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The study uses a specific hand tracking sensor (Leap Motion Controller) to catch the movements of the arm combined with proper pre-defined musical patterns (sonification) in a neurologic music therapy perspective. The aim of the experiment is to verify the efficacy of sonification technique (compared to usual care) in the hand rehabilitation of patients with stroke.
Stroke survivors demonstrate high levels of sedentary behavior, placing them at risk for exacerbation of chronic health conditions. This may lead to recurrent stroke. Subtle cognitive impairments are common after stroke and can lead to difficulty self-monitoring and problem solving to overcome barriers to physical activity. Investigators developed the Activating Behavior for Lasting Engagement (ABLE) intervention to promote activity scheduling, self-monitoring, and problem solving activity over the full day. This study examines the effects of the ABLE intervention on sedentary behavior after stroke.
The goal of this research study is to increase understanding of error augmentation by applying it to visual feedback during motion tracking with a Leap Motion device - a recently developed optical hand tracking tool - and the LookingGlass - a new, portable virtual reality environment. In conjunction with the Leap, large, three dimensional work spaces can provide an immersive and virtual augmented environment for rehabilitation. Previously, experiments have utilized the Virtual Reality Robotic and Optical Operations Machine (VRROOM) to create such visually immersive environments. The Robotics lab as part of the Arms and Hands Lab on the 22nd floor of the Shirley Ryan Abilitylab has developed a portable version of this system, which is more compact and clinic-compatible. Combining this visual 3D system with the Leap creates a novel, more capable apparatus for studying error augmentation. This research study will have 3 different arms: 1.) a healthy group of individuals (Healthy Arm), 2.) a group of stroke survivors within 8 months of stroke (Acute Arm), and 3.) a group of stroke survivors that had their stroke more than 8 months ago (Chronic Arm). Each Arm will use the Leap motion tracker and the Looking Glass to participate in a reaching intervention. The healthy arm will only participate in 1 visit with an intervention with and without error augmented visual feedback. The Acute Arm and the Chronic Arm will both have 2 groups: 1.) Error Augmented Visual Feedback group and 2.) Non-Augmented or Veridical Visual Feedback group. The Chronic Arm will have a structured intervention and evaluation protocol: Study staff will administer outcome assessments at 3 time points: a.) prior to intervention, b.) post intervention, and c.) 2 months after the conclusion of intervention. Intervention will occur over the span of 6-8 weeks with the goal of 3 1-hour sessions per week. The Acute Arm will have a less structured intervention that will occur while the participant is an inpatient at Shirley Ryan AbilityLab. Study staff will administer outcome assessments at at least 2 time points: a.) prior to intervention, b.) post intervention just prior to discharge from Shirley Ryan AbilityLab. Between initial and post intervention evaluations, midpoint evaluations will take place at a maximum of once per week if the participant's schedule, activity tolerance, and length of stay allows. Intervention will consist of 1-hour sessions occurring according to the availability of the participant at the rate of no more than 2 sessions in a 24 hour period. Investigators hope to investigate these questions: 1. Can the movement of healthy individuals be characterized with error augmented visual feedback and veridical visual feedback? 2. Will error augmented visual feedback or veridical visual feedback result in greater movement ability improvement? Investigators hypothesize that in the Chronic Arm, those what trained with error-augmented visual feedback will have improved movement ability compared to those who trained with veridical visual feedback. 3. Is treatment with the looking glass and leap system feasible with an inpatient population? Investigators hypothesize that this treatment will be feasible for an inpatient population.
We want to determine if treating acute ischemic stroke patients who have evidence of hypoxemia due to sleep apnea with low flow O2 during sleep might help improve clinical and functional outcomes.
