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Study hypothesis: The DNHS technique, performed via one session of deep dry needling of myofascial trigger points applied to the biceps brachii, brachialis, flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus, triceps brachii, extensor digitorum and adductor pollicis muscle is effective for decreasing spasticity and muscle stiffness (both of which are components of hypertonia) as well as for improving the upper limb function of the previously described muscles in patients with chronic cerebral vascular accident (CVA), assessed both post-intervention and after 15 days. General aims To analyse the immediate therapeutic effect of the DNHS technique and the effect at 15 days follow-up, for the following variables: - Spasticity - Muscle stiffness - Upper limb function - Patient perceived quality of life Materials and methods Population: patients from the province of Zaragoza (Spain) diagnosed with a haemorrhagic or ischemic CVA by a neurologist. Recruitment strategy: recruitment will take place via the Stroke Association in Aragon (AIDA) [Aragon Stroke Association] in the province of Zaragoza, Spain, seeing as the greater proportion of patients who have suffered a stroke and are in the chronic stage of the illness go to this centre to receive treatment. Thus, this avoids patients having to travel elsewhere for the study. Furthermore, in the case of patients who wish to participate in the study after having received information via third persons or via other means and who are not members of the Association or do not attend the centre on a regular basis, the Association AIDA has offered to allow these people to attend for free, making its facilities available and supporting the development of this study.
The Bernese-European RegistrY for ischemic stroke patients treated Outside current guidelines with Neurothrombectomy Devices using the SOLITAIRE™ FR With the Intention For Thrombectomy (BEYOND-SWIFT) is a retrospective, multi-center, non-randomized observational study aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of a Medtronic market-released neurothrombectomy device (applied as initial devices used for intervention) in acute ischemic stroke patients who do not fulfill treatment eligibility according to current guidelines. Patients will be treated or were treated at the discretion of the investigator, independent of participation in this registry. Primary Analysis is the Impact of successful reperfusion on functional outcome at day 90 in patients presenting with large infarct cores (ASPECTS<6) or minor symptoms (NIHSS<8).
The study will enroll 5 individuals post-stroke to examine the feasibility and efficacy of a high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with body weight supported treadmill training.
To confirm efficacy and safety of VERSI system for acute ischemic stroke
To evaluate the effects of mechanical left atrial appendage (LAA) closure for secondary prevention of stroke in the patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
This proposed follow-up study aims to recruit participants from the original BioImage cohort for a one-time follow-up examination. The repeat ultrasound scan of the carotid arteries will provide information on the natural history of carotid atherosclerosis and factors that contribute to plaque progression. Renewal of the HIPAA authorization will also be sought for 5 years to continue to monitor claims and other information for major cardiovascular events, other outcomes and healthcare utilization.
This study aims to examine the outcomes of early mobilization and early intervention within 3 days after the onset of hemorrhagic stroke in patients admitted to an intensive care unit within 48 hours after stroke. The patients after hemorrhagic stroke who undergo early intervention only will be compared with those who also receive early mobilization in order to determine if the early mobilization intervention results in earlier or more effective recovery of postural stability, activities of daily living function, or motor capacity. The participants will be randomly assigned to the following two groups: (1) the early mobilization (+early rehabilitation) group and (2) the early rehabilitation group.The measurement parameters will be collected before the intervention (basic parameters), two weeks after the stroke, four weeks after the stroke and three months after the stroke. SPSS (version 17.0) will be used to carry out repeated measures analysis of variance (repeated ANOVA) to compare the differences between the groups at different time points (including basic values and follow-up values). For statistical significance, Bonferroni correction will be applied for the post-hoc analysis of the groups.
Study Design: This is a within-subjects crossover design. Subjects will participate in the procedures twice, once under each condition (active vs. sham stimulation). The order of conditions will be counter-balanced across subjects. Stimulation will target ventral inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and will be paired with standard speech-language therapy. Outcome measures will be acquired at the beginning and end of a semester of standard speech-language therapy, and at follow-up.
The purpose of this study is to use a decentralized claims database to determine whether education on stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) among AF patients and their providers can result in increased use of oral anticoagulants (OAC) for stroke prevention among those AF patients with guideline-based indications for oral anticoagulation (CHA₂DS₂-VASc score of 2 or greater). Specifically, the investigators will conduct a prospective, randomized, open-label education intervention trial to evaluate the effect of the early patient and provider education interventions on the proportion of patients with evidence of at least one OAC prescription fill (defined as one OAC dispensing or 4 international normalized ratio [INR tests] over the course of the follow-up through the date on which at least 80% of eligible study participants have at least 12 months of follow-up time). A total of approximately 80,000 patients will be enrolled within multiple major health plans across the United States. The randomization will be performed by the central coordinating center, and the health plans will mail the educational intervention materials to their members and providers.
Among the limitations caused by cerebrovascular accident (CVA), the upper limb (MS) undergoes changes that limit the individual in his ability to maintain an active social life. Mental Practice (MP) consists of the internal reproduction of an event, which is repeated extensively in order to learn or improve an already known skill. The objective of the study is evaluate the effects of the physical practice associated with PM, on paretic MS. Subjects with unilateral stroke over 6 months, age> 18 years and who were able to hold objects will be selected. Subjects with painful conditions that affected exercise performance,> 3 spasticity by Ashworth, and cognitive deficit suggested by the Mini Mental State Examination will be excluded.