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The investigators aim to determine if dry needling technique in a non myofascial trigger point area generate the same spasticity, function and pain answers as carrying it out in a myofascial trigger point area. In the same way, the investigators aim to prove how much the effect lasts with an only intervention.
The Investigator recently conducted a study in patients who had suffered from a stroke where it investigated whether similar findings are observed following a single session of chiropractic care.36 The key findings from this study was that in a group of chronic stroke patients, with lower limb muscle weakness, plantar flexion muscle strength increased on average by 64.6% following a chiropractic care session and the change in muscle strength appears to be modulated by cortical factors as opposed to modulation at the spinal level. Based on the promising results of this initial study now planning to perform a pragmatic pilot clinical trial that will investigate the effects of 4 weeks of chiropractic care on clinical measures associated with stroke rehabilitation and function
Mental disorders have been shown to be associated with a number of general medical conditions (also referred to as somatic or physical conditions). The investigators aim to undertake a comprehensive study of comorbidity among those with treated mental disorders, by using high-quality Danish registers to provide age- and sex-specific pairwise estimates between the ten groups of mental disorders and nine groups of general medical conditions. The investigators will examine the association between all 90 possible pairs of prior mental disorders and later GMC categories using the Danish national registers. Depending on whether individuals are diagnosed with a specific mental disorder, the investigators will estimate the risk of receiving a later diagnosis within a specific GMC category, between the start of follow-up (January 1, 2000) or at the earliest age at which a person might develop the mental disorder, whichever comes later. Follow-up will be terminated at onset of the GMC, death, emigration from Denmark, or December 31, 2016, whichever came first. Additionally for dyslipidemia, follow-up will be ended if a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease was received. A "wash-out" period will be employed in the five years before follow-up started (1995-1999), to identify and exclude prevalent cases from the analysis. Individuals with the GMC of interest before the observation period will be considered prevalent cases and excluded from the analyses (i.e. prevalent cases were "washed-out"). When estimating the risk of a specific GMC, the investigators will consider all individuals to be exposed or unexposed to the each mental disorder depending on whether a diagnosis is received before the end of follow-up. Persons will be considered unexposed to a mental disorder until the date of the first diagnosis, and exposed thereafter.
This randomised controlled study will investigate the effectiveness of isokinetic strengthening on the upper extremity functionality and strength in post-stroke hemiplegic patients.
The presented study is an explorative prospective study. First, it focusses on the longitudinal analysis of outcome quality in stroke treatment (12 months). Particularly, it addresses patient reported quality of life after inpatient stroke treatment and influencing factors. Second, it focusses on the feasibility and acceptance of a standard set of measures capturing outcome quality of medical care in stroke patients.
Stroke is the second-leading cause of death worldwide and a leading cause of long-term disability. Annually 12,000 people in Denmark suffers a stroke; half of them will have long-term disabilities that may affect the activities of daily living. In addition to substantial individual suffering, stroke is also associated with considerable costs to society. Acute reperfusion therapies started within 4.5 to 6 hours (in some up to 24 hours) from symptom onset for acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) have revolutionized the acute stroke treatment and considerably improved the overall prognosis and mortality. However, only 15-25% of Danish patients are eligible to acute treatment. Numerous attempts to reduce both prehospital and in-hospital delay in stroke have been made, but much time is still lost in the prehospital phase. Many stroke patients do not recognize their own symptoms as signs of a stroke or do not understand the importance of calling Emergecy Medical Services (EMS) immediately. Others cannot call for help unless they have a bystander, because of cognitive impairment or aphasia. Some patients have a wait-and-see attitude, contact their GP or out-of-hours GP, which also can increase the delay. Educational stroke campaigns can increase knowledge, improve help-seeking behaviour and increase the number of patients eligible for reperfusion therapies. The foundation TrygFonden is planning a national stroke campaign in 2019. Aims: 1. To explore the knowledge of stroke in stroke patients and bystanders. 2. To explore the process from onset of symptoms until admission to hospital and the reasons for prehospital delay. 3. To explore the association between stroke knowledge, help-seeking behaviour and receiving revascularization therapy. 4. To evaluate the immediate effect of the national campaign six months after initiation. Material and methods: Study 1: Structured interviews of stroke patients (and bystanders) admitted to the Department of Neurology at Aarhus University Hospital and Regional Hospital West Jutland (Holstebro). The investigators will use the patient's medical record (EPJ) and the Danish Stroke Register (DSR) and map the patient's route from onset of symptoms to admission to stroke centre, including contact to general practitioner (GP), out-of-hours GP or Emergency Medical Services (EMS). For patients who have been in contact with their GP, the GP will receive an electronic questionnaire to explore the time- and event pathway from first contact until admitting the patient to hospital. The investigators will interview 500 patients and approximately 300 bystanders over a period of 3 months. Study 2: The investigators will evaluate the effect of the national stroke campaign by conducting a similar study in 2020 when the campaign has been running for six months. Perspectives: This study will provide new information about stroke patients and bystanders, their knowledge of stroke and their help-seeking behaviour. If more knowledge about the factors that cause prehospital delay in stroke treatment are obtained, the investigators will know which areas to focus on in the future to improve the outcome for stroke patients. Part of this project will examine the effect of TrygFondens national stroke campaign, which is expected to have impact on general knowledge and help-seeking behaviour. If more people know the core symptoms of stroke, hopefully more people will also know how to react to these symptoms by calling EMS. This will eventually increase reperfusion therapy rates, considerably improve stroke morbidity and mortality and reduce both individual suffering and the societal costs.
