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The purpose of this study is to compare conventional balance training to reactive training and to a novel, high intensity, harnessed training program. This study examines the impact of these interventions on fall risk and on a range of important aspects of balance including overall mobility, quality of life, and health. Participants will be 60-69 adults who had a stroke more than 6 months ago and who ambulate independently. Each participant will complete 14 sessions consisting of 4 (2 pre-, 2 post-) testing sessions and 10 intervention sessions. The pre and post testing will be the same and will consist of clinical and survey based balance and quality of life assessments and treadmill based perturbed gait testing. The pretest will be sessions 1 and 2 will be followed by 10 intervention sessions. There will be 3 treatment groups: a conventional balance training group (PT), a reactive slip training group (Slip), and a multidirectional harness group (MHG). Participants will be randomly assigned to a group following screening and consent. The conventional balance training group (PT) will receive 10 sessions of individualized standard of care physical therapy with the goal of improving balance and mobility. The only instructions to the PT are that the focus of the course of care should be on "balance and mobility" and that there should be 10 sessions. The reactive slip training group (Slip) will complete a standing slip session using the current protocol of scaling slip distance and force to each individual and modulating the slip intensity across the session based on subject responses. The remaining nine intervention sessions will consist of accompanied walking for up to 45 minutes. Participants will walk at a comfortable pace while accompanied by a researcher. The multidirectional harness group (MHG) will use a harness that allows movement in all directions, playing selected Kinect™ active video games with varied balance demands, on multiple balance training surfaces (e.g., rocker board, foam, slider platform). Participants will wear the fall-arresting harness for all game play. Motion data will be collected during Sessions 2, 6, and 10. For all groups, two-post-test sessions will follow the intervention sessions and will be the same as the two-pretest session. The final session will also include reviewing the participants' falls diaries and setting up procedures for contacting participants weekly or biweekly about falls.
Significant difficulty in incorporating the weaker arm in daily activities after stroke is, in part, driven by difficulty in engaging both arms interactively in a coordinated manner. The current study aims to determine the nature of bimanual coordination deficits after stroke and takes initial steps to test a novel theory-driven approach to improve interactive bimanual coordination in patients with stroke. This project will advance stroke rehabilitation by identifying novel, scientifically-based strategies to improve the engagement of the weaker arm in coordinated and interactive bimanual actions of daily life, thus improving quality of life in individuals after stroke.
RECOVERNOW is A MULTICENTRE PHASE II RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL OF EARLY MOBILE TABLET-BASED SPEECH THERAPY FOR ACUTE STROKE PATIENTS WITH APHASIA. Using a novel futility design, investigators will randomize acute care in-patients with stroke to mobile tablet-based speech therapy applications vs a sham tablet. Primary outcome is improvement in the Western Aphasia Battery Aphasia (WAB-R) Overall Study Aim: The primary study aim is to test the potential efficacy of mobile tablet-based speech therapy for post stroke aphasia. Primary Endpoint: The primary outcome measure is change in the Aphasia quotient (AQ) from the WAB-R at 90 days. The WAB-R is a standardized aphasia battery. The AQ is calculated from four language sub-tests measuring spontaneous speech, word comprehension, repetition, and word finding.) Secondary Endpoints: The results of the cost-effectiveness analysis will be expressed as the incremental cost per one-unit improvement in AQ and the incremental cost per one quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained. Population: 226 participants will be enrolled over 3 years. Males and females, >18 years of age, with diagnosis of acute ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke confirmed by routine head computerized tomography (CT) scan with mild to moderate aphasia. Phase: II Number of Sites: It is anticipated that this will be a multi-center study, with the following facilities participating: The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON, Foothills Medical Centre, Calgary, Alberta and Toronto Western Hospital. Protocol Therapy: Patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive either tablets with speech therapy apps (intervention group) or tablets with no speech therapy apps (sham group). Study Duration: It is estimated that recruitment will take place over 3 years in the three participating centers. Subject Participation Duration: All patients will be assessed clinically at baseline and Day 90 (+/-10).
With mechanical thrombectomy now representing standard of care for treatment of acute ischemic stroke secondary to large vessel occlusion, identifying adjunctive techniques that result in improved outcomes for patients with LVO has become an issue of increasing importance. A number of retrospective studies have demonstrated that flow arrest during the clot retrieval process results in less clot fragmentation, lower rates of distal emboli, higher revascularization rates and improved rates of good neurological outcome.
The TRUST study is a non-interventional, prospective, multicenter, international, single arm and non-inferiority study. It is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mechanical thrombectomy of the CATCHVIEW device compared to SOLITAIRE 2/FR based on an objective performance criterion (OPC) defined with available and published clinical evidence gathered through the Solitaire clinical trials in the arterial revascularization of patients with acute ischemic stroke.
The aim of this study is to test the feasibility of a constraint intervention combined with visual-spatial cueing strategy in patients with acute stroke to improve their daily life activities.
Intracranial atherosclerotic disease is the most common cause of ischemic stroke that is directly attributed to the progression or rupture of intracranial high-risk plaque in Asia. Many studies mainly from Euro-American population with a focus on extracranial carotid plaque have fully demonstrated the advantages of intensive statin therapy on stabilizing or reversing plaque burden, reversing plaque composition presenting that lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) is gradually replaced by fibrous tissue, and even reversing pattern of arterial remodeling to reduce the occurrence of cerebrovascular events. Yet, direct evidence of the effect of intensive statin therapy on intracranial atherosclerotic plaques is lacking and the effect of statin intensity and duration on intracranial plaque burden and composition is still unclear. High resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) is a new and non-invasive technique that enable to assess the morphologic characteristics of vascular wall and plaque composition of intracranial artery. Based on above discussion, the investigators conduct this study to further determine the effect of intensive statin in ischemic stroke with intracranial atherosclerotic plaques.
This study is a prospective, multi-center, open-label, end-point blinded, randomized, parallel positive control, non-inferiority clinical trial, with a purpose to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Hemo Jirui intracranial thrombus aspiration catheter system for endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke by comparison with stent retriever (Solitaire FR). The trial is anticipated to last from November 2018 to May 2019, with 204 subjects recruited from 15-20 clinical trial centers in China.
Balance is controlled through a complex process involving sensory, visual, vestibular and cerebral functioning which get affected by various neurological disorders such as in stroke. Different types of exercises are designed to target to cope up with the imbalance developed due to these neurological disorders. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of dual-task training using two different priority instructional sets in improving gait parameters such as self-selected velocity, fast speed, step length, and stride length in chronic stroke patients.
This study is to investigate the combined effects of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) and Augmented Reality (AR) intervention on cortical excitability, balance, gait, activity in individuals with stroke. Forty participants will be recruited in this study. They will be allocated to four group: rTMS and AR group (10), sham rTMS and AR group (10), AR group (10), and conventional physiotherapy group (10).