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Electronic health records of stroke convalescent patients will be selected from the third affiliated hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University from January 2012 to December 2019. Relevant clinical data will be extracted according to case data, and model-based decision tree analysis will be conducted to establish and evaluate the clinical prediction Model.
Stroke is the leading cause of disability in adults. The improvement of the grasp abilities remains a challenge in the 50% of post-stroke subjects who have not recovered functional grasping due to paralysis of the finger's muscles (lack of active opening of the hand). The use of functional electrical stimulation of the prehension muscles in order to restore grasp abilities, called grasp neuroprosthesis (GP), remained confidential in post-stroke subjects while their development was important in tetraplegic subjects. GP can provide a correct hand opening with significant functional gain, but one of the major issues corresponds to the control modalities that are not adapted to the specific impairments of post-stroke subjects. This project proposes to assess the functional contribution of an innovative autopilot closed-loop GP targeting the extensor muscles of the fingers. The main hypothesis is that the use of GP will restore grasping abilities in subjects who have lost this ability due to post-stroke paralysis. The main objective is to assess the impact of using an autopilot closed-loop GP on the ability to perform a standardized task of grasping, moving and releasing either a glass (palmar grasp) or a spoon (key pinch), compared to the absence of GP use. The secondary objectives of the study are: (1) to assess the impact of the GP on unimanual grasp; (2) to assess which are the preferential modes of control; (3) to assess the psycho-social impacts of GP, and (4) to assess the subject's satisfaction and tolerance to the characteristics and use of GP. The investigators plan to include 20 post-stroke hemiplegic subjects over a period of 9 months as part of a prospective, monocentric, multi-crossover, blinded evaluation study. Subjects will have active finger extension deficit secondary to stroke, with preservation of proximal movements. Each subject will be his own control (self-pairing). Each subject will be evaluated three times, the protocol adding approximately 1½ hours of daily assessment to routine care already received. The first visit will collect clinical data after informed consent collection. The second visit will allow to choose the optimal mode of control of the GP among 8 modalities. The third visit will test the functional gain provided by the use of GP, by comparing the success or failure of carrying out functional tasks with inactive and active GP.
Study is conducted to assess the prevalence and structure of comorbidity among patients undergoing abdominal surgery and produce the stratification of the risk of postoperative complications by identifying independent predictors for its development.
This is an interventional randomized, controlled trial in analyzing the effects of astaxanthin supplementation on plasma malondialdehyde levels and NIHSS of acute ischemic stroke patients. According to published studies, it was hypothesized that acute ischemic stroke patients who were given astaxanthin would have lower plasma malondialdehyde levels and lower NIHSS score compared to the control group.
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and other derived white cell markers as early markers of delirium and outcome after acute ischemic stroke (AIS).
Comprehensive Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Feasibility After Stroke (CCR FAST) will evaluate the feasibility of enrolling Regions Hospital stroke patients in a Comprehensive Cardiovascular Rehabilitation (CCR) program. CCR will include aerobic exercise and patient education (regarding risk factors and medication compliance), similar to the rehabilitation program for cardiac disease patients. The overall goal of CCR FAST is to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of including stroke patients in a CCR program, while examining the clinical value in reducing stroke recurrence, myocardial infarction, readmission, and mortality in stroke patients.
Feasibility study of On-Track - a digital system for upper limb rehabilitation after stroke. Population - stroke patients over 18 years old.
To date, the investigators have successfully employed a radiotracer (18F-sodium fluoride) as a marker of necrotic inflammation in human atherosclerosis. The investigators aim to further the mechanistic understanding of atherothrombosis by studying the activation of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptors in cardiovascular thrombus using the novel platelet radiotracer (18F-GP1). Binding of 18F-GP1 to activated platelets in venous and arterial thrombi has already been demonstrated in pre-clinical studies and a phase 1 trial in man. If successful, this study would define the role of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor within in vivo thrombosis across a range of cardiovascular diseases.
Aerobic conditioning is very important after stroke as it may reduce the risk of subsequent stroke and overall mortality. High-intensity interval training (HIIT), in which aerobic training workload is varied between lower and higher intensity bouts within a training session, is known to be effective for maximizing aerobic capacity in healthy individuals and those with cardiac disease. HIIT has not been studied extensively in adults with stroke, but it could be an efficient way to maximize aerobic capacity in this population. Furthermore, using heart rate response to establish training intensity may lead to underestimation of target intensity after stroke because blood pressure medications may blunt the heart rate response. Ventilatory threshold is an alternate method of establishing training intensity and is derived independently of heart rate response. The investigators hypothesized that a 10-week program of treadmill HIIT with intensity based on ventilatory threshold would be feasible in adults at least 6 months post-stroke, and would increase aerobic capacity.
Creatine monohydrate is important for sustaining phosphocreatine stores in tissues such as muscle and brain. Phosphocreatine is an important source of energy in these tissues. Supplementation with creatine monohydrate is effective in healthy and clinical populations for improving muscle and brain function. The purpose of our study is to determined whether creatine supplementation is effective during resistance training for improving muscle and brain function in people recovering from stroke.