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The study investigates the effect of plasma myeloperoxidase (MPO) concentrations on HDL dysfunction during the acute stage of ischemic and haemorrhagic strokes.
The aim of this pilot study is to collect data on stroke patients using the BrainPulse Stroke Monitor. Patient characteristics, diagnostic procedures and clinical outcomes will be documented as part of the data collected to assess the clinical utility of the BrainPulse device. All eligible patients will be enrolled and assigned to a study Group based on confirmation of their diagnosis: Acute Ischemic Stroke, Hemorrhagic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack or No Stroke. The data collected from the BrainPulse will be compared across the four different study groups in an attempt to distinguish stroke from other non-stroke conditions that present with similar symptoms. Further assessments will also be made to evaluate if the BrainPulse can distinguish between hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke.
Stroke is a leading causes of death and disability. At least 20% of strokes occur during sleep, so- called 'wake up stroke'. Thrombolysis with the clot-busting drug alteplase is effective for acute ischaemic stroke, provided that it is given within 4.5 hours of symptom onset. Patients with wake-up stroke are currently ineligible for clot-busting therapy. Previous studies indicate that many wake-up strokes occur just before awakening. In this study, patients with wake-up stroke will be randomized to thrombolysis with tenecteplase and best standard treatment or to best standard treatment without thrombolysis. Tenecteplase has several potential advantages over alteplase, including very rapid action and that it can be given as a single injection. Prior to thrombolysis, a brain scan must be done to exclude bleeding or significant brain damage as a result from the stroke. We will use a CT scan to inform this decision. CT is used as a routine examination in all stroke patients. Other studies testing clot-busting treatment in wake-up stroke are using alteplase and more complex brain scans, which are not routinely available in the emergency situation in all hospitals.
To determine the efficacy and safety of short-duration intra-artery selective brain cooling in addition to mechanical thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
The purpose of this study is to assess the ability of the Fluids Monitor to detect hemispheric bioimpedance asymmetry associated with acute brain pathology in patients presenting with suspected Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS).
Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is recommended for identifying eligible patient with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) to receieve endovascular treatment. We are going to conduct this prospective corhot study to observe if sequential use contrast in CTA examination and in endovascular treatment will cause acute kidney injury.
The objective of the MEDIS study is to determine if subjects experiencing an Acute Ischaemic Stroke due to large vessel occlusion, treated with IV tPA combined with the MED procedure have a greater likelihood of recanalisation 30-90 minutes after the completion of tPA infusion than subjects treated with IV tPA (plus sham device). Safety of the MED System Procedure will be evaluated by the incidence of symptomatic PH-2 haemorrhagic transformation within 24 hours following the procedure. Lastly, a health economics study will be conducted to estimate health care costs for each treatment.
This is a observational validation study. The Stroke Clinical Decision Support Tool ( InstaDx) , an information technology application will be adapted and developed in accordance to evidence based clinical practice guidelines ( Level IA). Neurology Residents will be using the InstaDx CDST to improve their diagnostic accuracy and the findings will be validated against the review of a stroke subject expert. The study hypothesis is that Clinical Decision Support Tool used by neurology residents will have an agreement of >0.77 when compared to Stroke Expert (gold standard) in diagnosing type of ischemic stroke.
The purpose of this research study is to find out whether a device for monitoring bleeding in patients with acute hemorrhagic stroke will show similar findings as CT scans performed to evaluate the stroke.
The emergency setting for acute neurological conditions, such as stroke, is peculiar due to time pressure and limited resources for further diagnostics. Clinical skills are essential for swift and accurate bedside diagnosis and thus are the basis for early and correct treatment. This is especially evident in the context of computed tomography being the standard neuroimaging method world-wide with its limitations for detecting smaller infarcts, strokes in the posterior fossa and reduced sensitivity for stroke mimics, such as epileptic seizures or migraine aura. To date, the accuracy of clinical bedside diagnosis of stroke by neurologists verified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the emergency setting has not been studied in detail. In order to improve clinical diagnosing and future treatment it is essential to quantify the accuracy of clinical diagnosis of stroke in the emergency setting ("how good are neurologists?") and to assesses whether there are any differences between experienced staff neurologists and junior physicians.