Subjects with chronic stroke (> 6 months post-stroke) will learn a new walking pattern through distorted visual feedback. Retention of the pattern will be tested without visual feedback immediately after learning and 24 hours later. Subjects will be randomly assigned to the control group or the exercise group. The control group will simply complete the learning task. The exercise group will complete 5 minutes of exercise immediately following the first retention test to test for the effects of exercise on retention 24 hours later.
Stroke affects both the patient's and the caregiver's whole life by creating permanent damages. Patients and their families need further information and support in the transition from hospital to home. For stroke patients and their families after discharge, transition models can be used to provide continuously and rapidly the service by establishing a communication network between the institutions. In this study, the feasibility and impact of a transitional care model from hospital to home for stroke patients and caregivers will be tested. The purpose of the project is to assess the effect of Transitional Care Model (TCM)-based interventions for stroke patients and their caregivers on caregivers' competence, in increasing their readiness to care and electronic health literacy, in reducing their burnout, and on patient results. Types of interventions that are applied to stroke patients and caregivers based on Transitional Care Model are hospital interview, home visit, telephone interview and web-based training. As stated in TCM, the intervention was planned to be performed three months after discharge. Multiple interventions including at least three face-to-face interviews at the hospital, distance education via Web and telephone communication for three months, and one home visit within seven days after discharge will be performed in order to increase health literacy levels and caregiving competence of the caregivers and to reduce burnout. In pre-tests and post-tests to be applied to the caregivers, the effectiveness of the support programs provided will be assessed quantitatively by the electronic health literacy, caregiving competence, and burnout scales. The satisfaction with the intervention will be evaluated qualitatively. Rate of return to the hospital, risk of pressure sore, and time of access to home health services will be assessed in stroke patients. As a result of web-based distance education, home visit, telephone communication service and informing at the hospital, caregivers of stroke patients will begin to receive information about what patients experience during their treatment and about all what patients need after treatment. The website to be prepared for caregivers of stroke patients will be put into service also for the control group upon completion of the data collection of the intervention group and the website will also continue to be used after the project is completed.
prospective randomized double-blind sham-controlled study aimed to investigate the effects of Repeated Muscle Vibration (rMV) on motor recovery in acute stroke patients, treated within 72 hours from symptoms onset
After stroke, patients often experience motor deficits that interrupt normal lower extremity movement and gait function. Recent developments in neuroimaging have focus on the reasons why some patients recover well while some do poorly. However, there is still no consensus on the exact mechanisms involved in regaining the functions after rehabilitation. Application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to facilitate neural plasticity during stroke treatment has recently gained considerable attention. The possible mechanism through which rTMS acts is based on the interhemispheric competition (IHC) model, which explains that patients with stroke experience alterations in cortical excitability and exhibit abnormally high interhemispheric inhibition from the unaffected hemisphere to the affected hemisphere. The visual feedback training can improve postural control and enhance motor performance. Several rTMS studies have evaluated the lower extremity dysfunction following stroke, but few studies have explored the efficacy of applying rTMS on the lower extremities. We expect the study can help us to further exploration of the change of clinical function and cortical excitability following rTMS and visual feedback training in subjects with stroke. In addition, the results of this project will be provided for further rehabilitation programs in people with stroke.