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The purpose of the research is to identify the frequency and severity of adverse events related to atrial fibrillation that occur after discharge from hospital where the patient underwent cardiac surgery. The Specific Aims of the proposed study are to: 1. Identify the predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation after discharge from hospital. 2. Identify the frequency of readmission to hospital, or other resource use such as Emergency Department or outpatient visit, for the treatment or prophylaxis of postoperative AF and consequent stroke or bleeding outcomes. 3. Identify the risks for stroke, death and other morbidity in patients after cardiac surgery and the effect of postoperative AF upon subsequent stroke or bleeding outcomes.
In stroke patients, the impairment of the trunk affects many functions negatively. For this reason\ training of the trunk is necessary in the early period. Taking into account of literature, various approaches have been used to improve sitting balance and trunk control such as conventional physiotherapy for stroke patients . Bobath concept is another method used for stroke rehabilitation. When the studies about stroke rehabilitation are investigated, it is seen that most of the studies included only chronic patients and Bobath concept did not adequately take place in literature about trunk training. The aim of this study is to determinate effectiveness of the Bobath based trunk training on trunk control in acute stroke patients.
This study evaluates the effects of mirror therapy on upper-limb motor impairment in stroke patients early after their cerebrovascular accident. In recent years mirror therapy has been used in stroke rehabilitation, both to ease motor (e.g., upper limb impairment) and cognitive (e.g., spatial neglect) recovery. To note, mirror therapy is a simple and inexpensive treatment that patients can practice independently and with no significant side effects. However, a recent review concluded that the currently evidence available is not enough to determine about the actual effectiveness of mirror therapy in stroke survivors. Moreover, at our knowledge, the majority of studies recruited chronic stroke patients while only a few trials recruited patients within few weeks after stroke. Therefore, further research is encouraged particularly early after stroke. In mirror therapy patients exercise their sound hand while it is reflected by a mirror placed at right angle to the patient's trunk. With this gambit, patients see two hands moving: their sound hand (i.e., the hand that is voluntarily moved) and the "avatar" of their impaired hand (i.e., the sound hand reflection in the mirror). In this assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial half of participants receive mirror therapy .The other half receive sham therapy, in which the mirror is flipped so that the opaque surface face the sound arm. Mirror therapy and sham therapy are added to conventional rehabilitation. In the current work, we investigate the efficacy of mirror therapy on upper-limb recovery in early post-stroke patients.
Sesame is a European, multi-center, single arm, prospective, observational registry. Sesame aims to demonstrate that use of SOFIA™/SOFIA™ PLUS catheter for direct aspiration as a first line treatment technique is fast, safe and effective in patients suffering an Acute Ischemic Stroke when assessed at 24 hours, discharge and 90 days after treatment. 250 patients will be enrolled. All patients will be followed for 90 days or until death.
The Comparative Effectiveness Study of Transthoracic and Transesophageal Echocardiography in Stroke (CONTEST) aims at assessing the diagnostic value of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) with regards to treatment consequences in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of ADAPT vs Stentriever techique in a multicenter stroke cohort of patients.
The purpose of the study is to explore the feasibility of using a wearable device, called a myoelectric-computer interface (MCI), to improve arm movement in people who have had a stroke. Impaired arm movement after stroke is caused not just by weakness, but also by impaired coordination between joints due to abnormal co-activation of muscles. These abnormal co-activation patterns are thought to be due to abnormal movement planning.The MCI aims to reduce abnormal co-activation by providing feedback about individual muscle activations. This randomized, controlled, blinded study will test the home use of an MCI in chronic and acute stroke survivors.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of posters in improving patient awareness and knowledge of the signs and symptoms of stroke. The control group study will be conducted in the first two weeks. Subsequently, the intervention arm will occur in the subsequent two weeks.
Observational Study to investigate the technical feasibility, implementation into current diagnostic and treatment pathways and the diagnostic accuracy of the remote patient assessment by using mobile telecommunication ahead of hospitalization.
The FLAG1 study will assess the diagnostic performance of biomarkers Glutathion S-Transferase-π (GST-π) and Peroxyredoxin 1 (PRDX1) to identify cerebral infarction of less than 4,5 hours in a population of patients with neurological deficiency of less than 12 hours.