Various molecules (cytokines: interleukins, interferons and neural proteins) found in human and animal blood are reported to be elevated in acute stroke (Ischemic and hemorrhagic). Cytokines can be pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory. There are studies confirming level changes in serum of humans in the setting of several rheumatologic and cardiovascular diseases. As new molecular markers (cytokines and neural tissue markers) are established in scientific literature, stroke scientists are interested to evaluate the role of these in the pathophysiology of stroke. Investigators intend to study the role of these molecules in the development of stroke. Acute stroke treatment has advanced considerably in the last 10 years with the establishment of comprehensive stroke centers and approval of neuro-interventional techniques. However, the molecular advancement in stroke pathogenesis has yet to reach a milestone in the world of stroke treatment. In our opinion, creating a database of acute stroke patients containing all pertinent medical demographics and clinical information along with the laboratory data, molecular levels of pertinent cytokines/neural factors from consenting patients, will help us define and delineate the most relevant molecules that are altered in acute stroke patients and can help us further improve us understanding of the role of these in acute stroke and thereby hopefully help in the improvement of our understanding and management of stroke. Moreover, analyzing the cytokines in stroke and ICH patients would help understand their role in the acute phase, which may become potential therapeutic adjuncts for tPA and endovascular thrombectomy.
The purpose of this research study is to test a new medical device, called SONAS. The SONAS device is a portable, battery-powered ultrasound device to detect strokes in the prehospital environment, such as emergency vehicles (eg. ambulances, helicopters). To demonstrate the safety of the device the goal is test it in a small number of healthy volunteers first. The SONAS device will be used to detect changes in blood flow to the brain through ultrasound, otherwise known as TransCranial Doppler (TCD). To date, the SONAS device has been tested extensively in the laboratory, in animals and in human cadavers. The purpose of the present study is to test the device for safety and efficacy in a small group of healthy volunteers. This study will test the device on 10 healthy volunteers. Each volunteer will have a physical examination, neurological examination, and brain MRI both before and after the TCD test is performed. All of these study procedures will be performed on 1 visit, lasting approximately 5 hours. The brain MRI's will be used to verify the effectiveness of the SONAS device on detecting changes in blood flow to the brain.
Stroke is a major public health problem as it is very frequent (140,000 cases/year in France), and very serious (leading cause of death, 2nd leading cause of dementia, 3rd leading cause of handicap). Ischemic cardio-embolic stroke accounts for around 25% of ischemic strokes, and ischemic cardio-embolic stroke in a context of cardiac arrhythmia due to atrial fibrillation (CAAF) is the leading non-atheromatous cause. The aim of this study is to optimise the secondary prevention of CAAF-related stroke identified at the University Hospital of Dijon Burgundy in the framework of the recommendations of the '2010-2014 stroke plan' and the Compulsory Consultation at the 6th month (Directive DGOS//2015/262 of the 3rd August 2015)
The purpose of the study are: 1. To make quality, characterized samples and related data available for future studies, including Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS), genomics, and biomarker research; 2. To use these samples and related medical information to answer research questions aimed at understanding the genetics and underlying biology of acquired disease and injury to the brain, heart and blood vessels with the express purpose of advancing the search for effective modalities for prevention, treatment, and recovery; 3. To develop additional operational infrastructure to support this project across the Prince of Wales Hospital and divisions, including (1) tracking of patient consent, (2) management of collection and sample processing processes, (3) sample inventory and QC/QA processes, and (4) release of materials to investigators for further research.
Background: When people have a stroke, they often have difficulty moving their arms and hands. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can improve how well people with and without stroke can move their arms and hands. But the effects of TMS are minor, and it doesn t work for everyone. Researchers want to study how to time brain stimulation so that the effects are more consistent. Objective: To understand how the brain responds to transcranial magnetic stimulation so that treatments for people with stroke can be improved. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older who had a stroke at least 6 months ago Healthy volunteers ages 18 and older Design: Participants will have up to 5 visits. At visit 1, participants will be screened with medical history and physical exam. Participants with stroke will also have TMS and surface electromyography (sEMG). For TMS, a brief electrical current will pass through a wire coil on the scalp. Participants may hear a click and feel a pull. Muscles may twitch. Participants may be asked to do simple movements during TMS. For sEMG, small electrodes will be attached to the skin and muscle activity will be recorded. At visit 2, participants will have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They will lie on a table that slides into a metal cylinder in a strong magnetic field. They will get earplugs for the loud noise. At visit 3, participants will have TMS, sEMG, and electroencephalography (EEG). For EEG, small electrodes on the scalp will record brainwaves. Participants will sit still, watch a movie, or do TMS. Participants may be asked to have 2 extra visits to redo procedures.
The soft robotic system could provide objective and quantifiable measures of subject performance. By combining voluntary motor intention and the robotic hand technology, the system will facilitate the recovery process of stroke patients.