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The aim of this study is to design a physical activity programme for non-ambulatory stroke survivors (delivered via either community-based groups or a home-based individual programme) and evaluate its feasibility, acceptability, preliminary and adverse effects. The study will also explore the views of non-ambulatory stroke survivors and their carers on: needs, personal goals, barriers, and motivators, experiences of programme participated in and preferred format (i.e. home-based individual/ community-based groups).
The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the relationship between gut microbial composition and stroke outcome. If we can establish a relationship between gastrointestinal microbial community composition and convalescent ischemic stroke outcomes in a U.S. sample, such results would prompt further mechanistic studies, and ultimately provide a rationale for trials to determine whether modulating intestinal immune responses (e.g. via prebiotic, probiotic, or fecal transfer methods) would be beneficial.
The purpose of the research is to identify the frequency and severity of adverse events related to atrial fibrillation that occur after discharge from hospital where the patient underwent cardiac surgery. The Specific Aims of the proposed study are to: 1. Identify the predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation after discharge from hospital. 2. Identify the frequency of readmission to hospital, or other resource use such as Emergency Department or outpatient visit, for the treatment or prophylaxis of postoperative AF and consequent stroke or bleeding outcomes. 3. Identify the risks for stroke, death and other morbidity in patients after cardiac surgery and the effect of postoperative AF upon subsequent stroke or bleeding outcomes.
The investigators will conduct an epidemiological analysis of data from the Women's Health Initiative to investigate the prospective association between chocolate intake and the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Following a stroke , 55% of the patients do not recover any traction of the upper limb and 30% a residual motricity not allowing a functional grip. For this last group of patients, there are major therapeutic issues to restore a functional grip. The aim of the study is to relieved the spastic cocontractions before and after usual injection of botulinum toxin A at stroke patient.
Understanding the risk of dependence and its severity before hospital discharge for stroke is important for health and social care planning as instrument to prioritize people where the assistance is more appropriate in a context o limited resources and avoid the gap across the health care continuum. The goal is to conduct an assessment, which will identify the patient's needs. In doing so, the team, along with family may effectively coordinate, plan and implement any steps necessary to ensure a safe and healthy environment for the patient. The main study's objective is to asses which factors are associated with outcome of dependence after stroke and propose a suitable instrument for identifying patients in higher risk for needing formal care from health and/or social care providers.
This study occurs in two phases. Phase 1 involves initial item development and measurement validation of a new tool for identifying hospitalized patients at high risk for preventable readmission. Primary tasks include item construction and content validation, data collection, analysis, and instrument refinement. Phase 2 involves administering the refined instrument to a new group of patients to determine final item content for the instrument, its factor structure, and its predictive validity.
Korean Stroke Cohort for functioning and rehabilitation (KOSCO) is a large, multi-centre prospective cohort study for all acute first-ever stroke patients admitted to participating hospitals in nine distinct areas of Korea. This study is designed as a 10-year, longitudinal follow-up investigating the residual disabilities, activity limitations, and quality of life issues arising in patients suffering from first-ever stroke. The main objectives of this study are to identify the factors that influence residual disability and long-term quality of life. The secondary objectives of this study are to determine the risk of mortality and recurrent vascular events in patients with acute first-ever stroke. Investigators will investigate longitudinal health behaviors and patterns of healthcare utilization, including stroke rehabilitation care. Investigators will also investigate the long-term health status, mood, and quality of life in stroke patient caregivers. In addition, investigators will identify baseline and ongoing characteristics that are associated with secondary outcomes.
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the most common type of stroke, which has high rate of morbidity, mortality and disability. A large number of studies have confirmed that the thrombolytic therapy can effectively open blood vessels and improve the functional prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. Therefore, all guidelines recommend giving thrombolysis treatment to acute ischemic stroke patients within 4.5 hours of onset. However, about 1/3 patients receiving thrombolysis will have good prognosis, while a large number of patients will still be disabled and even dead. How to improve the neurofunctional prognosis of thrombolytic patients has been a hot topic in the world. Butyl phthalide is type I chemical drugs. Some multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials have showed that acute ischemic stroke patients taking butyl phthalide has better lateral branch circulation and living ability score than patients taking placebo. Besides, butyl phthalide treatment is safe. The animal experiment indicated that buphthalein could significantly improve secondary side branch circulation, recover the microarterial diameter of the soft meninges in the ischemic region and increase the blood flow rate. Based on the discussion, we assume that: giving butyl phthalide to patients with acute ischemic stroke in advance, might promote and improve the formation of collateral circulation to freeze ischemia penumbra. Based on this hypothesis, we would like to explore the efficacy and safety of butyl phthalide combined with rtPA thrombolysis in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke.
Fruit and vegetables are a cornerstone of healthy dietary patterns and dietary guidelines worldwide. The supporting evidence, however, is largely derived from observational studies of protective associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in health-conscious populations or from randomized trials of the effect of specific fruit or vegetable derived nutrients on CVD risk factors. A growing body of literature has influenced a shift away from a focus on single nutrients to a focus on whole foods and dietary patterns. To what extent fruit and vegetables should contribute to dietary patterns for cardiovascular health and whether specific types of fruit or vegetables should be recommended is unclear. Although previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses have elucidated the association between the intake of total and some specific fruit and vegetables with cardiovascular outcomes, a comprehensive synthesis comparing the certainty of the evidence for the different types of fruit and vegetables in relation to a range of cardiovascular outcomes has yet to be completed. We propose to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available prospective cohort studies using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to assess the association between different types of fruit and vegetables and different cardiovascular outcomes that include CVD, coronary heart disease [CHD], and stroke incidence and mortality.