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To confirm efficacy and safety of VERSI system for acute ischemic stroke
To evaluate the effects of mechanical left atrial appendage (LAA) closure for secondary prevention of stroke in the patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
This proposed follow-up study aims to recruit participants from the original BioImage cohort for a one-time follow-up examination. The repeat ultrasound scan of the carotid arteries will provide information on the natural history of carotid atherosclerosis and factors that contribute to plaque progression. Renewal of the HIPAA authorization will also be sought for 5 years to continue to monitor claims and other information for major cardiovascular events, other outcomes and healthcare utilization.
This study aims to examine the outcomes of early mobilization and early intervention within 3 days after the onset of hemorrhagic stroke in patients admitted to an intensive care unit within 48 hours after stroke. The patients after hemorrhagic stroke who undergo early intervention only will be compared with those who also receive early mobilization in order to determine if the early mobilization intervention results in earlier or more effective recovery of postural stability, activities of daily living function, or motor capacity. The participants will be randomly assigned to the following two groups: (1) the early mobilization (+early rehabilitation) group and (2) the early rehabilitation group.The measurement parameters will be collected before the intervention (basic parameters), two weeks after the stroke, four weeks after the stroke and three months after the stroke. SPSS (version 17.0) will be used to carry out repeated measures analysis of variance (repeated ANOVA) to compare the differences between the groups at different time points (including basic values and follow-up values). For statistical significance, Bonferroni correction will be applied for the post-hoc analysis of the groups.
Study Design: This is a within-subjects crossover design. Subjects will participate in the procedures twice, once under each condition (active vs. sham stimulation). The order of conditions will be counter-balanced across subjects. Stimulation will target ventral inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and will be paired with standard speech-language therapy. Outcome measures will be acquired at the beginning and end of a semester of standard speech-language therapy, and at follow-up.
The purpose of this study is to use a decentralized claims database to determine whether education on stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) among AF patients and their providers can result in increased use of oral anticoagulants (OAC) for stroke prevention among those AF patients with guideline-based indications for oral anticoagulation (CHA₂DS₂-VASc score of 2 or greater). Specifically, the investigators will conduct a prospective, randomized, open-label education intervention trial to evaluate the effect of the early patient and provider education interventions on the proportion of patients with evidence of at least one OAC prescription fill (defined as one OAC dispensing or 4 international normalized ratio (INR) tests) over the course of the 12-months of follow-up. A total of approximately 80,000 patients will be enrolled within multiple major health plans across the United States. The randomization will be performed by the central coordinating center, and the health plans will mail the educational intervention materials to their members and providers.
Among the limitations caused by cerebrovascular accident (CVA), the upper limb (MS) undergoes changes that limit the individual in his ability to maintain an active social life. Mental Practice (MP) consists of the internal reproduction of an event, which is repeated extensively in order to learn or improve an already known skill. The objective of the study is evaluate the effects of the physical practice associated with PM, on paretic MS. Subjects with unilateral stroke over 6 months, age> 18 years and who were able to hold objects will be selected. Subjects with painful conditions that affected exercise performance,> 3 spasticity by Ashworth, and cognitive deficit suggested by the Mini Mental State Examination will be excluded.
This purpose of this retrospective, single-arm, non-randomized, multi-center study is to collect real-world data on the effectiveness of using the TRAP technique in acute ischemic stroke patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy.
The specific aim of the study in our example is to conduct a feasibility translational home-based exercise trial established in the LEADERS (R2) project with the TExt-ME tele-exercise training system for participants with neurologic disability. We hypothesize that participants in this home-based tele-exercise training program will achieve similar gains in health and function outcomes as the onsite exercise training program. Further, there will be no difference in adverse side effects (safety) between the home-based and onsite exercise treatment groups.
Cerebrovascular disease is a major source of neural injury and there is an urgent need for comprehensive evaluation of these patients. High-resolution MRI (HR-MRI) allows direct visualization of intracranial vessel wall pathology in the setting of acute ischemic stroke and intracranial aneurysm (intracranial aneurysm rupture.Vessel wall enhancement on HR-MRI results from inflammation and has considerable potential as a marker of future stroke risk or aneurysm rupture. We will use our HR-MRIvwMRI protocol and other techniques of measuring plaque and aneurysms vulnerability, including laboratory markers of abnormal inflammation and oxidization, which have been shown to correlate with vulnerable carotid atherosclerosis and intracranial aneurysms, but have not been studied in symptomatic ICAS or IA.The unmet need is a study validating HR-MRI reliability and the association of vessel-wall enhancement with both symptomatic and pro-inflammatory status in patients with cerebrovascular disease.