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To confirm efficacy and safety of VERSI system for acute ischemic stroke
The German Stroke Registry (GSR) Endovascular Treatment is an academic, independent, prospective, multicentre, observational registry study. Consecutive patients treated with endovascular stroke treatment will be enrolled in German stroke centers. Patients receive regular care and data will be collected as part of clinical routine. Baseline clinical and procedural information as well clinical follow-up information during in-hospital stay, and up to 90 days of stroke onset are collected. Data collected include demographics, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) on admission, pre-treatment ASPECTS, information on timing and success of interventional treatment, procedural complications, intracranial hemorrhage, and functional outcome.
To investigate the efficacy and safety of MCI-186 (bolus followed by continuous infusion) in acute ischemic stroke patients through a double-blind, parallel-group comparison with the existing MCI-186 dosing regimen (administration twice daily for 14 days) as the control.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether Thromboelastography (TEG) parameters on admission might be predictive for early neurological deterioration in acute ischemic stroke patients, specifically for the DWI lesion evolution within the first week after stroke onset.
Various molecules (cytokines: interleukins, interferons and neural proteins) found in human and animal blood are reported to be elevated in acute stroke (Ischemic and hemorrhagic). Cytokines can be pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory. There are studies confirming level changes in serum of humans in the setting of several rheumatologic and cardiovascular diseases. As new molecular markers (cytokines and neural tissue markers) are established in scientific literature, stroke scientists are interested to evaluate the role of these in the pathophysiology of stroke. Investigators intend to study the role of these molecules in the development of stroke. Acute stroke treatment has advanced considerably in the last 10 years with the establishment of comprehensive stroke centers and approval of neuro-interventional techniques. However, the molecular advancement in stroke pathogenesis has yet to reach a milestone in the world of stroke treatment. In our opinion, creating a database of acute stroke patients containing all pertinent medical demographics and clinical information along with the laboratory data, molecular levels of pertinent cytokines/neural factors from consenting patients, will help us define and delineate the most relevant molecules that are altered in acute stroke patients and can help us further improve us understanding of the role of these in acute stroke and thereby hopefully help in the improvement of our understanding and management of stroke. Moreover, analyzing the cytokines in stroke and ICH patients would help understand their role in the acute phase, which may become potential therapeutic adjuncts for tPA and endovascular thrombectomy.
Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with a stent retriever (SR) device is now the standard intervention in ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion. Favorable outcome is strongly associated with the successful reperfusion status. New device of MT such as contact aspiration seems promising to increase reperfusion status and clinical outcome. The main hypothesis is to show the superiority of combining the use of contact aspiration with a stent retriever compared to a stent retriever alone in treatment of acute stroke due to proximal arterial occlusion. The primary endpoint is the rate of perfect reperfusion score at the end of the endovascular procedure.
This is a Phase II study to assess the safety and tolerability of DM199 in acute ischemic stroke patients. The study will be randomized, placebo controlled at multiple centers.
Overview: Elevated blood glucose levels are common in many acute diseases, resulting in worse clinical outcomes. Hyperglycaemia in acute ischaemic stroke (post-stroke hyperglycaemia [PSH]) occurs in up to 50% patients, reduces the efficacy of stroke thrombolysis with increased risk of haemorrhage, increases infarct size, and results in worse clinical outcomes and death. Insulin-based therapies have not proved beneficial in treating PSH: they are difficult to implement and maintain, cause frequent hypoglycaemia, may cause increased infarct size, and do not reduce mortality or improve clinical outcomes. An alternative, simple to use, treatment for PSH may therefore have a significant impact not only for acute stroke care, but in other acute diseases. Pilot data: Exenatide is a commonly used diabetes drug (a synthetic glucagon- like peptide-1 receptor agonist) that increases insulin secretion. Importantly, this action is glucose dependent - as blood glucose levels decrease, its stimulatory effect on insulin secretion subsides, with a very low risk of hypoglycaemia. A small randomised pilot study of 17 consecutive, unselected patients (ie. regardless of their admission glucose level) with acute ischaemic stroke compared subcutaneous exenatide 5μg for 5 days with routine standard of care. Overall, blood glucose levels remained consistently lower (and less variable) in the exenatide group, and most noticeably in those stroke patients with known diabetes. Exenatide was safe and well tolerated by all patients, with no symptomatic hypoglycaemia. Trial design: TEXAIS is a 3 year Phase 2, multi centre, prospective, randomised, open label, blinded end-point (PROBE) trial comparing Exenatide to Standard of Care. The sample size is 528 patients (264 in each arm). Intervention: Treatment arm will receive Exenatide (Byetta) 5μg subcutaneously twice daily for five days, commencing within 9 hours of symptom onset. Stroke onset time for wake-up strokes is taken as mid-point between going to bed, and waking up. Antiemetic therapy (metoclopramide or ondansetron) will be commenced with the first dose of Exenatide. In patients receiving tPA, Exenatide will be given alongside, or as soon as possible, following tPA administration (within 60 minutes). Diabetic patients already on oral agents and/or insulin may continue these (as per standard practice) in addition to Exenatide. Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) will track the intra-day dynamic variability of glucose in acute stroke. Translation: TEXAIS is a simple, practical, study that can enrol all patients with ischaemic stroke, regardless of admission blood glucose level, regardless of stroke severity, with no target glucose level, and with low risk of hypoglycaemia.
This study is a prospective, partly randomized, multi-center, Phase III, controlled trial, designed to show that the onset-to-puncture time (OPT) for good functional outcome (defined by modified Rankin Scale score at 3 months, 0-2) can be set depending on collateral status based on multiphase CT angiogram. The purpose of this study is to prove that (1) for patients with poor collaterals, there will no difference in good outcome rate between endovascular treatment and best medical treatment group if onset-to-puncture time is between 150 minutes and 600 minutes, and 2) for patients wih good collaterals, the rate of good outcome is equal to or greater than 42% (10% greater than historical control) if onset-to-puncture time is between 150 minutes and 600 minutes. Patients will initially be classified into 3 arms based on both collateral status on multiphase CT angiography and whether or not receiving endovascular thrombectomy: group 1, patients with good collaterals and receiving endovascular thrombectomy, 2) group 2a, patient with poor collaterals and receiving endovascular thrombectomy, and 3) group 2b, patients with poor collaterals and not receiving endovascular thrombectomy. Patients with good collaterals will receive endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) if onset-to-puncture time is between 150 minutes and 600 minutes after last seen well time. Of the patients with poor collaterals, they will be randomized into endovascular treatment and best medical treatment group, if onset-to-puncture time is between 150 minutes and 600 minutes, (onset-to-puncture time is not possible within 150 minutes but possible within 600 minutes after last seen well). Primary endpoint is the rate of good outcome at 3 months. The number of subjects needed with statistical power of 0.8 and alpha value of 0.025 is estimated 309 patients.
The overarching objective of our proposal is to develop a One-Stop-Shop imaging using the available C-arm Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) data acquisition systems currently widely available worldwide in interventional angiography suites to enable acute ischemic stroke patients to be imaged, triaged, treated, and assessed using a single modality in one room.