects of acute stress in the learning of a precise manual task not previously trained on four parameters of fine motor control: time, error, speed, and accuracy. On the other hand, the aim is to determine if the ability of internal visual, external visual, and kinaesthetic imagery varies when we are subjected to acute stress. It is expected that non-anxious, non-stressed participants who are not induced with acute stress will show better motor performance on the fine motor task and better motor imagery ability. In contrast, it is expected that participants without anxiety and stress who are induced with acute stress will show poorer motor performance on the fine motor task and poorer motor imagery ability.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate feasibility and acceptability of an Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) compared with an EMA plus automated text message intervention for stress management in participants with higher-than-average perceived stress conducted in a remote setting. Study details include: Study Duration: 7 months Intervention Duration: 3 weeks
Increased stress levels are a significant problem for many students and represent a risk factor for impaired mental and physical health as well as academic performance. Stress levels are particularly high during the preparation phase for major exams. There is good evidence that light therapy is an effective treatment option to improve mood in affective disorders. The present study aims at investigating the psychophysiological effects of a 3-week morning bright light exposure in reducing stress and stress-related problems in students preparing for major exams.
In this multicenter study, the investigators want to find out if an addition of an diagnostic assessment and possibility of treatment with guided self-help CBT can increase the treatment effects of PCBH on patient functioning and symptoms, compared to standard PCBH which uses contextual assessment and brief interventions. In addition to this, the study will investigate the overall effect of PCBH on both patient and organisation level outcomes.
It is known that persons with a diagnosis of dementia can experience distress associated with the condition. There are different ways that distress is expressed between these persons, but some common occurrences include physical or verbal aggression, tearfulness, upset, confusion and asking repetitive questions. Medications have typically dominated management of symptoms of distress in dementia, and whilst effective, can result in other problems, such as dependency and reduced effectiveness over time. Non-medical interventions may help to reduce distress without the pitfalls of medications. One such intervention is Simulated Presence Therapy. Simulated Presence Therapy involves playing an audio and/or visual recording with a comforting message from a loved one to a person with dementia to reduce distress. At present, there are few studies examining its effectiveness, with some indication that Simulated Presence Therapy can benefit some people, but this outcome is not consistent. One reason for this may be due to the focus on diagnosis and symptoms in previous studies rather than 'formulation'. Formulation is an approach to healthcare that attempts to arrive at an understanding of a patient's concern(s), taking into account the views of the patient, their loved ones and other healthcare professionals, as well as psychological theory and research evidence. This study aims to determine if Simulated Presence Therapy delivered via an iPad, when used within a formulation, reduces distress in patients with moderate to severe dementia admitted for long-term care in a care home or inpatient hospital ward. This study will also examine how user-friendly and helpful Simulated Presence Therapy was for healthcare professionals who administer it. Participants may not have the ability to provide consent; therefore, this will be obtained from the legal guardian or next of kin. All participants will have received a formulation that identifies Simulated Presence Therapy as the preferred intervention. Their occurrence will be counted on a chart and tallied each day before and after the intervention is introduced. The healthcare staff who administer Simulated Presence Therapy will complete a questionnaire to evaluate their opinions on its user-friendliness and effectiveness. It is hoped that this study may enable service providers to better understand how to integrate Simulated Presence Therapy into healthcare services for persons with a diagnosis of dementia.
The purpose of this research study is to test the efectivness of the remote solution for psychosocial stress in pregnant women and postpartum women. Based on the connection of know-how in the field of social sciences and humanities (psychology, volunteer community and peer work with target group) and technological know-how (software design and development), investigators developed an interactive intervention software (Kogito app) to reduce psychosocial stress in the target group.
Higher rates of psychosis are described in migrant population. Likewise, this populations could suffer several adversities during migration process that could lead to higher exposure to traumatic events and higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There is a growing evidence that trauma is associated with psychosis onset. The aim of this research is to study the association between psychosis and traumatic events exposure/PTSD in immigrant population. Our hypothesis is that the higher incidence of psychosis described in immigrant population is associated to higher trauma exposure. A case-control observational study is performed. Patients who presented at least one psychotic episode are recruited from acute and chronic units at "Parc Salut Mar" (Barcelona). Estimated total sample is 196 individuals. Trauma exposure is assessed by validated trauma scales. Known factors associated with psychosis are controled during the statistic analysis.
The purpose of this study is to better understand specific stress-management practices on mood, sleep, and physiology. Participants will be assigned to one of three interventions (they all active interventions - none are a "wait-list"). Each intervention asks participants to engage in a daily practice of 20 minutes per day for 8 weeks. Questionnaires and measures of heart rate and blood pressure will be collected at the start and end of the 8 weeks, including a virtual laboratory visit.
The unjust social, economic, and environmental conditions that African Americans face throughout their lives lead to pervasive health disparities. These disparities are driven by healthcare differences. They are driven by economic differences. Those with less financial wealth have poorer health as compared to those with higher socioeconomic status. And yet, even when controlling for these two important social determinants of health, race still predicts morbidity and mortality. What can account for this? Stress. African Americans experience more stress than their White peers. The story is even more dire for African American women who simultaneously face both racial discrimination and sexism. Indeed, gendered racial discrimination is nearly ubiquitous for Black women at all socioeconomic levels. It is also a distinct form of stress, with unique outcomes compared to other non-race-or-gender-related stressors. Finally, stress has clear downstream negative effects on health. At present, there is no mobile cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention (m-CBSMi) designed to help African American women manage racial and nonracial daily stress. The investigators intend to fill this void. Using proven CBSMi techniques, participants will learn how to manage their stress through text messages and integrated mobile web content. Supportive texts will inspire, motivate, and affirm the life experiences of participants. Educational texts will increase knowledge, develop skills, and reduce barriers to adaptive coping. A library of individually tailored videos will be delivered to each participant. All mobile web content will be accessible only through touch-based links embedded within text messages, making it easy and effortless to view this material. During Phase II the investigators will complete development of the m-CBSMi. Then, the investigators will examine the effectiveness of the m-CBSMi to reduce stress among African American female participants. Participants will be randomly assigned to either the intervention condition or to a matched control condition. Secondary measures will assess coping, well-being, subjective health, gendered racial identity, and knowledge.