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Investigators aimed to compare the results of rehabilitation with an exoskeleton device(Robogait) and with an end-effector device(Lokohelp)
This study will evaluate the use of incline and decline treadmill training to address specific motor control deficits identified within different post-stroke walking patterns.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequently encountered cardiac arrhythmia. Emerging data suggests that common genetic variants are associated with the development of AF. The main feature of the structural remodelling in AF is atrial fibrosis and is considered the substrate for AF perpetuation. Genome-wide association studies suggest that AF-susceptibility variants may modulate atrial fibrosis. However, the association between atrial fibrosis and genetic polymorphisms in humans has not yet been specifically investigated. In this study, we plan to investigate the relationship between genetic polymorphisms, atrial fibrosis and other components of thrombogenic substrate in patients with non-valvular AF. Primary objectives of this study are to assess associations between (i) polymorphic genetic variants and atrial fibrosis (detected by magnetic resonance imaging), (ii) polymorphic genetic variants and components of thrombogenic substrate (inflammation, endothelial function, prothrombotic state, atrial functions).
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been found to be very common in stroke patients. Obstructive sleep apnea has been found to impede stroke rehabilitation and recovery. However, currently, there are few treatment options for OSA in stroke patients. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the current therapy commonly used for OSA in the general population, however stroke patients are not highly compliant with this device. Therefore, we have decided to propose a more feasible alternative to treating obstructive sleep apnea through positional therapy. Positional therapy involves using a device to prevent patients from sleeping on their backs, since this position has been found to exacerbate obstructive sleep apnea. Therefore, we hypothesize that stroke patients who use the positional therapy belt will experience improvements in the severity of OSA.
This study is aimed to determine the effects of an accompanying structured cardiopulmonary rehabilitation program along with a neurorehabilitation program on the quality of life, care-giver burden and overall well-being of the patients.
The purpose of this study is to assess whether a brief cognitive behavioural intervention for post-stroke fatigue leads to clinically relevant improvements in fatigue after 6 months.
This study consists of three phases that aim to develop an exercise intervention to promote maximal activation of ankle plantar flexors in the paretic lower extrimty (LE) in order to restore a more normalized gait pattern in chronic stroke survivors. The aim of the first phase is to determine if there are differences between standing on different levels of inclination on plantar flexion activation during forward movement of the contralateral LE in adults with chronic with stroke. The aim of second phase is to determine if there are differences between different percentages of weight bearing on the paretic LE on plantar flexion activation during forward movement of the contralateral LE in adults with chronic stroke. The aim of the third phase is to determine if there are differences between a 4-week plantar flexion training intervention and conventional physical therapy.
A Phase 3 study to examine the safety and effectiveness of the allogeneic, adult stem cell investigational product, MultiStem, in adults who have suffered an acute ischemic stroke in the previous 18-36 hours.
Should we prioritize thrombectomy or thrombolysis in acute stroke? Finding the answer to this question will improve treatment and outcome for stroke patients only by changing triage and transportation. And it will have implications for stroke patients around the world. The investigators propose a national investigator-driven, multi-center, randomised single-blinded clinical trial to investigate which treatment strategy is superior in patients with acute stroke and suspected large vessel occlusion (LVO): direct transport to a comprehensive stroke center for early endovascular therapy (EVT) or to a primary stroke center for early IV thrombolysis followed by secondary transport to a comprehensive stroke center for EVT if needed. Effective reperfusion therapy marks a new era within stroke medicine and has been driving major changes in the organization of care within the last decade. Timely thrombolysis and/or EVT in acute ischemic stroke is a key factor for improved outcome. Major stroke occur in 25% of all cases and is caused by LVO. Major strokes have approximately 60% risk of severe disability or death at three months if not treated. EVT is superior to thrombolysis in strokes caused by a LVO, but EVT is only performed in specialized centers due to the complexity of the treatment and need for skilled neurointerventionalists. A simple stroke severity score has been developed, that can identify most patients with LVO in the pre-hospital setting. This enables selection of patients with a suspected LVO to be transported without delay directly to a comprehensive stroke center for EVT while potentially bypassing a nearer primary stroke center for IV-thrombolysis. Study results will have major impact of future acute stroke treatment and organization.
Butylphthalide, as a well-known neuroprotective medication, is a family of compounds initially isolated from the seeds of Apium graveolens Linn, of which active ingredient is dl-3-N-butylphthalide (dl-NBP). With the significant effects of reducing the cerebral ischemic damage and eventually improving patients' clinical outcomes, by the potential mechanisms of promoting microcirculation, as well as releasing oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and poststroke inflammation, dl-NBP has been widely applied in acute ischemic stroke as an anti-ischemic drug in China since 2002. While with the evolution of using iv. recombinant tissue plasminogen activator（rtPA ）and mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke（AIS）patients, it is still undefined whether combination therapy with dl-NBP could enhance the curative effect. The primary purpose of this trial is to evaluate the recovery of neurological deficits in AIS patients who receive iv-rtPA and/or mechanical thrombectomy with the a 3-month regimen of Butylphthalide and Sodium Chloride Injection 100ml twice/day in the initial 14 days and Butylphthalide Soft Capsules 0.2g triple/day for the rest 15th to 90th day therapy versus a 3-month regimen of Butylphthalide Placebo Injection 100ml twice/day in the initial 14 days and followed by Butylphthalide Placebo Soft Capsules 0.2g triple/day for the rest 15th to 90th day therapy.