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This study aimed to investigate the effects of dual-task training with exergame and treadmill on executive function and dual-task performance in individuals with PD and stroke and discuss the correlation between the change values of executive function and dual-task performance after training. Besides, investigate cortical activation after training.
This is a bi-centric study whose main objective is the validation of a rapid screening test for language disorders in the acute phase of right hemisphere stroke. Primary objective The main objective is the validation of a rapid language disorder screening tool that will be used in the acute phase of right hemispheric stroke. Secondary objectives Secondary objectives are: - Characterize the "atypical crossed aphasia" since the acute phase of stroke with a large cohort of patients , which, to our knowledge, has never been done. - Re-evaluate the number of patients with acute language disorder in right hemisphere stroke. - Validate the use of R-LAST by different categories of carers
Fragile brain is the most common phenomenon seen in the patients undergoing CEA. The patients with fragile brain have a high incidence of postoperative brain dysfunction. This study intends to apply EEG monitoring (Sedline) to CEA to investigate whether EEG monitoring can reduce the incidence of postoperative neurological complications in CEA patients and improve their prognosis. 220 patients with CEA were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group S [Sedline monitoring + Transcranial Doppler (TCD) + regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rS02)，n=110] and group C [Bispectral index (BIS) + TCD +rSO2,n=110], recording intraoperative and postoperative conditions, neuropsychology scale assessment, blood examination and imaging examination. The incidence of postoperative neurological complications was compared between the two groups.
Aphasia is one of the most common and disabling disorders following stroke, in many cases resolving in long-term deficits. There is evidence that intensive aphasia therapy is effective for language recovery, even in the chronic phase post-stroke. However, as many patients are left with residual language disorders and intensive aphasia rehabilitation is difficult to achieve, we are exploring tablet-based therapies to further facilitate language recovery in a cost-effective manner.
NBO is a nonpharmacological measure of neuroprotection. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the safety and efficiency of NBO（Normobaric hyperoxia) in the acute ischemic stroke patients who received endovascular treatment. Looking for more clinical evidence for the ischemic stroke patients who will be treated with NBO in the future.
The purpose of the research is to use plasma free fatty acid profiling as a biomarker for ischemic stroke. The plasma free acid profile will be specifically and significantly changed in early stages upon stroke onset, and correlate with the stroke volume and progression determined by imaging techniques.
Stroke affects over 125,000 people each year in the UK and leaves at least 50% disabled. After a first stroke, there is a significant risk of recurrence (around 5-10% over the first year). While there are benefits from addressing general risk factors such as exercise, weight and smoking, selecting the best treatments for preventing a further stroke depends on understanding the underlying mechanism. Most strokes results from a blood clot causing a blockage in a blood vessel in the brain ("ischaemic" strokes, about 85% of cases). The clot may originate in the heart, the major blood vessels supplying the head, or result from disease of the small blood vessels in the brain itself (around 25% of cases each), and in around 25% of people a cause cannot be determined (sometimes because more than one exists). Different treatments are given depending on cause (for example, anticoagulant medication for clots from the heart, surgery for some arising from large arteries in the neck). Current investigations involve multiple tests spread across different hospital departments, and commonly take several weeks to be completed. This may contribute to a high rate of strokes of uncertain cause, and may delay the start of the best treatment. This trial will investigate the value of a single comprehensive scan to look at the heart and major blood vessels (using CT scanning) in a pilot study, comparing the classification of causes of stroke and the time to starting treatments with routine care, in a randomised study of patients with recent stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA, a short-lived stroke episode).
Stroke can be ischemic, hemorrhagic, or both. Early recognition and treatment of pediatric stroke are critical in optimizing long-term functional outcomes, reducing morbidity and mortality, and preventing recurrent stroke. Neuroimaging plays a vital role in achieving this goal. Neuroimaging is usually the first step in diagnosis, helping discriminate between ischemic/hemorrhagic strokes and also in the identification of underlying potential causes. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays a crucial role in assessing pediatric cerebral stroke including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA).
The main objective of this multi-site project is to compare the effects of 16 weeks of HIIT vs. MICT on brain plasticity. The effects of HIIT vs. MICT on cardiovascular health, psychosocial predictors of physical activity and motor function will also be compared. HIIT and MICT will be delivered through a whole-body exercise paradigm using a recumbent stepper that requires arm and leg forces. Outcomes will be assessed at baseline (T0, 0 weeks), at the end of the intervention (T1, 16 weeks) and at 8-week follow-up (T2, 24 weeks).
The objective of this study is to investigate psychometric properties of dual-task walking assessments and compare effects of three types of dual-task balance interventions on dual-task walking for stroke patients.