View clinical trials related to Stroke, Acute.Filter by:
Observational Study to investigate the technical feasibility, implementation into current diagnostic and treatment pathways and the diagnostic accuracy of the remote patient assessment by using mobile telecommunication ahead of hospitalization.
The FLAG1 study will assess the diagnostic performance of biomarkers Glutathion S-Transferase-π (GST-π) and Peroxyredoxin 1 (PRDX1) to identify cerebral infarction of less than 4,5 hours in a population of patients with neurological deficiency of less than 12 hours.
The purpose of this post-market registry is to collect real-world data associated with the use of Medtronic market-released neurothrombectomy devices in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients from countries in South East Asia.
The primary aim of the study is to assess the mobility dose in neurocritical care patients with ischemic stroke or intracranial hemorrhage and its effects on discharge disposition and patient outcomes. The investigators hypothesize that patients' mobilization dose in the intensive care unit (ICU) predicts discharge disposition, 90 day Barthel Index and other outcomes like muscle wasting (expressed as decrease in rectus femoris cross sectional area (RF-CSA) in the paretic and non-paretic limb measured by bedside ultrasound), and ICU length of stay (LOS).
The meeting point of the patient and his/her immediate family with the health care system is complicated and traumatic. While having to deal with medicalization geared towards providing evidence-based and cost-effective medical care, the patient expects comprehensive, holistic care tailored to his/her needs, during hospitalization or in the community. A survey of 800 stroke patients and their caregiver during the 1st year following acute stroke hospitalization will explore their unmet needs.
In the UK, 23,000 (15%) of the 150,000 people who suffer a stroke each year have bleeding in the brain, also referred to as acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). An Autoregulation Index (ARI) can be assigned between 0 and 9 (0 being poor and 9 being the most efficient CA observed) to gauge how good the control over blood flow is at a given time. Dynamic CA (dCA) is a measure of the response of cerebral blood flow (CBF) to rapid changes in blood pressure (BP), and several key studies have shown impaired dCA post-acute ICH. The most recent study demonstrated that dCA impairment lasts up to 12 days. This is particularly important to understand, since our preliminary work has recently shown that changes in carbon dioxide using simple breathing exercises can improve Autoregulation. Unfortunately, there are limited non-pharmacological management options and significant opportunities to improve patient outcome in ICH. The proposed study addresses this area, by investigating whether a simple breathing exercise in survivors of ICH is safe, feasible and effective in reducing brain injury by improving cerebral autoregulation.
The goal of this research study is to increase understanding of error augmentation by applying it to visual feedback during motion tracking with a Leap Motion device - a recently developed optical hand tracking tool - and the LookingGlass - a new, portable virtual reality environment. In conjunction with the Leap, large, three dimensional work spaces can provide an immersive and virtual augmented environment for rehabilitation. Previously, experiments have utilized the Virtual Reality Robotic and Optical Operations Machine (VRROOM) to create such visually immersive environments. The Robotics lab as part of the Arms and Hands Lab on the 22nd floor of the Shirley Ryan Abilitylab has developed a portable version of this system, which is more compact and clinic-compatible. Combining this visual 3D system with the Leap creates a novel, more capable apparatus for studying error augmentation. This research study will have 3 different arms: 1.) a healthy group of individuals (Healthy Arm), 2.) a group of stroke survivors within 8 months of stroke (Acute Arm), and 3.) a group of stroke survivors that had their stroke more than 8 months ago (Chronic Arm). Each Arm will use the Leap motion tracker and the Looking Glass to participate in a reaching intervention. The healthy arm will only participate in 1 visit with an intervention with and without error augmented visual feedback. The Acute Arm and the Chronic Arm will both have 2 groups: 1.) Error Augmented Visual Feedback group and 2.) Non-Augmented or Veridical Visual Feedback group. The Chronic Arm will have a structured intervention and evaluation protocol: Study staff will administer outcome assessments at 3 time points: a.) prior to intervention, b.) post intervention, and c.) 2 months after the conclusion of intervention. Intervention will occur over the span of 6-8 weeks with the goal of 3 1-hour sessions per week. The Acute Arm will have a less structured intervention that will occur while the participant is an inpatient at Shirley Ryan AbilityLab. Study staff will administer outcome assessments at at least 2 time points: a.) prior to intervention, b.) post intervention just prior to discharge from Shirley Ryan AbilityLab. Between initial and post intervention evaluations, midpoint evaluations will take place at a maximum of once per week if the participant's schedule, activity tolerance, and length of stay allows. Intervention will consist of 1-hour sessions occurring according to the availability of the participant at the rate of no more than 2 sessions in a 24 hour period. Investigators hope to investigate these questions: 1. Can the movement of healthy individuals be characterized with error augmented visual feedback and veridical visual feedback? 2. Will error augmented visual feedback or veridical visual feedback result in greater movement ability improvement? Investigators hypothesize that in the Chronic Arm, those what trained with error-augmented visual feedback will have improved movement ability compared to those who trained with veridical visual feedback. 3. Is treatment with the looking glass and leap system feasible with an inpatient population? Investigators hypothesize that this treatment will be feasible for an inpatient population.
We want to determine if treating acute ischemic stroke patients who have evidence of hypoxemia due to sleep apnea with low flow O2 during sleep might help improve clinical and functional outcomes.
The purpose of this research study is to test a new medical device, called SONAS. The SONAS device is a portable, battery-powered ultrasound device to detect strokes in the prehospital environment, such as emergency vehicles (eg. ambulances, helicopters). To demonstrate the safety of the device the goal is test it in a small number of healthy volunteers first. The SONAS device will be used to detect changes in blood flow to the brain through ultrasound, otherwise known as TransCranial Doppler (TCD). To date, the SONAS device has been tested extensively in the laboratory, in animals and in human cadavers. The purpose of the present study is to test the device for safety and efficacy in a small group of healthy volunteers. This study will test the device on 10 healthy volunteers. Each volunteer will have a physical examination, neurological examination, and brain MRI both before and after the TCD test is performed. All of these study procedures will be performed on 1 visit, lasting approximately 5 hours. The brain MRI's will be used to verify the effectiveness of the SONAS device on detecting changes in blood flow to the brain.
The recent validation of thrombectomy in addition to thrombolysis with intravenous administration of alteplase suggests a major revolution in the management of acute strokes. This treatment option also opens up a new field of research, making possible the analysis of the clot responsible for intracranial occlusion. Indeed, in about 30% of the cases, the thrombectomy procedure makes it possible to retrieve either partially or completely the clot. Previous studies have analyzed the correlation between the composition of the thrombus and the etiology of stroke. Their discordant results do not yet make it possible to distinguish a particular profile of thrombus according to etiology. Other studies have shown a correlation between the proportion of red blood cells in a thrombus and the likelihood that it is visible in MRI or cerebral scanning. More recently, one study has demonstrated a correlation between the presence of lymphocytes in the thrombus and an atheromatous etiology. The main limitations of these studies are the small number of patients included, the high variability of conservation protocols and the absence of plasma data, which does not allow for research on the correlation between clot composition and plasma biomarkers.