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The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding dietary pulses. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned an umbrella review and updated systematic review and meta-analysis using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to summarize the available evidence from prospective cohort studies of the association between dietary pulses/legumes and cardiometabolic disease outcomes (incident cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension and overweight/obesity).
The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, a dietary pattern that emphasizes fruits and vegetables, low-fat or non-fat dairy, limiting saturated fat intake and usually also recommends limiting sodium intake. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to summarize the available evidence from recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials of the relationship between the DASH dietary pattern and cardiometabolic risk.
In this study, the investigators aim to evaluate functional and structural improvements in the brain of stroke patients after rTMS treatment using multi-modal MRI techniques. Specifically, the investigators sought to determine whether rTMS treatment modulate the brain function and structure in patients and, if so, whether different frequency of the rTMS treatment will affect the degree of the motor recovery in patients' brain. The patients will be randomized into three groups: Experimental group 1 (TMS group) received low frequency rTMS; Experimental group 2 (TMS group) received high frequency rTMS; The third group who received only physical therapy constituted the control group. All patients undergo MRI scan one day before and after rTMS treatment.
Cognitive impairment after ischemic stroke can affect not only the social adaptation ability, but also affect the comprehensive rehabilitation of patients. The damage of cognitive impairment after ischemic stroke is not lower than the body function defect after stroke. Many studies have shown that oxidative stress is one of the pathophysiological mechanisms of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Many studies have reported that the oxidative-reduction of cells plays an important role in the life activities of organisms, affecting the health, aging and death of the organism. In the recent years, some scholars have suggested that post-stroke cognitive impairment may be related to oxidative-reduction homeostasis of the body, but the relevant evidence is lacking and needs to be further explored. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore the effect of oxidation-reduction homeostasis on cognitive impairment in patients with ischemic stroke, and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of cognitive impairment after ischemic stroke.
To reduce the incidence of stroke and standard the treatment of stroke in Liaoning Province, the present study should be conducted.
The aim of this study is to design a physical activity programme for non-ambulatory stroke survivors (delivered via either community-based groups or a home-based individual programme) and evaluate its feasibility, acceptability, preliminary and adverse effects. The study will also explore the views of non-ambulatory stroke survivors and their carers on: needs, personal goals, barriers, and motivators, experiences of programme participated in and preferred format (i.e. home-based individual/ community-based groups).
The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the relationship between gut microbial composition and stroke outcome. If we can establish a relationship between gastrointestinal microbial community composition and convalescent ischemic stroke outcomes in a U.S. sample, such results would prompt further mechanistic studies, and ultimately provide a rationale for trials to determine whether modulating intestinal immune responses (e.g. via prebiotic, probiotic, or fecal transfer methods) would be beneficial.
The purpose of the research is to identify the frequency and severity of adverse events related to atrial fibrillation that occur after discharge from hospital where the patient underwent cardiac surgery. The Specific Aims of the proposed study are to: 1. Identify the predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation after discharge from hospital. 2. Identify the frequency of readmission to hospital, or other resource use such as Emergency Department or outpatient visit, for the treatment or prophylaxis of postoperative AF and consequent stroke or bleeding outcomes. 3. Identify the risks for stroke, death and other morbidity in patients after cardiac surgery and the effect of postoperative AF upon subsequent stroke or bleeding outcomes.
The investigators will conduct an epidemiological analysis of data from the Women's Health Initiative to investigate the prospective association between chocolate intake and the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Following a stroke , 55% of the patients do not recover any traction of the upper limb and 30% a residual motricity not allowing a functional grip. For this last group of patients, there are major therapeutic issues to restore a functional grip. The aim of the study is to relieved the spastic cocontractions before and after usual injection of botulinum toxin A at stroke patient.